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A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism

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A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism is a petition publicized in 2001 by the Discovery Institute, a creationist "think" tank, which attempts to push creationism, in the guise of Intelligent design into public schools in the United States.[1] The petition expresses denial about the ability of genetic drift and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. It also demands that there should be a more careful examination of Darwinism. The petition was signed by about 700 individuals, with a wide variety of scientific and non-scientific backgrounds when first published. It now contains over 1200 signatures.[2]

The petition states that:

We are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged. There is scientific dissent from Darwinism. It deserves to be heard.

The petition continues to be used in Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns in an attempt to discredit evolution and bolster claims that intelligent design is scientifically valid by claiming that evolution lacks broad scientific support. However, the language of the statement is misleading. It frames the argument in a way that anyone could agree with it. So long as they don't know the Discovery Institute's true motivations (which is to undermine evolution using deceit and trickery, not to show any kind of genuine fallibility with it), anyone who is open to the idea of scientific inquiry would agree that they should be skeptical of everything, including evolution. If only the writers of the statement (i.e. creationists) were skeptical of their own ideas, which they clearly aren't.

The petition is considered a fallacious Appeal to authority, whereby the creationists at the Discovery Institute are attempting to prove that there is a dissent from "Darwinism" by finding a few creationist scientists to support the statement. The about 600 dissenters that originally signed the petition would have represented about 0.054% of the estimated 1,108,100 biological and geological scientists in the US in 1999, except, of course, that three-quarters of the signatories had no academic background in biology.[3][4] (The roughly 150 biologist Darwin Dissenters would hence represent about 0.0157% of the US biologists that existed in 1999.) As of 2006, the list was expanded to include non-US scientists. However, the list nonetheless represents less 0.03% of all research scientists in the world.[5] Despite the increase in absolute number of scientists willing to sign the dissent form, the figures indicates the support from scientists for creationism and intelligent design is steadily decreasing.

Since scientific principles are built on publications in peer-reviewed journals, discussion in open forums, and finally through consensus, the use of a petition should be considered the last resort of a pseudoscience known as intelligent design.

Contents

[edit] Sowing “controversy”

The claims of the document is of course rejected by the scientific community, but, as Robert T. Pennock points out, proponents of intelligent design are “manufacturing dissent” to explain the absence of scientific debate of their claims:

The “scientific” claims of such neo-creationists as Johnson, Denton, and Behe rely, in part, on the notion that these issues surrounding evolution are the subject of suppressed debate among biologists. [...] according to neo-creationists, the apparent absence of this discussion and the nearly universal rejection of neo-creationist claims must be due to the conspiracy among professional biologists instead of a lack of scientific merit.[6]

Furthermore, the statement itself, including the title, is deceptive, as it refers to evolution as “Darwinism” or “Darwinian theory”, expressions that will mean different things to different people, even though what the authors have in mind is evolution due to the natural selection. As Larry Moran puts it:

There's nothing wrong with the statement. I am skeptical of claims that natural selection accounts for all of the complexity of life. There are lots of other things going on during evolution.But I will not sign this petition because Dembski and the IDiots will deliberately misinterpret my intentions. They have no idea what dissent from classical Darwinism really means. They have no idea that someone like me could (mostly) agree with the statement while, at the same time, referring to all Intelligent Design Creationists as IDiots. I suspect that some of those who signed the petition would feel the same way about Intelligent Design.[7]

In fact, when the National Centre for Science Education contacted several of the signatories, many of them admitted that they had no problem with common descent or evolution at all; one of them said that his "dissent mainly concerns the origin of life," but the theory of evolution is, of course, not a theory about the origin of life at all (though if the statement is read literally, such concerns would in fact be a reason to assent to it).[8] In fact, several of the signatories - including quite a few of those signatories who have a real, respectable research record - have explicitly denied that they have any problems with evolution, but signed the list for other reasons (e.g. Patricia Reiff, Phillip Savage, Ronald Larson).

Of course, the Discovery Institute is using the list to promote the idea that evolution is the subject of wide controversy and debate within the scientific community (despite the minuscule percentage of actual scientists that have signed up for it).[9] It has, for instance, been used to support their Teach the Controversy campaigns and its relatives (“Critical Analysis of Evolution”, “Free Speech on Evolution”, “Stand Up For Science”).[10] For instance, with regard to the Teach the Controversy campaigns, the Institute has claimed “evolution is a theory in crisis” that is disputed widely within the scientific community, citing the list as evidence or a resource, and hence also that this information is being withheld from students in public high school science classes along with “alternatives” to evolution such as intelligent design.[11] In 2002 Stephen Meyer presented the list to the Ohio Board of Education to promote Teach the Controversy, citing it as demonstrating the existence of genuine controversy over Darwinian evolution;[12] in the 2005 Kansas evolution hearings he similarly cited the list in support of there being “significant scientific dissent from Darwinism” that students should be informed about.[13]

The Discovery Institute-related organization Physicians and Surgeons for Scientific Integrity manages “Physicians and Surgeons who Dissent from Darwinism”, a similar list for medical professionals. The institute has also compiled and distributed other misleading lists of local scientists during controversies over evolution education in Georgia, New Mexico, Ohio, and Texas.[14]

[edit] Project Steve

See the main article on this topic: Project Steve

As a tongue-in-cheek response to the list the National Center for Science Education started Project Steve, a list of living scientists named "Steve" (or variants of the name) who support evolution. As of February 9 2012 the list contained 1187 signatures, of which two thirds are qualified biologists. As simple random searches will reveal the signatories to Project Steve are overall far more consistently active scientists and researchers with real credentials.

By comparison The Discovery Institute's list had 12 signatories whose names would have qualified them for the Steve list per 2012. The twelve constitute a motley crew that contains at least some non-scientists (Meyer, Cheesman), certified crackpots (Gift), and one single biologist named C. Steven Murphree, who, to add insult to injury, later repudiated his involvement with the Discovery list and signed Project Steve instead.

[edit] The List

The list of signatories, as per December 2011. From a quick glance at the list the Texas A&M University seems vastly over-represented and close to being a hub for creationism (16 signatories signed as faculty or retired faculty, as well as 10 signatories listed as receiving their Ph.Ds from the institution). Georgia Institute of Technology is rather well represented as well (9 signatories listed as faculty), as is the Autonomous University of Guadalajara, Mexico (10 signatories listed as faculty); by comparison, a well-known creationist university such as Cedarville "only" had five signing faculty members (though the real numbers turn out to be far higher, since many Cedarville faculty seem to prefer to sign with their degree-awarding institution instead). Note that, apart from David DeWitt, the signatories among the Liberty University faculty tend not to mention their affiliation but rather the institution that awarded them their degrees. The same applies to Oral Roberts University.

Another striking thing about the list is the sheer number of signatories who has made PR efforts on behalf of creationism, including outreach efforts such as writing books targeted at children or students, and how few of them have actually attempted to do anything resembling research related to evolution or intelligent design.

Note also that many of the signatories are listed by the institution where they obtained their Ph.Ds, which does not indicate any current affiliation. So, for instance “Alfred G. Ratz, Ph.D. Engineering Physics, University of Toronto” does not currently have any affiliation with the University of Toronto, and Google does not reveal any current affiliation for Ratz whatsoever. In fact, relatively quick searches reveal that a very large percentage of the signatories have no academic affiliation at all; the number of biologists actively researching biological issues even remotely related to evolution can be counted on one hand.

Note also that deceased signatories are not removed from the list, and not consistently kept track of, something that further contributes to inflating the number of signatories. Signatories who are known to have died since signing are marked with "†" (and include far more than the ones actually noted as deceased on the original Discovery list), but there may be more than the ones actually marked as deceased here. A large percentage of those signatories who do have a research record are retired.

[edit] A

  • S. Thomas Abraham, Assistant Professor of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Campbell University School of Pharmacy (a religious university). Now Associate professor. Has some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Bernard d'Abrera, Visiting Scholar, "Department of Entomology, British Museum" (the listed affiliation is, quite simply, a lie; d'Abrera is associated with the Natural History Museum, which has not been part of the British Museum for several decades). d’Abrera is not a scientist by training and does not hold a Ph.D,[15] but is nevertheless a fellow of the pro-intelligent design organization International Society for Complexity, Information and Design. He has described the theory of evolution as “viscid, asphyxiating baggage” that requires “blind religious faith,” since, according to this particular PRATT, it is unfalsifiable. Arthur Shapiro aptly described d’Abrera as “profoundly anti-scientific – not unscientific, but hostile to science.”[16]
  • Gary Achtemeier, Ph.D. Meteorology, Florida State University. Currently works with the USDA Forest Service, doing (genuine) research on smoke management and air quality. Has dedicated himself to “removing stumbling blocks that keep God's people from coming before his throne,”[17] and written a book, “Cultural Espionage”, on the “evolution-creation controversy”.[18]
  • Joel Adams, Professor of Computer Science, Calvin College. Has some publications, mostly on curriculum development.
  • Marshall Adams, Ph.D. Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Currently Director of the Biological Indicators research program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Does have a decent publication record that may not be entirely unrelated – much of it assuming evolution, and none of it apparently offering anything but support.
  • Neal Adrian, Ph.D. Microbiology, University of Oklahoma. Owner of Adrian Environmental LLC (improving indoor air quality) and certified mold remediator. Has apparently done some research, but in unrelated fields.
  • Domingo Aerden, Professor of Geology, Universidad de Granada. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • Rafi Ahmed, Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Florida. Consulting Member at Oracle. No peer-reviewed research publications found.
  • Mauricio Alcocer, Director of Graduate Studies, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Apparently sympathetic to the idea that the creation myths of Mexico are evidence for the Christian God and Trinity.[19] Has some podcasts attacking evolution.[20] Has a few older publications on plant physiology (in the journal Weed Technology), but nothing from the last 15 years found.
  • Moorad Alexanian, Professor of Physics, University of North Carolina, Wilmington. Has a decent publication record in an unrelated field, interleaved with plenty of publications in places such as “Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith”. Apparently thinks that evolution is unfalsifiable.
  • Braxton Alfred, Emeritus Professor of Anthropology, University of British Columbia. Has claimed that he tried systematically to indoctrinate students with evolution for 33 years before he discovered and was converted to Intelligent Design.[21] Did some research, in anthropology, in the 1970s, but his work from the last 30 years seem primarily to be concerned with ID apologies published through non-scientific venues.
  • Wesley Allen, Professor of Computational Quantum Chemistry, University of Georgia. The university website lists him as Associate Professor of Chemistry. Does real research, however, though in an unrelated field.
  • Gail H. Allwine, Professor of Electrical Engineering (retired), Gonzaga University. No research publications found.
  • Jesus Ambriz, Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. No research record found.
  • Yoshiyuki Amemiya, Professor of Advanced Materials Science & Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo. Appears to be a real scientist, in an unrelated field.
  • Changhyuk An, Ph.D. Physics, University of Tennessee. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Richard Anderson, Assistant Professor of Environmental Science and Policy, Duke University. Real researcher, unrelated field.
  • Todd A. Anderson, Ph.D. Computer Science, U. of Kentucky. May have some (unrelated) research; no updated information found.
  • Mark Apkarian, Ph.D. Exercise Physiology, University of New Mexico. No current affiliation, research, or information found.
  • João Jorge Ribeiro Soares Gonçalves de Araújo, Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Open University (Portugal). Appears to have some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Janice Arion, Ph.D. Animal Science, Cornell University. Currently at Coram Deo Academy (a private Christian school; appears to be an elementary school designed to supplement homeschooling). No research found since her student days.
  • William J. Arion, Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry, Cornell University. Has publications in apparently unrelated fields. Also a global warming denialist and signatory to the Oregon Petition.
  • Neil Armitage, Associate Professor of Civil Engineering, University of Cape Town. Has a decent research record in an unrelated field.
  • D. Albrey Arrington, Ph.D. Wildlife & Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University. Currently at Perry Institute for Marine Science. Appears to be involved in real research, though in unrelated fields.
  • Eduardo Arroyo, Professor of Forensics, Complutense U. Appears to do some research, unrelated to the question at hand.
  • Eugene C. Ashby, Regents’ Professor and Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Georgia Institute of Technology. Hardcore creationist who cherish all the standard misunderstandings and untruths that reveal the thorough lack of understanding of evolution you’d expect[22] who supported the infamous disclaimer stickers in Cobb County, GA, put on biology textbooks proclaiming that evolution is “a theory, not a fact”. Used to be a respectable scientist, but does not appear to have been involved in scientific research for the last 25 years.
  • Paul Ashby, Ph.D. Chemistry, Harvard U. Currently at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Michael Atchison, Professor of Biochemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Vet. School. Appears to do real research; also associated with the Christian Leadership Ministries. Was the guy who was responsible for “peer reviewing” Behe’s book “Darwin’s Black Box”; at least Behe has claimed that Atchison’s 10 minute phone communication about book with Behe counted as peer review.[23]
  • Joseph Atkinson, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Massachusets Institute of Technology. Google returns no affiliation, research, or information
  • Gregory A. Ator, Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, U. of Kansas Medical Center. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • Richard Austin, Assoc. Prof. & Chair, Biology & Natural Sciences, Piedmont College. Also Republican member of the Georgia State House of Representatives (10th district) between 2009 and 2011. Currently Habersham County Commissioner. Has some not entirely irrelevant publications, but these appear to assume and/or support evolution rather than provide any challenges.
  • Douglas Axe,[24] Director, Biologic Institute. Has published real, peer-reviewed papers in real journals, which are hailed by the Discovery Institute as evidence for their views, despite the fact that the papers, even according to Axe, provide no evidence for Intelligent Design.[25] Seems to think that if evolution were false, then Intelligent Design would be correct,[26] which is, of course, false insofar as Intelligent Design creationism is not a scientific theory and thus not even in the running. Struggles with basic notions of biology.[27]

[edit] B

  • Cahit Babuna, Ph.D. Radiology, Istanbul University. Does not seem to have been involved in real research.
  • Cevat Babuna, Professor Emeritus of Gynecology, Istanbul University. Has one or two publications from the 60s. Everything later is in Turkish and published in questionable venues. Hardcore creationist associated with Harun Yahya’s organization.
  • John W. Balliet, Post-doctoral Fellowship, Harvard Medical School. Does real research, in an unrelated field.
  • Eugene K. Balon, University Professor Emeritus, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph. Appears to have done real research (ichthylogy); gave the name to the fish species Balon’s ruffe. Has also written several articles, such as “Evolution by Epigenesis: Farewell to Darwinism, Neo- and Otherwise,” published in the pseudojournal “Rivista di Biologia”, in which he laments the conspiracies among scientists and granting agencies for failing to realize that his views on epigenesis creates a new paradigm in biology.
  • Geoff Barnard, Senior Research Scientist, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge. Seems to be retired, though he did some research back in the days. Currently on the “Scientific Panel” of the British creationist organization Truth in Science, and signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation (where he calls himself “Immunologist”). Has claimed that “[n]o apparent, perceived, or claimed evidence in any historical or scientific field of study can be valid if it contradicts the record of Holy Scripture,” which hardly counts as a particularly scientific dissent from anything.
  • Daniel W. Barnette, Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering, Stanford U. Currently at Sandia National Laboratories. Publishes in an unrelated field.
  • Ibrahim Barsoum. Ph.D. Microbiology. The George Washington U. May have some unrelated papers in medicine. No affiliation found
  • William F. Basener, Associate Professor of Mathematics, Rochester Institute of Technology. Has a real research record, in an unrelated field. Involved in William Dembski’s Evolutionary Informatics Lab at Baylor[28] (which was not a lab but a website, and never the source of any research on biology.[29]) Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity.
  • Robert W. Bass, Ph.D. Mathematics from Johns Hopkins University. Also a signatory to Rethinking AIDS, a list of HIV “skeptics”. In fact, Bass is also a Velikovsky fan (he is on the staff of Kronos, the infamous Velikovsky journal) and attends seminars on Cold fusion.[30] Has called Stephen Meyer's The Signature in the Cell the "most important book in two centuries". Formerly Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Brigham Young University. Hardly counts as a scientist.
  • John Baumgardner, Ph.D. Geophysics & Space Physics, University of California, Los Angeles. works at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and is Adjunct Professor of Geophysics at the Institute for Creation Research. His more recent research, at least, is published in pseudojournals. Legendary young earth creationist and key member of RATE who has devoted his life to proving that the Noachian Flood actually happened. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Richard S. Beale, Jr. Ph.D. Entomology University of California, Berkeley. No current affiliation, research or information found.
  • Mark Bearden, Ph.D. Electrical & Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University. Currently Software Development Director at Semiconductor Equipment Startup and Elder of Grace Church. No further reliable information found.
  • Christine B. Beaucage, Ph.D. Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook. Author of “Taste and See”, which appears to be a novel. No academic affiliation found. Google scholar returns two co-authored papers from the mid-80s, but nothing more recent.
  • David R. Beaucage, Ph.D Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook. Currently leader of The Rec Room, a ministry. Author of fiction, in particular the Christian science fiction book The Shiloh Project. No academic affiliation or research; not a scientist.
  • Mario Beauregard, Associate Researcher, Department of Psychology, U. of Montreal; famous promoter of Non-materialist neuroscience.
  • Pieder Beeli, Ph.D. Physics, U. of Notre Dame. Hardcore wingnut. Currently Senior Scientist for Schafer Corp; and while he does publish research in physics, he also writes for none other than the WND, where he e.g. tries to explain how anti-gay hate groups “can enrich any neighborhood.”[31] Not merely a physicists, Beeli has applied “forensic linguistics” to unmask Obama’s secret Muslim sympathies.[32]
  • Michael Behe, Professor of Biological Science, Lehigh University
  • Tom Belanger, Professor of Environmental Science, Florida Institute of Technology. Real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • William Russell Belding, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Notre Dame. No current affiliation or research found.
  • Christopher D. Beling, Associate Professor of Physics, The University of Hong Kong. Some online discussions suggest sympathies for notorious internet kook John A. Davison’s views.[33] As for research, Google scholar returns one or two contributions to co-authored papers (third author and eleventh author).
  • Charles W. Bell, Professor Emeritus of Biological Sciences, San Jose State University. No research or updated information located.
  • Lev Beloussov, Honorary professor of Embryology, Moscow State University. Seems to have signed the list because of his adherence to the discredited theory of Morphogenetic fields, which was big in the 1920, as being responsible for evolution (not because of any adherence to creationism). Real crackpot, whose main schtick is the idea of “biofields” (as in Biofield flower therapy), and who has defended all sorts of woo.[34] He has quite a few publications, at least some of which are in pseudojournals (e.g. Rivista di biologia).
  • Jan Peter Bengtson, Assoc. Prof. (M.D., Ph.D. Intensive Care Medicine), U. of Gothenburg. Have some publications in unrelated fields.
  • George Bennett, Associate Professor of Chemistry, Millikin University. Seems to do real research in an unrelated field.
  • George W. Benthien, Ph.D. Mathematics, Carnegie Mellon University. Appears to have some publications in an unrelated field. No current affiliation found (may be retired). Has also done presentations arguing for creationism through theological exegesis.[35]
  • James G. Bentsen, Ph.D. Chemistry, M.I.T. Currently Manager of Advanced Technology and CRT Optimization at Boston Scientific – CRM Division. Has done real research in an unrelated field.
  • David Berlinski,[36] Ph.D. Philosophy, Princeton University; Senior Fellow at the Discovery Institute. Has written popular books on mathematics, but not involved in scientific research. Famous for his enumerative “Cows cannot evolve into whales” argument.[37] Also writes for Uncommon Descent.
  • Marco Bernardes, Professor & Chair, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Center of Technological Education, Minas Gerais. Currently head of the Mechanical Engineering Department at CEFET-MG. Has two publications on solar heaters.
  • Mark C. Biedebach, Professor Emeritus of Physiology, California State University, Long Beach. Google scholar returned two papers, one on muscular reactions to toxins from sea urchins (1978), the other published in Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research in 1989. Currently affiliated with (?) Caroline Crocker’s creationist and global warming denialist organization American Institute for Technology and Science Education, and apparently currently writing a book called “Evolution is a Weasel Word.”
  • Keith P. Birch, Ph.D. Atmospheric Physics, U. of Southampton. No current affiliation or research (except a single 1991 paper) found.
  • Gayle Livingston Birchfield, Ph.D. Biology, University of Missouri, Columbia. No current affiliation found; does not appear to be a scientist.
  • Phillip Bishop, Professor of Kinesiology, University of Alabama. Has some publications in an unrelated field. Used to teach “optional” classes with a “Christian perspective” for his exercise physiology students (in which he promoted creationism). When his employers asked him to stop, Bishop took them to court and lost[38] (a case that has been widely misused by creationists as a limitation of Academic freedom, since it is obviously a matter of academic freedom when a professor is denied the opportunity to use his classrooms to convert people). Has also written for various fundamentalist venues.
  • Gage Blackstone, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University (a professional, not a research doctorate)
  • Edward F. Blick, Ph.D. Engineering Science, University of Oklahoma. Also on James Inhofe’s list of 650 scientists who supposedly dispute the global warming consensus,[39] and on the record saying that “[t]he predecessors of today's unbelievers replaced the Holy Bible's book of Genesis with Darwin's Origin of the Species. Now with the help of Al Gore and the United Nations they are trying to replace the Holy Bible's book of Revelation with the U.N.’s report Anthropogenic Global Warming,” and that “[t]his whole [AGW] scheme is a ‘Trojan Horse’ for global socialism!”[40] Also known for trying to show that modern science is accurately foreshadowed in the Bible. For instance, when Isaiah says that the obedient ones “shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; they shall walk and not faint” (Isa. 40:28-31), Blick takes it as an accurate description of modern research in aerodynamics, which shows that eagles can fly for a long time without getting tired. Blick seems to have done real research (unrelated field) once upon a time, but the only papers found written during the last 20 years are “Global Warming Myth and Marxism” and “Obama’s ‘Bad Molecule CO2 Myth’ Is a Dagger in the Back of the US Economy”, neither of which is, needless to say, a peer-reviewed publication.
  • Sture Blomberg, Associate Professor of Anesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine, The Sahlgren University Hospital. Has done some research in unrelated fields. Has also claimed, in letters to the editor and various blogs, that the theory of evolution is fraud mostly because of the (alleged) absence of transitional fossils.[41] Member of the Clapham Institue, a fundamentalist Christian think tank.
  • Robert Blomgren, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Minnesota. No information, research, or affiliation found.
  • John Bloom, Ph.D. Physics, Cornell University. Currently Professor at the faculty of Christian Apologetics at Biola University (he is also M.Div and Ph.D in Ancient Near Eastern Studies). Has published extensively on theology, including “Does Intelligent Design Theory Help Christian Apologitcs” and “Intelligent Design and Evolution: Do We Know Yet?”, but done no scientific research for the last 30 years. Claims that “Darwinists do not have a clue how life first got started ‘by itself,’ [which it does not purport to] as was well documented in the recent movie Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed[42] and that the idea that humans and chimp share a common ancestor is ridiculous.
  • Aric D. Blumer, Ph.D. Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech. Chief Technology Officer, SDG. Has a few publications; unrelated fields.
  • Gerald P. Bodey, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Former Chairman, Department of Medical Specialties, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. Has done research in an unrelated field.
  • Raymond Bohlin, Ph.D. Molecular & Cell Biology, University of Texas, Dallas (that’s where he received his Ph.D.; he is currently affiliated with Probe Ministries). Research Fellow of the Discovery Institute 's Center for the Renewal of Science and Culture. Though his credentials are fine, his research seems mostly concerned with questions such as “Is Masturbation a Sin?” and “Is pole-dancing OK for believers?” Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Edward M. Bohn, Ph. D. Nuclear Engineering, University of Illinois. No affiliation, information or research found.
  • Yvonne Boldt, Ph. D. Microbiology, University of Minnesota. Currently Biology and Chemistry instructor at Providence Academy, a fundamentalist "college-preparatory" school. Contributed to a paper or two in the nineties, but seems not to have done any research or been involved in science since then; instead, she is involved in church groups and teaches religion in her parish. Known to have argued that Intelligent Design should be taught in public schools, and for supporting the Ohio State Board of Education’s Teach the controversy-friendly, Discovery Institute-inspired 2004 “lesson plan” for the “Critical Analysis of Evolution”.[43]
  • David Bolender, Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Cell Biology, Neurobiology & Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin. Has done research in an unrelated field; also affiliated with the Creation Science Society of Milwaukee.
  • Jonathan C. Boomgaarden, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin. Currently employed by the General Electric Corporation. No research located.
  • William Bordeaux, Chair, Department of Natural & Mathematical Science, Huntington College (a Christian liberal arts college). Has said that “The theory of evolution, as it is presently taught, is fraught with both scientific and philospohical problems. Intelligent design continues to provide a thoughtful response to these issues and deserves to be included in the life science curriculum.”[44] Does not appear to be involved in research.
  • John Bordelon, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. No updated information or research found.
  • David Bossard, Ph.D, Mathematics, Dartmouth College. Also M.Div. Hardly a scientist, but has worked on scientific computer modeling and simulation, with emphasis on military applications. Author of “God’s Law, Creation Law: Social Theory vs. Brute Fact”.
  • Gregory D. Bossart, Director and Head of Pathology, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution. Appears to have some publications that are not obviously unrelated, making Bossart one of the few signatories with real credentials.
  • David Bourell, Professor Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Has a decent research record, in an unrelated field.
  • Mark P. Bowman, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University. Currently chemist for PPG Industries in Ohio and OSI Specialties, Inc. Has some publications and patents in an unrelated field.
  • Denis M. Boyle, Ph.D. Medical Biochemistry, U. of Witwatersrand. Appears (possibly) to have publications; no current affiliation found.
  • Begona M. Bradham, Ph.D. Molecular Biology, University of South Carolina. No current affiliation or current research found.
  • Walter Bradley, Distinguished Professor of Engineering, Baylor University. One of the pioneers of Intelligent Design and the Wedge strategy. Well-known creationist lecturer, e.g. at conferences that “thoroughly equip church members and leaders with generally non-technical, cutting-edge information [… and] demonstrate practical steps to use design-evidence as a thoughtful bridge to skeptics who have been taught through Darwinian evolution that God is a myth.”[45] Has done little if any research, apart from contributing chapters to creationist books and publications in religious journals.
  • Ernest L. Brannon, Professor Emeritus, (Ph.D. Fisheries, University of Idaho). Seems to have done some real research on ecology.
  • Herman Branover, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University. A pioneer of the field of magnetohydrodynamics[46] and president of the SHAMIR Association of Religious Professionals from the USSR, known for his studies of Jewish mysticism and spirituality. With rabbi Joseph Gisburg he has written “Mind over Matter”, which espouses young earth creationism and reconciles the assertion that the earth is ca. 6000 years old with science by claiming that “science formulates and deals with theories and hypotheses while the Torah deals with absolute truths;” just observe how scientists disagree with each other – clearly they are not uncovering absolute truths. Problem solved.
  • James R. Brawer, Professor of Anatomy & Cell Biology, McGill University (Center for Medical Education). Has published research (unrelated) on medical education and teaching; also some medical papers, which seem unrelated to evolution. Involved in apologetics.
  • John Brejda, Ph.D. Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Principal Statistician at Alpha Statistical Consulting, Inc. Has some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Gregory J. Brewer, Prof. of Neurology, Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Cell Biology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine. A real scientist with a respectable research record. Says he accepts microevolution, but thinks that science has failed to show that one species can evolve into another, which means that he has failed to grasp the basic biological understanding of species and endorses a bogus distinction. Doesn’t accept an old universe either: “Based on faith, I do believe in the creation account.”
  • Joel Brind, Professor of Biology, Baruch College, City University of New York. The main proponent of the absolutely debunked[47][48] idea that abortion leads to breast cancer, and consultant and expert witness for pro-life groups such as Christ's Bride Ministries. Brind presented the alleged support for the connection between abortion and breast cancer in a meta-analysis, and obtained his results through various methodological weaknesses, including selection bias. His later papers on the same theme was e.g. published in the pseudojournal[49] JPANDS, the house journal of the crank organization Association of American Physicians and Surgeons.
  • Glen O. Brindley, Professor of Surgery, Director of Ophthalmology, Scott & White Clinic, Texas A&M University, H.S.C. Has a few publications in unrelated fields (the latest from 1992).
  • Rudolf Brits, Ph.D. Nuclear Chemistry, University of Stellenbosch. Currently Deputy Director of Economic Development, Petoria Inc. Has no academic affiliation or research. Not a scientist.
  • Frederick Brooks, Kenan Professor of Computer Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Author of “The Mythical Man-Moth” and “No Silver Bullet”. Respected researcher in his field, in particular virtual environments and scientific visualization.
  • Neil Broom, Associate Professor, Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Auckland. Well known as an ID activist in New Zealand. Author of “How Blind Is the Watchmaker?: Nature’s Design & the Limits of Naturalistic Science,” which was glowingly reviewed by Phillip Johnson, and “Life's X Factor: The missing link in materialism's science of living things.” Fellow of Dembski’s think tank International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design, and seems to have some publications on biomechanics (tissue and spinal biomechanics).
  • Daniel M. Brown, Ph.D. Physics, Catholic University of America. No information, research or affiliation found.
  • John Brown, Research Meteorologist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. No further information located.
  • Mary A. Brown, DVM (Veterinary Medicine), Ohio State University. Holds a professional rather than a research doctorate.
  • Olen R. Brown, Former Professor of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology; University of Missouri, Columbia. Retired (though can still be hired as a life sciences expert witness). Has done some research, and is the author of “Miracles”, a book that criticizes science for not recognizing miracles or accepting God’s authorship of the universe.[50]
  • Paul Brown, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, Trinity Western University. Currently Associate Professor, who has done some research in unrelated fields. Known proponent of Intelligent Design,[51] and gives talks and presentations at various religious venues.
  • John Brumbaugh, Emeritus Professor of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln. A standout on the list, Brumbaugh is one of few – perhaps the only – signatories on the list who has published directly on biological evolution in respectable venues. However, his published research does not challenge evolution.
  • Nancy Bryson,[52] Associate Professor of Chemistry, Mississippi University for Women at the time of signing the petition; currently on Wingnut welfare after her contract with the university was not renewed. Often touted as an example of the persecution of dissidents in science for her creationism. Not a scientist.
  • Douglas R. Buck, Ph.D. Nutrition and Food Sciences, Utah State U. Has two papers from the 70s; no updated information/research found.
  • Eugene Buff, Ph.D Genetics, Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences. VP, Consulting at yet2.com. No research found; appears to be a business person and not a researching scientist.
  • Richard Buggs, DPhil Plant Ecology & Evolution, Oxford University. Currently Research Fellow, Queen Mary University of London. Apparently a young earth creationist,[53] though he has several publications in various types of journals, some of which seem legitimate. Member of the “scientific panel” of the British creationist organization Truth in Science.
  • John L. Burba, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, Baylor University. Chief Technology Officer and Executive Vice President, Molycorp, Inc. Seems to have some patents, but no scientific research to his name.
  • Stuart C. Burgess, Professor of Design & Nature, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Bristol University. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Member of the Council of Reference of the British creationist organization Truth in Science and signatory to the 2002 Estelle Morris letter, proselytizing creationism in schools.[54] Tells children they would go to hell if they believe the theory of evolution and that modern Cosmology and the theory of evolution are no more than “ploys by Satan to divert man from belief in God and a literal interpretation of Genesis.”[55] Counts his articles for Answers in Genesis as peer reviewed scientific articles.
  • Laura Burke, Former Associate Prof. of Industrial Engineering, Lehigh U. Did research in the 90s. No current affiliation or research found.
  • N. Ricky Byrn, Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. No affiliation, research or information found.

