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Lists of creationist scientists

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The divine comedy

Creationism

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The following is a compilation (taken from various lists created by creationists) of lists of creationist scientists; which is to say, scientists who either:

  1. Accept Young Earth creationism (YEC) to some degree
  2. Accept intelligent design (ID) to some degree
  3. Reject evolution to some degree

The purpose of lists such as these is the attempt to fallaciously establish Creationism and/or ID as a plausible alternative to evolution, in this case via the arbitrary accumulation of as many fancy titles as possible for their lists, in order to abrasively petition their way into classrooms and universities, regardless of the many scientific obstacles to this.

Contents

[edit] Which lists?

Said lists include:

  • AIG: Answers in Genesis's Creation Scientists[1] (as of 08 November 2015[2]), Modern Creation Scientists[3] (as of 25 November 2015[4]), and Scientist Inclusion Procedure[5] (as of 06 September 2015[6]). Criteria for inclusion:[6]
We prefer to list scientists holding doctorates, though in some cases, we will accept those with master’s degrees (and, in some rare cases, bachelor’s degrees) who have "proven" themselves in research. (After all, Isaac Newton earned only a bachelor’s degree and an honorary master’s degree.) [Scientists are then asked to submit a document with an [1] signed copy of AIG's Statement of Faith, [2] their resume, [3] a brief "Christian testimony", and [4] two-three references preferably from "biblical Christians or scientists we also know" and "one from a current pastor".]
Individuals on this list possess an earned doctorate in a field of science, or (for the rare person lacking a PhD) high level research achievements or academic status.
[Signatories (supposedly) agreed with the statement that:] We are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged. There is scientific dissent from Darwinism. It deserves to be heard.
  • ICR: the Institute for Creation Research's Creation Scientists, (as of 02 June 2002[11]) Creation Scientists in the Biological Sciences (as of 01 June 2002[12]), and Creation Scientists in the Physical Sciences (as of 10 August 2002[13]). Criteria for inclusion:[11]
Today there are thousands of scientists who are creationists and who repudiate any form of molecules-to-man evolution in their analysis and use of scientific data. Creation scientists can now be found in literally every discipline of science, and their numbers are increasing rapidly. Evolutionists are finding it increasingly difficult to maintain the fiction that evolution is "science" and creation science is "religion". When news media personnel and others make such statements today, they merely reveal their own liberal social philosophies—not their awareness of scientific facts.

[edit] Problems

These lists have numerous problems.

[edit] Sowing "controversy"

See the main article on this topic: Teach the controversy
DI states that "[t]here is scientific dissent to Darwinism", which is misleadingly true -- especially because modern evolutionary theory has added much to Darwinian ideas. DI then plays the persecution card, stating that this dissent "deserves to be heard".

These lists "manufacture dissent" to explain the absence of scientific debate of creationist and ID claims. Robert Pennock points out:[14]

The "scientific" claims of such neo-creationists as Johnson, Denton, and Behe rely, in part, on the notion that these issues surrounding evolution are the subject of suppressed debate among biologists. [...] according to neo-creationists, the apparent absence of this discussion and the nearly universal rejection of neo-creationist claims must be due to the conspiracy among professional biologists instead of a lack of scientific merit.

The Discovery Institute in particular uses its list to promote the idea that evolution is the subject of wide controversy and debate within the scientific community (despite the minuscule percentage of actual scientists that have signed up for it).[15] It has, for instance, been used to support their Teach the Controversy campaigns and their relatives ("Critical Analysis of Evolution", "Free Speech on Evolution", "Stand Up For Science").[16] DI has claimed "evolution is a theory in crisis" that is disputed widely within the scientific community, citing ASDFD as evidence or a resource, and hence also that this information is being withheld from students in public high school science classes along with "alternatives" to evolution such as ID.[17]

In 2002 Stephen Meyer presented A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism to the Ohio Board of Education to promote Teach the Controversy, citing it as demonstrating the existence of genuine controversy over Darwinian evolution;[18] in the 2005 Kansas evolution hearings he similarly cited the petition in support of there being "significant scientific dissent from Darwinism" that students should be informed about.[19]

[edit] Popularity as scientific evidence

See the main article on this topic: Argumentum ad populum

Scientific principles are built on publications in peer-reviewed journals, discussion in open forums, and finally consensus. A petition or list of supporters should be considered the last resort of a pseudoscience rather than a legitimate scientific dissent from the current consensus. Instead of saying, "the best publications support my position" or even "most publications support my position", these lists say "some scientists happen to support my position". At best, this is a flawed appeal to authority; at worst, this is essentially an appeal to the minority.

[edit] (Lack of) length

Presumably these lists are meant to be inclusive; if so, then they are miserably inadequate, and bely the relatively small size of the pool of creation scientists. Several facts make this clear:

  • Many scientists are listed by multiple creationist organizations; some are listed by all 4.
  • Many scientists are listed multiple times on the same list: the AIG list double-dips 8 times.
  • It's questionable whether some of the people listed actually exist beyond creationist copy-pasting, given that they have left no trace of their scientific (or otherwise) work.
  • Deceased scientists are not consistently removed from the lists (or not removed at all), and not consistently kept track of, something that further contributes to inflating the number of listees.

