The Fall: The Insanity of the Ego in Human History and the Dawning of A New Era
|Style over substance|
The Fall: The Insanity of the Ego in Human History and the Dawning of A New Era is a book by Steve Taylor and James DeMeo published in 2005. It claims that "It is not natural for human beings to kill each other, for men to oppress women, for individuals to accumulate massive wealth and power, or to abuse nature." and that human nature changed after a period of intense aridification 5900 years ago (the title of the book refers to the Biblical story of the fall of man). Despite their claims to the contrary, their thesis is definitely not in the scientific mainstream.
 The science
In the root of The Fall's thesis is some actual science. As the name suggests, an aridification event occurred 5900 years ago and it was one of the most severe such events during the Holocene. It is responsible for the current desertification of the Sahara Desert and Northern Africa in general. The inhabitants of affected areas were forced to move, like the Egyptians from North Africa to the Nile valley; or die, like the Ubaidians (earliest Sumerians) who abruptly disappeared around this time and were soon replaced with the Uruks. Instances of the damage and climate change from the event scattered the Old World: in China, for instance, the event marked a period of cold.