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 Truman Doctrine
The following year, 1947, saw massive unrest in Greece and Turkey; in both nations, a communist movement was gaining traction. Truman requested $400 million in aid to grant to Greece and Turkey to fight against the communist "subversion." Truman's request (made in the form of a speech to Congress) represented the first official instance of containment policy, and the policy of providing aid to governments of nations in which the threat of communist uprising was significant is known as the Truman Doctrine.
 WarsKorean War and the Vietnam War. Neither is remembered fondly.
The Korean War guaranteed the retention of South Korea in the capitalist camp. In this sense it was a success, as the nation was a critical prop in the region, buttressing the rise of a booming Japan and in latter years becoming one of the most technologically advanced economies on the planet. However, it failed to affect North Korea, and the war led to the creation of the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea, in addition to winning the dangerous resentment of the batshit-crazy Kim Jong-il.
Vietnam... well on the bright side, it inspired a lot of pretty good music. (And with the exception of Apocalypse Now and "Platoon" [Before Charlie Sheen became insane], some pretty mediocre films.)