The roughly 700 signatories who originally signed DI's list would have represented about 0.063% of the estimated 1,108,100 biological and geological scientists in the US in 1999.[20][21] (The roughly 150 biologist Darwin Dissenters would hence represent about 0.013% of the US biologists that existed in 1999.) As of 2006, the list was expanded to include non-US scientists. However, the list nonetheless represents less than 0.03% of all research scientists in the world.[22] Despite the increase in absolute number of scientists willing to sign the dissent form, the figures indicate the support from scientists for creationism and ID is steadily decreasing.

As a tongue-in-cheek response, the National Center for Science Education started "Project Steve", a list of living scientists a list of scientists with the first name "Steve" (or non-English variants of the name) who support evolution, and who gave consent to the use of their name. As of 09 February 2012 the list contained 1187 signatures, of which two-thirds are qualified biologists. The signatories to Project Steve are overall far more consistently active scientists and researchers with real credentials. By comparison, in 2012, A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism had only 12 signatories whose names would have qualified them for the Steve list per 2012. The twelve constitute a motley crew that contains two non-scientists (Meyer, Cheesman), certified crackpots (Gift), and one single biologist named C. Steven Murphree, who, to add insult to injury, later repudiated his involvement with DI and signed Project Steve instead.

Most damning of all, the petition A Scientific Support for Darwinism (And For Public Schools Not To Teach "Intelligent Design" As Science)[wp], which was spread only by word of mouth and was only open for four days, received 7,733 signatures (as compared to ASDFD's then 400 signatures over four years), out of which a whopping 4,066 of the signatories had PhDs. To make matters worse still for the Creationists, as far as the (admittedly fallacious) strategy of gathering signatures goes:[23]

Among the signatories were 21 U.S. National Academy of Science members, nine MacArthur Fellowship awardees, and a Nobel laureate. According to [petition starter R. Joe Brandon's] analysis, of those who signed his petition, there were:

  • 3,385 with biology in their title
  • 850 with anthropology/archaeology
  • 680 with evolutionary & ecology
  • 394 from the field of genetics
  • 270 from geology and related fields
  • 234 from the fields of physics, astronomy, or space sciences
  • 111 chemists
  • 110 psychologists
  • 75 computer scientists
  • 50 engineers

[edit] (Lack of) qualifications

As of October 2012, the NCSE's list of Steves was 189% more qualified than DI's list. Core fields: Anatomy, Anthropology, Bacteriology, Biochemistry, Biology, Biophysics, Botany, Ecology, Entomology, Epidemiology, Genetics, Geology, Geophysics, Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Neurophysiology, Paleontology, Physiology, Taxonomy, Virology or Zoology.[24]

Although one might think that being a biologist or geologist or astronomer is required to prove a recent creation or intelligent design, creationists apparently disagree, as the list includes numerous of the following:

  • mathematicians and statisticians — fields consisting almost entirely of a priori reasoning rather than scientific observation
  • assorted medical professionals, including dentists, veterinarians and plastic surgeons[note 1]
  • engineers
  • and even a couple of philosophers.

A large percentage of those signatories who do have a research record are retired.

Three-quarters of the signatories had no academic background in biology. The number of biologists actively researching biological issues even remotely related to evolution can be counted on one hand.

Some of the listed scientists are academics, almost all at evangelical Christian universities.

Even the actual scientists frequently work in fields completely unrelated to the subject at hand. But, but, SCIENCE! In fact, relatively quick searches reveal that a very large percentage of those listed have no academic affiliation at all. Further, many of those listed are currently employed by AIG, CMI, DI, or ICR themselves — making them less than unbiased.

[edit] Misinterpretations

Larry Moran puts it:[25]

I am skeptical of claims that natural selection accounts for all of the complexity of life. There are lots of other things going on during evolution.

But I will not sign [A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism] because Dembski and the IDiots will deliberately misinterpret my intentions. They have no idea what dissent from classical Darwinism really means. They have no idea that someone like me could (mostly) agree with the statement while, at the same time, referring to all Intelligent Design Creationists as IDiots. I suspect that some of those who signed the petition would feel the same way about Intelligent Design.

When the National Center for Science Education contacted several of the signatories of A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism, many of them admitted that they had no problem with common descent or evolution at all; one of them said that his "dissent mainly concerns the origin of life," but the theory of evolution is, of course, not a theory about the origin of life at all (though if the statement is read literally, such concerns would in fact be a reason to assent to it).[26]

However, the language of the statement is misleading. It frames the argument in a way that anyone could agree with it. Anyone who is open to the idea of scientific inquiry would agree that they should be skeptical of everything, including evolution. Many signatories — including quite a few who have real, respectable research records — have explicitly denied that they have any problems with evolution, but signed the list for other reasons (e.g. Patricia Reiff, Phillip Savage, Ronald Larson).