[edit] C

  • Donald Calbreath, Professor, Department of Chemistry, Whitworth College (a small Presbyterian liberal arts college). Retired. Currently Research Team Member at Science and the Spirit: Pentecostal Perspectives on the Science/Religion Dialogue at Calvin College, where he works on defending Non-materialist neuroscience.[56] Has previously written a few religious screeds concerning Stem cell research, abortion, “miracles of healing”, the relationship between Pentecostalism and science (particularly notable is the paper “7 Serotonin and Spirit: Can There Be a Holistic Pentecostal Approach to Mental Illness”), creationism, and zeh gays. Also the guy behind this quote. Does not appear to have any research record whatsoever. Not a scientist.
  • John B. Cannon, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Princeton University. Currently visiting assistant professor at Trinity International University, a religious institution. Has some publications in an unrelated field.
  • Arnold Eugene Carden, Professor Emeritus of Engineering Science & Mechanics, University of Alabama. Appears to have some (rather old) publications in an unrelated field.
  • Russell Carlson,[57] Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Georgia. Fellow of William Dembski’s International Society for Information, Complexity, and Design; testified during the Kansas Evolution hearings. Does research on bacterial infections of cells, which is hardly closely related to evolution but at least makes Carlson one of few signatories with anything remotely resembling relevant credentials. Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity.
  • Richard L. Carpenter, Jr., Ph.D. Meteorology, University of Oklahoma. CCM, Weather Decision Technologies, Inc. Seems to have done real research, in an unrelated field.
  • Ronald S. Carson, Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, University of Washington. Currently Technical Fellow in Systems Engineering at The Boeing Company and Adjunct Professor in Systems Engineering at the Missouri University of Science & Technology. Has published on the unrelated topic of Systems Engineering.
  • David Richard Carta, Ph.D. Bio-Engineering, U. of California, San Diego. President, Telaeris Inc. No research/academic affiliation found.
  • Jarrod W. Carter, Ph.D. Bioengineering, University of Washington. Co-founder of Origin Engineering LLC, a consulting firm specializing inautomotive accident reconstruction and biomechanical injury analysis. Appears to have no academic affiliation.
  • Reid W. Castrodale, P.E., Ph.D. Structural Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Director of Engineering at Carolina Stalite Company and has a few publications concerning concrete bridges.
  • Chris Cellucci, Associate Professor of Physics, Ursinus College. Seems to have a decent research record, in an unrelated field.
  • Emilio Cervantes, Ph.D. Molecular Biology, University of Salamanca. Staff Scientist of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Has some publications, however, mostly in the Journal of Plant Physiology. He has rejected natural selection but not evolution, which can be seen here; his criticism of natural selection is his claim that it is not testable and is a tautology.
  • Arthur Chadwick, Ph.D. Molecular Biology, University of Miami. Currently affiliated with the Earth History Research Center, which seeks to “develop a scientifically credible view of earth history consistent with scripture.” Young earth creationist who rejects naturalism in favor of Scriptural presuppositionalism, and argues that naturalists geologists need to have an open mind and admit that they may be wrong.[58] Does nevertheless have some real publications as well, though none of them supports creationism and they are generally older – his newer work is primarily published in non-scientific venues.
  • David Chambers, Physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Has done research in an unrelated field.
  • Mark A. Chambers, Ph.D. Virology, University of Cambridge. No current affiliation or recent publications found.
  • Scott A. Chambers, Affiliate Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science & Engineering, University of Washington. Has a decent research record in an unrelated field. Claims that ID “provides a broad, satisfactory framework for understanding the origin of the cosmos, and the origin, diversity and complexity of life on earth.”[59]
  • Chi-Deu Chang, Ph.D. Medicinal Chemistry, U. of New York, Buffalo. Appears to have some publications; no updated affiliation found.
  • †David Chapman, Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • Gene B. Chase, Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science, Messiah College (a fundamentalist Evangelical institution). Claims to work on the relationship between mathematics and faith, but seems to have no publications found apart from articles on his institution’s homepage. His "research" also encompasses arguments to the effect that “it’s impossible to be both gay and evangelical”.[60]
  • Jan Chatham, Ph.D. Neurophysiology, University of North Texas. Currently Research Associate at Probe Ministries. Has no research background, and is not a scientist.
  • Stephen J. Cheesman, Ph.D. Geophysics, University of Toronto. No information on research or current academic affiliation found. Appears to be involved in various ministries.
  • Guang-Hong Chen, Assistant Professor of Medical Physics & Radiology, U. of Wisconsin-Madison. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • T. Timothy Chen, Ph.D. Statistics, University of Chicago. Presently at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary and not currently involved in scientific research, though he has a research background in an unrelated field.
  • Frank Cheng, Associate Professor of Chemistry, University of Idaho. Has some research publications in an unrelated field. Also appears to have tried to argue for the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin.[61]
  • Shun Yan Cheung, Associate Professor of Computer Science, Emory University. Has some publications in an unrelated field. Hardcore creationist who runs a webpage presenting the overwhelming evidence for the accuracy of the Bible and the falsity of evolution targeted at non-specialists. All the standard creationist PRATTs are there.
  • Malcolm D. Chisholm, Ph.D. Insect Ecology, University of Bristol. No information, affiliation, or research found.
  • Shing-Yan Chiu, Professor of Physiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. A real scientist with a respectable research record.
  • Gerald Chubb, Associate Professor of Aviation, Ohio State University. Has some publications in an entirely unrelated field. Also on the Board of Directors of Pioneer Bible Translators’ ministry, working particularly in the areas of Personnel and Church Mobilization.
  • John Cimbala, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Seems to have a few publications in unrelated fields. Also contributor to “In Six Days - Why Fifty Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation”, and has arranged seminars on the “evolution/creation” controversy where he attempts to show that “all attempts to harmonize scripture with evolutionary philosophy (such as the day-age theory, the gap theory, etc.) have failed,”[62] in addition to presenting all the usual creationist PRATTs. His rants have also been picked up by Creation.com and the Christian Answers Network.
  • Jorge Pimentel Cintra, University Professor, Earth Sciences, University of São Paulo. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Donald Clark, Ph.D. Physical Biochemistry, Louisiana State University. Currently Vice President of Development and Medical Affairs at Houston Biotechnology Inc. (no updated information about the company located), and contributor to the Creation Moments website. Young earth creationist who rejects astronomy as well as biology since it conflicts with his reading of the Bible, saying that “[w]e must interpret our physical observations based on the scripture and not interpret the scripture based on our physical observations.”[63]
  • Kieran Clements, Assistant Professor, Natural Sciences, Toccoa Falls College (a fundamentalist, end-times focused, “Christ-centered educational institution”). Has contributed to a few papers.
  • John Cogdell, Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Has done real research in an unrelated field (though for the last decades he appears primarily to have written textbooks). Associated with the Christian Leadership Ministries.[64]
  • Jennifer M. Cohen, Ph.D. Mathematical Physics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. Appears to be the owner of 4physics.com, and has some research publications, though few if any from the last decade. Also a global warming denialist associated with the Science and Public Policy Institute.
  • Harold D. Cole, Professor of Physiology, Southwestern Oklahoma State University. No research or further information found.
  • William B. Collier, Ph. D. Physical Chemistry, Oklahoma State U. Currently Professor of chemistry at Oral Roberts University. Staunch defender of Intelligent Design who has claimed that religion and science are the same. No serious research found; hardly a scientist.
  • Leon Combs, Professor & Chair, Chemistry & Biochemistry, Kennesaw State U. Retired. Used to do research in an unrelated field.
  • Nicholas Comninellis, Associate Professor of Community and Family Medicine, University of Missouri, Kansas City. No actual research found, but Comninellis is the author of several creationist books, including “Creative Defense: Evidence Against Evolution” (“Philosophically, the dogma of evolution is a dream, a theory without a vestige of truth,” whatever that means) and “Darwin’s Demise: Why Evolution Can’t Take the Heat”. Harun Yahya is apparently a fan of Comninellis’s writings.
  • Keith F. Conner, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Clemson University. Has contributed to research in an unrelated field.
  • David Conover, Ph.D. Health Physics, Purdue University. No information found.
  • John D. Cook, Head of Software Development, Department of Biostatistics & Applied Mathematics, U. of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. Has a decent research record, but it seems unrelated to evolution.
  • Wayne L. Cook, Ph.D. Inorganic Chemistry, University of Kentucky. Google Scholar returns some publications from the early 70s, in an unrelated field, but nothing more recent.
  • Ronald R. Crawford, Ed.D. Science Education, Ball State University. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Caroline Crocker, Ph.D. Immunopharmacology, University of Southampton. Lost her position at George Mason University (did not have her contract renewed[65]) after lecturing on Intelligent design using discredited creationist arguments in her class on evolution. Ended up on wingnut welfare at the creationist IDEA center [66], which is less than fully accurate regarding her incompetence.[67] One of the main characters of Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed.
  • Stephen Crouse, Professor of Kinesiology, Texas A&M University. Has published research on exercise physiology, and does have a B.S. in biology. Associated with the Leadership University, where he describes his strong religious beliefs. (Leadership University is not a university but ‘a “one-stop shopping superstore” in the marketplace of ideas’,[68] sponsored by the Christian Leadership Ministries, a branch of the Campus Crusade for Christ). He has also petitioned the Texas Board of Education to adopt the teaching of creationism.[69]
  • Malcolm A. Cutchins, Ph. D. Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech. Professor Emeritus, Auburn University. Has done some research on unrelated matters, and is currently traveling around lecturing about creationism and against evolution to church groups. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.

[edit] D

  • Danielle Dalafave, Associate Professor of Physics, College of New Jersey. No publication record located; does not seem to be a scientist. Cites fine tuning of physical constants as her reason to support Intelligent Design, even though it has nothing to do with evolution.[70]
  • Cham Dallas, Professor, Pharmaceutics & Biomedical Science, University of Georgia. Publishes in unrelated fields. Is something of a celebrity expert on toxicology issues related to WMD and nuclear power, and has made numerous TV appearances (CBS) over the last decade. Also affiliated with the Christian Leadership Ministries.
  • Lisanne D’Andrea-Winslow, Ph. D. Cell Biology & Biochemistry, Rutgers University. Professor of Biology at Northwestern College (a small fundamentalist school) and affiliated with the Biologic Institute. Has a few publications but none that seem to touch on evolution. Has also written quite a bit of poetry (including “In Praise of Creation”). Signatory to an apparently Discovery Institute initiated Amicus Brief supporting Intelligent Design in the Kitzmiller v. Dover case.[71]
  • Marc C. Daniels, Assistant Professor of Biology, William Carey College. No research record found.
  • Paul S. Darby, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, University of Georgia. Contributing scientist at the Cleaning Industry Research Institute. Contributed to a 1988 paper, but no other research record found. Signatory to an apparently Discovery Institute initiated Amicus Brief supporting Intelligent Design in the Kitzmiller v. Dover case.[72]
  • Holger Daugaard, Ph. D. Agronomy, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences. Has earlier published some papers on agriculture. Seventh Day Adventist and currently principal of Vejlefjordskolen, a small, private, fundamentalist elementary- and high-school.
  • Melody Davis, Ph.D. Chemistry, Princeton University. Affiliated with “Parents Holding Doctorates”, a student assistance service in Ohio. Not a scientist; no research found.
  • John A. Davison,[73] Emeritus Associate Professor of Biology, University of Vermont. Famous crank and the guy behind A Prescribed Evolutionary Hypothesis. Also on the List of Internet kooks.
  • Thomas Deahl, Ph.D. Radiation Biology, The University of Iowa. Currently Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Developmental Dentistry at the UTHSCSA Dental School. Has done some research in a rather clearly unrelated field.
  • Glen E. Deal, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Florida Institute of Technology. Systems Engineer at Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems. Google scholar returns a single (2009) unrelated paper.
  • Hans Degens, Reader in Muscle Physiology, Manchester Metropolitan University. Currently Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Catholic University Nijmegen. Has a decent research record in an at best tangentially related field, but has also written anti-evolution articles other venues.[74]
  • Ronald D. DeGroat, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, U. of Colorado, Boulder. Senior Scientist, Broadcom; does wholly unrelated research.
  • Robert DeHaan, Ph.D. Human Development, U. of Chicago. Has done some unrelated research; author “Educating Gifted Children”.
  • William DeJong, Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Groningen. No affiliation or research found.
  • Harold Delaney, Professor of Psychology, University of New Mexico. Real researcher in an unrelated field. Also Templeton grant recipient known to have taught an honors seminar in 2003 and 2004 on “Origins: Science, Faith and Philosophy” at the University of New Mexico. The course, which was co-taught with Michael Kent (who is apparently also a signatory to this list), included readings on “both sides” as well as a guest lecture by David Keller, another intelligent-design advocate (and signatory) on the New Mexico faculty.[75]
  • Michael Delp, Professor of Physiology, Texas A&M University. Currently Professor and Chair, Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Charles N. Delzell, Professor of Mathematics, Louisiana State University. Does research in unrelated fields. Also signatory to a letter to Governor Bill Haslam in support of Louisiana’s creationist-friendly HB 368 bill.[76]
  • Kenneth Demarest, Professor of Electrical Engineering, University of Kansas. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • William Dembski, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Chicago
  • Lawrence DeMejo, Ph.D. Polymer Science and Engineering, U. of Massachusetts, Amherst. No current affiliation or information found.
  • David Deming, Associate Professor of Geosciences, University of Oklahoma. Adjunct faculty member at the conservative think tanks the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs and the National Center for Policy Analysis, and known for criticizing the notion of “sustainability” since “technological progress is our birthright and destiny,” which may not completely assuage all worries. Also on James Inhofe’s list of 650 scientists who supposedly dispute the global warming consensus.[77], claiming that global warming hysteria is “generated by journalists who don't understand the provisional and uncertain nature of scientific knowledge,” and that “global warming is a scientific question, not a moral one.” Has also claimed “the last two years of global cooling have nearly erased 30 years of temperature increases. To the extent that global warming ever existed, it is now officially over,”[78] which is patently absurd. Has done some real research as well, apparently, and has – curiously enough – claimed that Intelligent Design cannot be formulated as a scientific hypothesis and is scientifically useless.
  • Charles Detwiler, Ph.D. Genetics, Cornell University; currently professor of biology at Liberty University. As expected from a proponent of creationism he is not particularly concerned with doing research, but very concerned about Intelligent Design’s position in public schools.[79]
  • David DeWitt, Chair, Department of Biology & Chemistry, Liberty University – yes he is, and that tells you more about Liberty University than anything else. He teaches, for instance, a required course in “creation studies”.[80] Also a signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation, and has published papers in Answers in Genesis’s house journal Answers Research Journal.
  • Eshan Dias, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, King’s College, Cambridge University. Senior scientist at Hemas Holding, but does not seem to do any scientific research. Founder and President of Cultura Vitae, the pro-life movement in Sri Lanka.
  • James Robert Dickens, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University. No affiliation or research found.
  • Lawrence Dickson, Ph.D. Mathematics, Princeton University. Involved in computer science and may have some low-tier publications. Also political activist who contributes to the Culture Wars magazine (formerly Fidelity magazine, a fundamentalist Catholic magazine), author of the self-published The Book of Honor, and involved in various political protests.
  • Gary Dilts, Ph.D. Mathematical Physics, U. of Colorado. Currently at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • Robert DiSilvestro, Ph.D. Biochemistry, Texas A&M University; Professor of Nutrition at Ohio State University. Hardcore creationist[81] affiliated with the Christian Leadership Ministries, where he for instance publishes materials (containing all the standard creationist canards) so that students can challenge their biology teacher[82] (no, he doesn’t do research, he helps students to Jesus). Testified for the creationists during the Kansas evolution hearings. Has publications in an unrelated field.
  • Daniel Dix, Associate Professor of Mathematics, University of South Carolina. Has publications in unrelated fields, though he claims that his skepticism of evolution arose through studying the structure of biological molecules.[83] Also member of Dembski’s International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design.
  • Allison Dobson, Assistant Professor, Chemistry, Georgia Southern University. Has done work on an unrelated topic (crystallography).
  • Francis M. Donahue, Professor Emeritus, Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan. Has a few publications in an unrelated field, but little from the last 25 years.
  • Alistair Donald, Ph.D. Environmental Science/Quaternary or Pleistocene Palynology, University of Wales. Not a working scientist but a Church of Scotland clergyman. Contributed a chapter to Norman Nevin’s creationist tract “Should Christians Embrace Evolution?”
  • Kenneth Dormer, Ph.D. Biology & Physiology, University of California, Los Angeles. Currently at the University of Oklahoma, College of Medicine. Involved in research, though in unrelated fields.
  • John Doughty, Ph.D. Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona. Teaches at the fundamentalist Noah Webster College and member of the Board of Directors of the Creation Science Fellowship of New Mexico; formerly president of Albuquerque Bible College. Claims to have been converted to creationism by Henry Morris’s claims about thermodynamics,[84]. May have a very few, old, unrelated publications (nothing less than 20 years old located).
  • James F. Drake, Ph.D. Atmospheric Science, University of California, Los Angeles. Currently (it seems) at the University of Maryland, where he does research in unrelated fields. Also apparently a signatory to the Oregon Petition, and his name appears on James Inhofe’s list of scientists whose work (according to Inhofe) refutes AGW.
  • Scott T. Dreher, Ph.D. Geology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks. Currently at the University of Durham; researcher in the unrelated fields of isotopic geology and petrology.
  • Jeanne Drisko, Clinical Assistant Professor of Alternative Medicine, University of Kansas, School of Medicine. Developed the Program in Integrative Medicine at the Kansas University School of Medicine, and has been instrumental in developing research projects in the area of CAM therapies. Involved in chelation therapy. Has a page on Quackwatch,[85] which emphasizes her thoroughly anti-scientific outlook. Has no understanding, aptitude, or sympathy for science.
  • James O. Dritt, Ph.D. Civil Engineering & Environmental Science, University of Oklahoma. Religious fundamentalist[86] and hardcore creationist.[87] Appears to have worked on manuals on industrial energy efficiency; does not appear to have or have had any academic affiliation, or to have been involved in research.
  • Tim Droubay, Ph.D. Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Appears to be associated with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Jan Frederic Dudt, Associate Professor of Biology, Grove City College (a small fundamentalist, generally unaccredited Christian institution dedicated to fighting taxes[88]); also Coordinator of the Center of Vision and Values, a rightwing think tank. Opposed to stem cell research because it allegedly conflicts with his Christian beliefs and because other treatments are effective in other settings.[89] His publication record is limited to two papers from the early 90s completely unrelated to evolution; does not appear to be a working scientist.
  • Karl Duff, Sc.D. Mechanical Engineering, MIT. Young earth creationist who has written plenty of creationist and anti-evolutionary screeds.[90] Also on the Flood Science Review panel for In Jesus’ Name Productions,[91] who apparently wants to make a movie about the Flood that “could have historic impact […] if the science upon which it is based can be sufficiently defended. It could even represent a significant challenge to the validity of the theory of Evolution.” Duff is not a scientist, and has no academic affiliation. Instead he is the author of books such as “Dating, Intimacy, and the Teenage Years”.[92]
  • W. John Durfee, Assistant Professor of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University. DVM (a professional, not a research degree; does not appear to be involved in research).
  • David Van Dyke, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana. Currently Analytical Chemist at Environmental Regulatory Compliance. Appears to have a few publications in unrelated fields.
  • Fred Van Dyke, Professor of Biology and Chair of the Biology Department, Wheaton College (Illinois), a Christian liberal arts college. Also Executive Director of the Au Sable Institute, and important champion of evangelical initiatives to take global warming seriously. Notoriously slippery when it comes to his position on evolution,[93] though he has argued that theistic evolution is problematic from a religious perspective.[94] At least he is open about the fact that his dissent is religiously, not scientifically, based. Has done some (apparently unrelated) research on wildlife, and has several publications and books on evangelical theology.
  • David W. Dykstra, Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. No present affiliation or research found.

[edit] E

  • Joe R. Eagleman, Professor Emeritus, Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Kansas. Known authority on tornados but more recently signatory to the Oregon Petition mostly quoted as claiming that global warming is “way overplayed” and nothing to worry about.[95]
  • Cris Eberle, Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University. Currently Nuclear Engineer & Health Physicist at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard & IMF. No research since his educational years located.
  • Marcos N. Eberlin, Professor, The State University of Campinas (Brazil). Appears to have contributed to some papers in unrelated fields (chemistry). Also on the editorial board of BIO-Complexity. Claims that Intelligent Design is a real, rigorous scientific theory formed to accommodate the data[96] (which, of course, is not how science works). Claims to be persecuted for supporting ID in Brazil.[97]
  • Robert Eckel, Professor of Medicine, Physiology & Biophysics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Has publications in unrelated fields. Thinks that evolution is just a theory, and that this immediately entails that the Biblical account of creation is equally valid,[98] that creationists and scientists just interpret the same data just under different Worldviews (overlooking the fact that creationists generally reject the data), and that evolutionists believe what they do because they haven’t accepted Jesus.
  • William A. Eckert III, Ph.D. Cell & Molecular Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Seems to be a legitimate scientist; he does not appear to work on evolution, though he does have some expertise on cell biology.
  • Seth Edwards, Associate Professor of Geology, University of Texas, El Paso. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Michael Egnor, Professor and Vice-Chairman, Dept. of Neurological Surgery, State U. of New York at Stony Brook. Promoter of neuro-woo, non-materialist neuroscience and dualism, and writer for the Discovery Institute's online newsletter Evolutionary News and Views.
  • Lee Eimers, Professor of Physics & Mathematics, Cedarville University (the faculty is committed to a literal, “grammatical/historical” interpretation of the Bible). Eimers has no academic publications, and cannot reasonably be called a “scientist”. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • D.R. Eiras-Stofella, Director, Electron Microscopy Center (Ph.D. Molecular Biology), Parana Federal University. Seems to be involved in real research, and may as such be one of few signatories with even remotely relevant credentials.
  • Jonathan D. Eisenback, Professor of Plant Pathology, Dept. of Plant Pathology and Weed Science, Virginia Tech. Publishes in tangentially related fields; none of the research seems to challenge evolution, however.
  • George A. Ekama, Professor, Water Quality Engineering, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Cape Town. Does some research in a completely unrelated field (sludge processes).
  • James A. Ellard, Sr., Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Kentucky. Google returns a single coauthored 1957 paper. No updated information, affiliation, or research found.
  • David L. Elliott, Chair, Div. of Nat. Sciences/Mathematics, Louisiana College. Has some unrelated research (water-soluble copolymers).
  • Daniel Ely, Professor, Biology, University of Akron. Hardcore intelligent design activist who testified during the evolution hearings – his colleagues at Akron later published a letter decrying Ely’s misconceptions and misrepresentations.[99] Has a decent research record but though he is a professor in biology, Ely has, contrary to what his own claims may suggest, no formal training in evolution, and he has done no research on the subject.
  • Martin Emery, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Southampton. No research or academic affiliation found.
  • Don England, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, Harding University, a conservative religious school. Retired. Formerly an Elder of the College Church of Christ and has written several religious books (including “A Christian View of Origin”). Seems to have done some research in an unrelated field in the early 60s (Google Scholar returns nothing else).
  • Thomas English, Adjunct Professor of Physics & Engineering, Palomar College. Outspoken supporter of Intelligent Design, and has contributed to a variety of Dembski-related productions, such as the Proceedings of the 2000 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (a creationist gathering). No other trace of research found.
  • Richard Erdlac, Ph.D. Structural Geology, University of Texas (Austin). Has mostly worked in the private sector and with government contracts.. Web of Science and Google Scholar list twelve publications in the last thirty years, with the most recent in 1994. The Clean Technology Conference and Expo lists him as an energy consultant.[100]
  • Bruce Evans, Ph.D. Neurobiology, Emory University. Currently professor of Biology and Department Chair at Huntington University (a Christian liberal arts college that has let Evans teach an EXCEL class on the Origins of Life[101]). Hardcore Intelligent Design proponent (and Sunday school teacher) who was on the board of reviewers for Explore Evolution. Does have a few (old) publications in unrelated fields. Also a signatory to Rethinking AIDS, a list of HIV “skeptics”.
  • William Everson, Ph.D. Human Physiology, Penn State College of Medicine. No reliable information or research found.
  • Donald Ewert,[102] Ph.D. Microbiology, University of Georgia. Used to operate a research laboratory at the Wistar Institute. Currently he lectures about creationism to anyone who will listen. His talks and work consist primarily of denial, raw assertions, and misunderstandings.[103] Has some publications in not entirely unrelated fields, however, though even his coauthors deny that the publications show what Ewert claims they show. Also testified before the Texas Board of Education during their 2009 Evolution hearings.

