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Intersex refers to any biological ambiguity of an animal or human's sex from "chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals". Using Anne Fausto-Sterling's definition, 1.7% of all human births are intersex.
Intersex can be distinguished from transsexualism, in that intersex individuals have natural physical sex ambiguity; whereas any ambiguity in a transsexual's body is artificial. Like transsexual individuals, intersex individuals sometimes come to feel they were assigned the wrong gender at birth, and seek to change that assignment; this is generally distinguished from transsexualism, though it tends to be used to support the supposition that each person has an intrinsic gender identity that cannot be wrongfully imposed.
Non-intersex humans are called perisex or dyadic.
Intersex is not hermaphroditism
Individuals with an ambiguous sex were previously labeled as hermaphrodites; however, this has since dropped out of use due to not correctly describing said individuals. Unlike intersex, hermaphroditism is a normal biological condition for an organism having fully functional reporoductive organs of both sexes.
Intersex medical operations
Medical operations are commonly done to intersex individuals, mainly for cosmetic purposes. Intersex operations have a history of doing more harm than no good, inflicting
victims patients with life long issues because their sex ambiguity was too egregious.
To date, intersexes are not protected under law in most countries across the world. LGBTQI currently is not very widespread.
- UN Committee against Torture; UN Committee on the Rights of the Child; UN Committee on the Rights of People with Disabilities; UN Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; Juan Méndez, Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; Dainius Pῡras, Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; Dubravka Šimonoviæ, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; Marta Santos Pais, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Violence against Children et al. (October 24, 2016). "Intersex Awareness Day – Wednesday 26 October. End violence and harmful medical practices on intersex children and adults, UN and regional experts urge". Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=20739&LangID=E.
- See the Wikipedia article on Intersex.
- Fausto-Sterling, Anne (2000). Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-07713-7.
- Dreger, Alice D.; Chase, Cheryl; Sousa, Aron; Gruppuso, Phillip A.; Frader, Joel (18 August 2005). ""Changing the Nomenclature/Taxonomy for Intersex: A Scientific and Clinical Rationale."". Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. http://www.aissg.org/PDFs/Dreger-Nomenclature-2005.PDF. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- World Health Organization (2015). Sexual health, human rights and the law. Geneva: World Health Organization. ISBN 9789241564984.
- Eliminating forced, coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization, An interagency statement, World Health Organization, May 2014.
- United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (May 4, 2015). Discrimination and violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity.