|For it is so written in|
The association with the Maccabian books is due to 4 Maccabees heavy reliance on 1 & 2 Maccabess for its subject matter. 4 Maccabees uses the martyrdoms described in 2 Maccabees as chief examples of choosing reason (the desire to do what is right and to serve God) over passion (fear of pain and death). The style itself is somewhat unique for traditional Jewish writings, and follows a style more reminiscent of the Greek School of Philosophical discourse. First, the author lays out clearly what he feels to be the most important virtues, and details why they matter. Then he uses the story of the maryterdom of Elezar to bring descriptive discussion to the stated facts.
 Canon Status
4 Maccabees is in the canon of the Georgian Orthodox Church, and is in the appendix of the Greek Bible, but is otherwise not part of the canon of any church including the Eastern Orthodox Church, nor by Catholics or Protestants.
Like the rest of the Deuterocanon, 4 Maccabees was written in Koine Greek, and the Catholic Church distinctly identified those works as not part of the original Hebrew Bible, therefore set them apart.
There are questions about the purpose of 4 Maccabees. If it were a homily, in any traditional Koine Jewish style, then it would have been more scripturally based. As it is, the philosophical discourse leaves little room for religious ceremony and rhetoric.
The work is traditionally ascribed to Josephus, thanks to Roman church historian Eusebius of Caesarea. However, given the amount of writing of Josephus' that exists, linguistic scholars have generally denied his authorship of 4 Maccabees.
The theological content and philosophical discourse generally place it in the Hellenistic Jewish world of 100 BCE to 100 CE.
 See Also
|Guide to the Jewish and Christian Scriptures edit|
|Torah: Genesis - Exodus - Leviticus - Numbers - Deuteronomy Old Testament History: Book of Joshua - Book of Judges - Ruth - Samuel (1 & 2) - Kings (1 and 2 Kings) - Chronicles - Ezra and Nehemiah - Book of Esther Old Testament Wisdom: Book of Job - Psalms - Book of Proverbs - Ecclesiastes - Song of Solomon Major Prophets: Isaiah - Book of Jeremiah - Lamentations - Book of Ezekiel - Book of Daniel Minor Prophets: Minor Prophets
Deuterocanon (Catholic and Orthodox): - Tobit - Judith - 1 Maccabees - 2 Maccabees - Book of Wisdom - Sirach - Baruch - Letter of Jeremiah Deuterocanon (Orthodox): 1 Esdras - 3 Maccabees - Prayer of Manasseh - Psalm 151 Deuterocanon (Georgian Orthodox): 4 Maccabees - 2 Esdras Ethiopian Orthodox ("narrow" canon): Jubilees - Enoch - Rest of the Words of Baruch - 1-3 Meqabyan Syriac Peshitta: 2 Baruch Psalms 152-155
The Gospels: Gospel of Matthew - Gospel of Mark - Gospel of Luke - Gospel of John Acts: Acts of the Apostles Pauline Epistles: Romans - 1 & 2 Corinthians - Galatians - Ephesians - Philippians - Colossians - First Thessalonians - Second Thessalonians - First Timothy - Second Timothy - Titus - Epistle to Philemon General Epistles: Epistle to the Hebrews - Epistle of James - First Peter - Second Peter - 1 John - 2 John - 3 John - Epistle of Jude Revelation: Book of Revelation