House of Commons

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A guide to
U.K. Politics
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God Save the Queen?

The House of Commons is the lower house of the UK Parliament. It is elected on a first past the post basis every five years and since 2010 has had 650 MPs.

Relationship with the Government[edit]

By convention, the Prime Minister holds office so long as they hold the confidence of the Commons. The electoral system generally returns a majority for one or other of the major parties, and the leader of that party is appointed Prime Minister by the monarch. The second largest party forms Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, and has its own "Shadow Cabinet" to reflect the Government Cabinet. In the 2010 election, however, neither party obtained an absolute majority and a coalition government was formed between the Conservative Party, (whose leader David Cameron became Prime Minister) and the Liberal Democrats led by the Deputy Prime Minister Judas Iscariot Nick Clegg. This state of affairs ended when the Tories took an absolute majority of seats in 2015.

Expenses scandal[edit]

In May 2009 the Daily Telegraph began publishing details of MP's expenses claims (for the costs of maintaining a second home in London) which had been leaked to it. The Commons had been for some time been fighting a rearguard action against a Freedom of Information Act request by the journalist Heather Brooke for details of these claims. Having lost before the Information Tribunal and the High Court, the Commons authorities decided against changing the law to exempt themselves from the requirements they had imposed on everyone else and announced they would publish heavily-redacted details of these claims. However, during the process of redaction a copy of all the claims was made and leaked to the Torygraph.

Among the revelations were that the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith had claimed for two pay-tv pr0n movies (watched by her husband) and 89p for a bathplug, which was ironic since her ministerial position then disappeared down the plughole, followed quickly by her seat in Parliament.

As a result of the revelations numerous MPs decided not to contest their seats at the 2010 General Election, and a number were later imprisoned for making false claims.

The expenses scandal also exposed a striking hypocrisy among the political elite. The outriders had preached the rolling back of the state, and their sermon was picked up and amplified by politicians. Those people portrayed as dependent on the state became particularly demonized ... It's ironic, then, that the individuals most vociferous about rolling back the state were also the most desperate to milk it – even though, in many cases, they were already independently wealthy.
—Owen Jones[citation needed]

Notable Members of Parliament[edit]

  • David Tredinnick was forced to resign from his position as a Parliamentary Private Secretary, the lowest (unpaid) rung on the ministerial ladder, after being found to have accepted a £1,000 bribe for asking questions in Parliament. He later drew derision after claiming in a Parliamentary debate that, during certain phases of the moon "Surgeons will not operate because blood clotting is not effective and the police have to put more people on the street." [1]. The outgoing Chief Scientist, Sir John Beddington, later suggested that Tredinnick had fallen for the Galileo fallacy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]