Appeal to fiction
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An appeal to fiction (also generalizing from fictional evidence) is a logical fallacy that occurs when someone makes claims about reality based on evidence drawn from works of fiction.
Fiction is not reality — it is driven in large part by considerations of being interesting to the audience rather than reflecting reality with 100% accuracy. Furthermore, fiction shows systemic bias in its distortion of reality; common deviations for the audience's benefit are catalogued and studied as tropes. Using fiction to argue about reality can therefore systematically skewer your beliefs and expectations.
- This tactic was deployed by candidates in the 2008 Republican presidential debates, when many of the candidates referenced the television series 24 to support their national security policies.
- Just about anything to do with 1984.
- Things to keep in mind before starting a conspiracy, mostly informed by fictional examples
- Cognitive biases potentially affecting judgment of global risks, pp. 9, Nick Bostrom
- The Logical Fallacy of Generalization from Fictional Evidence, on LessWrong