[edit] Overrepresented or creationist institutions

[edit] Explanation

[edit] Fields of the table

  • Name: [Last Name], [First Name] [Middle Initial].
  • Lists: Which lists the person is a part of. Includes AIG, CMI, DI, ICR.
  • Broad field: The broad field of science in which the person studied. Includes Anthropology, Biology, Business, Chemistry, Earth Science, Education, Engineering, Forensics, History, Linguistics, Mathematics, Medicine, Philosophy, Physics, Theology, and Zoology. Only certain fields are considered qualified to be on the creationists' lists.
  • Education and qualifications: An overview of the person's qualifications, occupation, statements about the issue, etc.
  • Last published: [Year] ([2016 - Year] YA). "YA" means "years ago". If the person published more than 20 YA, then they're not considered qualified to be on the creationists' lists. Creationist publications are not counted, because creationist journals often qualify as pseudojournals.
  • Viewpoint: Whether the person is a young earth creationist (YEC), intelligent design proponent (ID), evolution supporter,[note 2] or unknown. If they aren't YEC or ID, they aren't considered qualified to be on the creationists' lists.
  • Qualified? Whether the person is qualified to speak on creationism. To be qualified, a person must have [1] studied Anthropology, Biology, Chemistry (Biochemistry, Organic Chemistry only), Earth Science (Geology, Geophysics only), Medicine (Anatomy, Bacteriology only), or Physics (Astronomy, Geophysics only) to at least the M.S. level, [2] have published in the last 20 years (since 1995), and [3] must actually support creationism and/or intelligent design. When one or more of these fields cannot be verified, the creationist gets the benefit of the doubt and is reported as qualified.

[edit] Colors of the table

Color Abbreviation Meaning
Green Yes Person is qualified
Red No (Field) Person is not qualified because their field of study is not relevant.
White No (Edu) Person is not qualified because they did not study the relevant field until at least the M.S. level.
Blue No (View) Person does not actually oppose evolution, support intelligent design, or support creationism.
Grey No (LP) Person is not qualified because they have no publications or last published 20+ years ago.
Orange No (X) Person is not qualified for multiple reasons, which replace "X".

[edit] List

Note: A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism is being updated and ported to this page. Not all ASDFD listees are present.