[edit] F

  • Pamela Faith Fahey, Ph.D. Physiology & Biophysics, University of Illinois. Co-author (with Ann Gauger, Stephanie Ebnet, and Ralph Seelke) of the paper “Reductive Evolution Can Prevent Populations from Taking Simple Adaptive Paths to High Fitness,” published in the Biologic Institute’s house journal BIO-Complexity and touted by the Discovery Institute as one of the scientific publications supportive of intelligent design.[104] Works with Cedar Park Church. No other affiliation or research found.
  • Ferenc Farkas, Ph.D. Applied Chemical Sciences, Technical University of Budapest. No further information located.
  • Kevin Farmer, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Oklahoma. Listed as having “Ph.D., Scientific Methodology”; the university website, however, lists him as having a PhD in Pharmacy Administration. Those are, needless to say, not the same, though Farmer's confusion about that may go some way toward explaining how Farmer ended up on the Discovery list. Well-known creationist who has appeared on Christian TV programs with standard Kent Hovind arguments against evolution. Has nevertheless contributed to some real publications, in a completely unrelated field.
  • Marco Fasoli, Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of Cambridge. Co-founder and Managing Partner at TITIAN Global Investments. No academic affiliation or research since his study days found. Does not appear to be a scientist.
  • Abraham S. Feigenbaum, Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry, Rutgers University. No research younger than 45 years found.
  • Denis Fesenko, Junior Research Fellow, Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology. Google scholar returns a contribution to a single paper.
  • Wildon Fickett, Ph. D, Chemistry, Caltech. No updated information or recent research found.
  • Steve D. Figard, Ph.D. Biochemistry, Florida State University. Immunologist. Currently at Abbott Laboratories. No publications younger than 25 years found.
  • Dave Finnegan, Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Has done research in an unrelated field.
  • Hannes Fischer, Ph.D Molecular Biology, University of Pennsylvania. No reliable updated information located.
  • James Florence, Associate Professor, Dept. of Public Health, East Tennessee State U. Has some research in unrelated fields.
  • Margaret Flowers, Professor of Biology, Wells College. Retired. May have an old publication or two in low-tier journals.
  • Andrew Fong, Ph.D. Chemistry, Indiana University. Team Leader at the FDA. Appears to do real research, in an unrelated field.
  • David W. Forslund, Ph.D. Astrophysics from Princeton University. Currently laboratory fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory, and seems to be involved in some real research in an unrelated field.
  • Mike Forward, Ph.D. Applied Mathematics, Imperial College, University of London. Google returns nothing apart from this list.
  • Mark Foster, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, U. of Minnesota. Currently Professor at U. of Akron; real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Clarence Fouche, Professor of Biology, Virginia Intermont College (the only full-time biology professor at that institution). Seems to have published two papers, the latest in 1977. Hardly a working scientist.
  • James T. Fowler, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Durham. Currently Information Technology Specialist at Durham University, which is not a research position. No research record located. Not a scientist.
  • Joseph Francis, Associate Professor of Biology, Cedarville University. A young earth creationist who has contributed several articles to Answers in Genesis’s house journal Answers. Does not appear to have done any serious research in biology.
  • Luis Paulo Franco de Barros, D.Sc. Mechanical Engineering, Pontificia Universidade Católica. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Douglas G. Frank, Ph.D. Surface Electrochemistry, University of Cincinnati. Currently consultant at Precision Analytical Instruments Inc. A few unrelated papers found; none from the last 25 years.
  • Kenneth French, Chairman, Division of Natural Science, Blinn College (on their curriculum committee). No research found; does not seem to be a scientist.
  • John R. Fritch, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of California Berkeley. No current information or research less than 30 years old located.
  • Marvin Fritzler, Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Calgary Medical School. Has a respectable research record in medicine, mostly on immune responses.
  • Ian C. Fuller, Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography, Massey University. An elder of the Grace Reformed Baptist Fellowship who has been active in attempts to get creationism into UK school curricula. Young Earth Creationist who has written for Origins, the journal of the Biblical Creation Society; does nevertheless appear to do research. Also signatory to the infamous 2002 Estelle Morris letter.[105]
  • Mark Fuller, Ph.D. Microbiology, University of California, Davis. No reliable affiliation or information (or research) located.
  • Scott R. Fulton, Ph.D. Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University. Currently professor of mathematics and computer science at Clarkson University; publishes in unrelated fields. Said that the argument for intelligent design was “very interesting and promising,” and that his religious belief was “not particularly relevant” to how he judged intelligent design, even though he emphasized that “[w]hen I see scientific evidence that points to God, I find that encouraging.”
  • Noel Funderburk, Ph.D. Microbiology, University of North Texas. On the board of directors of Training Evangelistic Leadership, an aggressive missionary organization. Young earth creationist who thinks that the Grand Canyon is obvious evidence for the Flood and a literal interpretation of the Bible: “each time I [visit the Grand Canyon] am amaized [sic] that geologists are so blinded that they cannot see the evidence.”[106] Not a scientist.

[edit] G

  • Edward Gade, Professor Emeritus of Mathematics, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh. No research found.
  • Sandra Gade, Emeritus Professor of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh. No research found. In 2006 she started a petition drive to ask the Oshkosh school board for an “advisory referendum” requesting that students learn evidence for and against evolution,[107] because it is all about teaching students about Jesus rather than, you know, trying to do any research on the issue. “The way evolution is being taught is antagonistic to students’ religious beliefs,” said Gade, and therefore a violation of the First Amendment, asserting that Wisconsin students are being brainwashed.[108]
  • Daniel Galassini, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University. A professional degree rather than a research degree.
  • Weimin Gao, Microbiologist, Brookhaven National Laboratory. Currently Assistant Professor, Molecular Epidemiology at Texas Tech. Real scientist.
  • Charles Garner, Professor of Chemistry, Baylor University. Flak for the Discovery Institute. Google scholar returns a few (co-authored) papers unrelated to evolution. Claims elsewhere that evolution does not and cannot have observable support, a point he included e.g. in his testimony before the Texas Board of Education.
  • John Garth, Ph.D. Physics, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. No research record found. Currently Board Member of the Creation Science Fellowship of New Mexico.
  • George A. Gates, Emeritus Professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington. Real scientist (retired). Has said that “I simply affirm that science and religion work in parallel magesteria and each has much to learn from the other," and that “[m]ost of creationism and ID are funded privately because they don't qualify as science," adding that he is skeptical of ID and creationism.[109]
  • Ann Gauger,[110] Ph.D. Zoology, University of Washington. Did real and possibly relevant research during her postdoc at Harvard. Currently affiliated with the Biologic Institute. In 2011 she got a paper (co-authored with Douglas Axe) published in the institute’s home journal BIO-Complexity, which, according to her, disproves evolution (and is demolished here). Its most notable trait is its complete misrepresentation of the papers cited by the authors.[111] Coauthor of Science and Human Origins.
  • Theodore W. Geier, Ph.D. Forrest Hydrology, University of Minnesota. No affiliation or information found (apart from a single 1994 paper).
  • Mark Geil, Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering. Ohio State U. Associate prof. at Georgia State U. Does real research in an unrelated field.
  • Jim Gibson, Ph.D. Biology, Director of the Geoscience Research Institute, Loma Linda University, a Seventh Day Adventist front organization which pushes a creationist agenda in Earth sciences. Gibson’s article “Did Life Begin in the ‘RNA World?’” was a huge inspiration for Ray Comfort, who based a chapter (“From Dust to Dust”) on it in his book Nothing Created Everything: The Scientific Impossibility of Atheistic Evolution. Does not appear to be involved in scientific research.
  • Maciej Giertych, Professor, Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Also on the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation, where he is listed as “Geneticist”. Most famous in the US, perhaps, for his incoherent letter to Nature[112] in which he proved himself a master of the Gish gallop. Giertych is perhaps the most prominent pushers for including creationism in education in Poland. Also a notable and vocal anti-Semite,[113] who has claimed that Jews are dishonest because they don’t recognize “Jesus Christ as the awaited Messiah.” In an address to the European Parliament he praised Francisco Franco, António de Oliveira Salazar and Éamon de Valera as guardsmen of traditional European values.[114] Interviewed in Expelled.
  • Stephan J. G. Gift, Professor of Electrical Engineering, The University of the West Indies. Serious crackpot. Well-known in Trinidad as an outspoken creationist and opponent of Big Bang cosmology and relativity,[115] who claims to have proved Einstein wrong. His homepage will give you his papers allegedly refuting relativity, but no indication of actual research.
  • William Gilbert, Emeritus Professor of Biology, Simpson College. At least at some point President of Iowa Academy of Science. No other information or research found.
  • James Gilchrist, Ph.D. Physics, University of Texas, Austin. No information found.
  • Thomas D. Gillespie, Research Professor Emeritus Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan. University of Michigan. Has done research in unrelated fields. Consultant to George W. Bush’s science advisor Allan Bromley.
  • Warren Gilson, Associate Professor, Dairy Science, University of Georgia. No research located.
  • Jeffrey M. Goff, Associate Professor of Chemistry, Malone College; currently Chair, Department of Natural Sciences, where the mission contains the goal that “students should be able to apply the principles of Christian Stewardship to biological practice and interpret biological phenomena within a Christian worldview.” Appears to be minimally involved in research (Google Scholar give him as first author of a single 2001 paper).
  • Steven Gollmer, Ph.D. Atmospheric Science, Purdue University. Currently at Cedarville University. Declares that “[o]ur approach to science and origins is based on the presupposition that our highest and ultimate authority is the unchanging Word of God.” Active in creationist attempts to impose lesson plans on the Ohio State Board of Education,[116] and also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • John R. Goltz, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, U. of Arizona. Involved with CompuServe. No research or present affiliation found.
  • Manuel Garcia-Ulloa Gomez, Director of Marine Sciences Laboratory, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Seems to have done some research on aquaculture (mostly in Spanish).
  • Teresa Gonske, Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Northwestern College. No research located.
  • Guillermo Gonzalez,[117] Associate Professor of Astronomy, Iowa State University, and touted by the Discovery Institute as one of their “clearest” examples of a victim of evil Darwinist conspiracy in academia. One of the main characters in Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed. Currently Senior Fellow at the Discovery Institute. Currently at Grove City College, an evangelical Christian school. Published some good papers early in his career, but does not seem to have done much research the last 10 years. Also a climate change denialist.
  • Michael T. Goodrich, Professor of Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, Associate Dean for Faculty Development in the Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences, and Technical Director for the ICS Secure Computing and Networking Center. Seems to have serious credentials in his field, which is not biology.
  • Bruce L. Gordon, Ph.D. Philosophy of Physics, Northwestern University. Research Director at the Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture, Fellow of the International Society for Complexity, Information and Design, and a central figure in the ID movement. Formerly William Dembski’s companion at the controversial ID center at Baylor University[118][119] and participant at the Biological Information: New Perspectives conference in 2011. Currently at King’s College, NY, a small fundamentalist college. No research found.
  • Chris Grace, Associate Professor of Psychology, Biola University. Has published extensively in religious magazines and journals such as “Journal of Theology and Psychology”, e.g. on evolutionary psychology and intelligent design, and appears to be one of the founders of what he calls “intelligent design psychology” (to replace the evolutionary psychology, evidently). No real research or scientific work found apart from a co-authored 1988 paper. Does in other words not appear to be a scientist.
  • Robert J. Graham, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Iowa State University. No information found.
  • Giulio D. Guerra, First Researcher of the Italian National Research Council (Chemistry), Istituto Materiali Compositi e Biomedici, CNR. Appears to be a respectable scientist, though his research seems not to touch on evolution.
  • Thomas G. Guilliams, Ph.D. Molecular Biology, The Medical College of Wisconsin. Currently VP/Director of Science and Regulatory Affairs, Ortho Molecular Products, Inc. Listed as an “integrative practitioner” at integrativepractitioner.com, an online community of practitioners of woo. Has some publications that seem legitimate (in unrelated fields), but is also the author e.g. of “The Original Prescription: How the Latest Scientific Discoveries Can Help You Leverage the Power of Lifestyle Medicine”. His understanding of science and scientific methods is thus debatable.
  • Richard Gunasekera, Ph.D. Biochemical Genetics, Baylor University. Currently Adjunct Professor and Resource Fellow, Missiology and Science, at the College of Biblical Studies. Gives lectures in various religious venues, and has been involved in the Ratio Christi Student Apologetics Alliance lecture series at Texas A&M University together with familiar creationists and intelligent design promoters.[120] Has some publications, but they are completely unrelated to evolution.
  • James Gundlach, Associate Professor of Physics, John A. Logan College. No research located.
  • Graham Gutsche, Emeritus Professor of Physics, U.S. Naval Academy. No research since the 1960s found.

[edit] H

  • David Hagen, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota. Used to work for Ford; retired. No research record found.
  • Dan Hale, Professor of Animal Science, Texas A&M University. No publication record located.
  • Dominic M. Halsmer, Ph. D. Mechanical Engineering, UCLA. Currently Professor of Engineering and Dean of the College of Science and Engineering at Oral Roberts University, where “he is studying how the universe is engineered to reveal the glory of God and accomplish His purposes.” No serious research found, but lots of attempts to apply engineering concepts in support of intelligent design published in various online venues. Can hardly be counted as a scientist.
  • Mubashir Hanif, Ph.D. Plant Biology, University of Helsinki. Has done some research; hard to determine how relevant it is.
  • William Hankley, Professor of Computer Science, Kansas State University. Retired. Has some publications in an unrelated field.
  • Donald J. Hanrahan, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, U. of Maryland. No affiliation/research found (apart from some 1960s online documents).
  • Israel Hanukoglu, Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Chairman, The College of Judea and Samaria (Israel). A real scientist with a respectable research record. Former Science and Technology Adviser to Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu (1996–1999), and founder of Israel Science and Technology Homepage.
  • James Harbrecht, Clinical Associate Professor, Division of Cardiology, University of Kansas Medical Center. Two (unrelated) research publications located, the newest from 1991. MD; does not appear to be a working scientist.
  • James Harman, Associate Chair, Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Texas Tech University. Currently Associate Professor at South Plains College. Has a biology background, but seems to do little research at all, and none of it is relevant to the issue at hand.
  • William Harris, Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry, University of Minnesota; managing director of the Intelligent Design Network, which was responsible for creating the Kansas Kangaroo Court,[121] and at least leaning toward young earth creationism.[122] He has, apparently, done some research on nutrition and heart disease, and gained some notoriety from a study purporting to show that prayer could help people suffering from heart disease. It was easily shown to be bunk,[123] if anyone wondered. Does apparently struggle with the idea that science has to do with observation.[124]
  • †A.D. Harrison, Emeritus Professor of Biology, University of Waterloo
  • William B. Hart, Assistant Professor of Mathematics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Currently Research Fellow at the University of Warwick. Has a real research record, in an unrelated field.
  • Jeffrey H. Harwell, Ph. D. Chemical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Currently professor at the University of Oklahoma. Has a decent research record in an unrelated field.
  • Richard Hassing, Ph.D. Theoretical Physics, Cornell University. Currently Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Catholic University of America. Has a few low-tier publications in unrelated fields, mostly defenses of Leo Strauss and attacks on Darwinism in favor of a conservative, Christian interpretation of Natural Law; or, in other words, a presuppositionalist defense, premised on rejecting science, of a position no serious philosopher (as opposed to fundamentalist theologian) has defended since Medieval times.
  • James Pierre Hauck, Professor of Physics & Astronomy, University of San Diego. Retired; now “legal consultant and lapidarist”. May have done a little research in an unrelated field.
  • Paul Hausgen, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Appears to have done some unrelated research.
  • Oleh Havrysh, Senior Research Assistant, Protein & Peptide Structure & Function, Dept. Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry & Petrochemistry, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences. No further information located.
  • Curtis Hawkins, Asst. Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Case Western Reserve Univ. School of Medicine. Google Scholar returns a few (unrelated) research papers from the early 80s.
  • Russell C. Healey, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, University of Cambridge. On the Council of Reference for the British creationist organization Truth in Science. According to said organization Healey was formerly a Fellow of Selwyn College and Lecturer in the Engineering Department at Cambridge University, but that he “now teaches mathematics at a leading (unnamed) independent school” (probably Loughborough Grammar School).[125]
  • Walter Hearn, Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of Illinois. Seems to have been involved in some research some point, but not for the last 40 years. Currently freelance editor for various Christian publishers. Author of “Being a Christian in Science”, where he discusses how religion is a useful tool for scientists, even though he is himself not a scientist.
  • William J. Hedden, Ph.D. Structural Geology, Missouri University of Science & Technology. No current affiliation or research found.
  • David Heddle, Ph. D. Physics, Carnegie Mellon University. Associate professor at Christopher Newport University, and has written the novel “Here, eyeball this” in which he defends his version of intelligent design; Google Scholar returns a decent amount ofscientific research.[126] A proponent of cosmological intelligent design (e.g. the fine-tuning argument), Heddle has generally been skeptical of Intelligent design in biology. Has been in disagreement with Dembski, for instance, which resulted in Dembski booting him from his blog – teaching Heddle the hard way that the Intelligent Design movement is about public relations, not discussions of science.[127] In February 2010 he requested his name be removed from the list,[128] as he is now a supporter of theistic evolution.
  • Timothy H. Heil, Ph.D. Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Has done some research in an unrelated field.
  • Daniel W. Heinze, Ph.D. Geophysics from Texas A&M University. Currently board member of Vibrant Dance, which “inspire, educate, and unify pastors, scientists and others with the growing congruence of scientific discovery and the Christian faith!” Not a scientist.
  • Christian Heiss, Post-Doctoral Associate, Complex Carbohydrate Res. Ctr., Univ. of Georgia. Does research in an apparently unrelated field. Also signatory to the apparently Discovery Institute initiated Amicus Brief supporting Intelligent Design in the Kitzmiller v. Dover.
  • Larry S. Helmick, Senior Professor of Chemistry, Cedarville University (a fundamentalist, young earth creationist Bible institution). Affiliated with the Creation Research Society. Has some publications, though many of the ones he list on his record are publications e.g. in the Creation Research Society Quarterly, for instance on Flood geology. Lists “the search for Noah's Ark” as one of his main research interests. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Barbara S. Helmkamp, Ph.D. Theoretical Physics, Louisiana State University. . Young earth creationist who has written some online documents arguing against “the myth of evolution” targeted at children;[129] after all, creationism has nothing to do with science, but with religious outreach. Claims creationism is a much more explanatorily powerful hypothesis than Big Bang or evolution, since God can do anything. Currently teaching physics and chemistry at Credo Academy, a homeschool co-op in Denver. Not a scientist by a long shot.
  • Olivia A. Henderson, Ph.D. Pharmaceutics, University of Missouri, Kansas City. No current affiliation, research, or information located.
  • R. Craig Henderson, Associate Prof., Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Tennessee Tech U. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • Kurt J. Henle, Professor Emeritus, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. Was involved in medical research back in the days, but retired early to found and lead the Holy Trinity Anglican Church. Currently an M.Div and pastor with no academic affiliation.
  • Hugh L. Henry, Lecturer (Ph.D. Physics), Northern Kentucky University. No research or information found.
  • John K. Herdklotz, Ph.D Physical Chemistry, Rice University. Chief Executive Officer of Telor Ophthalmic Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Contributed to two papers in 1970. Does not appear to be a scientist.
  • David W. Herrin, Research Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering, U. of Kentucky. Appears to be a real researcher on acoustics.
  • Nolan Hertel, Professor, Nuclear & Radiological Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Joel D. Hetzer, Ph.D. Statistics, Baylor University. No current affiliation or research found.
  • John Hey, Associate Clinical Prof., Dept. of Family Medicine, University of Mississippi. Has a professional doctorate. Also teaching elder of Grace Bible Church. No research record found.
  • A. Clyde Hill, Ph.D. Soil Chemistry, Rutgers U. May have some unrelated research from the 60s and 70s. No recent information found.
  • Miroslav Hill, Former Director of Research, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Used to be a respectable scientist and researcher (was among the lab researchers who established the life cycle of retroviruses). Then he went crackpot; currently he appears to be sympathetic to something reminiscent of Rupert Sheldrake’s Morphic resonance theory, suggesting that “quantum systems” are responsible for much of adaptations at a cellular level through what some call “entangled learning”.[130]
  • Roland Hirsch, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, University of Michigan. Appears to have done real research in an unrelated field. Fellow at the International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design, and writes for William Dembski’s blog Uncommon Descent.
  • Mae-Wan Ho, Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of Hong Kong. A known critic of genetic engineering (in fact, a hardcore doomsday prophet) through opinion pieces (not peer-reviewed research).[131] Has a real research background, however. Listed on Rethinking AIDS's list of HIV “skeptics”, though it is unclear to what extent she would agree to this listing herself. Nevertheless she entertains a serious presence at whale.to. Her signature here should probably be viewed in light of these facts.
  • Dewey Hodges, Professor, Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Seems to be a serious researcher in his field, which has nothing to do with biology. Also member of the hate group American Family Association and the Creation Research Society[132]
  • John G. Hoey, Ph.D. Molecular and Cellular Biology, City University of New York Graduate School. Currently owner of Integra BioCompliance, LLC and Laboratory Operations Consultant with The Quantic Group, Ltd. Does have a few research publications in a not completely unrelated field; nevertheless believes that “the theory of evolution and similar ideas designed to explain away the existence of a Creator are little more than fairytales.”
  • John L. Hoffer, Professor of Engineering; Texas A&M University College of Engineering; (also) Professor of Anesthesiology, Texas A&M Univ. Syst. Health Science Center. MD; no information or research located (the name is not found on the Texas A&M homepages).
  • Justin Holl, Ph.D. Animal Science, University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Currently Genetic Improvement Specialist at Genus. Appears to have some not entirely unrelated research, though none of it appears to challenge evolution.
  • Jay Hollman, Assistant Clinical Professor of Cardiology, Louisiana State University Health Science Center. Also on the list of Physicians and Surgeons for Scientific Integrity (a.k.a. Doctors Doubting Darwin).[133] Has contributed to some research papers in unrelated fields.
  • Bruce Holman, III, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Northwestern University. Founded the chemistry department at Wisconsin Lutheran College and active in the Creation Science Society of Milwaukee. Has given talks in favor of creationism, and contributed to various creationist study materials,[134] but seems to have no scientific publications from the last 30 years.
  • Peter William Holyland, Ph.D. Geology, U. of Queensland. Owns Terra Sancta Inc.; no updated information or research found.
  • Barry Homer, Ph.D. Mathematics, Southampton University. Works with computer security; no science or research connection found.
  • Liang Hong, Associate Professor, Dept. of Dental Public Health & Behavioral Science, U. of Missouri, Kansas City. Also on the list of Physicians and Surgeons for Scientific Integrity (a.k.a. Doctors Doubting Darwin).[135] Involved in a smattering of unrelated research.
  • Gary Hook, Ph.D. Environmental Science, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. Seems to do real (unrelated) research.
  • Chrystal L. Ho Pao Assistant Professor of Biology, Trinity International University (a fundamentalist institution “founded on the cornerstone belief that all wisdom lies in Jesus Christ”). Does have some publications, though none appear to be related to evolution.
  • Marko Horb, Ph.D. Cell & Developmental Biology, State University of New York. Research Unit Director, Molecular Organogenesis, Clinical Research Institute of Montreal. Appears to have some not entirely unrelated publications, but none that seem to challenge evolution.
  • Barton Houseman, Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, Goucher College. Google scholar returns a few unrelated papers from the 60s.
  • Daniel Howell, Ph.D. Biochemistry, Virginia Tech. Author of “The Barefoot Book” and best known for his advocacy of barefoot running and barefoot living. Staunch creationist. Currently Associate Professor of Biology at Liberty University.
  • Gerald E. Hoyer, Retired Forrest Scientist, Washington State Department of Natural Resources. Has done some unrelated research.
  • Curtis Hrischuk, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Carleton University. Currently at IBM. Has some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Joel D. Hubbard, Associte Professor, Dept. of Lab. Science and Primary Care, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • Neil Huber, Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D. Anthropology), Tuebingen University. Biblical literalist; originally associated with Wisconsin State University, but renounced science in 1990. Currently his view is “to start with the assumption of the authority of the Bible, looking at all the evidence that it presents for trusting it. Then build your science from there, based upon the Bible’s truth.”[136] Currently affiliated with the Imago Dei Institute, a Bible college. Not presently a scientist, but even from his years in Wisconsin Google Scholar returns only a single 1969 paper. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Susan L.M. Huck, Ph.D. Geology/Geography, Clark University. Neither Google Scholar or Web of Science lists papers by this person, though there are several papers and books related to various political issues, such as “Narcotics: The Communist Drug Offensive”, which have been cited several times over at whale.to. No current affiliation found.
  • Doug Hufstedler, Ph.D. Animal Nutrition, Texas A&M University. Currently Beef Cattle Technical Consultant at ELANCO. Google scholar returns two papers from the mid-90s, concerned with questions unrelated to the topic at hand (lamb feeding).
  • James A. Huggins, Chair, Dept. of Biology & Dir., Hammons Center for Scientific Studies, Union University (a fundamentalist (Southern Baptist) institution). Also Pastor at Unity Baptist Church, Chester County, and signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. According to the University website[137] he “prays with students in each class as well as when they come to him for advising.” Does have a few low-tier publications on wildlife ecology but nothing that touches on evolution.
  • Charles E. Hunt, Prof. of Electrical & Computer Engineering/Design, U. of California, Davis. Does real research, in an unrelated field.
  • Cornelius Hunter, Ph.D. Biophysics, University of Illinois; adjunct professor of biophysics at Biola University. Fellow at the Discovery Institute who maintains the website Darwin's Predictions, where he purportedly shows that the theory of evolution has been falsified with notoriously bad arguments and misleading claims. Does not understand evolution, and displays little understanding of science or its methodology.[138] Scant evidence of real research found. Has bought hardcore into the “Darwin critics are persecuted” myth[139], and has claimed that the 2005 Kitzmiller v. Dover case “was a disaster for evolution” since “evolutionists paid a […] cost which can’t be measured in dollars. They gave up their soul.”[140]
  • Seyyed Imran Husnain, Ph.D. Bacterial Genetics, University of Sheffield. Has contributed to three or four papers on bacteriology. Cannot find any current academic affiliation.
  • Wolfgang Hutter, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Ulm. Currently Gemeindeleiter der Freien Christengemeinde Ecclesia Laupheim. Has no current academic affiliation, and is not a working scientist.

[edit] I

  • Rodney Ice, Principle Research Scientist, Nuclear & Radiological Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Retired (though used to be a real scientist in an unrelated field).
  • Bridget Ingham, Ph.D. Physics, Victoria University of Wellington. Currently Technical Director of the New Zealand Synchrotron Support Programme, and appears to be involved in real, though unrelated, (industrial) research. Has claimed that “[f]aith in the Judeo-Christian God and the Bible stand up to true scientific scrutiny,” and that “[o]f all the many theories regarding the origin of the universe and the origin of life, none can be absolutely proven because there were no observers and the ‘experiment’ cannot be repeated.” (The latter is the sole piece of alleged evidence for the former.)
  • Muzaffar Iqbal, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Saskatchewan. Also an Islamic scholar and founding president of the Center for Islam and Science, Alberta. He is a prolific author on topics such as “Islamic perspectives on science and civilization”, claiming that Western accounts of science from Francis Bacon onwards have been “disrespectful” of Islamic science, though by signing the list at hand he has pretty much proved his inability to distinguish science from theology (in fact, Iqbal appears to place revelation at the center of science). He is also a Fellow of Dembski’s International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design and as such one of relatively few points of connection between the American ID movement and Islamic creationism.[141]
  • Hiroshi Ishii, M.D., Ph.D. Behavioral Neurology, Tohoku U. Currently VP at Takasago. May have some publications in unrelated fields.
  • J. Ishizaki, Associate Professor of Neuropsychology (M.D., Ph.D. Medicine), Kobe Gakuin University. Has a few unrelated publications in psychology (ageing and therapy).
  • David Ives, Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry, Ohio State University. Has done some research in unrelated fields. Also signatory to the Discovery Institute sponsored 2002 Ohio Academic Freedom list submitted to the Ohio State Board of education.
  • Peter C. Iwen, Professor of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center. Appears to be a real scientist in a perhaps not entirely unrelated field (though none of his research appears to challenge evolution).

[edit] J

  • Dave Jansson, Ph.D. Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Currently scientific advisor at the law firm Jansson, Shupe & Munger Ltd. Did some (unrelated) research earlier in his career, but does not appear to be a working scientist.
  • David Jansson, Sc.D. Instrumentation and Automatic Control, MIT. Same as Dave Jansson; duplicate listing in the petition.
  • Amiel G. Jarstfer, Professor & Chair, Department of Biology, LeTourneau U. Currently Dean, Paul V. Hamilton School of Mathematics and Sciences, Lincoln Memorial University. Testified in favor of Teach the controversy before the Texas Board of Education during their evolution hearings.[142] Also teaches high school Bible classes. Has some publications, but they do not seem to be related to evolution.
  • Gintautas Jazbutis, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. No research, affiliation or information found.
  • Tony Jelsma, Ph.D. Biochemistry, McMaster University. Currently Professor of Biology at Dordt College, a Reformed Christian College that teaches creationism rather than evolution (the program is of course non-accredited). Hardcore creationist, who appears to suffer from a severe case of confirmation bias: “as I pursued the biological sciences I was aware that my views would be challenged, but I knew that evolution was wrong, God’s Word is true and I had confidence that any new findings I had would simply confirm my view.”[143]
  • Matthew A. Jenks, Professor of Horticultural Science, Purdue University (the university website lists him as “Adjunct Professor”). Seems to be involved in real research, but primarily on breeding for fruit quality; it is not clear that any of the research touches on evolution.
  • †David William Jensen, Professor of Biology, Tomball College.
  • Lyle H. Jensen, Emeritus professor, Dept. of Biological Structure & Dept. of Biochemistry, Washington State University. Appears to have a real research record in biochemistry, and has as such been of deep interest to the Discovery Institute (Evolution News and Views has run a multi-part series of interviews with him). Involved in the Teach the Controversy campaigns in Ohio in 2006: “I strongly urge you to retain the Critical Analysis of Evolution Lesson Plan so that Ohio students are objectively informed concerning the facts of biology and trained to be better scientists.”
  • Ferenc Jeszenszky, Former Head of the Center of Research Groups, Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Educated as a physicist and central in the Hungarian “Creation Research” movement. Has contributed to several creationist “documentaries”, such as “Nature’s IQ: Smart Animals Challenge Darwin”,[144] together with luminaries such as Michael Cremo. His brand of creationism is apparently summed up in the screed “Evolution, Intelligent Design, and Creationism”,[145] which emphasizes the scientific basis for creationism while consisting mainly of Bible verses and equating “evolutionists” with atheists. No research record found; does not appear to be a scientist.
  • Bradley R. Johnson, Ph.D. Materials Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Currently Technical Group Manager at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. May have some research in unrelated fields.
  • †Charles D. Johnson, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Minnesota.
  • David Johnson, Assoc. Prof. of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Duquesne U. Researcher in an unrelated field (though has a biology BA).
  • Donald E. Johnson, Ph.D. Computer & Information Sciences, University of Minnesota; also Ph.D. Chemistry, Michigan State University. Runs the creationist website scienceintegrity.org, but does not work as a scientist. Author of “Probability's Nature and Nature's Probability” (which also exists in a version for non-specialists for outreach purposes) and “Programming for Life”, which purports to study the intersection of physical science and information science with creationist conclusions, complete with persecution complex concerning the oppressive Darwinian paradigm in research institutions.
  • Fred Johnson, Ph.D. Pathology, Vanderbilt University. Senior Medical Writer at PPD Inc. Has some publications on pharmaceutics.
  • Glenn R. Johnson, Adjunct Prof. of Medicine, U. of North Dakota School of Medicine. Orthopedic surgeon. No research record found.
  • Jeff W. Johnson, Ph.D., Industrial, Organizational, & Cognitive Psychology, University of Minnesota; presently research scientist at Personnel Decisions Research, and contributes to this not even remotely related field.
  • Jerry Johnson, Ph.D. Pharmacology & Toxicology, Purdue University. No further information found.
  • Richard Johnson, Professor of Chemistry, LeTourneau University. Appears to have done real research in an unrelated field.
  • Thomas H. Johnson, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Maryland. No reliable information located.
  • †Lawrence Johnston, Emeritus Professor of Physics, University of Idaho. Real scientist. Most famous for inventing the detonators for the first atomic bombs and for a long time being the last living physicist involved in the development of The Bomb.
  • Erkki Jokisalo, Ph.D. Social Pharmacy, University of Kuopio. Has a few publications in an unrelated field.
  • Arthur John Jones, Ph.D. Zoology & Comparative Physiology, Birmingham University. Does not appear to have ever worked as a scientist. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation and member of the “scientific panel” of the British creationist organization Truth in Science. He presently works for the Christian Schools’ Trust as their research consultant for curriculum development, and has published several papers in the house journal of the Creation Research Society.
  • David Jones, Professor of Biochemistry & Chair of Chemistry, Grove City College, and institution where – according to their website – “[professors] don't cloister themselves to work on research while leaving classroom instruction to assistants;”[146] so it is perhaps no surprise that Google Scholar returns no research for Jones. Furthermore, at the Department of Chemistry “we attempt to instill in our students an awareness of the beauty and design in nature that reflects the creative hand of God.”[147] Also associated with The Center for Vision and Values, a conservative think tank, where he has used his position to promote teaching creationism in public schools.[148]
  • Jeffrey M. Jones, Professor Emeritus in Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Seems to be a respectable researcher, but his field of expertise is unrelated to evolution per se.
  • Kerry N. Jones, Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Ball State University. Emeritus. Has some low-tier, unrelated publications.
  • Robert Jones, Associate Professor of Mech. Engineering, U. of Texas-Pan America. Appears to have a bit of research, unrelated fields.
  • Robert L. Jones, Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Irvine. MD; not on the 2012 Irvine faculty list. Hard to locate any further information or research.
  • Matti Junnila, DVM, Ph.D. Veterinary Pathology, University of Helsinki. No current affiliation found, and no research since his degree.

[edit] K

  • Robert Kaita, Ph.D. Nuclear Physics, Rutgers University. Fellow of the Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture and contributor to the Dembski-edited anthology “Mere Creation: Science, Faith & Intelligent Design”. Currently Principal Research Physicist in the Plasma Physics Laboratory at Princeton University, and has a respectable publication record in an unrelated field.
  • Robert O. Kalbach, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, University of South Florida. No current affiliation or research found.
  • Ingolf Kanestrøm, Professor Emeritus, Department of Geoscience, University of Oslo. Google scholar reveals no peer-reviewed research in serious journals, but he is perhaps the most central defender of Intelligent Design creationism in Norway (where the idea has admittedly had little impact), and denies that intelligent design is a religious doctrine (though he is of course religious himself), citing Antony Flew, Michael Ruse and ”Randley [sic] Monton” as evidence.[149] So there.
  • Donald A. Kangas, Professor of Biology, Truman State U. Emeritus. Google scholar returns two 1970 papers. Apparently not a scientist.
  • Edwin Karlow, Chair, Department of Physics, LaSierra University (a small, fundamentalist, Seventh-day Adventist institution). Has written a bit on teaching, as well as several theological inquiries (e.g. for Spectrum Magazine), but no scientific research record found. Appears to be a teacher and theologian, not a scientist.
  • Olaf Karthaus, Associate Professor, Chemistry, Chitose Institute of Science & Technology in Japan. A respectable scientist in his field, which is polymer chemistry and nano-technology, not biology. Karthaus is a vociferous critic of evolution who has claimed that “the theory of evolution is not scientific” since it is allegedly not falsifiable.
  • Gary Kastello, Ph.D. Biology, University of Wisonsin-Milwaukee. Currently professor, Dept. of Health, Exercise, and Rehabilitative Sciences, Winona State University. Involved in a few publications on physical therapy.
  • Shane A. Kasten, Post-Doctoral Fellow, Virginia Commonwealth U. Appears to have some research that seems unrelated to the issue.
  • Michael J. Kavaya, Senior Scientist, NASA Langley Research Center. Seems to be a respectable researcher in an unrelated field; also pushes anti-evolution to kids in churches and Sunday schools (he does no research in those fields; it is all a matter outreach for Jesus).
  • Michael N. Keas, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science, The College at Southwestern (Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary). Senior Fellow at the Discovery Institute. Not a scientist, though he nevertheless “leads workshops for science teachers on how to teach about controversial subjects such as Darwinism.” Taught an Intelligent Design course, “Unified Studies: Introduction to Biology”, at the Oklahoma Baptist University, one of few such courses that have been taught for credit at an accredited institution.
  • James Keener, Professor of Mathematics & Adjunct of Bioengineering, University of Utah. Has done research, though apparently not anything related to evolution (though he has written and talked about evolution and creationism in other venues, such as the American Scientific Affiliation). Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity.
  • James Keesling, Prof. of Mathematics, U. of Florida (past president, Christian Faculty Fellowship). Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Clifton L. Kehr, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Delaware. Has some unrelated publications from the early 1960s.
  • Douglas Keil, Ph.D. Plasma Physics, U. of Wisconsin, Madison. Senior Technologist, Lam Research. Has some (unrelated) research.
  • Micheal Kelleher, Ph.D. Biophysical Chemistry, U. of Ibadan. No information/affiliation found; coauthor of a few papers on nutrition.
  • David Keller, Associate Professor of Chemistry, U. of New Mexico. Appears to have research publications in an unrelated field. Also contributed an article (w. Jed Macosko) to the anthology “Darwin’s Nemesis: Phillip Johnson and the Intelligent Design Movement”.[150] Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity.
  • Rebecca Keller, Research Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of New Mexico. Currently a home-schooling mom with no academic or research affiliation. She is the author and publisher of the Real Science-4-Kids student texts, teacher manuals, and student laboratory workbooks in chemistry, biology and physics to serve kindergarten through ninth grade, targeted at a homeschooling audience and apparently rather widely used. The series was developed precisely to incorporate intelligent design concepts into a science curriculum, and Keller is as such yet another Intelligent Design advocate (though she tends to present herself as a “Teach the controversy” advocate[151]) who views her mission primarily as doing outreach to children, not research. There’s a pattern here.
  • Robert W. Kelley, Ph.D. Entomology, Clemson University. Senior Environmental Scentist for ETT Environmental Inc. Appears to have some publications from the 1980s.
  • David C. Kem, Professor of Medicine, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine. Has a respectable (unrelated) research record.
  • Kevin L. Kendig, Ph.D. Materials Science & Engineering, U. of Michigan. Program Manager, US Air Force. Apparently not a scientist.
  • Laraba P. Kendig, Ph.D. Materials Science & Engineering, University of Michigan. Currently Scientist at UES, Inc. Apparently an opponent of contraception for religious reasons, and associated with the Quiverfull movement.[152] Does not appear to have a research record.
  • Michael Kent, Ph.D. Materials Science, University of Minnesota. Principal Member, Technical Staff, Bioenergy and Defense Technologies Department, Sandia Laboratories. Has done research in not obviously related fields. Affiliated with the Intelligent Design Network.
  • Dean Kenyon, Emeritus Professor of Biology, San Francisco State University. One of the crucial characters in the development of modern creationism. Tried to teach creationism at San Francisco State in the 1980s, but the university refused. Later expert witness for the defense in all the important creationist court cases. Has not done scientific research since the early 1970s, and his recent material is purely creationist apologetics, mostly intended for a more general audience or as educational material. Kenyon is coauthor of the infamous Intelligent design textbook Of Pandas and People, and on the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Karl Heinz Kienitz, Professor, Department of Systems & Control Instituto Technologico de Aeronautica (Brazil). Appears to be a respectable scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Sun Uk Kim, Ph.D. Biochemical Engineering, University of Delaware. Appears to have been involved in real research.
  • Richard Kinch, Ph.D. Computer Science, Cornell University. Owner of truetex.com. No academic affiliation or research found.
  • Bretta King, Assistant Professor of Chemistry, Spelman College. No research since her student years located. Not presently on the Spelman College faculty list either.
  • R. Barry King, Prof. of Environmental Safety & Health, Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute. No recent research found.
  • Michael Kinnaird, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. No affiliation or current research found. Has written about the evolution “controversy” for various non-academic outlets.
  • Scott S. Kinnes, Professor of Biology, Azusa Pacific University. No research record found; publication lists on his webpages feature internal documents written for his employer as well as publications in undergraduate journals(!) (presumably coauthored with his students). Staunch fundamentalist and creationist, as shown by the bibliography he assembled for Science and Faith Integration.[153] Cannot reasonably be counted as a scientist.
  • Stephen C. Knowles, Ph.D. Marine Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Currently affiliated with the US Army Corps of Engineers; does research in unrelated fields.
  • Donald Kobe, Professor of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton. Has written on the alleged role of the church in the evolution of science and argued in favor of the Teach the Controversy language promoted by certain elements of the Texas Board of Education.[154] Has done real research as well.
  • Charles Koons, Ph.D. Organic Chem., U. of Minnesota. May have some unrelated publications from the 60s. No newer information found.
  • Robert W. Kopitzke, Professor of Chemistry, Winona State University. Has done some research in unrelated fields.
  • Carl Koval, Full Professor, Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder. Does research in unrelated fields, but also speaks about the evolution/creation “controversy” in churches and religious institutions, where he claims that the conflict is “unresolved”.[155] Koval himself is a staunch supporter of Intelligent Design.
  • Christa R. Koval, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Colorado at Boulder. Currently Associate Professor of Chemistry at Colorado Christian University, an Evangelical school that requires faculty and students to affirm, among other things, that “[w]e believe the Bible to be the inspired, the only infallible, authoritative Word of God.” No research located.
  • John K. G. Kramer, Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Human Biology & Nutrition Sciences, University of Guelph. Currently at Agri-Food Canada and associated with Answers in Genesis. Seems to have some research background in unrelated fields. Claims that beneficial mutations are impossible and points out that since “[a]rcheologists have no problem identifying man-made objects. Why then do we have problems identifying a Creator-made world?”. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Martin Krause, Research Scientist (Astronomy), University of Cambridge. Real scientist who does research in an unrelated field (his hobby appears to be to find the Star of Bethlehem).
  • Mark Krejchi, Ph.D. Polymer Science & Engineering, University of Massachusetts. Currently Research Fellow, Sustainability and Product Innovation at Wilsonart International. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Bruce Krogh, Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University. Respectable scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Daniel Kuebler, Ph.D. Molecular & Cellular Biology, U. of California, Berkeley. Assistant professor of biology, Franciscan University of Steubenville (a fundamentalist institution). Has written several articles for the National Catholic Register, as well as “The Evolution Controversy: A Survey of Competing Theories” (endorsed by Michael Behe). Does have some real research to his name as well.
  • Paul Kuld, Associate Professor of Biological Science, Biola University. Retired. No research found.
  • Joseph A. Kunicki, Associate Professor of Mathematics, University of Findlay. No research located.
  • Orhan Kural, Professor of Geology, Technical University of Istanbul. Has a few publications in unrelated fields, mostly in Turkish.
  • Heather Kuruvilla, Ph.D. Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo. Currently professor of biology at the fundamentalist creationist institution Cedarville University, who contributed to that institution's publication on Darwin (which endorses unconditional young earth creationism).[156] She nevertheless appears to have some real publications, though they are unrelated to evolution. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.

[edit] L

  • Martin LaBar, Ph. D. Genetics & Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Later professor and Chairman of the Division of Natural Science and Mathematics at Southern Wesleyan University; now retired. No scientific research publications found. Explains his views on evolution in his blog,[157] where he shows that his dissent is, suffice to say, not even remotely scientific.
  • Jeffrey E. Lander, Ph.D. Biomechanics, University of Oregon. Associate Professor, Sports Health Science, a “university” specializing in chiropracty. Has some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Brian Landrum, Associate Professor of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Alabama, Huntsville. May have some research in unrelated fields. Also a Christian apologist who is fond of talking about worldviews; claims that all worldviews are religious but the Biblical one is the best.[158]
  • Ivan M. Lang, Ph.D. Physiology and Biophysics, Temple University. Professor of Gastroenterology (and DVM) at the Medical College of Wisconsin. Appears to be a respectable scientist, though his research does not seem to touch on evolution.
  • Joel Lantz, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Rhode Island. Currently R&D Engineer at Cleveland Electric Laboratories. Google Scholar returns a single 1976 paper.
  • Teresa Larranaga, Ph.D. Pharmacology, U. of New Mexico. Currently Administrator at Presbyterian Healthcare Services. Not a scientist.
  • JoAnne Larsen, Assistant Professor of Industrial Engineering, University of South Florida, Lakeland. Has said that she had “been exposed to” Intelligent Design and found it interesting but signed the petition primarily because scientists have refused to entertain the possibility that the theory of evolution is flawed, and that “[u]nfortunately, in major universities, academic freedom doesn't exist.”[159] No updated information or affiliation, and no research, located.
  • Ronald Larson, Professor, Chair of Chemical Engineering, U. of Michigan. A respectable researcher in an unrelated field. Signed the petition not because he has any problems with evolution, but because he doesn’t think Darwinism explains abiogenesis, which it does, of course, not purport to do to begin with.[160]
  • Joseph Lary, Epidemiologist and Research Biologist (retired), Ctrs. for Disease Control. Seems to have some research in unrelated fields.
  • Mark J. Lattery, Associate Professor of Physics, U. of Wisconsin-Oshkosh. Has some unrelated publications on physics teaching.
  • Robert Lattimer, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence. At the BFGoodrich Research & Development Cente, and has done some completely unrelated research. Has said about his support of ID that “[a]mong scientists, we're a distinct minority. Among the public, I'd say I'm easily in the majority,” which was apparently intended as an argument for the scientific legitimacy of Intelligent Design.[161] Has a long history of trying to push creationism in public schools, partially through his creationist organization Citizens for Excellence in Education. Appointed to the Ohio science standard writing committee in 2002, where he suggested teaching creationism (ID) in Ohio schools and became more or less responsible for the subsequent debate.[162][163] Lattimer used to be a standard Biblical creationist, but switched to Intelligent Design for political reasons, which he has for a decade been pushing to various congregations, schoolboards, and others willing to listen.[164] Of course, it is all about marketing – Lattimer hasn’t even considered trying to support Intelligent Design by research or science.
  • M. Harold Laughlin, Professor & Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri. Has done some research on the cardiovascular effects of exercise (which is not obviously related to the question at hand).
  • David J. Lawrence, Ph.D. Physics, Washington U., St. Louis. At Los Alamos National Laboratory. Serious researcher, unrelated field.
  • Jeffery R. Layne, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Ohio State University. Currently (it seems) at the Air Force Research Laboratory, Ohio. Has some publications in unrelated fields.
  • George Lebo, Associate Professor of Astronomy, University of Florida. Retired. Has done a little research in an unrelated field.
  • J.B. Lee, Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, University of Texas, Dallas. Appears to do real research in unrelated fields.
  • Raul Leguizamon, Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Hardcore creationist: “I am absolutely convinced of the lack of [[Evolution#Evidence for evolution|true scientific evidence in favour of Darwinian dogma]. Nobody in the biological sciences, medicine included, needs Darwinism at all [note that Leguizamon is not a biologist]. Darwinism is certainly needed, however, in order to pose as a philosopher, since it is primarily a worldview.” Hardly a scientist; neither Google Scholar nor PubMed returned any research, and his books and articles criticizing evolution are not published in serious, peer-reviewed venues.
  • Matti Leisola, Professor, Laboratory of Bioprocess Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology. Emeritus. Has a real research record in a not entirely irrelevant field, and is as such one of few signatories with real credentials. Hardcore creationist. Affiliated with the Biologic Institute,[165] Editor in Chief of the Intelligent Design pseudojournal BIO-Complexity,[166] and contributor to Evolution News and Views.
  • Magda Narciso Leite, Professor, College of Pharmacy & Biochemistry, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. Has some research publications, mostly in Portuguese, and mostly in local journals.
  • Bruno Lemaire, Professor, Decision Science & Information Systems, HEC Paris. Emeritus. Worked on business management.
  • E. Lennard, Sc. D. Surgical Infections & Immunology, University of Cincinnati. No research or academic affiliation located.
  • Ricardo Leon, Dean of School of Medicine, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Holds a professional, not research doctorate.
  • Lane Lester, Ph.D. Genetics, Purdue University. Professor of Biology at Emmanuel College, Georgia, a small, extremist, Pentecostal college offering non-accredited education. Calls himself “creationist geneticist”. No real research found; instead Lester writes textbooks and articles for non-specialists in various creationist magazines, the purpose of which is outreach rather than research. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Catherine Lewis, Ph.D. Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines. At Exxon Production Research; may have research in unrelated fields.
  • Roger Lien, Ph.D. Physiology, North Carolina State University. Currently Associate Professor at Auburn University. Has some research in unrelated fields. Says that he earlier accepted evolution, but realized that “the world is broken, and we humans and our science can't fix it. I was brought to Jesus Christ and God and creationism and believing in the Bible,” adding that he thought that evolution was “inconsistent with what the Bible says,” which does not count as scientific dissent.
  • Walter E. Lillo, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Purdue University. May be affiliated with the Aerospace Corporation. Appears to do some research, but no serious publication found since the early 90s. Also dabbles in philosophy, trying to argue from Pyrrhonian skepticism that atheism cannot be a foundation for science since everything would be uncertain and the problem of induction, rather unwilling to see that Pyrrhonian skepticism would apply to religion as well,[167] thereby making him just another Christian presuppositionalist.
  • Hsin-Yi Lin, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology. Has some low-tier publications in unrelated fields.
  • Shieu-Hong Lin, Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Biola University. Appears to do research in unrelated fields.
  • Peter Line, Ph.D. Neuroscience, Swinburne University of Technology. Apparently associated with Creation Ministries International, and has written several articles (e.g. for the Journal of Creation) vehemently denying that “apemen” belong to the same baramin as humans. Does not appear to have any current academic affiliation, and is not a scientist.
  • Derek Linkens, Senior Research Fellow and Emeritus Professor (Biomedical Eng.), University of Sheffield. Used to be a real scientist. Currently on the Council of Reference for the British creationist organization Truth in Science.
  • Wayne Linn, Professor Emeritus of Biology, Southern Oregon University. An authority on freshwater fisheries; published one or two low-tier papers in the 1960s but apparently nothing since.
  • Alan Linton, Emeritus Professor of Bacteriology, University of Bristol. VP of the Prophetic Witness Movement International, author of “Israel in History and Prophecy”, and central in the British creationist movement. Apparently convinced Prince Charles, who said: “As Professor Alan Linton of Bristol University has written, ‘evolution is a man-made theory to explain the origin and continuance of life on this planet without reference to a creator’,” which is a complete misrepresentation by a known promoter of pseudoscience.[168] No original research less than 30 years old found.
  • Theodor Liss, Ph.D. Chemistry, MIT. May have some publications from the 1960s. No updated information found.
  • Garrick Little, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Texas A & M University. At LI-COR Biosciences; retired. Has a few publications in an unrelated field, some of which seem legitimate. Biblical literalist[169] who has defended Intelligent Design in various places, claiming that the fact that there is still public discussion about evolution shows that Intelligent Design must be a solid scientific theory.
  • Stephen Lloyd, Ph.D. Materials Science, University of Cambridge. Does not hold an academic position and seems not to have been involved in research. Currently pastor of Hope Baptist Church in Gravesend, Kent, and works part-time as a speaker and writer for Biblical Creation Ministries. Has written articles for Origins, the journal of the Biblical Creation Society (“‘God of the Gaps’: A Valid Objection?”) and the Evangelical Alliance (“Creation and Evolution – ‘Designed to be significant’”).
  • Christian M. Loch, Ph.D. Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia. Senior Scientist at LifeSensors Inc. Has some research in not obviously unrelated fields.
  • Justin Long, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Iowa State University. No further information found.
  • C. Roger Longbotham, Ph.D. Statistics, Florida State University. Currently Professor of Business Statistics at Tianjin University. Has written about business management but has also done some research, as well as arranging adult Sunday School meetings on Intelligent Design and evolution for the Living Hope Bible Church.[170]
  • †Leonard Loose, Ph.D. Botany, University of Leeds. “Longest living” member of the Creation Science Movement,[171] who signed the list at age 96 and apparently joined the Evolution Protest Movement “in either late 1933 or in 1934”. Used to claim that the “Darwinian presentation of evolution has become the arch enemy of the Word of God and is the work of an anti-Christ;” also Hitler and pretty much every other creationist PRATT in the book.
  • Raúl Erlando López, Ph.D. Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University. May have done research in the 1970s, but currently seems to publish only in the Journal of Creation Research, Answers Magazine and similar young earth creationist venues. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.
  • Paul Lorenzini, Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, Oregon State U. CEO of NuScale. No research found; does not seem to be a scientist.
  • Charles B. Lowrey, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of Houston. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Harry Lubansky, Ph.D. Biological Chemistry, University of Illinois, Chicago. Systems engineer at Complete Computing Inc. Has some publications in an unrelated field; nothing from the last 20 years found.
  • Ken Ludema, Emeritus Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan. Has some research in an unrelated field (tribology).
  • C. Thomas Luiskutty, Ph.D. Physics, Univ. of Louisville. Has been professor and chair of the Engineering & Physics Department at Oral Roberts University, but seems currently to be Principal of the New India Bible Seminary. Publishes on theology. No recent scientific research found; not a scientist.

