Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly the Tamil Tigers, is a Sri Lankan separatist terrorist group advocating the creation of a state for the Tamil minority. The Tigers were headed by Velupillai Prabhakaran until he was killed by the Sri Lankan army. The LTTE is a rare example of a secular group that has used suicide bombing as a tactic. Religious apologists have cited the LTTE, along with Imperial Japan, as an argument against the claim that suicide bombings are religiously motivated. Although the LTTE is a secular organisation, its members are free to hold whatever beliefs they see fit.
The LTTE is also an equal opportunities employer, with women engaging in active military service, including the aforementioned suicide attacks. They are arguably the most innovative terrorist group, having pioneered many techniques such as suicide bombings. In 2009 the LTTE conceded military defeat, ending more than 25 years of civil war.