Name Lists Broad field Education & qualifications Last published Viewpoint Qualified?
Aaron, Benjamin L.[27] ICR Medicine Pre-Med, University of Missouri. M.D., University of Texas. [28] Retired Professor of Surgery at George Washington University. Member of the Board of Trustees of the Institute for Creation Research.[29] He has the unusual distinction of having had operated on both Ronald Reagan and Dick Cheney.[30] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No longer practices medicine.[31] 1997 (19 YA)[32] Unknown[note 3] No (Field)
Abraham, Thomas DI Medicine Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences/Pharmacology, East Tennessee State University. B.S., Chemistry, Mars Hill College. Associate Professor of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Campbell University School of Pharmacy (a religious university).[33] Has some publications in unrelated fields.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. 2003 (13 YA)[34] Unknown[note 3] No (Field)
Achtemeier, Gary DI Earth Science Ph.D. Meteorology, Florida State University. Previously worked with the USDA Forest Service, doing (genuine) research on smoke management and air quality.[35] Has dedicated himself to "removing stumbling blocks that keep God's people from coming before his throne,"[36] and written a book, "Cultural Espionage", on the "evolution-creation controversy".[37] A doctor of meteorology, not related to evolution or a young earth. 2011 (5 YA)[38] ID[37] No (Field)
Ackerman, Paul D. AIG, CMI, ICR Medicine B.S. Psychology, University of Kansas. M.A. Psychology, University of Kansas. Ph.D. Psychology, University of Kansas.[39] Is the Chair in Psychology at Wichita State University. Frequent lecturer for AIG, but lectures only on the history of the movement, the history of "Darwinian" research and philosophical questions about why humans search for unanswerable answers. Rejects any scientific discussions at his lectures.[40] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. 1976 (40 YA)[41] YEC[42][43][44] No (Multiple: Field, LP)
Adams, Joel DI Mathematics Professor of Computer Science, Calvin College.[45] Has some publications, mostly on curriculum development. A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. 2013 (3 YA)[46] No (Field)
Adams, Marshall DI Biology Ph.D. Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Currently Director of the Biological Indicators research program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.[47] 2004 (12 YA)[48] Unknown Yes
Adrian, Neal DI Biology Ph.D. Microbiology, University of Oklahoma. Owner of Adrian Environmental LLC (improving indoor air quality) and certified mold remediator. Has apparently done some research, but in unrelated fields.[citation needed] Yes
Aerden, Domingo DI Earth Science Professor of Geology, Universidad de Granada. Does research in unrelated fields.[citation needed] Yes
Agard, E. Theo AIG, CMI Medicine Medical Physics. According to Dr. Agard, his subscription to creationism can be "largely summarized"[49] by ignorance about whether the chicken or the egg came first. "My belief in the supernatural creation of this world in six days is summarized largely in the following points: the theory of evolution is not as scientifically sound as many people believe."[50] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Ahmed, Rafi DI Mathematics Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Florida. Consulting Member at Oracle. No peer-reviewed research publications found.[citation needed] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Alcocer-Ruthling, Mauricio DI Biology PhD, Plant Science, University of Mexico. Director of Graduate Studies, Autonomous University of Guadalajara.[51] Apparently sympathetic to the idea that the creation myths of Mexico are evidence for the Christian God and Trinity.[52] Has some podcasts attacking evolution.[53] 1992 (24 YA)[54] ID[55] No (LP)
Alexanian, Moorad DI Physics Theoretical physics. Ph.D. Indiana University. M.S., Indiana Univeristy. B.S. University of Rhode Island. Professor of Physics, University of North Carolina, Wilmington.[56] Plenty of legitimate publications, interleaved with plenty of publications in places such as "Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith".[57] Thinks that evolution is unfalsifiable.[58] Thinks that Biblical literalism in regards to Genesis is the only acceptable view, that evolution is "naturalistic" in a bad way, that evolution is a "forensic" science, that evolution is an atheistic religion, and that the United States is a Christian nation in a letter[59] dissected here. Thinks that evolution and morality are linked (in a bad way).[60] Thinks that science doesn't know everything and so God of the gaps is needed.[61] Incidentally, a Trump supporter.[62] 2015 (1 YA)[57] YEC No (Field)
Alfred, Braton DI Biology Emeritus Professor of Anthropology, University of British Columbia. Has claimed that he tried systematically to indoctrinate students with evolution for 33 years before he discovered and was converted to Intelligent Design.[63] Did some research, in anthropology, in the 1970s, but his work from the last 30 years seem primarily to be concerned with ID apologies published through non-scientific venues.[citation needed] Yes
Allen, Wesley D. DI Chemistry B.A. (Chemistry & Physics) Vanderbilt University, 1983. Ph.D. (Theoretical Chemistry) University of California, Berkeley, 1987. Professor of Computational Quantum Chemistry, University of Georgia.[64] A doctor of theoretical chemistry, not related to evolution or a young earth. ID[65][66] No (Field)
Allan, James CMI Biology Ph.D., Genetics, University of Edinburgh, Scotland. M.S., Agriculture, University of Stellenbosch. B.S., Agriculture, University of Natal. Subscribed to creationism in part because, when you extrapolate the rate of population growth from 1500-1997 backwards, it implies that there was only 1 human in 2000 BC.[67] Unpublished geneticist and cattle breeding consultant.[68] YEC[67] Yes
Allwine, Gail H. DI Engineering Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, 1974. Master of Science in Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 1965. Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, 1961.[69] Professor of Electrical Engineering (retired), Gonzaga University.[70] Published only in electrical engineering.[71] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. 1974 (42 YA)[71] ID[note 4] No (Multiple: Field, LP)
Ambriz, Jesus DI Medicine Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Guadalajara. No research record found.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Amemiya, Yoshiyuki DI Physics Professor of Advanced Materials Science & Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo. Appears to be a real scientist, in an unrelated field.[citation needed] A doctor of materials science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
An, Changhyuk DI Physics Ph.D. Physics, University of Tennessee. No research or current affiliation found.[citation needed] A doctor of physics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Anderson, Richard DI Earth Science Assistant Professor of Environmental Science and Policy, Duke University.[citation needed] A doctor of environmental science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Anderson, Todd A. DI Mathematics Ph.D. Computer Science, U. of Kentucky. May have some (unrelated) research; no updated information found.[citation needed] A doctor of computer science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Apkarian, Mark DI Medicine Ph.D. Exercise Physiology, University of New Mexico. No current affiliation, research, or information found.[citation needed] No (Field)
de Araújo, João Jorge Ribeiro Soares Gonçalves DI Mathematics Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Open University (Portugal). Appears to have some publications in unrelated fields.[citation needed] Professor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Arion, Janice DI Biology Ph.D. Animal Science, Cornell University. Currently at Coram Deo Academy (a private Christian school; appears to be an elementary school designed to supplement homeschooling). No research found since her student days.[citation needed] Yes
Arion, William J. DI Chemistry Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry, Cornell University. Has publications in apparently unrelated fields. Also a global warming denialist and signatory to the Oregon Petition.[citation needed] Yes
Armitage, Mark H. ICR Biology B.S., Education, Liberty University. M.S., Biology, Institute for Creation Research Graduate School.[72] Ed.S., Science Education, Liberty University.[73] Published an article, commonly cited by creationists, on finding soft tissue in a ca. 65 Mya old fossil.[74] Was fired from job as lab technician at California State University, Northridge, and alleges it was because of religious intolerance.[75] Yes
Armitage, Neil DI Engineering Associate Professor of Civil Engineering, University of Cape Town. Has a decent research record in an unrelated field.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Arrington, D. DI Biology Ph.D. Wildlife & Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University. Currently at Perry Institute for Marine Science. Appears to be involved in real research, though in unrelated fields.[citation needed] Yes
Arroyo, Eduardo DI Forensics Professor of Forensics, Complutense U. Appears to do some research, unrelated to the question at hand.[citation needed] A professor of forensics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Ashby, Eugene C. DI Chemistry Regents’ Professor and Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Chemistry and Biochmistry, Georgia Institute of Technology. Hardcore creationist who cherish all the standard misunderstandings and untruths that reveal the thorough lack of understanding of evolution you’d expect[76] who supported the infamous disclaimer stickers in Cobb County, GA, put on biology textbooks proclaiming that evolution is “a theory, not a fact”. Used to be a respectable scientist, but does not appear to have been involved in scientific research for the last 25 years. Yes
Ashby, Paul DI Chemistry Ph.D. Chemistry, Harvard U. Currently at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Does research in an unrelated field.[citation needed] A professor of forensics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Ashton, John CMI Chemistry MSc in chemistry, PhD in Philosophy, Strategic research manager for the Sanitarium Health Food Company (The Sanitarium Health food company is owned by the Seventh Day Adventist Church which supports Young Earth Creationism). Knows his chemistry. Publishes lots of books advocating young Earth creationism.[citation needed] No (Field)
Atchison, Michael DI Chemistry Professor of Biochemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Vet. School. Appears to do real research; also associated with the Christian Leadership Ministries. Was the guy who was responsible for “peer reviewing” Behe’s book “Darwin’s Black Box”; at least Behe has claimed that Atchison’s 10 minute phone communication about book with Behe counted as peer review.[77] Yes
Atkinson, Joseph DI Chemistry Ph.D. Organic Chemistry, Massachusets Institute of Technology. Google returns no affiliation, research, or information[citation needed] Yes
Ator, Gregory A. DI Medicine Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, U. of Kansas Medical Center. Does research in unrelated fields.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Austin, Richard DI Assoc. Prof. & Chair, Biology & Natural Sciences, Piedmont College. Also Republican member of the Georgia State House of Representatives (10th district) between 2009 and 2011. Currently Habersham County Commissioner. Has some not entirely irrelevant publications, but these appear to assume and/or support evolution rather than provide any challenges.[citation needed] Yes
Austin, Steve AIG, CMI, ICR Earth Science B.S., Geology, University of Washington. M.S., Geology, San Jose State University. Ph.D., Geology, Pennsylvania State University. Chair of the Geology Department and Professor of Geology at the Institute for Creation Research.[29][78] Yes
Aw, Swee Eng AIG, CMI Chemistry Biochemistry. Department of Clinical Research, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.[79] Yes
Axe, Douglas DI Molecular ontologist and American Loon.[80] Director, Biologic Institute. Has published real, peer-reviewed papers in real journals, which are hailed by the Discovery Institute as evidence for their views, despite the fact that the papers, even according to Axe, provide no evidence for Intelligent Design.[81] Seems to think that if evolution were false, then Intelligent Design would be correct,[82] which is, of course, false insofar as Intelligent Design creationism is not a scientific theory and thus not even in the running. Struggles with basic notions of biology.[83] Yes