[edit] M

  • Fred B. Maas, Ph.D. Agronomy, Purdue University. Owner, Wheat Dynamics Inc. No research found. Does not seem to be a scientist.
  • Malcolm W. MacArthur, Ph.D. Molecular Biophysics, U. of London. Appears to have a research record, but little information found.
  • Christopher Macosko, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Princeton University. Professor at University of Minnesota and recipient of Templeton funding, apparently to study intelligent design (he has done real research as well, but in a completely unrelated field). Macosko apparently became a born-again Christian as an assistant professor after a falling-out with a business partner, and for many years he would teach the freshman seminar “Life: By Chance or By Design?” According to Macosko “[a]ll the students who finish my course say, ‘Gee, I didn’t realize how shaky evolution is.’ ”[172]
  • Jed Macosko, Ph.D. Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley. A Fellow of William Dembski’s International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design and Fellow of the Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture between 2001 and 2003. He is currently assistant professor (of biophysics) at Wake Forest University, and unlike most ID proponents he appears to publish peer-reviewed scientific research – none of it seems to touch upon Intelligent Design, however. He also contributes non-peer-reviewed material that does, allegedly, support Intelligent design, and is perhaps best known for co-editing, with Dembski, “A Man For This Season: The Phillip Johnson Celebration Volume”.[173] Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity.
  • Gildo Magalhães, Professor of the History of Science & Technology, University of São Paulo. Professor of the History of Science & Technology, University of São Paulo. Has some history publications in Portuguese. Hardly a scientist.
  • Allen Magnuson, Ph. D. Theoretical & Applied Mechanics, University of New Hampshire. Hardcore Young earth creationist affiliated with the worldwideflood project.[174] May nevertheless have published some test results (naval engineering) and a research paper or two in completely unrelated fields. No academic affiliation found.
  • Donald Mahan, Professor of Animal Nutrition, Ohio State University. Has a few research publications, but none that are clearly relevant.
  • Thomas C. Majerus, PharmD; FCCP, University of Minnesota; a professional rather than research doctorate.
  • Gary Maki, Director, Ctr. for Advanced Microelectronics and Biomolecular Research, University of Idaho. Has some real publications on unrelated issues, though he lost his position as director in 2007 after an audit of the center found Maki and other employees improperly using university resources to benefit companies in which they had an interest.[175] Maki responded to the charges by attempting to bully the investigators.[176] Despite the facts of the matter the University allowed him to retain his position as professor, though he has later retired.
  • Wusi Maki, Research Asst. Professor, Dept. of Microbiology, Mol. Biology, & Biochem., University of Idaho. Signatory to the Discovery Institute initiated Amicus Brief supporting Intelligent Design in the Kitzmiller v. Dover case.[177] Has nevertheless contributed to research, though none of it seems to touch on evolution.
  • Richard Mann, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, Princeton U. Affiliated with Berean Watch Ministries; retired. No information or research located.
  • L. Whit Marks, Emeritus Professor of Physics, University of Central Oklahoma. On the board of directors of Oklahomans for Better Science Education, a religious, creationist organization, and the Oklahoma counterpart to Texans for Better Science Education. No research found.
  • Robert Marks,[178] Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Baylor University. Marks has peer-reviewed publications, generally not related to intelligent design (though he sometimes seems to think it is), and ought to know his math.[179] His and Dembski’s The Search for a Search - Measuring the Information Cost of Higher Level Search and Conservation of Information in Search - Measuring the Cost of Success merit their own articles (particularly notable is their obsession with Methinks it is like a weasel[180]). Suffice to say that they do not quite show what Marks and Dembski think they show.[181][182] Marks’s creationist view is highlighted in “Genesis and Science: Compatibility Extraordinaire.”[183]
  • Joseph M. Marra, Director, Interventional Radiology, & Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Niagara Falls Memorial Medical Center. Radiologist; not involved in science (Google scholar returns a single paper from 1999).
  • Glenn A. Marsch, Associate Professor of Physics, Grove City College. Has done some research, as well as work on how modern physics purportedly points to Jesus. Claims that liberals are as anti-science as young-earth creationists because of their adherence to the pagan religion of environmentalism and that scientists with a Christian worldview are persecuted.[184]
  • Graham Marshall, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, U. of Pretoria. President of Global FIA. Has a few publications in an unrelated field.
  • John B. Marshall, Professor of Medicine, U. of Missouri School of Medicine. Gastroenterologist. Has some papers in an unrelated field.
  • Julie Marshall, Ph.D. Chemistry, Texas Tech U. Currently Associate Prof. at Lubbock Christian University. No research record found.
  • Thomas H. Marshall, Adjunct Professor, Food Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Ohio State University. No research located.
  • Heikki Martikka, Professor of Machine Design, Lappeenranta University of Technology. Has done some research in unrelated fields.
  • L. Kirt Martin, Professor of Biology, Lubbock Christian University. Has a single (unrelated) 2003 paper in the journal Cellulose. Apparently not a scientist.
  • Alvin Masarira, Senior Lecturer for Structural Engineering and Mechanics, University of Cape Town. Seems to be minimally involved in research (google scholar returns a single publication). Rabid religious fanatic whose work is primarily concerned with church- and mission-related matters, e.g. how the church can contribute to fighting AIDS in Africa by pushing male circumcision. Masarira is a Seventh-day Adventist Church elder associated with the Institute of World Missions, and has for instance argued forcefully and repeatedly against ordaining women pastors.
  • Perry Mason, Professor of Mathematics and Physical Science, Lubbock Christian University. No research found.
  • Bert Massie, Ph.D. Physics, University of California, Los Angeles. No updated affiliation or research found.
  • Steve Maxwell, Associate Professor of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center. Does real research on the genetics and biology of cancer cells.
  • David McClellan, Assistant Professor of Family & Community Medicine, Texas A&M University College of Medicine. Pubmed returns some publications in an entirely unrelated field.
  • Jacquelyn W. McClelland, Professor (Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry), North Carolina State University, NCCE. Seems to be in most ways a standard academic (unrelated field), but has written a glowing review of nutjob Lisa Shiel’s book “The Evolution Conspiracy”.[185], in which she admitted that she didn’t double-check Shiel’s claims.
  • Charles H. McGowen, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine. Author of “In Six Days” (1976), a “treatise on the creation/evolution controversy”, and “In Six Days: A Case For Intelligent Design” (2002), another “great teaching tool”, i.e. a book to convince audiences, in particular children – McGowen has of course done no research on evolution or design, but then again the Intelligent Design movement is not about science or research, but about public relations. Rejects theistic evolution in part because it “requires a refutation of the absolute, inspired, inerrant truth of God’s Word,” which is not a scientific dissent. Also Contributing Editor for Reformation & Revival Journal. Does not appear to be a scientist at all (no scientific research found).
  • Andy McIntosh, Full Professor of Thermodynamics and Combustion Theory, University of Leeds. On the Board of Directors of the British creationist organization Truth in Science. Evangelical Christian and creationist, author of “The Delusion of Evolution”, and (at least sometime) member of the council of reference of Biblical Creation Ministries; also author of "Genesis for Today", which promotes a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis. Unsurprisingly, he is also a signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Claims that his research suggests that the Bombardier beetle is unlikely to have been brought about through natural selection.[186] Has published on the bombardier beetle in various pseudojournals and some (apparently) real engineering journals (on what engineering can learn from these beetles) – not in biology journals since the biology of bombardier beetles is in fact well understood,[187] and no problem for the theory of evolution.[188]
  • Tom McMullen, Ph.D. History & Philosophy of Science, Indiana University. Currently at Georgia Southern University. Hardcore creationist who appears to fancy himself a “real scientist”,[189] apparently claiming that most of the scientific research favoring evolution is “fraud”. Says that evolution is a matter of belief and that the "religion of humanism" is pushing for evolution without scientific support.[190] Does not appear to be involved in research in any field, and is definitely not a scientist.
  • William McVaugh, Associate Professor of Biology, Department of Natural Sciences, Malone College (a small, fundamentalist evangelical[191] liberal arts college). No research found.
  • †David B. Medved, Ph.D. Physics, University of Pennsylvania. Seems to have a respectable track record in technology development, but has also written books such as “Hidden Light: Science Secrets of the Bible”. Father of Michael Medved.
  • Tony Mega, Ph.D. Biochemistry, Purdue University. Used to be tenured faculty of Whitworth College (a small Presbyterian liberal arts college), but was fired due to “lack of ‘collegiality’”.[192] Has some publications in an unrelated field, but none from the last 20 years. Also member of the fundamentalist “The Local Church”.
  • James Menart, Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Wright State University. Has some publications in an unrelated field.
  • Ricardo Bravo Méndez, Professor of Zoology and Ichthyology, Universidad de Valparaíso. No research found.
  • Angus Menuge,[193][194] Ph.D. Philosophy of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, professor at Concordia University,[195] and Fellow at the Discovery Institute. Testified in the Kansas evolution hearings, where he refused to answer the question of how old the earth is.[196] Has a few decent philosophy publications, and a lot of apologist material that can hardly be counted as scientific research under any definition. Not a scientist.
  • J. C. Meredith, Assistant Professor, Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Real researcher, unrelated field.
  • Jussi Meriluoto, Professor, Dept. of Biochemistry & Pharmacy, Abo Akademi U. Does research in not obviously entirely unrelated fields.
  • Stephen C. Meyer,[197] Ph.D. Philosophy of Science, Cambridge University. Not a scientist, though he worked as a geophysicist for the Atlantic Richfield Company early in his career. One of the main characters in the Intelligent Design movement; co-founder and vice-president of the Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture and described as “the person who brought ID to DI”. Co-author of Explore Evolution, contributor to Of Pandas and People, author of Signature in the Cell,[198][199], which contained a dozen ID-inspired predictions that don’t quite conform to the general format of scientific predictions. Meyer is partially responsible for the Wedge document, and for the Teach the controversy strategy, and has been caught being dishonest on numerous occasions.[200]
  • †Ruth C. Miles, Professor of Chemistry, Malone College (a small, fundamentalist evangelical[201] liberal arts college).
  • John Millam, Ph.D. Computational Chemistry, Rice University. Software developer. Testified during the Kansas Evolution hearings, where he rejected common descent and affirmed his belief in design.[202] Nevertheless appears to be a member of the Midwest Skeptics Society.
  • Aaron J. Miller, Ph.D. Physics, Stanford University. Currently Assistant Professor at Albion College. May have some publications, though most of them appear to be on arXiv.
  • Brian Miller, Ph.D. Physics, Duke University. Currently Instructor for Campus Harvest, “a division of Every Nation Ministries, a member of the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability,” and travels around giving lectures on science “from a faith perspective”,[203] such as “Empirical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus Christ”. Coauthored some letters and workshop presentations with his advisor during his student days. No real research record found; not a scientist.
  • Laverne Miller, Clinical Associate Professor of Family Medicine, Medical College of Ohio. Family doctor; no research located.
  • Gordon Mills, Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry, University of Texas, Medical Branch. Has done quite a bit of real research, as well as writing on religious matters, and is one of few signatories who may have something resembling relevant qualifications. Claims that macroevolution goes far beyond the evidence.
  • Thomas Milner, Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Real scientist, unrelated field (optical tomographic imaging modalities and laser surgical procedures).
  • Forrest Mims, Atmospheric Researcher, Geronimo Creek Observatory. Has no formal academic training in science, but has nevertheless written quite a bit about science (most famous for his instructional electronics books). Mims teaches electronics and atmospheric science at the University of the Nations, an unaccredited Christian university in Hawaii. He is also a Fellow at the Discovery Institute and the International Society for Complexity, Information and Design, and a global warming denialist. Famous for his 1988 proposal to Scientific American to take over The Amateur Scientist column; he was offered to write some sample columns, but was not offered the position, a decision that according to Mims must have been made because of his Christian and creationist views.[204] He also received some flak for his claim that ecologist Eric Pianka advocates mass genocide by ebola.[205]
  • Scott Minnich,[206] Professor, Dept of Microbiology, Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, University of Idaho, (Wikipedia says “associate professor of microbiology”). Fellow at the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture. Hardcore promoter of Irreducible complexity and co-author of “Explore Evolution” with Stephen Meyer. A central witness for the Defense in Kitzmiller v. Dover. Caught listing conference presentations on Intelligent design as peer reviewed research, though he has some real published research as well and is one of few central ID proponents with legitimate credentials.
  • Paul Missel, Ph.D. Physics, Mass. Institute of Technology. Currently at Alcon Research Ltd. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Timothy A. Mixon, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Texas A&M University. Has some publications in an unrelated field.
  • Raymond C. Mjolsness, Ph.D Physics, Princeton University. Seems to have been a respected scientist back in the day, though his research stems primarily from the 60s and 70s. Currently signatory to the Oregon Petition as well; no affiliation found.
  • Lennart Möller, Professor, Center for Nutrition & Toxicology, Karolinska Institute. Works on tracing health risks in the environment (and appears to have contributed to some publications on that topic). Also prominent member of the Swedish Evangelical Mission and author of (e.g.) “The Exodus Case. A scientific examination of the Exodus story - and a deep look into the Red Sea”.[207] Apparently a fan of none other than the late Ron Wyatt.[208]
  • David Monson, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, Indiana University. Director of Client Services (USA), AgriFood Health and Life Sciences Global Business, Battelle. Appears to have some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Eric Montgomery, Ph.D. Physics, Stellenbosch University. No information, research, or affiliation found.
  • J.D. Moolenburgh, Ph.D. Epidemiology, University of Rotterdam. Rheumatologist. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Murray E. Moore, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University. Technical staff member at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Has done a little research, but there isn’t much from later years.
  • Daniel L. Moran, Ph.D. Molecular & Cellular Biology, Ohio U. Seems to have a few publications, but no updated information found.
  • Christopher Morbey, Astronomer (Ret.), Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics. Has done research in an unrelated field. Google reveals several online posts on various websites signed with his name defending Intelligent Design and global warming denialism.
  • Terry Morrison, Ph.D. Chemistry, Syracuse University. Wilberforce Fellow. Has been at the InterVarsity Christian Fellowship for the last forty years and contributed to various religious conferences, but has no current academic affiliation or publications, and seems not to be involved in science.
  • K. Mosto Onuoha, Shell Professor of Geology & Deputy Vice-Chancellor, U. of Nigeria. Seems to do some research in an unrelated field.
  • Donald R. Mull, Ph.D. Physiology, University of Pittsburgh. No current affiliation found, and no research apart from two 1970 papers.
  • Thomas Mundie, Dean of the School of Science & Technology, Georgia Gwinnett College. Does in fact teach evolution at said college, and on ratemyprofessor the comments are “Very good at presenting material on evolution without revealing his personal beliefs. He addressed all sides of the issues involved.” Has also given talks on evolution and religion (though it is unclear whether he actually rejects evolution). His PhD is in biochemical research, and he has a decent research record that does not seem to touch on evolution.
  • Rosa María Muñoz, Head of Biopharmacy, Department Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Google Scholar returns several publications, but none since 2003.
  • Carlos M. Murillo, Professor of Medicine (Neurosurgery), Autonomous U. of Guadalajara. No research or further information located.
  • C. Steven Murphree, Professor of Biology, Belmont University. Has later rejected intelligent design in favor of theistic evolution: “10 years ago I signed the Discovery Institute's ‘Scientific Dissent from Darwinism,’ a choice that I now genuinely regret.”[209] He is currently the 1184th signatory to Project Steve.
  • Terrance Murphy, Prof. of Chemistry, Weill Cornell Medical College, Qatar. Has published in unrelated fields, but little in recent years.
  • William Murphy, Ph.D. Chemistry, Columbia University. No information found.

[edit] N

  • Takeo Nakagawa, Chancellor (Ph.D. Physics, Monash U.), White Mountains Academy. Has some research in completely unrelated fields.
  • Glen Needham, Associate Professor of Entomology; Ohio State U. Works in an unrelated field, but known proponent of Intelligent Design. Played a significant role in the Bryan Leonard affair,[210] which once again showcased the dubious tactics of the ID movement.
  • Ed Neeland, Professor of Chemistry, Okanagan University. Has a few publications, but seems primarily to have published on education for the last 15 years. Runs a local creationist club where he equates the theory of Evolution with the Big Bang and abiogenesis. Does evidently not understand the notion of falsifiability.[211] Fond of strawmen.[212]
  • B. K. Nelson, Research Toxicologist (retired), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Has done real research (unrelated field).
  • Bijan Nemati, Ph.D. High Energy Physics, University of Washington. Currently Senior Engineer at the Jet Propulsion Lab (California Institute of Technology). Featured in the Discovery Institute-produced documentary “The Privileged Planet” together with several of the luminaries of the ID movement. Involved in research, but it has nothing to do with biology.
  • Richard R. Neptune, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Been involved in research, e.g. on bipedal walking (some of which explicitly relies on evolution and is evidence for, not against, it).
  • David Ness, Ph.D. Anthropology, Temple University. No information, affiliation or research found.
  • Paul Nesselroade, Associate Professor of Experimental Psychology, Asbury College (a small Christian liberal arts college). Contributor to The Wedge Update, a creationist blog in support of the Discovery Institute’s Wedge document, where he for instance defends Georgia State’s superintendent’s proposal to remove the word “evolution” from science textbooks since this motion may be helpful in promoting Intelligent Design.[213] May have a few low-tier publications in unrelated fields.
  • Richard J. Neves, Professor of Fisheries, Virginia Tech. Retired. Has a research record, though his field is not directly related.
  • Robert Newman, Ph.D. Astrophysics, Cornell University. Currently Professor of New Testament and Director of the Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute at the Biblical Theological Seminary of Hatfield. Has written extensively about Genesis, evolution, creationism, and science, but is not a scientist; no real research record found. Thinks that certain complex features of organisms to support e.g. predation are the work not of God, but of "malevolent spirit beings" (or perhaps "the work of non-spiritual intelligences (extra-terrestrials)"), which is evidence for the controversial hypothesis that "the fall of Satan is much earlier than that of Adam, and creation is already not so good by the time Adam comes along.[214]
  • John Nichols, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Tennessee. Later at Oklahoma Baptist University (retired) and State Secretary for the Oklahoma Gideons. Has some online documents on software application, but no real research record found.
  • M.M. Ninan, Former President, Hindustan Academy of Science, Bangalore University. Batshit crazy crackpot and conspiracy theorist. Trained as an engineer, but emphatically not a scientist. Instead, Ninan is a missionary who teaches the Bible and has written a long row of books, including “Angels, Demons, and All the Hosts of Heaven and Earth”[215] and “Hinduism: What Really Happened in India”, where he tries to argue that Hinduism is much younger than previously thought and in fact originated as "a Heresy of the Early Indian Christianity established by St.Thomas who landed in India in AD 52 and had his mission till AD 72.”
  • Art Nitz, Ph.D. Anatomy & Neurobiology, University of Kentucky. Now Professor of Physical Therapy at the same institution. Appears to have some publications on sports medicine. Also gives creationist talks at various venues, and is chairman of the Kentucky Family Foundation as well as president of the Frankfort Alliance Church Of The Christian And Missionary Alliance, Inc.[216]
  • Alastair M. Noble, Ph.D. Chemistry, U. of Glasgow. Director of the Centre for Intelligent Design in Glasgow. Has suggested that Intelligent Design should be taught in British public schools. Calls himself “educational consultant and lay preacher.” Not an active scientist.
  • Charles Edward Norman, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Carleton University. No current affiliation or research found.
  • Scott Northrup, Chair and Professor of Chemistry, Tennessee Tech University. Appears to have some research in an unrelated field, though little from recent years found.
  • William Notz, Professor of Statistics, Ohio State University. Does real research in an unrelated field. Also signatory to the 2002 Ohio Academic Freedom Act list submitted to the Ohio State Board of education.
  • Omer Faruk Noyan, Assistant Professor, Celal Bayar University. May be the only signatory with any background in palaeontology. Has some low-tier publications, primarily in Turkish.
  • †Hugh Nutley, Professor Emeritus of Physics & Engineering, Seattle Pacific University.
  • Flemming Nyboe, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark. May have done some research in unrelated fields.
  • †Wesley Nyborg, Emeritus Professor of Physics, University of Vermont.
  • James E. Nymann, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics, University of Texas at El Paso. May have some old publications in an unrelated field, but nothing from the last 35 years found.

[edit] O

  • Don Olson, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, Purdue University. CEO of Global Fia, Inc. and a scientist in an unrelated field. Has also written and given lectures about “the harmony between science and Christian beliefs.”
  • Dónal O'Mathúna, Ph.D. Pharmacognosy, Ohio State University; professor of Bioethics & of Chemistry at Mount Carmel College of Nursing; and involved in the Xenos Christian Fellowship. Has written on a lot of issues, including (with Walt Larimore) the book “Alternative Medicine: the Christian handbook”, which defends alternative medical treatments that are based on a Christian approach to holistic health.[217] A well-known defender of woo, in particular therapeutic touch, and would probably not be able to distinguish science from pseudoscience under any circumstances.
  • †John Omdahl, Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of New Mexico. Famous for devoting part of the final lecture in his biochemistry and molecular biology class (which avoided introducing evolution to students) with his reasons for favoring Intelligent Design. Also co-signatory to the Ad Hoc Origins Committee letter defending Phillip Johnson after Stephen Jay Gould’s scathing review of “Darwin on Trial”. In 2002 he wrote a letter to science department chairs of 77 New Mexico middle and high schools, accompanied by a copy of Michael Behe’s “Darwin’s Black Box”, using his affiliation to promote it.[218] Also contributed a chapter (co-authored with John Oller) to J.P. Moreland’s anthology “Creation Hypothesis”.[219]
  • Jane M. Orient, Clinical Lecturer in Medicine, University of Arizona College of Medicine. Executive director of the wingnut quack organization[220] Association of American Physicians and Surgeons, whose journal JPANDS[221] published an infamous and deeply flawed study linking abortion and breast cancer[222] (the author, Joel Brind, is also a signatory to this list) as well as papers in support of HIV denialism. Also contact for the AAPS Educational Foundation, Doctors for Disaster Preparedness,[223] Physicians for Civil Defense, and the Southwestern Institute of Science. Known to promote anti-vaccine articles, e.g. by the Geier family.[224] Also faculty member at Oregon Institute for Science and Medicine and vehement global warming denialist.
  • Rebecca Orr, Ph.D. Cell Biology, University of Texas, Southwestern. Currently at Collin County Community College. Does not seem to be involved in research at present.
  • Robert D. Orr, Professor of Family Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine. Currently (also?) Senior Fellow of Bioethics and Human Dignity at Trinity International University. His recent work is concerned with bioethics from a Christian fundamentalist perspective; no actual scientific research located.
  • Lawrence Overzet, Professor of Engineering & Computer Science, U. of Texas, Dallas. Has a decent but unrelated research record.

[edit] P

  • Philip R. Page, Ph.D. Theoretical Particle Physics, University of Oxford. Currently Research Scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Has done some research in an unrelated field. Has also written for Dembski’s organization, the International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design.
  • Mehmet Pakdemirli, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Celal Bayar University. Has a decent research record in unrelated fields.
  • Emil Palecek, Prof. of Molecular Biology, Masaryk University (Dept. of Pharmacology). Has a decent research record, but it does not seem to touch on evolution.
  • Einar W. Palm, Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Plant Pathology, U. of Missouri, Columbia. Google scholar returns no research publications.
  • Sami Palonen, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, U. of Helsinki. Currently at the Dept. of Chemistry. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • Siddarth Pandey, Assistant Prof., Chemistry, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. Has done research in an unrelated field.
  • Manfredo Pansa, Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Turin. No affiliation, research or information found.
  • Annika Parantainen, Ph.D. Biology, University of Turku. Currently affiliated with A Rocha, a religious creationist organization. Has a few low-tier publications on ecology, fully unrelated to the issue at hand.
  • Yongsoon Park, Ph.D. Nutritional Biochemistry, Washington State University. Currently at Hanyang University. Has some publications in unrelated fields (clinical nutrition).
  • Janet Parker, Professor of Medical Physiology, Texas A&M University, Health Science Center. Seems to do research in unrelated fields.
  • Lynne Parker, Professor of Computer Science, Distributed Intelligence Lab, University of Tennessee. Seems to be a respected scientist in her field, which is not particularly directly related to evolution – though some of her work may not be entirely irrelevant.
  • Darrell R. Parnell, Ph. D. University Level Science Education, Kansas State U. No affiliation or research found for the last 50 years. Said that evolution is “not science because it's close-minded. It's not open to anything else. You've got to think outside the box, and that's what some scientists have done before."[225]
  • Ken Pascoe, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering Air Force Institute of Technology. Chief, Directed Energy Weapons Safety at the US Air Force. Has done research in an unrelated field.
  • Rafe Payne, Ph.D. Biology, U. of Nebraska. Emeritus professor of biology, Biola U. Appears to have a few older research publications.
  • Russel Peak, Senior Researcher, Engineering Information Systems, Georgia Institute of Technology. No information or research found.
  • Gérald Pech, Ph.D. Satellite Communications & Networking, Supaero. No affiliation or research found.
  • †S. W. Pelletier, Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens.
  • Edward Peltzer,[226] Ph.D. Oceanography, University of California, San Diego (Scripps Institute). Senior research specialist at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and has some peer-reviewed publications. Extensively used by creationists, e.g. in the Kansas Evolution Hearings;[227] after a lengthy presentation on the problems of abiogenesis Peltzer spent the last minute of his testimony to launch an incoherent rant about “the religion of naturalism” in modern science,[228] asserting his position as an old-earth creationist. He has done some serious work related to global warming, however.
  • A. Cordell Perkes, Ph.D. Science Education, Ohio State U. Has a few unrelated publications, though none from the last 30 years.
  • Todd Peterson, Ph.D. Plant Physiology, University of Rhode Island. Also signatory to the apparently Discovery Institute initiated Amicus Brief supporting Intelligent Design in Kitzmiller v. Dover. Has some publications in apparently unrelated fields.
  • Rosalind Picard, Sc.D. Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Picard is credited with starting the branch of computer science known as “affective computing” and is apparently a well-respected scientist in her field. Has voiced some reservations about intelligent design, saying it isn't being sufficiently challenged by Christians and other people of faith,[229] arguing that the media has created a false dilemma by dividing everyone into two groups - supporters of intelligent design or evolution. “To simply put most of us in one camp or the other does the whole state of knowledge a huge disservice,” she has said, which means that either she confuses Intelligent Design creationism with Guided evolution, or she has bought into the Discovery Institutecontroversy” rhetoric. In any case, her views on the matter seem decidedly woolly.
  • Martin Poenie, Associate Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Texas, Austin. Involved in real research, and is indeed among the vanishingly small number of signatories with real credentials and a relevant research background. But even though he is a signatory to the list, Poenie does not appear to reject evolution, and has for instance voiced his opposition to creationist attempts to get the Texas Board of Education to adopt more creationist friendly language in their public education standards.[230] He has explained his position in a letter to the Board,[231] where he also pointed out that the Discovery Institute had used his name without authorization in their “40 Texas Scientists Skeptical of Darwin” list (a spin-off from the Scientific Dissent one targeted specifically at Texas).
  • Richard W. Pooley, Professor of Surgery (retired), New York Medical College. Has done research in an unrelated field. Also affiliated with the Ludwig von Mises Institute in Auburn, Alabama.
  • Carl Poppe, Ph.D. Physics, University of Wisconsin. Currently at Livermore Laboratory, and has some publications in unrelated fields, but none from the last 15 years has been located.
  • Mark C. Porter, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, MIT. Appears in a few publications from the early 70s; no updated information found.
  • William J. Powers, Ph.D. Physics, University California, San Diego. No further information found.
  • Ernest Prabhakar, Ph.D. Experimental Particle Physics, California Institute of Technology. Open Source Product Manager. Does not appear to be involved in scientific research.[232]
  • Tony Prato, Prof. of Ecological Economics, University of Missouri (emeritus). Has done real research in an unrelated field.
  • David Prentice,[233] Professor, Dept. of Life Sciences, Indiana State University. Not currently affiliated with Indiana State; instead Senior Fellow for Life Sciences at the Family Research Council and former science advisor to Sam Brownback (a known promoter of creationism[234]). Most famous as a stem cell research opponent who (against his better judgment) has attempted to claim that we don't need to fund embryonic stem cell research because adult stem cells can do so many things.[235] His claim was backed up by the assertion that adult stem cells have treated at least 65 human diseases, but when scientists curious about the number checked his list[236] of research allegedly supporting his claim, they found that one entry was based on an anecdote in a newspaper article, others on statements of personal opinion in Congressional testimony, and of the cited references few if any actually support Prentice’s claim.[237][238] Despite being obviously fraudulent, the list has been cited innumerable times by wingnuts who like Prentice’s conclusion and would like it to be correct,[239] such as Karl Rove.[240]
  • Mark Pritt, Ph.D. Mathematics, Yale University. Cannot verify any current affiliation or research.
  • Mark L. Psiaki, Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell U. A very respectable scientist, in an unrelated field.
  • Alexander F. Pugach, Ph.D. Astrophysics, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Appears to have some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Pattle Pun. Professor of Biology, Wheaton College (a religious institution), and Fellow of the Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture. Calls himself a ‘progressive’ creationist, and has a few publications in real, low-tier journals, as well as many publications in religious journals and several religious books.
  • William Purcell, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, Princeton U. Currently CEO, Molecular Design International Inc. No recent publication found.
  • Georgia Purdom,[241]Ph.D. Molecular Genetics, Ohio State University. Associated with Answers in Genesis. Purdom is a young earth creationist and signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation, has contributed several articles to AIG’s house journal Answers Research Journal, and was an early critic of Richard Lenski’s famous experiment, entering the fray even before Andy Schlafly. She is fond of the Different Worldviews gambit, but has also claimed that “the Christian worldview accounts not only for morality but also for why evolutionists behave the way they do. Even those who have no basis for morality […] hold to a moral code […] because in their heart of hearts they really do know the God of creation, despite their profession to the contrary. Scripture tells us that everyone knows the biblical God, but that they suppress the truth about God”. So there. Known for her ability to take any strong evidence for a hypothesis to be evidence for a completely opposite one by applying the standard creationist data handling rules: distort, mangle, quote-mine, confuse and assert.[242] Despite her own assertions to the contrary, she is not, by any measure, a scientist.[243]
  • Christian W. Puritz, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Glasgow. Published a paper or two in the 1970s, but seems later to have been involved primarily in mathematics education. No affiliation found.

[edit] R

  • Larry B. Rainey, Principal Space Systems Engineer, Missile Defense Agency. Works in a completely unrelated field.
  • Fazale Rana,[244] Ph.D. Chemistry, Ohio University (where he received his Ph.D.; he is currently affiliated with the Reasons To Believe Ministry). Well-known old earth creationist, author of The Cell's Design: How Chemistry Reveals the Creator's Artistry, and unfailing apologist for religious fundamentalism. Rana has written (published in BIO-Complexity) on why harmful bacteria would exist if they were created by a good and benevolent god. Evolution could apparently not answer that one.[245] Rejects the possibility of extra-terrestrial life since there was one unique Jesus who died for all sinners; since he didn’t on other planets such aliens must be without sin or else not exist, and the latter is apparently more plausible.
  • Luke Randall, Ph.D. Molecular Microbiology, University of London. Apparently a young earth creationist. Affiliated with the Department of Food and Environmental Safety, Veterinary Laboratories, and co-author of some research papers[246]
  • Paul Randolph, Ph.D. Mathematical Statistics, University of Minnesota. No information, affiliation, or publications confirmed.
  • James E. Rankin, Ph.D. General Relativity, Yeshiva U. Consultant at Rankin Consulting. Google Scholar returns a single 1979 paper.
  • Don Ranney, Emeritus Professor of Anatomy and Kinesiology, University of Waterloo. Has published in unrelated fields. Currently appears to spend his time doing pseudo-philosophy, including praising Mario Beauregard & Denyse O'Leary’s Non-materialist neuroscience tract “The Spiritual Brain”.[247]
  • Dennis Dean Rathman, Staff Scientist, MIT Lincoln Laboratory. Seems to be second-author on a few publications in unrelated fields. Also signatory to a HIV denialist petition for a “Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis”.[248]
  • Alfred G. Ratz, Ph.D. Engineering Physics, U. of Toronto. Most recent publication from 1975. No current affiliation or information found.
  • David Reed, Ph.D Entomology, University of California, Riverside. No further information, affiliation, or research found.
  • Colin R. Reeves, Professor of Operational Research (Ph.D. Evolutionary Algorithms), Coventry University. Currently emeritus. Has published papers on applications of neural networks to pattern recognition problems. Has also published articles with the Biblical Creation Society and said that “[w]ithout the initial activity of an intelligent agent, the evolutionary mill has no grist to work on.”[249] Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity and affiliated with the Biologic Institute.
  • Patricia Reiff, Director, Rice Space Institute, Rice University. Real researcher in an unrelated field. Has said that she agreed to have her name added to the Discovery list because there are events in the evolutionary process that are mathematically “quite improbable.” Reiff is nevertheless convinced by the evidence for evolution, and her additional claim that “life from nonlife is very, very improbable”[250] has nothing to do with evolution.
  • Scott A. Renner, Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Has done a bit of science. No current academic affiliation found (works for MITRE).
  • Anthony Reynolds, Ph.D. Philosophy of Science (thesis on the Argument for Design), University of London. No information located.
  • Dan Reynolds, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, U. of Texas, Austin. Senior Scientific Investigator, GlaxoSmithKline; Chairman, the Triangle Association for the Science of Creation, and heavily involved in creation "science". Appears to have some publications in unrelated fields.
  • Michael C. Reynolds, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fort Smith. Currently department head; hard to locate any substantial research, but seems to have a few papers in unrelated fields.
  • Terry Rickard, Ph.D. Engineering Physics, University of California, San Diego. Research Director at Distributed Infinity, Inc. Appears to do research in an unrelated field.
  • John P. Rickert, Ph.D. Mathematics, Vanderbilt University. Currently a Catholic priest who campaigns against reductionism by giving talks in churches. Young earth creationist, and seems to have quite a bit of trouble understanding even the basics of reasoning.[251] No research record found; not a scientist.
  • Karen Rispin, Assistant Professor of Biology, LeTourneau University (a fundamentalist institution “built upon a foundation of biblical authority”). Does apparently not have a Ph.D. and is as such not formally qualified for the list even by the Discovery Institute's already relaxed standards. Has published some abstracts on wheelchairs, as well as on local web outlets, but it is doubtful that these count as research publications.
  • Eliot Roberts, Ph.D. Soil Chemistry, Rutgers University. Director of the Lawn Institute, a non-profit organization that provides lawn care advice, for instance on how to mow the lawn properly. Does have some research publications from the 1960s.
  • Arthur B. Robinson, Professor of Chemistry, Oregon Institute of Science & Medicine. Infamous crank magnet, dominionist, AIDS denialist, and responsible for the Oregon Petition.
  • Mark A. Robinson, Ph.D. Environmental Science, Lacrosse University. No research or affiliation found.
  • Nigel E. Robinson, Ph.D. Molecular Biology, University of Nottingham. No current affiliation or research found.
  • Edson R. Rocha, Research Assistant Professor, Microbiology, East Carolina University. Currently Pharmacist/Biochemist, State University of Londrina. Has some publications; those few that are not unrelated to evolution assume and does not attempt to challenge it.
  • John S. Roden, Associate Professor of Biology, Southern Oregon University. Has some publications in unrelated fields (environmental issues and plant health/ecology).
  • Charles A. Rodenberger, Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering, University of Texas, Austin. Later professor at Texas A&M University; now retired, but teaches Sunday school and writes for Livestock Weekly. Has said that he is “convinced that Evolution is a nonscientific teaching based on faith because the laws of physics and chemistry prove that evolution of living molecules from the random interaction of hydrogen atoms is statistically impossible.” Has implored the United Methodist Church to teach the “evolution/creation controversy” in church.[252] Has a few unrelated publications, fewer in reputable journals, and none from the last 30 years.
  • Miguel A. Rodriguez, Undergraduate Lab. Coordinator for Biochemistry, University of Ottawa. Retired. May have contributed to some not obviously related research.
  • E. Byron Rogers, Prof. of Chemistry; Chair, Dept. of Mathematics & Physical Sciences, Lubbock Christian U. No research record located.
  • Quinton Rogers, Prof. of Physiological Chemistry, Dept. of Molecular Biosciences, Univ. of California, Davis, School of Vet. Medicine. Has some publications in not obviously unrelated fields (and seems to accept evolution in those). Nevertheless caught praising Lisa A. Shiel’s “The Evolution Conspiracy”,[253] as reported in the book description on Amazon. The other “experts” cited include Michael Cremo.
  • Rod Rogers, Ph.D. Agronomy, Iowa State U. Prof. Emeritus at Lubbock Christian U. No research record found. Apparently not a scientist.
  • David Rogstad, Ph.D. Physics, California Institute of Technology. Currently “Research Scholar” at Reasons To Believe. No recent publications in peer-reviewed journals found.
  • Charles T. Rombough, Ph.D. Engineering, University of Texas. President, CTR Technical Services Inc. No research in peer-reviewed journals found.
  • Daniel Romo, Professor of Chemistry, Texas A&M University. Apparently a real scientist, but also a staunch creationist. One of Gail Lowe’s many creationist nominee’s for various panels on education when she was in charge of the Texas Board of Education.[254] Has said that “not all data proposed within the evolution model are settled science;” his example of an open question was abiogenesis, which makes one wonder if he has even the faintest clue about what he is talking about.[255]
  • Paul Roschke, A.P. and Florence Wiley Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Texas A&M U. Apparently a real scientist, unrelated field.
  • Kay Roscoe, Ph.D. High Energy Particle Physics, University of Manchester. Now teacher of Science (“Biology specialism”) at Saddleworth School. No research found; does not appear to be a scientist.
  • Douglas Nelson Rose, Research Physicist, United States Army. Has a few (generally not peer reviewed) documents on military equipment.
  • Peter M. Rowell, D.Phil. Physics, University of Oxford. Google reveals no information on Rowell.
  • David W. Rusch, Senior Research Scientist, Lab. for Atmospheric and Space Physics, U. of Colorado. Does real research, unrelated field.
  • Donald W. Russell, Adjunct Assistant Clinical Professor, University of North Carolina School of Medicine. MD. No research record found.
  • James P. Russum, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Works for Multi-Chem; does research in unrelated fields.
  • Rodney M. Rutland, Department Head & Associate Professor of Kinesiology, Anderson University (an institution affiliated with the extremist group South Carolina Baptist Convention). Coauthor of two 1996 papers; no other research found.

[edit] S

  • Lennart Saari, Adjunct Professor, Wildlife Biology, University of Helsinki. Young Earth creationist who has compared scientists with the clergy of the Medieval Church and responsible for persecution of dissenters. Has some publications, but admits that they provide no support for his anti-evolution stance.[256] Has said about Explore Evolution: “What a superb book! Clear, understandable, impartial, and intellectually honest.”
  • David Sabatini, Professor Civil Engineering & Environmental Science, U. of Oklahoma. Respected researcher in his (unrelated) field.
  • Jeffrey Sabburg, Ph.D. Physics, Queensland University of Technology. No affiliation or research found.
  • Victoriano Saenz, Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Appears to do research in unrelated fields.
  • Eduardo Sahagun, Professor of Botany, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Seems to have some genuine publications in a field that is not obviously entirely unrelated.
  • Theodore Saito, Ph.D. Physics, Pennsylvania State University. Senior Engineer at Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Has been involved in research in an unrelated field, but little if any from the last 20 years found.
  • Thomas Saleska, Professor of Biology, Concordia U., a famous religious institution. Not involved in research or science.
  • Stanley Salthe,[257] Emeritus Professor, Biological Sciences, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. May have done real scientific research earlier in his career, but is currently primarily doing postmodernist, structuralist or deconstructivist critiques of science, since science is part of the myth of modernism. Said that when he endorsed a petition he had no idea what the Discovery Institute was, stating that “I signed it in irritation.” While no fan of evolutionary explanations - he appears to reject Darwinism partly as “a myth congenial to Capitalism."[258] - he seems to have been pretty dismissive of intelligent design.[259] Salthe claims to be an atheist, but he has nevertheless worked closely with well-known hardcore creationists such as Don Batten.
  • John C. Sanford, Courtesy Associate Professor of Horticultural Sciences, Cornell University. Young earth creationist[260] who has argued for devolution (in his book “Genetic Entropy & the Mystery of the Genome”) and defended the notion of Complex Specified Information. Has also apparently done some real research, though he is most famous for his patents. His credentials are used for all they are worth by creationists as evidence for the scientific status of Intelligent Design, and Sanford testified for instance at the Kansas Evolution hearings.[261] He also used his affiliation to give a sheen of legitimacy to the conference Biological Information: New Perspectives.
  • Charles G. Sanny, Prof., Biochemistry, Oklahoma State U. Ctr. for Health Sciences. Seems to do real research in medical biochemistry.
  • Fernando Saravi, Professor, Department of Morphology and Physiology, Med. Sciences School, Univ. Nacional de Cuyo. Has some publications attempting to link cell phone usage to health risks. Primarily known for his writings on “future eschatology”, the imminent end times and similar stuff, and has written books such as “Hope of Israel: The Jewish People and the Messiah,” and “The Invasion From the East: The Dangers of new Hindu philosophy and Mormonism Uncovered.”
  • Phillip Savage, Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan. Real researcher in an unrelated field. Signed the petition not because he has any problems with evolution, but because he doesn’t think Darwinism explains abiogenesis, which it does, of course, not purport to do to begin with.[262]
  • Dale Schaefer, Professor, Materials Science & Engineering, University of Cincinnati. Publishes in an unrelated field.
  • G. Bradley Schaefer, Professor of Pediatrics, U. of Nebraska Medical Center. Currently Director, Division of Genetics, College of Medicine at the U. of Arkansas for Medical Science. Seems to be a respected scientist in a field that is at best tangentially related to evolution.
  • Henry Schaefer,[263] Director, Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry, University of Georgia. Fellow of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture and Dembski's International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design.[264] Describes himself as “sympathetic” to Intelligent Design but primarily a “proponent of Jesus.” Real scientist in an unrelated field. Doesn’t really understand evolution.[265][266] The Discovery Institute has been caught attempting to inflate his credentials on several occasions.[267][268]
  • Norman Schmidt, Professor of Chemistry, Georgia Southern University. Currently at Tabor College (whose slogan is “Decidedly Christian”). Has some publications in unrelated fields. Appears to have advocated Intelligent Design in various venues.
  • Eduard F. Schmitter, Ph.D. Astronomy, University of Wisconsin. Retired Professor at Pan-African University. No research found.
  • Andrew Schmitz, Ph.D. Inorganic Chemistry, University of Iowa. No current affiliation or research found.
  • Fred Schroeder, Ph.D. Marine Geology, Columbia University. No published record since 1993, when he was working for Exxon as a petroleum geologist.
  • Gerald Schroeder, Ph.D. Earth Sciences & Nuclear Physics, MIT. Lecturer and teacher at College of Jewish Studies Aish HaTorah’s Discovery Seminar, Essentials and Fellowships programs and Executive Learning Center. Has spent the last 35 years investigating “the confluence of science and Torah,” constructing excruciatingly elaborate, tortured ad hoc explanations to get the apparent age of the universe fit with the literal (non-metaphorical) Biblical six-day account of creation. Debunked in detail by Mark Perakh here. May have been a real scientist at one point, but is currently (exclusively, it seems) involved in apologetics, having written several books with titles such as “The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom.” Awarded the Trotter Prize by Texas A&M University's College of Science in 2012.[269] Antony Flew credited Schroeder with changing his mind on atheism.[270]
  • W. Christopher Schroeder, Associate Professor of Mathematics, Morehead State U. Has a single 2003 publication. Hardly a scientist.
  • Dean Schulz, Ph.D. Computer Science, Colorado State U. President, Conceptual Assets, Inc. Has some patents; no research found.
  • Jeffrey Schwartz, Assoc. Res. Psychiatrist, Dept. of Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles. A proponent of mind/body dualism and Non-materialist neuroscience; appeared in Expelled, where he told Ben Stein that science should not be separated from religion. Schwartz, however, seems to accept common descent and evolution, though he claims – relying on Buddhism and theology – that humans are exempt, being able to transcend those origins for reasons that seem to lay closer to Deepak Chopra than Ray Comfort. Otherwise a respectable scientist (neuroplasticity).
  • J. Benjamin Scripture, Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame. No current affiliation found, and only a few, older research papers. He is, however, on the record as a staunch creationist who is unable to distinguished fossilized brains from rocks.[271]
  • Christopher Scurlock, Ph.D. Chemistry, Arizona State University. Research Leader at Battelle. No publications found.
  • Ralph Seelke, Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Wisconsin, Superior. On the board of the Biologic Institute and co-author of Explore Evolution. Testified during the Kansas Evolution Hearings.[272] One of few Intelligent Design defenders who have published in relevant fields.
  • Giuseppe Sermonti, Retired Professor of Genetics, University of Perugia; also Editor of Rivista di Biologia, a journal that has published several pro-creationist “articles” (by e.g. Jerry Bergman) under the pretense of scientific peer review.[273] Sermonti is a prolific author (of e.g. “Why Is a Fly Not a Horse?”, a 2003 attempted critique of evolution), is considered one of Italy’s leading creationists, has been cited by Henry Morris, and testified during the Kansas Evolution Hearings. May have been a real scientist in his day, but is currently devoted to giving pseudoscience a sheen of legitimacy.
  • Valdemar W. Setzer, Ph.D. Applied Mathematics, University of São Paulo. A follower of Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy[274] Works primarily on computers, education and perceived effects of computer use (it’s dangerous for children), as well as concocting (unpublished) philosophical rants defending dualism. Most of his publications are online documents, but he may have some publications in low-tier, local (mostly in Spanish) peer-reviewed journals as well.
  • Granville Sewell,[275] Professor of Mathematics, University of Texas, El Paso. Has had an anti-evolutionary article published in The Mathematical Intelligencer, which is cited by the Discovery Institute as one of the “Peer-Reviewed & Peer-Edited Scientific Publications Supporting the Theory of Intelligent Design.”[276] Sewell's main schtick is that evolution violates the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and the claim is just as poorly supported as one might expect.[277][278][279] Mark Perakh has called Sewell's work “depressingly fallacious”.[280]. He is notoriously unable to see that even if evolution were to fail, it wouldn’t mean that Intelligent Design creationism is correct.[281] Also writes for Uncommon Descent.[282]
  • Stephen Sewell, Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, Texas A&M University. MD; no research record found.
  • Rowan Seymour, Ph.D. Computer Science, Queen’s University, Belfast. Currently hired by Partners in Health and the Ministry of Health in Rwanda to develop their medical record system. Has some online documents to his name, but does not seem to do scientific research.
  • Gregory Shearer, Ph.D. Physiology, U. of California, Davis. Currently at Sanford Research. Has done research in an unrelated field.
  • Robert B. Sheldon, Ph.D. Physics, University of Maryland, College Park. Currently at the National Space Science and Technology Center. Has some publications in unrelated fields. Also contributes to astrobiology research, and is for instance the author of “Comets, Information, and the Origin of Life”. Has worked with Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, one of the central defenders of continuous Exogenesis who himself testified for the creationists in McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education (though he is not a creationist). The connection may or may not be illuminating.
  • Pingnan Shi, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, University of British Columbia. Currently President at Overcome Depression Ministry. Has some online papers and conference transactions from earlier, but appears not to have done any research in the last 15 years.
  • Evgeny Shirokov, Faculty Lecturer (Nuclear and Particle Physics), Moscow State University. Currently at Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod. Seems to do research in unrelated fields.
  • Mark Shlapobersky, Ph.D. Virology, Bar-Ilan University. Research Scientist at Vical Incorporated. Has done some research, though it is unclear how relevant it is to the question at hand.
  • Haim Shore, Professor of Quality and Reliability Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. A real researcher in an unrelated field. Also a hardcore crackpot who contributes to theology through (absolutely astonishingly ridiculous forms of) Gematria.[283]
  • David Shormann, Ph.D. Limnology, Texas A&M University. President of the “Dive into Math” program and active in the homeschooling movement by developing materials and arranging workshops. Not an active scientist, but instead a young earth creationist who claims that “Treating Earth history as just that, history, I can find physical and written testimony that the Earth is only 6,000 years old. And just as most of us have no problem believing Jesus Christ was a real person who lived 2,000 years ago, we should have no problem believing there were about 4,000 years from the Beginning to Christ’s birth. Studying natural history can be an interesting, fun, and adventure-filled pursuit, but it is not real science, and shouldn’t be treated like it is.” Has already displayed his belligerent incompetence on several occasions,[284] and was therefore appointed by Barbara Cargill to serve on science review panels that evaluate instructional materials for public schools submitted for approval by the Texas Board of Education in 2011.
  • David K. Shortess, Professor of Biology (Retired), New Mexico Tech. Has a few (unrelated) research publications; the most recent appears to be from 1983.
  • William P. Shulaw, Professor of Veterinary Preventive Medicine. Ohio State U. DVM; specialty: cattle and sheep; seems to have done some research in those fields. Also signatory to the 2002 Ohio Academic Freedom Bill list submitted to the Ohio State Board of education.
  • Khawar Sohail Siddiqui, Senior Research Associate (Protein Chemistry), University of New South Wales. Does have a research record, and his expertise is not entirely irrelevant to the question at hand. None of his publications challenge evolution, however, and his writings suggest that Siddiqui supports and assumes the theory of evolution in his work.
  • Theodore J. Siek, Ph.D. Biochemistry, Oregon State University. Toxicologist. President of Analytic Bio-Chemistries Inc. Has some publications in unrelated fields. Author of “Questions for Evolutionists”, the most pressing of which is apparently abiogenesis, which has nothing to do with evolution and thereby reveals Siek’s lack of expertise in the field. Signatory to the Discovery Institute initiated Amicus Brief supporting Intelligent Design in the Kitzmiller v. Dover case.[285][286]
  • Arlen W. Siert, Ph.D. Environmental Health, Colorado State University. Industrial Hygienist at Xcel Energy. No research found.
  • Charles A. Signorino, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania (also MAR, Westminster Theological Seminary). CEO of Emerson Resources, Inc. Has contributed to a few papers in an unrelated field.
  • Arnold Sikkema, Associate Professor of Physics, Dordt College. Currently at Trinity Western University, a “faith-based institution”. Has some publications, though no recent ones. Involved with the Reformed Academic blog and persistent critic of Answers in Genesis, though he remains boldly silent on evolution (though seems willing to consider theistic evolution).
  • Peter Silley, Ph.D. Microbial Biochemistry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Currently Managing Director of MB Consult Ltd. Has some research to his name, apparently largely concerned with safety measures and regulatory issues in biochemistry.
  • John Silvius, Ph.D. Plant Physiology, West Virginia University. Senior Professor of Biology (emeritus) at Cedarville University,a fundamentalist Bible institution teaching young earth creationism. Silvius’s specialty is prairie research, though for the past 30 years his publications appear primarily in The American Biology Teacher. Central supporter for the Springboro schoolboard’s attempt to have creationism taught in public classrooms in 2011,[287] an effort that ultimately turned out unsuccessful.[288]
  • Bruce Simat,[289][290] Associate Prof. of Biology at Northwestern College, a small fundamentalist school where he has for years passed blatant creationist apologetics and Flood geology off as “biology”.[291] Not a scientist. Testified at the Kansas Evolution Hearings.[292]
  • †Philip Skell, Emeritus professor of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University and member of the National Academy of Sciences (which he used to emphasize); known shill for the Discovery Institute.[293]
  • Fred Skiff, Professor of Physics, University of Iowa. Scientist in an unrelated field. Very fond of the Worldview gambit (has claimed that “science is a worldview”) and strawman bashing.[294] Known to equate evolution with atheism,[295] for conflating evolution and abiogenesis,[296] and for rejecting macroevolution as “overly reductionistic”.
  • Donald F. Smee, Research Professor (Microbiology), Utah State University. Has a decent publication record in an unrelated field.
  • E. Norbert Smith, Ph.D. Zoology, Texas Tech University. Affiliated with Creation.com and formerly on the board of directors for the Creation Research Society. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Smith has taught a “graduate course” for the Institute for Creation Research as well as an online course in Creation for Liberty University. He appears to have written some real research papers back in the 70s and early 80s, but for the last 25 years he has primarily focused on articles for the Journal of Creation, children’s books (of course), and anti-science books such as “Evolution Has Failed” and “Battleground University”, where he laments the fact that universities teach critical thinking to students.[297] Does not appear to have any academic affiliation, and is not a working scientist by any standards.
  • Ken Smith, Professor of Mathematics, Central Michigan University. Does research in unrelated fields.
  • Robert Smith, Professor of Chemistry, University of Nebraska, Omaha. Also on James Inhofe’s list of 650 scientists who supposedly dispute the global warming consensus.[298] Appears to be a real scientist, in an unrelated field, but is also a well known climate contrarian.[299] Has characterized Sarah Palin as a “rare politician … with brains.”[300]
  • William F. Smith, Ph.D. in Molecular & Cellular Biology, McGill University. No information, research, or affiliation found.
  • Wolfgang Smith, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics, Oregon State University. Respected enough in the field of mathematics, but also famous for his excursions into philosophy. Apparently his acceptance of Intelligent Design is the result of his philosophical contemplations, which led him to a thomistic and appropriately medieval ontology. Science be damned if it fails to adhere to his a priori metaphysics and elaborate sophistry.
  • David Snoke, Associate Professor of Physics & Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh. Co-authored a paper with Michael Behe in 2004, “Simulating Evolution by Gene Duplication of Protein Feature that Requires Multiple Amino Acid Residues”, claiming to support the notion of Irreducible complexity. The paper was heavily criticized, to put it mildly,[301] and contrary to Behe’s claims (e.g. during the Kitzmiller v. Dover trial) might even undermine the notion of irreducible complexity, as Behe had to admit under oath.[302] Otherwise a respectable scientist in his (unrelated) field.
  • Gregory A. Snyder, Ph.D. Geochemistry, Colorado School of Mines. Appears to be a real scientist, in an unrelated field.
  • Alexandre S. Soares, Ph.D. Mathematics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. No information, affiliation, or research found.
  • Kevin E. Spaulding, Ph.D. Optical Engineering, U. of Rochester. At Eastman Kodak Company. Has done research in unrelated fields.
  • Dexter F. Speck, Associate Professor of Physiology, University of Kentucky Medical Center. Publishes in an unrelated field.
  • Georg A. Speck, Ph.D. Biology, Molecular Pharmacology, University of Heidelberg. No information (apart from a single 1999 paper) or current academic affiliation found.
  • Dale Spence, Emeritus Professor of Kinesiology, Rice University. Among the signatories of a Discovery Institute-initiated letter urging the Texas Board of Education to dilute the educational standards in public schools with respect to evolution.[303] Does otherwise appear to have a few publications in an unrelated field.
  • Richard Spencer, Professor, Electrical Engineering, University of California, Davis, Solid-State Circuits Research Laboratory. Retired. Has some publications in an unrelated field.
  • Terry W. Spencer, Former Chair, Department of Geology & Geophysics, Texas A&M University. Seismologist (wave propogation and compressive strength of rock); real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Lee M. Spetner, Ph.D. Physics, MIT. Contributor to TrueOrigin, a creationist blog network, and known fan of PRATTs.[304] Probably best known for his rejection of “macroevolution” in his 1996 book “Not By Chance! Shattering the Modern Theory of Evolution”. Has claimed that Archaeopteryx was a fraud and that mutations invariably lead to a “loss of information”. Trained as a scientist, but appears not to have been involved in scientific research for 40 years.
  • Thomas M. Stackhouse, Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of California, Davis. Currently Associate Director of the Technology Transfer Center (TTC) at the National Cancer Institute. Involved in research, though in unrelated fields.
  • †John Stamper, Research Physicist, Naval Research Laboratory
  • Timothy Standish, Ph.D. Environmental Biology, George Mason University. Affiliated with the Geoscience Research Institute, a Seventh Day Adventist creationist organization, and signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Does not do research (writes for Origins and various creationist publications), and has no current academic affiliation.
  • Walt Stangl, Associate Professor of Mathematics, Biola University (listed as adjunct faculty on the faculty website). Google scholar returns a single publication in Mathematics Magazine (apart from publications in Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith).
  • Walter L. Starkey, Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering, Ohio State University. Author of “The Cambrian Evolution”, a defense of Intelligent design (recommended by e.g. Harun Yahya), and “Evolution Exposed and Intelligent Design Explained”. Does not appear to have done any scientific research at least since the 1950s.
  • Albert J. Starshak, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, Illinois Institute of Technology. No affiliation or research newer than 1970 found.
  • Andrew Steckley, Ph.D. Civil Engineering, University of Western Ontario. Chief Technology Officer of PowerMand, Inc. Appears to have some publications in an unrelated field.
  • Neil Steiner, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Virginia Tech. Computer Scientist at USC Information Sciences Institute. Appears to have some research in unrelated fields.
  • Karl Stephan, Associate Professor, Dept. of Technology, Texas State University, San Marcos. Does research in an unrelated field. Also a climate change denialist, who has argued that birth control is among the greatest threats to civilization.[305]
  • Richard Sternberg, Ph.D. Biology, Florida International University; also Ph.D. Systems Science, Binghamton University. Famous alleged victim of Darwinian persecution and one of the main characters featured in Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed. Lied a lot about the situations that led him to declare “persecution”,[306] for instance by denying that he was an advocate of Intelligent Design.[307] Subsequently put on wingnut welfare and currently associated with the Discovery Institute’s Biologic Institute.
  • Joseph A. Strada, Ph.D. Aeronautical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School. Appears to be President of Strada Supply And Services in Fairfax, VA. Not a scientist. Apparently sympathetic to geocentrism, saying of the book Galileo Was Wrong, The Church Was Right that “Sungenis and Bennett examine the anomalies that arise from the Copernican model […] A must read for those who can set aside prejudices and a priori assumptions.”
  • Michael Strauss, Associate Professor of Physics, University of Oklahoma. Real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Richard A. Strong, Ph.D. Chemistry, Northeastern University. May have some publications, but no current affiliation found.
  • Ben J. Stuart, Ph.D. Chemical & Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers University. Currently at the Department of Civil Engineering at Ohio University. Does research in an unrelated field.
  • John Studenroth, Ph.D. Plant Pathology, Cornell University. Listed as Instructor in Biology at Pinebrook Junior College, though the college closed in 1992. Also Pastor at the Kutztown (PA) Bible Fellowship Church. No research found. Studenroth is not a scientist, though he is co-author of an online creationist paper, “The Status of Evolution as a Scientific Theory”.[308]
  • Dennis M. Sullivan, Professor of Biology and Bioethics, Cedarville University (a Christian fundamentalist institution). Sullivan is an MD, and also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Runs a blog, Cedarethics,[309] devoted to bioethics from a fundamentalist perspective, and has published extensively on such issues, primarily in religious magazines. Does not appear to be involved in science or scientific research.
  • Nigel Surridge, Ph.D. Electrochemistry & Photochemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Program Director, Blood Glucose Monitoring, Roche Diagnostics. Seems to be a real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Dean Svoboda, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, The Ohio State University. No affiliation or research found.
  • Chris Swanson, Tutor (Ph.D. Physics), Gutenberg College (a Bible school committed to a presuppositionalist epistemology that does not even pretend to offer a university education). Swanson is not a scientist, is not involved in research, has no research background, but writes “philosophical” articles on religious issues, for instance attempts to justify Intelligent Design.
  • James Swanson, Professor of Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University. Coauthor of some research publications, none of which appear to touch on evolution. Writes for the MadSci network.
  • Mark Swanson, Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of Illinois. No information located.
  • Nancy L. Swanson, Ph.D. Physics, Florida State University. Currently at Abacus Enterprises. Has a few publications, unrelated field.
  • Bela Szilagyi Ph.D. Physics University of Pittsburgh. His numerous publications are almost exclusively published on arXiv. No current academic affiliation found.

[edit] T

  • Tetsuichi Takagi, Senior Research Scientist, Geological Survey of Japan. Appears to do real research in an unrelated field.
  • Alfred Tang, Visiting Scholar (Ph.D. Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison), The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Apparently a real scientist, but claims that “[t]he most important source of the limit of physics is the neglect of the supernatural,” and that “[t]he integration of science and theology is mutually beneficial,”[310] though he is vague about exactly what theology will contribute.
  • James G. Tarrant, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, University of Texas, Austin. Appears to have some papers from the 1990s. No current affiliation or research located.
  • Greg Tate, Ph.D. Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis. No further information located.
  • Philip S. Taylor, Research Fellow, Computer Science, Queen’s University Belfast. Currently a manager for the Business Intelligence Research Practice at SAP. Works on software processes and gives talks on issues such as “Business Continuity Management”.
  • Richard N. Taylor, Professor of Information & Computer Science, U. of California, Irvine. Respectable researcher in an unrelated field.
  • Wesley M. Taylor, Former Chairman of the Division of Primate Medicine & Surgery, New England Regional Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School. DVM with a few publications on canine care. No current affiliation found.
  • Daniel Tedder, Associate Professor, Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Emeritus. Has a few publications in the completely unrelated field of waste management.
  • Stephen C. Tentarelli, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Lehigh University. No recent affiliation or research found.
  • Charles Thaxton,[311] Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, Iowa State University. Fellow of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture and co-author of The Mystery of Life's Origin: Reassessing Current Theories, which employs the Second law of thermodynamics gambit, and “The Soul of Science”, as well as being – most famously – co-editor of Of Pandas and People.[312] Publishes widely on the relationship between Christianity and science, and although his Discovery Institute biography lists him as having "scientific publications", his single, co-authored paper from 1971 (even combined with being third author on one from 1979) does not make him a scientist.
  • Lydia G. Thebeau, Ph.D. Cell & Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University. Currently Associate Professor at Missouri Baptist University. Has some publications, but her research seems to have reduced to a trickle in the last few years.
  • Ernest M. Thiessen. Ph.D. Civil & Environmental Engineering. Cornell U. Currently President of iCan Systems Inc.; works on online dispute resolution and negotiation. Has some background in research projects but is not a working scientist (no academic affiliation).
  • Christopher L. Thomas, Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, University of South Carolina. Lean Six Sigma Specialist at Flextronics International Ltd. Apparently not a working scientist.
  • Pavithran Thomas, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Ohio State University. No current affiliation or research located.
  • James R. Thompson, Noah Harding Professor of Statistics, Rice University. Has real publications, but also known for a string of online papers (not published in any respectable venues, of course) that use statistics in favor of “politically incorrect” strategies generally associated with “wingnuttery” in the war on terror, against Islamism, and to combat rampant gay behavior.[313]
  • Richard Thompson, Ph.D. Computer Science, U. of Connecticut. Now Professor at U. of Pittsburgh. Real scientist, unrelated field.
  • Frank Tipler, Prof. of Mathematical Physics, Tulane University, Fellow of the International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design. Has written quite a bit of crackpot literature - including “The Physics of Christianity” - which quite overshadows his earlier technical research.[314] Inventor of the Omega Point, a ghastly pseudo-scientific mix of cosmology and theology that supposedly proves God’s existence and the immortality of intelligence, or something. His book on the matter, “The Physics of Immortality”, was described by George Ellis as a “a masterpiece of pseudoscience … the product of a fertile and creative imagination unhampered by the normal constraints of scientific and philosophical discipline.”[315] Michael Shermer devoted a chapter of his book “Why People Believe Weird Things” to Tipler’s theory. Tipler also writes for Uncommon Descent.
  • Mark Toleman, Ph.D. Molecular Microbiology, Bristol University. Seems to have done real research. Admits to not being an expert on evolution, but is skeptical because he dislikes Darwin’s relatives(!) and because of Jesus.[316]
  • Olivia Torres, Professor-Researcher (Human Genetics), Autonomous University of Guadalajara. Appears to be a real scientist.
  • Ferenc Tóth, Ph.D. Agricultural Sciences, Szent István University, Gödöllö. Currently at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, Large Animal Surgery Staff. Does have some publications related to his profession (not to evolution).
  • Tibor Tóth, Professor of Product Information Engineering (D.Sc. Hungarian Academy), University of Miskolc. Appears to be a real scientist in an unrelated field.
  • Harold Toups, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University; currently instructor at LSU’s Cain Department of Chemical Engineering. No research record found.
  • James Tour, Chao Professor of Chemistry, Rice University. Real scientist in an unrelated field. Has said that he felt the explanations offered by evolution are incomplete, and that he found it hard to believe that nature can produce the machinery of cells through random processes, though does not (officially) rule it out. Does not accept Intelligent Design, though he accepts the bogus creationist distinction between micro- and macro-evolution. Describes himself as a Messianic Jew.
  • Ide Trotter, Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Princeton University. Member of Texans for Better Science Education who has testified before the Texas Board of Education on several occasions during their bizarre discussions over science standards for public schools. Trotter claims that the major scientific discoveries of the 20th century make evolution harder and harder to defend. As a consequence he was appointed by the Board to the science review panels that evaluate instructional materials submitted for approval by the Board. Trotter runs an investment management company and is former dean of business/professor of finance at Dallas Baptist U; not a scientist.
  • Royal Truman, Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Michigan State University. Currently employed at BASF AG’s headquarters in Ludwigshafen, Germany. Affiliated with Answers in Genesis, and has written several articles for the Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal. Also a signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. No scientific research publications found.
  • James Tumlin, Associate Professor of Medicine, Emory University. Real medical scientist (e.g. kidney injury). Also involved in urging the Cobb County, Georgia, school board to adopt the "teach the controversy" strategy in 2002, saying that "students should know that scientists have doubts about evolution."[317] The school board famously required biology textbooks to be equipped with anti-evolution disclaimers,[318] and originally intended to teach creationism in public schools.[319]

[edit] U

  • Lasse Uotila, M.D., Ph.D. Medicinal Biochemistry, University of Helsinki. Has a research record in medicine. Also on the list of Physicians and Surgeons for Scientific Integrity (a.k.a. Doctors Doubting Darwin).[320]

[edit] V

  • Jirí Vácha, Professor Emeritus of Pathological Physiology, Institute of Pathophysiology, Masaryk University. Has a research background in radiation hematology and endocrinology. According to his website,[321] his work on evolution comprise various articles on philosophy of science published in local journals (mostly theology journals) in Czech, in which has been trying to soften the “hard” scientific approach to medical and biological problems through the prism of phenomenologic methodology developed from Heidegger, Husserl, and Christian neoscholasticism. Vacha is also on the Editorial Board of BIO-Complexity.
  • Jairam Vanamala, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Faculty of Nutrition, TAMU, College Station. Currently Assistant Professor at Colorado State U. Does real research in an unrelated field.
  • Robert VanderVennen, Ph.D. Physical Chemistry, Michigan State University. Currently Executive Director of the Association for the Advancement of Christian Scholarship. Previously Founding Executive Director of Christian Studies International, and has indeed had several positions with religious institutions and written several religious books. VanderVennen is not a scientist and seems to have no scientific publications.
  • Jeffrey L. Vaughn, Ph.D. Engineering, University of California, Irvine. Has done some real research. Also author of “Beyond Creation Science” (with Timothy P. Martin), which defends old earth creationism (against young earth creationism), argues that the Noachian Flood was local rather than global, and advocates preterism.
  • Sergey I. Vdovenko, Senior Research Assistant, Department of Fine Organic Synthesis; Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences. Google scholar returns some research publications, though they are unrelated to the theory of evolution.
  • Brandon van der Ventel, Ph.D. in Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Stellenbosch University. Currently professor at Stellenbosch, where he appears to do real research in an unrelated field. Young earth creationist, and author of a screed called “Darwin and the lie of evolution” in which he claims that the promotion of the theory of evolution is part of an anti-Christian campaign, and that if we doubt the scientific truth of a literal interpretation of Genesis, then “many other stories in the Bible may be questioned or made out to be unscientific or implausible.”[322] How this makes his dissent from Darwinism “scientific” is unclear.
  • Charles N. Verheyden, Prof. of Surgery, Texas A&M College of Medicine. Plastic surgeon; has publications in that (unrelated) field.
  • Etienne Y. Vernaz, Professor & Director of Research Director, CEA (French Atomic Energy Agency). A real scientist, in an unrelated field, who claims that in his entire career he has never come across any contradiction between Scripture and the world as revealed by science.[323] Claims that evolution confronts epistemological difficulties, that there are no transitional fossils, and that intelligent design is an idea shared by non-Christians, too.
  • Mike Viccary, Ph.D. Sold [sic] State Chemistry, U. of Bradford. Writes articles for creation.com; no affiliation or actual research found.
  • Vincente Villa, Emeritus Professor of Biology, Southwestern University. Google Scholar returns no research for the last 30 years.
  • Suzanne Sawyer Vincent, Ph.D. Physiology & Biophysics, University of Washington. Associate professor of Biology at Oral Roberts University. Hardly involved in research; cannot reasonably be counted as a scientist.
  • Vladimir L. Voeikov, Vice-Chairman, Chair of Bio-organic Chemistry, Faculty of Biology Lomonosov, Moscow State University. A true crackpot. Also member of The Chopra Foundation and associate editor of “WATER: A Multidisciplinary Research Journal”. Promoter of homeopathy, and in particular the notion of water memory, claiming that several experiments support the idea.[324]
  • Øyvind A. Voie, Ph.D. Biology, University of Oslo. No research or current academic affiliation found.
  • Robert G. Vos, Ph.D. Civil/Structural Engineering, Rice University. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Anne E. Vravick, Ph.D. Environmental Toxicology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. No affiliation or research found.
  • András Vukics, Ph.D. Physics, University of Szeged. Postdoc at U. of Innsbruck; apparently involved in research in an unrelated field.

[edit] W

  • Margil Wadley, Ph.D. Inorganic Chemistry, Purdue University. Not involved in science or research.
  • Carston Wagner, Associate Professor of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Minnesota. Currently professor and endowed chair. Seems to be a respectable scientist in an unrelated field.
  • John Walkup, Emeritus Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Texas Tech University. Currently on the staff of Christian Leadership Ministries. Has said that a legitimate debate on origins must have at least two hypotheses: “Then, like in a court of law, you can go back and look at the evidences – which of these two hypotheses appear more reasonable,”[325] which is rather far removed from how science actually works (but close to how Phillip Johnson thinks it works). No research record found.
  • Linda Walkup, Ph.D. Molecular Genetics, University of New Mexico Medical School. Homeschooler. No academic affiliation or research located. Member of the Creation Science Fellowship of New Mexico, and gives talks in churches to friendly audiences on topics such as “Development of Antibiotic Resistance: Evolution or Design”. Her articles (or rants) on Junk DNA are featured at Answers in Genesis.
  • Max G. Walter, Associate Professor of Radiology, Oklahoma U. Health Science Center. Radiologist. Not much research found.
  • John C. Walton, Professor of Reactive Chemistry, University of St. Andrews. Known Intelligent Design proponent,[326] who e.g. contributed a chapter “The origin of life: scientists play dice” to Norman Nevin’s anthology “Should Christians Embrace Evolution”. Seems to deliver regular lectures in churches on the topic.[327] A real scientist nonetheless, but none of his research touches on evolution. Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity.
  • Robert Waltzer, Associate Professor of Biology, Belhaven College. Was at the board of reviewers of Explore Evolution. Funny that all of those reviewers also appear on this list. According to the website Returntotheword, which apparently ranks Christian colleges from a Biblical literalist point of view, Belhaven College “does not teach evolution as a viable option.”[328]
  • Ge Wang, Professor of Mathematical Sciences, University of Iowa. Has a respectable research record in an unrelated field.
  • Tianyou Wang, Research Scientist Center for Advanced Studies in Measurement & Assessment, University of Iowa. Has a respectable research record in an unrelated field.
  • James Wanliss, Associate Professor of Physics, Embry-Riddle University. Currently Associate Professor of Physics and Computer Science at Presbyterian College. Maintains that “the green movement is not about science, or the environment, but is offered as an alternative to Christian faith”. His research is completely unrelated to evolution. Also publishes for the Cornwall Alliance, a global warming denialist organization, and appears on James Inhofe’s list of 650 scientists who supposedly dispute the global warming consensus.[329]
  • Amy Ward, Ph.D. Mathematics, Clemson University. No current affiliation or research found.
  • Jason David Ward, Ph.D. Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Glasgow University. Google reveals no current affiliation or research.
  • Wade Warren, C.J. Cavanaugh Chair in Biology, Louisiana College, whose mission includes a commitment to the inerrancy of the Bible. Notable for his role in promoting the creationist-friendly Louisiana Science Education Act of 2008.[330] Also testified before the Texas Board of Education during their 2009 evolution hearings.[331] Does not appear to be an active scientist.
  • Robert L. Waters, Lecturer, College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology. No further information found.
  • Joe Watkins, Military Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, United States Military Academy. Google returns no information.
  • Todd Watson, Assistant Professor of Urban & Community Forestry, Texas A & M University. Certified Master Arborist working on tree preservation in urban areas, and has some publications on these matters, which are at best tangential to the issue at hand.
  • Woody Weed, Mechanical Engineer, Science & Technology Division, Sandia National Labs. Works on vacuum system and vacuum process engineering. No connection to biology or scientific research.
  • Gerald Wegner, Ph.D. Entomology, Loyola University. Currently Technical Director at Varment Guard Environmental Services, Inc. There is a “Gerald Wegner” who used to be president of the Creation Research, Science Education Foundation as well, which is probably not a coincidence. Has a two or three papers and some online documents to his name in a not obviously related field.
  • George C. Wells, Professor of Computer Science, Rhodes University. Does (unrelated) research/development of computer languages.
  • Jonathan Wells, Ph.D. Molecular & Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley. Member of the Discovery Institute and follower of the Unification Church. Author of “Icons of Evolution” and “The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design”.[332] One of the central figures of the Intelligent Design movement, and one of the few people in the ID movement with demonstrably legitimate credentials. Also into HIV denialism (in fact, he is a signatory to Rethinking AIDS, a list of HIV “skeptics” and to the petition for a “Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV-AIDS Hypothesis”.[333])
  • Kjell Erik Wennberg, Ph.D. Petroleum Engineering, Norwegian University of Science & Technology. Production engineer with Statoil; does not appear to be involved in research.
  • Robert Wentworth, Ph.D. Toxicology, University of Georgia. Has taught at a local Christian school; currently Human Resources Manager of The University of Georgia, which is not a research position.
  • R. P. Wharton, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Elden Whipple, Affiliate Professor of Earth & Space Sciences, University of Washington. Appears to have done some real research, but no updated information found (he is not on the UoW's faculty list as of 2012).
  • Howard Martin Whitcraft, Ph.D. Mathematics, University of St. Louis. Online math instructor with no academic affiliation. Not a scientist.
  • Lowell D. White, Industrial Hygiene Specialist, University of New Mexico. Has a management position; no research record found.
  • Mark White, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Appears to be a real scientist in an unrelated area.
  • Raleigh R. White, IV, Professor of Surgery, Texas A&M University, College of Medicine. Apparently a certified plastic surgeon, and has some publications in the Annals of Plastic Surgery.
  • Paul Whitehead, Ph.D. Chemical Thermodynamics, University of Natal. No information or current affiliation found.
  • John H. Whitmore, Associate Professor of Geology, Cedarville University. Associated with Creation Ministries International. Staunch young earth creationist and supporter of Flood geology and Flooddidit arguments.[334] Has publications in the Journal of Creation, but is not a scientist by any stretch of the imagination (even his M.S. in biology is from the Institute for Creation Research). Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. Cedarville's geology program "holds to a literal six-day account of Genesis."
  • Christian A. Widener, Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University. Affiliated with the National Institute for Aviation Research. His work (or education) is not remotely related to evolution.
  • Leslie J. Wiemerslage, Emeritus Professor (Ph.D. Cell Biology, Univ. of Pennsylvania), Southwestern Illinois College. May have done a little research back in the days, but none of it seems to describe any challenges to evolution
  • Roger Wiens, Ph.D. Physics, University of Minnesota; researcher at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Has an otherwise impressive publication record and research background, and has been substantially involved in criticizing creationist geophysics, in particular by supplying thorough defenses of radiometric dating[335]
  • Jay L. Wile, Ph.D. Nuclear Chemistry, University of Rochester. Famous proponent of creation geophysics. His CV states that he was an assistant professor from 1990 to 1995, but he has no current academic affiliation. Works instead with Apologia Educational Ministries (which he founded), a publisher of creationist home-schooling material such as his own “Exploring Creation” series of textbooks, which attempts to reconcile young earth creationism with scientific principles.[336] Many of the inaccuracies and inadequacies of Conservapedia’s information about science and scientific theory have been traced back to Wile.[337]
  • Gregg Wilkerson, Ph.D. Geologic Science, University of Texas, El Paso. Has done some real work in geology, including contributing careful debunkings of the Paluxy River tracks. Heavily into Biblical archaeology, but supports an old earth and has said that he “believes in some aspects of evolutionary theory, but [not] that humans evolved from fishes and apes.”[338]
  • Christopher Williams, Ph.D. Biochemistry, Ohio State University. Maintains that “[f]ew people outside of genetics and biochemistry realize that evolutionists can still provide no substantive details at all about the origin of life … Clearly the origin of life – the foundation of evolution – is still virtually speculation,”[339] although the question of abiogenesis does, of course, not have anything to do with the theory of evolution. No current academic affiliation found.
  • Sarah M. Williams, Ph.D Environmental Engineering, Stanford University. Google returns no current academic affiliation or research.
  • Gordon L. Wilson, Ph.D. Environmental Science and Public Policy, George Mason University. Apparently that sounds better than "Senior Fellow of Natural History and Director of Student Affairs at the New Saint Andrews College (formerly in the biology department at Liberty University)," an unaccredited conservative Calvinist institution that teaches a “Biblical worldview” to something in the vicinity of 130 four-year students. Active in the Creation Biology Society and frequent contributor to the Answers magazine. His specialty seems to be the Origins of Natural Evil in the biological world,[340]. According to Wilson “Many pathogens, parasites, and predators have sophisticated genetic, morphological, and behavioral arsenals (natural evil) that clearly testify to the God’s eternal power and divine nature (Romans 1:20), i.e. they are not the result of mutation and natural mutation,” but that they used to be “completely benign in all respects but at the Fall the enemy (Satan, et. al.) engaged in post-Fall genetic modification and/or bestiality that resulted in creatures with malignant behavior and morphology.” Take that, evolutionists.
  • Samuel C. Winchester, Klopman Distinguished Professor Emeritus, North Carolina State University College of Textiles. Works primarily on supplier selection in the textile industry, which, of course, has nothing to do with evolution.
  • Étienne Windisch, Ph.D. Engineering, McGill University. Has done some research related to the entirely unrelated field of engineering.
  • Luman R. Wing, Associate Professor of Biology, Azusa Pacific University. Pastor Wing is currently adjunct faculty at Calvary Chapel Bible College. No record of any research found.
  • J. Mitch Wolff, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Wright State University. Has contributed to publications in an unrelated field.
  • John Worraker, Ph.D. Applied Mathematics, University of Bristol. Also known as Bill Worraker. Young Earth creationist who has a long record as a creationist activist.[341] Associated with Genesis Agendum and the Biblical Creation Society, and has written for Answers in Genesis. Does not hold an academic position.
  • Shawn Wright, Ph.D. Crop Science, North Carolina State University. Currently (?) a horticulturist at the Ohio State University South Center. No publication record found.

[edit] Y

  • Alexander Yankovsky, Assistant Professor of Physical Oceanography, Nova Southeastern University. Has done real scientific work in an unrelated field.
  • Chee K. Yap, Professor of Computer Science, Courant Institute, New York University. Real scientist, in an unrelated field.
  • Pablo Yepes, Research Associate Professor of Physics & Astronomy, Rice University. Real scientist, in an unrelated field.
  • Irfan Yilmaz, Professor of Biology, Dokuz Eylul University. Author of “Evolution: Science or Ideology”, which “aims to show how the theory of evolution has been abused to deny religious thought, and that the scientific evidence set forth to prove it actually serves the opposite,” and which “includes rational explanations derived from the Islamic understanding of creation,” according to the blurb.
  • Hansik Yoon, Ph.D. Fiber Science, Seoul National University. No research or current affiliation found.
  • Yasuo Yoshida, Ph.D. Physics, Kyushu University. Appears to do real research in an entirely unrelated field.
  • Frank Young, Ph.D. Computer Engineering, Air Force Institute of Technology. No research or current academic affiliation found.
  • Patrick Young, Ph.D. Chemistry, Ohio University. Involved in industrial research on film and polyester products (and hence lauded by e.g. Creation Ministries International as a cutting edge scientist for the space age). Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation. According to his bio at Answers in Genesis his “current interest involves the study of the time domain and how quantum theory and/or multidimensional string theories may be used to explain the Genesis account,” and he is the author of "The Genesis Flood- Where Did The Water Come From And Where Did It Go?" Claims that scientists fail to recognize the truth of creationism because they are arrogant and won't recognize any god but themselves.[342]
  • Douglas C. Youvan, Former Associate Professor of Chemistry, MIT, founder of Karios Scientific Inc. Has some real research to his name, but claims that he “feels called by the Great Commission of Jesus Christ to ‘extinguish Darwinism’ and spread the word that an intelligent man can believe in literal Creation.” Has also written the (rabid) creationist screed “Questions of a Christian Biophysicist”.[343]

[edit] Z

  • Leo Zacharski, Professor of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School. Does real medical research; also involved in apologetics.
  • †Stanley E. Zager, Professor Emeritus, Chemical Engineering, Youngstown State University.
  • David Zartman Ph.D. Genetics & Animal Breeding, Ohio State University. Seems to have done research related to the cattle industry, and appears to have some patents to his name.
  • Jonathan A. Zderad, Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Northwestern College (a small, private Christian liberal arts college devoted to a “Biblical worldview”). Has written articles such as "Creationism: A Viable Philosophy of Mathematics", but done little if any real, peer-reviewed research.
  • Ke-Wei Zhao, Ph.D. Neuroscience, University of California, San Diego. Appears to have done research, e.g. related to enzymes.
  • Yuri Zharikov, Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Simon Fraser University. Does apologetics, but also real research on ecology.
  • Audris Zidermanis, Ph.D. Nutrition & Molecular Biology, Texas Woman’s University. Currently teaching “science” (not further specified) at Dallas Christian College, and is a “Special Guest Lecturer” at the Institute for Creation Research’s School of Biblical Apologetics. Google Scholar reveals no scientific publications. Testified before the Texas Board of Education during their 2009 evolution hearings.[344]
  • Robin D. Zimmer, Ph.D. Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University. Currently a private biotech consultant and affiliate of the Center for Faith and Science International (he is not involved in research). Staunch supporter of Tennessee’s proposed creationist-friendly 2011 bill and its “Teach the Controversy” language.[345]
  • John C. Zink, Former Assistant Professor of Engineering, University of Oklahoma (retired). Has some online documents to his name, but no peer-reviewed journal publications found.
  • John Frederick Zino, Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Google reveals no current affiliation, and no research.
  • Frederick T. Zugibe, Emeritus Adjunct Associate Professor of Pathology, Columbia U. College of Physicians and Surgeons. A legitimate forensics experts, but best known for his crucifixion and Shroud of Turin studies. Has made numerous TV appearances on these matters.
  • Henry Zuill, Emeritus Professor of Biology, Union College (a Seventh Day Adventist college). Has written several articles for various religious organization, but seems to have done no scientific research at least for the last 30 years. Also signatory to the CMI list of scientists alive today who accept the biblical account of creation.

[edit] See also

[edit] Footnotes

  1. About the petition
  2. The list of names
  3. Few Biologists but Many Evangelicals Sign Anti-Evolution Petition New York Times article, February 21, 2006
  4. John Lynch did some work on the 2008 version of the list, finding that only about 2% of the signatories had any training in evolutionary biology, Post from January 8, 2008.
  5. Alexander, Denis; Numbers, Ronald L. (2010). Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-60841-7.
  6. Pennock, Robert T. (2001). Intelligent design creationism and its critics: philosophical, theological, and scientific perspectives. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, pp. 322
  7. Sandwalk, post from January 2007
  8. Skip Evans, post at the NCSE website, April 8, 2002.
  9. Bruce Chapman, Letter to the Editor, New York Times, December 12, 2005
  10. The Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture, Key Resources for Parents and School Board Members
  11. Bruce Chapman, Center for Science and Culture article, originally posted in 2003
  12. Eldredge, Niles & Scott, Eugenie C. (2005). Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 215
  13. TalkOrigins Archive on the Kansas evolution hearings, part 8
  14. Steven Schafersman of the Texas Citizens for Science (the real pro-science organization, not to be confused with denialist organizations with deceptively similar names) (2003): Texas Citizens for Science Responds to Latest Discovery Institute Challenge.
  15. BSCE, article on the British contributors to the list
  16. (Review of) Bernard d'Abrera, Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I, Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 30 (1-2): 142–144.
  17. Tekton Ministry’s list of “Scientists of the Christian faith
  18. Achtemeier’s criticism of Stephen Jay Gould.
  19. At least he posted this essay, by one Rashmi Wright, online.
  20. Can be accessed here if you for any reason would want the standard PRATTs once more.
  21. Canadianchristianity.com, article from September 18, 2006.
  22. This one, for instance.
  23. Blogpost from July 7, 2008
  24. Douglas Axe in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  25. Panda’s Thumb, article from January, 2007
  26. Sandwalk, post from January, 2012
  27. Blogpost from March, 31, 2012
  28. Wikipedia article on the Lab
  29. PZ Myers makes a good point regarding the situation.
  30. Bass's own summary of outreach efforts on behalf of cold fusion.
  31. Rightwingwatch, [article from August 4, 2010].
  32. Bartholomew’s Notes on Religion, Post from June 23, 2010.
  33. This discussion thread, for instance.
  34. He has, for instance, contributed to the anthology Life and Mind, which defends homeopathy, water memory, biofields, and the idea that “human intent […] may affect cellular equilibrium”.
  35. Here, for instance.
  36. David Berlinski in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  37. Blogpost from August 2007
  38. Chicago Tribune, Article from July 3, 1992.
  39. Deltoid, Post from December, 2008
  40. Blogpost from December 2008
  41. Debate letter, published in the (not particularly respectable newspaper) Expressen, February 13, 2009 (in Swedish).
  42. J. Bloom, Theistic Evolution Isn’t Fit for Survival, published in Biola Magazine, Fall 2011.
  43. Minnesota Citizens for Science, article responding to an op-ed piece written by Boldt and Todd Flanders.
  44. Said when signing a letter drafted by John Calvert (of the Intelligent Design Network) to be submitted to the Ohio State Board of Education during their evolution wars in 2002.
  45. Blogpost from 2006
  46. According to his Wikipedia article
  47. For instance as summed up by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in The Care of Women Requesting Induced Abortion
  48. National Cancer Institute report, 2003
  49. Or perhaps just very bad journal, Blogpost from May 2009
  50. Marketed here; warning: the layout and color combinations on the website are not for the faint of heart.
  51. CanadianChristianity.com, Intelligent Design Opponent Blocked by Federal Council, (this one is scary), including comments from Brown.
  52. Nancy Bryson in the Encyclopedia of American loons.
  53. British Centre for Science and Education, page on Buggs.
  54. British Centre for Science and Education, Article on the Estelle Morris letter
  55. British Centre for Science and Eduction, Article on Burgess.
  56. According to his project description at the group’s homepage.
  57. Russell Carlson’s entry in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  58. He lays out his views on science and religion here, if you are interested – but you can easily predict what he is going to say without reading the document.
  59. seattlest.com, article from August 23, 2006
  60. G.B. Chase, Gay Evangelicals?, published on Messiah College’s homepages.
  61. At least according to this blog, which seems pretty committed to its authenticity.
  62. Seminar description from his personal homepage.
  63. D. Clark, Stretching Out Heavens, published on the Creation Moments site (officially he is just asking questions, but we all know where he wants to go).
  64. Interview with Cogdell on the Christian Leadership Ministries webpage.
  65. According to the University the reason was simply that her services weren’t needed anymore; she was after all not tenured. Washington Post, article from February 3, 2006
  66. Thoughts from Kansas, post from May 2011
  67. Blogpost from February 2008
  68. Homepage for Leadership University.
  69. Steve Schafersman, Texas Citizens for Science Responds to Latest Discovery Institute Challenge, September 2, 2003.
  70. H. Walters, Intelligent Design Presentation Heavily Debated, The Signal, February 22, 2006.
  71. Here, along with many of the other usual suspects. Discovery Institute Fellow David DeWolf is marked as Counsel of Record.
  72. Here, along with many of the other usual suspects. Discovery Institute Fellow David DeWolf is marked as Counsel of Record.
  73. John A. Davison’s entry in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  74. For instance W. DeJong & H. Degens, The Application of Artificial Evolution in Software Engineering, retrieved from evolutionskepsis.nl.
  75. Blogpost from November 2005
  76. The letter.
  77. Deltoid, Post from December, 2008
  78. Washington Times, op-ed from December 10, 2008
  79. Detwiler’s Three Position Papers on Intelligent Design in the Public Schools.
  80. [ http://www2.newsadvance.com/news/2009/feb/15/liberty_university_refuting_evolution-ar-213489/ NewsAdvance Article, February 15, 2009]
  81. Robert DiSilvestro, Where’s the Evidence, letter to the Boston Review, March 1997.
  82. R. DiSilvestro, Some Useful Info for Students in Undergraduate Biology Classes, at the Christian Leadership Ministries homepage. And yes, it’s the predictable list: the Miller-Urey experiment, Appeals to the Bible, fine-tuning, macroevolution has never been observed, Darwin was wrong on the fossil record, misunderstanding Punctuated equilibrium, and [Haeckel’s embryos were wrong … yes, Haeckel’s embryo, no less (he claims that Haeckel presented them “a while back”) – and this guy fancies himself as having any kind of scientific integrity!
  83. Dynamist blog, reporting on an exasperatingly “balanced” article in The Greenville News.
  84. And this guy claims a PhD in physics! His conversion story is found here.
  85. Quackwatch, Some notes on Jean Drisko.
  86. Quote from Dritt featured on Fundies say the darndest things.
  87. His contribution to the Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Creationism appears to be featured here.
  88. The claim that taxes are a threat to our freedom is stated explicitly in its mission
  89. Post from July 2009.
  90. For a game of "spot the creationist PRATTs" you could do worse than using his Life is Organized Without Darwinian Transitions; this is Kent Hovind territory.
  91. Their webpage.
  92. K. Duff, Dating, Intimacy, and the Teenage Years; check out the editorial review. He has also written “Bride of the High Places”, “Restoration of Men” and “Restoration of Marriage”, which presumably continue in the same vein.
  93. Comment in S. Jaschik, Believing in God and Evolution, Inside Higher Ed., October 14, 2009.
  94. Debate between van Dyke and George Murphy here.
  95. Quoted in the Salina Journal, article from March 16, 2008.
  96. Interview; the English translation is horrible.
  97. Here; warning – that is a link to Denyse O’Leary’s blog.
  98. Eckel’s profile with Answers in Genesis.
  99. The letter, reproduced at RedStateRablle.
  100. Science and Creation, Dissent from Darwin: So, who are these geologistst?, post from July 18, 2009.
  101. Huntington webiste, News section, May 13, 2004. By the way, the faculty of Huntington University subscribe to the following statement of faith: “We believe the Bible to be the inspired, the only infallible, authoritative Word of God.”
  102. A summary of a presentation by Ewert, which was not particularly impressive, apparently.
  103. Nick Matzke at the Panda’s Thumb, The immune system cross-examination still burns, post from December 20, 2010. Also discussed here.
  104. Blogpost from November 2011
  105. British Centre for Science and Education, Page on the Estelle Morris letter affair.
  106. Personal comment on this blog.
  107. In her own words (cached).
  108. Misunderestimation, [http://www.misunderestimation.com/index.php/2006/07/20/teaching-evolution-under-fire-in-wisconsin/ post from July 20, 2006.
  109. Seattlest.com, [article from August 23, 2006].
  110. Ann Gauger in the Encyclopedia of American loons.
  111. Blogpost from October 2011
  112. The letter
  113. Blogpost from April 2008
  114. Article in Polish
  115. He is a signatory to this petition] as well, which by the way has “independent researchers” as a separate category. The petition was commented on by Sean Carroll at Preposterous Universe, here (post from May 29, 2004).
  116. Open Parachute, Who are the “dissenters from Darwinism”?, published January 23, 2008.
  117. Guillermo Gonzalez in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  118. Blogpost from July 2007
  119. Blogpost from May 2009
  120. The Fall 2012 series has Gunasekera together with Walter Bradley, Mike Keas, and Robert Marks. Enough said.
  121. TalkOrigins FAQ about the Kansas Evolution Hearings.
  122. blogspost from 2005
  123. The Study, and the rebuttal
  124. Blogpost from April 2006
  125. Records for Healey at the British Centre for Science Education.
  126. Goodle Scholar results for D Hiddle
  127. Blogpost from November 2006
  128. Heddle's blog
  129. Such as this one. All the standard fallacies, lies, cherry-picking, and PRATTs are there, but of course children won’t know. She blatantly misrepresents physics as well; almost as if she didn’t know what she is talking about.
  130. M. Hill, Review: Adaptive State of Mammalian Cells and its Nonseparability Suggestive of a Quantum System, in Scripta Medica (Brno), October 2000 (not exactly a highly ranked journal).
  131. John Hodgson, Scientists avert new GMO crisis, Nature Biotechnology 18, 13 (2000).
  132. His homepage at the faculty website.
  133. Florida Citizens for Science, Post from June 2005
  134. For instance this.
  135. Florida Citizens for Science, Post from June 2005.
  136. Interview with Don Batten and Carl Wieland for Creation Ministries International.
  137. Union University website, News section, September 16, 2002.
  138. A representative example, Pandas Thumb, post from July 2010.
  139. Blogpost from January 2008
  140. Blogpost from October 2010
  141. Matt Young, Taner Edis: "Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism". Rutgers University Press.
  142. KLTV, [article from January 23, 2009.
  143. Jelsma, T. (2009): “Is Creation Science Reformed?”
  144. Homepage.
  145. Here, if you really want to read it. It is discussed at the website In Defense of Darwinism.
  146. Yup
  147. Here; although it may just be an unfortunate formulation, Jones’s endorsement of creationism makes the goal seem rather telling.
  148. Archive with two of Jones’s papers in defense of teaching creationism in public schools.
  149. Forskning.no, article from March 2007 (in Norwegian).
  150. Blogpost from March 2006
  151. MSNBC, Article from January 7, 2005
  152. At least it looks that way from this blogpost, which quotes something called “Quiverfull Digest”.
  153. [1].
  154. At least it seems that way, though the screed in the Daily Cougar in which he is cited is incoherent enough to make it unclear.
  155. At least according to this blogpost, posted April 13, 2005.
  156. The publication is here, if you want. The opening sentence is “Replacing his faith in Creator God with misplaced certainty in the power of science, Darwin subjected himself to a disquiet life and a hopeless death,” and you know you are in for some rigorous, impartial evaluation of the evidence for evolution in what follows.
  157. Sun and Shield, blogpost from September 13, 2005.
  158. Brian Landrum, Worldview, Ethics, and Society, presentation, Ratio Christi.
  159. The Ledger, Article from February 11, 2009
  160. According to the Discovery Institute’s own interview.
  161. LJWorld News, Article from February 21, 2006.
  162. The Link, Newletter for Kansas Citizens for Science, Summer/Fall 2004.
  163. ExChristian.net, post from November 29, 2005.
  164. Cleveland.com, The Plain Dealer, article from May 12, 2002.
  165. Sandwalk, The Biologic Institute Expands, post from August 8, 2009.
  166. A discussion of the journal can be found at the NCSE homepage: G. Branch, The Latest “Intelligent Design” Journal.
  167. W.E. Lillo, Religion vs. Science.
  168. Times Higher Education, [2], article from June 2000.
  169. Newsgroups post from April 12, 2006.
  170. Flyer here.
  171. Interview here.
  172. Article in the Wall Street Journal, November 2005
  173. Blogpost from March, 2006
  174. Homepage for the project.
  175. Article in the Spokesman.
  176. Nick Gier, Academic Tenure is Not Sacrosanct.
  177. Here, along with many of the other usual suspects. Discovery Institute Fellow David DeWolf is marked as Counsel of Record.
  178. Robert Marks in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  179. Blogpost from April 2008
  180. Blogpost from September 2007
  181. Blogpost from August 2009
  182. Blogpost from May 2009
  183. The slides, if you must (download(!)).
  184. G.A. Marsch, How Liberals Can Be Anti-Science.
  185. The Review
  186. Interview with Answers in Genesis
  187. C.G. Weber, The Bombardier Beetle Myth Exploded, NCSE; article originally published in the Creation/Evolution Journal as far back as 1981, which illustrates how resilient the myth is and how little attention creationists actually pay to accuracy and truth.
  188. Genomicron, Reducibly complex bombardier beetles, post from March 2008.
  189. Homepage here.
  190. The Augusta Chronicle, report from a debate featuring McMullen, published November 4, 2004.
  191. Their “mission and doctrinal statement” is here, and it seems to put some rather severe restrictions on what science they can teach. Unsurprisingly, they appear to be unaccredited with respect their science programs
  192. Spokesman.com, article from September 8, 2005.
  193. Angus Menuge in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  194. A debate between Menuge and PZ Myers is available here
  195. Menuge’s faculty homepage at Concordia
  196. Menuge’s testimonial, Blogpost from May 2005
  197. Stephen Meyer in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  198. An apt review of the book
  199. Comments on a less apt review of the book.
  200. Blogpost from June 2007.
  201. Their “mission and doctrinal statement” is here, and it seems to put some rather severe restrictions on what science they can teach. And indeed, they appear to be unaccredited with respect their science programs
  202. The Wikipedia Article on the Kansas Evolution hearings.
  203. You can see Brian Miller discuss Intelligent Design with pastor Ron Lewis here. The advertisement reads: “Still confused if Darwinism is a fact or a theory? Is Science the friend or foe of your faith? Actually, an old adage says, ‘a little of Science can harm a person's faith, but a lot of Science will bring him or her right back to God.’”
  204. TalkOrigins’s page on the controversy.
  205. Panda’s Thumb, April 2006
  206. Scott Minnich’s entry in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  207. The Exodus Case
  208. Debunking Christianity, Blogpost from May 2008, concerning Möller’s documentary “The Exodus Conspiracy”; including a review of “The Exodus Case”.
  209. Stones and Bones, post from January 2012
  210. Panda’s Thumb, Archive on the Leonard affair.
  211. The Phoenix, A Review of Falsifiability, February 24, 2010, a response to an earlier article by Neeland (which has apparently disappeared from the site).
  212. Evolutionblog, Post from May, 2004.
  213. P. Nesselroade, Georgia, Ohio, and the Developing Dilemma for Darwinists.
  214. The Panda's Thumb, post from March 30, 2006.
  215. Available on google books. Blurb: “Traditional Angelology, Demonology, Satanology, Ghosts, Spirits and all the Hosts of Heavens and Earth are treated in the traditional hierarchial way. The book also presents the angels and the hosts of all dimensions as parts and organs of the body of God.”
  216. Ralph Long has some interesting information on Nitz and his affiliations here.
  217. Amazon product information on O’Mathúna & Larimore’s book.
  218. Forrest, B & Gross, P. (2004). Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design, p.159-62. Oxford University Press.
  219. Review of the chapter by Graham Oppy, who was not impressed.
  220. Quackwatch List of questionable organizations
  221. Kathleen Seidel reviews JPANDS, article from March 12, 2006
  222. Review of the paper at Respectful Insolence and at Good Math, Bad Math
  223. Wikipedia article on Doctors for Disaster Preparedness.
  224. Respectful Insolence, post from December 2011
  225. LJWorld News, Article from February 21, 2006.
  226. Ed Peltzer in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  227. Peltzer’s contributions to the hearings.
  228. Blogpost from January 2006
  229. The Record, article from 2007
  230. NCSE, Evolution: Still Deep in the Hearts of Textbooks.
  231. M. Poenie & D. Hillis, Letter to the Board of Education, November 4, 2003.
  232. And either he is being very disingenuous in this comment thread, or he did not really understand what he was signing when he put his name on this Dissent list.
  233. David Prentice in the Encyclopedia of American loons.
  234. Blogpost from 2007
  235. Blogpost from July 2006
  236. The list
  237. Blogpost from 2007
  238. Letter to Science from three scientists concerning Prentice’s list.
  239. Blogpost from November 2006
  240. Blogpost from July 2006
  241. Georgia Purdom in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  242. A good example is described by Off Resonance, post from May 6, 2008
  243. As shown by her (and others’) attempts at defending what they are working at; Pharyngula Post from January 10, 2011
  244. Fazale Rana in the Encyclopedia of American Loons
  245. Apparently even young earth creationist Todd Wood took issue with that lame attempt.
  246. British Centre for Science and Education, Page on Randall.
  247. Review here.
  248. The petition can be found here.
  249. British Centre for Science and Education, Page on Reeves.
  250. Charisma Magazine, article from May 31, 2008; it should be mentioned that Charisma Magazine is a fundamentalist tract associated by the New Apostolic Reformation.
  251. As evidenced, for instance, by this post on his blog.
  252. The Panda’s Thumb, post from January 14, 2012, see comment 2.
  253. Lisa A. Shiel, The Evolution Conspiracy.
  254. TFN article from March 25, 2011
  255. Baptist Press article from 2011.
  256. Google group summary of an ID presentation in Finland, quoting Saari.
  257. The In Defense of Darwinism site is a good resource on Salthe.
  258. His homepage.
  259. Panda’s Thumb on the list, Article from February 2006
  260. Nick Matzke, Pandas Thumb, Inside Higher Ed on creo/ID volume, post from March 1, 2012, on one of Sanford’s talks at a Seventh-Day Adventism meeting, as part of his review of the Biological Information: New Perspectives pseudoconference.
  261. Talkorigins, transcript
  262. According to the Discovery Institute’s own interview.
  263. The In Defense of Darwinism site is a good resource on Schaefer.
  264. Evolutionwiki, International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design.
  265. Henry Schaefer’s Misunderstanding, lclane2.net post.
  266. Atheonomy.com, Report on Schaefer’s lecture “Big Bang, Stephen Hawking, and God”.
  267. The Panda’s Thumb article on Schaefer, May 3, 2004.
  268. Barbara Forrest, Academe Online article from 2005
  269. Press release from the Texas A&M University. The award again underlines the firm creationist basis of the Texas A&M.
  270. New York Times, Article from November 4, 2007
  271. Seriously; look at the evidence.
  272. Transcripts are archived here.
  273. Blogpost from 2007
  274. e.g. V. Setzer, Antroposophy, online publication.
  275. Sewell’s entry in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  276. Talkorigins’s 2006 list. Note that even judge Jones in the Kitzmiller v. Dover case rejected the claim that Sewell’s article did any such thing, as explicitly stated in the ruling.
  277. Good Math, Bad Math, Post from October 2006 and from September 2007.
  278. Denialism, blogpost from September 2007
  279. Jason Rosenhouse, “Does Evolution Have a Thermodynamics Problem”, published on the CSI site, May 19, 2006. The article focuses on Sewell’s work in particular.
  280. Talkreason, post from January 2006
  281. Blogpost from August 2007
  282. And yes, it’s just more of the same; blogpost from April 2007, despite the fact that the points have already been refuted an uncannily large number of times.
  283. Frum heretic, post from December 3, 2009.
  284. TFN report, July 7 2011
  285. Here, along with many of the other usual suspects. Discovery Institute Fellow David DeWolf is marked as Counsel of Record.
  286. The list of signatories, including Siek in particular, is discussed in some detail here.
  287. Middletown Journal, article from Aug 1, 2011.
  288. Steven Carter Novotni, Creating a Divine Mess, City Beat article from September 28, 2011.
  289. Simat’s entry in evolutionwiki.
  290. Bruce Simat in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  291. commentary from a former student.
  292. Simat’s testimony, TalkOrigins report.
  293. The In Defense of Darwinism site is a good resource on Skell.
  294. Blogpost, March 8, 2007
  295. Post from November 2005
  296. Blogpost from October 2005.
  297. Available online here.
  298. Deltoid, Post from December, 2008
  299. Bruce E. Johansen, post at Nebraskans for Peace].
  300. Bruce E. Johansen, How to Spot a Climate Contrarian.
  301. Michael Lynch, Simple evolutionary pathways to complex proteins, Protein Sci. 2005 September; 14(9): 2217–2225.
  302. Blogpost from August 2011
  303. S. Schafersman, [3], post from September 2, 2003.
  304. Good Math, Bad Math, Post from May 2007 that primarily discusses Spetner’s use of a hopeless mathematical argument about search spaces and optimization processes.
  305. Blogpost from September 27, 2010.
  306. The true story
  307. Blogpost from June 2007
  308. Yes, the fallacies and misleading claims are all there. See for yourself, if you must.
  309. Here, if you are so inclined.
  310. What is Ultimately Possible in Physics, entry for essay contest for the FQXi community.
  311. Charles Thaxton on evolutionwiki.
  312. Thaxton’s contributions to the book (discussion).
  313. An example. It does not require much knowledge of statistics, or anything else, to see that the input assumptions are, shall we say, dubious, and the results similarly unconvincing.
  314. Sean Carroll, The Varieties of Crackpot Experience, Cosmic Variance, post from January 5, 2009.
  315. George Ellis, Piety in the sky (Book review), Nature 371, 115 (8 September 1994).
  316. British Centre for Science Education, Page on Toleman, including a letter in which he explains his stance.
  317. Online Athens, article from September 22, 2002.
  318. The NCSE on the Cobb County stickers, Cobb County stickers.
  319. The NCSE on the Cobb County case, Article from September 27, 2002.
  320. Florida Citizens for Science, Post from June 2005.
  321. Vacha’s CV on his website
  322. Van der Ventel, Darwin and the lie of evolution, p.1.
  323. World religion watch (appears to be a fundie site), article from January 21, 2012
  324. A paper of his, posted on the Bad Science webpage, January 2000.
  325. Old Interview in Lubbock online.
  326. J. C. Walton Intelligent Design and its Critics, in Dialogue: An International Journal of Faith, Thought, and Action.
  327. A typical program from the Crieff Adventist Church.
  328. The criteria used by Returntotheword to rank colleges, and the list.
  329. Deltoid, Post from December, 2008
  330. Blogpost from June 2008
  331. Live Blogpost from March 2009
  332. Extensive review here (Reed A. Cartwright at Pandasthumb).
  333. The petition can be found here.
  334. Hanna Rosin, “Rock of Ages, Ages of Rock”, The New York Times Magazine, November 25, 2007.
  335. Rober Wiens (2002): Radiometric Dating: A Christian Perspective, The American Scientific Affiliation, revised version.
  336. As documented, for instance, in Jesus Camp.
  337. The Loom, post from February 21, 2007
  338. Pittsburgh Press, Article from Aug.1, 1990.
  339. Jim Nelson Black, “The Death of Evolution: Restoring Faith and Wonder in a World of Doubt” (a rabid creationist screed)
  340. Blogpost from September 2004
  341. British Centre for Science Education discusses the list
  342. CMI, Interview with Young, from 2001.
  343. His website
  344. Live Blogpost, March 2009
  345. The Sensuous Curmudgeon, Post from March, 2011
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