Babuna, Cahit DI Medicine Ph.D. Radiology, Istanbul University. Does not seem to have been involved in real research.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Babuna, Cevat DI Medicine Professor Emeritus of Gynecology, Istanbul University. Has one or two publications from the 60s. Everything later is in Turkish and published in questionable venues. Hardcore creationist associated with Harun Yahya’s organization.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Balliet, John W. DI Medicine Post-doctoral Fellowship, Harvard Medical School. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] No (Field)
Balon, Eugene K. DI Biology University Professor Emeritus, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph. Appears to have done real research (ichthylogy); gave the name to the fish species Balon’s ruffe[wp]. Has also written several articles, such as “Evolution by Epigenesis: Farewell to Darwinism, Neo- and Otherwise,” published in the pseudojournal “Rivista di Biologia”, in which he laments the conspiracies among scientists and granting agencies for failing to realize that his views on epigenesis creates a new "paradigm shift" in biology.[citation needed] Yes
Bardella, Inis J. ICR Medicine B.S., Biology (high honors), Washington and Jefferson College. M.D., Temple University School of Medicine.[84] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Barnard, Geoff CMI, DI Medicine Senior Research Scientist, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, though he lists himself as an immunologist & immunochemist. [85] According to his group's Statement of Faith,[86] Dr. Barnard bases his belief in creation on the Bible, not empirical evidence. Seems to be retired, though he did some research back in the days. Currently on the “Scientific Panel” of the British creationist organization Truth in Science. Has claimed that “[n]o apparent, perceived, or claimed evidence in any historical or scientific field of study can be valid if it contradicts the record of Holy Scripture,” which hardly counts as a particularly scientific dissent from anything. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] Science be damned! Yes
Barnes, Thomas Ex-CMI Physics Honorary AB, Hardin-Simmons University, 1933. MS, Physics, Brown University. Honorary Sc.D., Hardin-Simmons University, 1950. Working with an obsolete model of the earth's core, Dr. Barnes asserted that the earth's magnetic field is decaying exponentially, ignoring empirical evidence to the contrary. Working under these erroneous assertions, he somehow managed to arrive at his predetermined conclusions. Also a firm denier of relativity.[citation needed] Deceased in 2001. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
W. Barnette, Daniel DI Engineering Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering, Stanford U. Currently at Sandia National Laboratories. Publishes in an unrelated field.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Barsoum, Ibrahim DI Biology Ph.D. Microbiology. The George Washington U. May have some unrelated papers in medicine. No affiliation found.[citation needed] Yes
F. Basener, William DI Mathematics Associate Professor of Mathematics, Rochester Institute of Technology. Has a real research record, in an unrelated field. Involved in William Dembski’s Evolutionary Informatics Lab at Baylor[87] (which was not a lab but a website, and never the source of any research on biology.[88]) Also on the editorial team of Bio-Complexity. A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
W. Bass, Robert DI Mathematics Ph.D. Mathematics from Johns Hopkins University. Also a signatory to Rethinking AIDS, a list of HIV “skeptics”. In fact, Bass is also a Velikovsky fan (he was on the staff of Kronos, the infamous Velikovsky journal) and used to attend seminars on Cold fusion.[89] Called Stephen Meyer's The Signature in the Cell the "most important book in two centuries". Formerly Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Brigham Young University. Hardly counts as a scientist. A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Batten, Don E. CMI Biology Plant physiologist, tropical fruit expert. B.Sc.Agr. (Hons 1), Ph.D. Plant Physiology, expert in environmental adaptation of tropical fruit.[citation needed] Author of 101 evidences for a young age of the Earth and the universe. 1967 (49 YA)[90] YEC No (LP)
Baumann, Donald P. CMI Biology Ph.D., Iowa State University. Professor of Biology and Chemistry, Cedarville University.[91] Yes
Baumgardner, John AIG, CMI, DI, ICR Physics B.S. Electrical Engineering, Texas Tech University. M.S. Electrical Engineering, Princeton University. M.S. Geophysics and Space Physics, UCLA. Ph.D. Geophysics and Space Physics, UCLA.[92][93] Works at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and is Adjunct Professor of Geophysics at the Institute for Creation Research. His more recent research, at least, is published in pseudojournals. Legendary young earth creationist and key member of RATE who has devoted his life to proving that the Noachian Flood actually happened."Back in 1978 I felt strongly led to go back to graduate school and get professional credentials to work on the problem of what happened to the Earth in the flood. As part of my Ph.D. research, I developed a three-dimensional model for the Earth's interior called Terra.[94] Today it is recognized as the most capable code computer model of its type in the world. Currently NASA is funding this effort as one of their nine grand challenge projects in high performance computing for the next three years, it's recognized as a unique tool for understanding the dynamics of the mantle of the Earth."[95] Yes
Beale, Richard S. DI Biology Jr. Ph.D. Entomology University of California, Berkeley. No current affiliation, research or information found.[citation needed] Yes
Bearden, Mark DI Engineering Ph.D. Electrical & Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University. Currently Software Development Director at Semiconductor Equipment Startup and Elder of Grace Church. No further reliable information found. A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] No (Field)
Beaucage, Christine B. DI Mathematics Ph.D. Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook. Author of “Taste and See”, which appears to be a novel. No academic affiliation found. Google scholar returns two co-authored papers from the mid-80s, but nothing more recent. A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] No (Field)
Beaucage, David R. DI Mathematics Ph.D Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook. Currently leader of The Rec Room, a ministry. Author of fiction, in particular the Christian science fiction book The Shiloh Project. No academic affiliation or research; not a scientist. A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] No (Field)
Beauchesne, Élizabeth CMI Medicine Neuroscientist with two non-evolutionary genetic publications. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version.[citation needed] No (Field)
Beauregard, Mario DI Medicine Associate Researcher, Department of Psychology, U. of Montreal; famous promoter of Non-materialist neuroscience. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Beeli, Pieder DI Physics Ph.D. Physics, U. of Notre Dame. Hardcore wingnut. Currently Senior Scientist for Schafer Corp; and while he does publish research in physics, he also writes for none other than the WND, where he e.g. tries to explain how anti-gay hate groups “can enrich any neighborhood.”[96] Not merely a physicist, Beeli has applied “forensic linguistics” to unmask Obama’s secret Muslim sympathies.[97] A doctor of physics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Behe, Michael DI Biology Professor of Biological Science, Lehigh University. (In)famous supporter of intelligent design at the Dover trials. Yes
Belanger, Tom DI Biology Professor of Environmental Science, Florida Institute of Technology. Real scientist.[citation needed] Yes
Belding, William Russell DI Mathematics Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Notre Dame. No current affiliation or research found.[citation needed] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Beling, Christopher D. DI Physics Associate Professor of Physics, The University of Hong Kong. Some online discussions suggest sympathies for notorious internet kook John A. Davison’s views.[98] As for research, Google scholar returns one or two contributions to co-authored papers (third author and eleventh author).[citation needed] A doctor of physics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
W. Bell, Charles DI Biology Professor Emeritus of Biological Sciences, San Jose State University. No research or updated information located.[citation needed] Yes
Beloussov, Lev DI Biology Honorary professor of Embryology, Moscow State University. Seems to have signed the list because of his adherence to the discredited theory of Morphogenetic fields, which was big in the 1920, as being responsible for evolution (not because of any adherence to creationism). Real crackpot, whose main schtick is the idea of “biofields” (as in Biofield flower therapy), and who has defended all sorts of woo.[99] He has quite a few publications, at least some of which are in pseudojournals (e.g. Rivista di biologia). Yes
Peter Bengtson, Jan DI Medicine Assoc. Prof. (M.D., Ph.D. Intensive Care Medicine), U. of Gothenburg. Have some publications in unrelated fields.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Bennett, George DI Chemistry Associate Professor of Chemistry, Millikin University. Seems to do real research in an unrelated field.[citation needed] A doctor of chemistry, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Benthien, George W. DI Mathematics Ph.D. Mathematics, Carnegie Mellon University. Appears to have some publications in an unrelated field. No current affiliation found (may be retired). Has also done presentations arguing for creationism through theological exegesis.[100] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] No (Field)
Bentsen, James G. DI Chemistry Ph.D. Chemistry, M.I.T. Currently Manager of Advanced Technology and CRT Optimization at Boston Scientific – CRM Division. Has done real research in an unrelated field. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] No (Field)
Berg, Otto E. ICR Physics B.A. in Physics and Chemistry from Concordia College (a four-year liberal arts Lutheran college).[101] Highest earned degree is a BA; despite claims to the contrary,[102] no earned PhDs. Honorary Doctorate for his contributions in space research.[103] He is often introduced as "Dr. Otto E. Berg", a retired "astrophysicist", "particle physicist", or generic "engineer" from NASA (all of which sound very prestigious).[104][103] The reality is more mundane: Dr. Berg was a particle physicist, worked on dust particles in the solar system,[105] and designed & built the dust accelerator at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC).[106] He is a member of the Institute for Creation Research. No (Multiple: Edu, Field)
Bergman, Jerry R. AIG, CMI Medicine A doctor of medicine and/or education, not related to evolution or a young earth. On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. PhD in human biology from diploma mill Columbia Pacific University. See main page. [citation needed] YEC No (Field)
Berrine, Kimberly AIG, CMI Biology Supposedly "Microbiology & Immunology". On AIG list twice. It's not clear if she actually exists. A Google search result for her name returns no results (except for creationists repeating her name ad nauseam),[107] a PubMed search for papers authored by any "Berrine" also returns no results,[108] and a Google Scholar search for papers authored by any "Berine" returns only a single paper by an unrelated person.[109] Even in the best scenario for creationism, even if she does exist, she has had essentially no impact on science whatsoever. N/A N/A No (Multiple: Does Not Exist, Edu, LP)
Betina, Vladimir AIG, CMI Biology Microbiology, Biochemistry & Biology.[citation needed] On the AIG list twice. Yes
Bohlin, Raymond G. CMI Biology B.S., Zoology, University of Illinois, 1975, M.S., Population Genetics, University of North Texas, 1980, M.S, Ph.D., Molecular and cell biology, University of Texas at Dallas 1984, 1991. A prominent intelligent design creationist associated with Probe Ministries[110] and the Discovery Institute.[111] He hasn't published anything without a distinct creationist or religious viewpoint since his Ph.D. dissertation in 1991. He is profiled as number 509 in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.[112] 1991 ID No (LP)
Bosanquet, Andrew AIG, CMI Biology Microbiology.[citation needed] Yes
Boudreaux, Edward A. AIG, CMI, ICR Chemistry B.S., Chemistry, Loyola University. M.S., Chemistry, Tulane University. Ph.D., Chemistry, Tulane University.[113] No (Field)
Boylan, David AIG, CMI Chemistry Professor of Chemical Engineering at Iowa State University. Member of the Technical Advisory Board of the Institute for Creation Research.[29] No (Field)
Brewer, Gregory J. ICR Biology B.S. Biology, California Institute of Technology. Ph.D. Biology, University of California.[114] Yes
Bruce, Les ICR Linguistics B.A., (high honors), Biblical Studies major, John Brown University, Siloam Springs.. M.A. Biblical Education, Columbia Bible College, Columbia. Ph.D. Linguistics, The Australian National University, Canberra.[115] On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. A doctor of linguistics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Bullock, Sharon K. ICR Medicine B.S., Suma Cum Laude Zoology, North Carolina State University. Ph.D., Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.[116] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Burgess, Stuart AIG, CMI Engineering BSc(Eng), PhD, CEng, FIMechE. Professor of Design & Nature, Head of Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol (UK).[117] Tells children they will go to hell if they believe in evolution.[118] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Appeared in Ken Ham's presentation during the latter's debate with Bill Nye. No (Field)
Brandstater, Bernard CMI Medicine Anesthesiology. Says that human body response to thin air must be the work of a "wise, supra-human chemist".[119] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)


Carothers, Linn E. CMI Mathematics PhD, University of Southern California, University Park. MS, California State University, Northridge. BS, University of Southern California, University Park.[120] Associate Professor of Statistics, California Baptist University. A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Carson, Ben CMI Medicine Well-respected pediatric neurosurgeon and significantly less-respected pundit. See main article. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. YEC No (Field)
Carter, Robert W. AIG, CMI Biology Ph.D. Marine Biology[121] Yes
Catchpoole, David CMI Biology Plant Physiologist. CMI requests that you "read his testimony".[122] Yes
Cha, Sung-Do CMI Physics Ph.D., Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. Professor of Optics, Department of Physics, Kangwon National University.[123] 1985 (31 YA)[124] No (Multiple: Field, LP)
Chaffin, Eugene F. AIG, CMI, ICR Physics B.S., Physics, Oklahoma State University. M.S., Physics, Oklahoma State University. Ph.D., Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Oklahoma State University.[125][126] Professor of Physics, Bob Jones University. Field totally irrelevant to creationism or evolution. No (Field)
Chang, Choong-Kuk AIG, CMI Biology Genetic Engineering[citation needed] Yes
Chang, Jeun-Sik AIG, CMI Engineering Aeronautical Engineering.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Chen, Xidong CMI Physics BS, Shandong University. MS, Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences. PhD, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Was Assistant Professor of Physics, Cedarville University.[127] No (Field)
Marc, Chetta CMI Medicine MD, Louisiana State University Medical Center. BS, Zoology (chemistry minor), Louisiana State University, cum laude. Employed at Bob Jones University.[128] AIG, writing on post-conversion Dr. Chetta: "Amazingly after salvation his spiritual eyes were opened and all those smoke screens and perceived obstacles to faith dissipated in the light of the truth of the Word of God. He made it a point to read everything he could find on scientific creation, and began to speak wherever he was invited on the evidences for a young earth."[129] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Chittick, Donald AIG, CMI, ICR Chemistry B.S., Chemistry, Willamette University. Ph.D., Chemistry, Oregon State University.[130] "If the miraculous is rejected for early Genesis, then on what basis can it be accepted for the resurrection?"[131] In other words, just believe Creationism, because you wouldn't want your entire worldview crashing down on you. Also, he's the kind of guy that puts the word "Christian" in 'dick quotes' if the person in question believes in evolution.[132] (See: No true Scotsman) No (Field)
Cho, Jung-Il AIG, CMI Biology Professor of biology education, Chonnam National University.[133] Spelled Chung-Il Cho by CMI and AIG. Yes
Cimbala, John M. AIG, CMI Engineering B.S., Aerospace Engineering (Highest Distinction), Pennsylvania State University. M.S., Aeronautics, California Institute of Technology. Ph.D., Aeronautics, California Institute of Technology. "Over a period of a couple of years, it became apparent to me that the theory of evolution has no legitimate factual evidence, and that scientific data from the fossil record, geology, etc. could be better explained by a recent creation, followed by a global Flood. Suddenly I realized that the Bible might actually be true! It wasn’t until I could believe the first page of the Bible that I could believe the rest of it."[134] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Coffin, Harold AIG, CMI Biology Palaeontologist.[citation needed] Yes
Compton, Bob AIG, CMI Medicine Veterinary Medicine.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine (and a DVM, which is an earned rather than research doctorate), not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Cumming, Kenneth B. AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.S., Chemistry/Biology, Tufts University. M.A. Biology, Harvard University. Ph.D. Biology (Major in Ecology/Minor in Biochemistry), Harvard University. Dean of the Graduate School and Professor of Biology at the Institute for Creation Research.[135] Yes
Coppess, Timothy C. AIG Earth Science MS, Environmental Science.[citation needed] A doctor of environmental science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Cuozzo, Jack W. AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine See main page. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. YEC No (Field)
Curtis, William M., III AIG, Ex-CMI Theology Th.D., Th.M., M.S. Aeronautics & Nuclear Physics. Doctorate is in theology but highest level of scientific education is at master's level![citation needed] Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Doctor of theology, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Cutchins, Malcolm CMI, ICR Engineering B.S., Civil Engineering (Structures), Virginia Teach. M.S., Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech. Ph.D., Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech.[citation needed] Professor Emeritus of Aerospace Engineering at Auburn University.[29] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)



d'Abrera, Bernard DI Biology See main article. Butterfly photographer. Has bachelor's degrees in History & Philosophy of Science, and History, but no master's degrees. 2008 (8 YA)[136] YEC No (Edu)
Dahmer, Lionel AIG, CMI Chemistry Analytical Chemist.[citation needed] No (Field)
Damadian, Raymond V. AIG, CMI, ICR Medicine B.S., Mathematics, University of Wisconsin. M.D., Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Pioneer of magnetic resonance imaging. Appeared in Ken Ham's main presentation during the latter's debate with Bill Nye. Technical Advisory Board of Institute for Creation Research.[137] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. "[Dr. Damadian] believes that America is ailing spiritually. Influenced more and more by an evolution-based humanistic education system, America is adrift of its spiritual moorings. Can such a society, with its relative ethics and increasing abandonment of God’s absolute standards revealed in the Bible, ‘continue to discern the just from the unjust?’ he asks. Will not such a society more and more forfeit the blessings which its forefathers wrought through obedience to God's Law? He quotes Russian writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn as saying ‘the strength or weakness of a society depends more on the level of its spiritual life than on its level of industrialization.’ Without the general adherence of a society to God’s laws, the most perfect governmental system cannot prevent eventual collapse. ‘Freedom’ will deteriorate to be ‘freedom to be unscrupulous’, because, says Solzhenitsyn, there is no law which can anticipate or prevent this."[138] No (Field)
Darnbrough, Chris AIG, CMI Chemistry Biochemistry.[citation needed] Yes
Darrall, Nancy M. AIG, CMI Biology B.S. (Hons.) Agricultural Botany, University of Wales. Ph.D., Botany, University of Wales, Aberystwyth. M.S., Speech and Language Pathology and Therapy, University of London. "Reasoning from the scientific observations and faith in the Bible, I conclude that creation was the result of an intelligent designer, entirely possible within the short period of six days."[139] Yes
Dawson, Bryan CMI Mathematics PhD, Mathematics, University of North Texas. MS, Mathematics, Pittsburg State University. BS, Mathematics and Computer Science, Pittsburg State University. Chair of the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science at Union University.[140] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Dean, Douglas AIG, CMI Chemistry Biological Chemistry.[citation needed] Yes
Deckard, Stephen W. AIG, CMI Education EdD, United States International University, San Diego. MS, University of Southern California, University Park. BS, San Diego State University.[141] Assistant Professor of Education, Liberty University.[citation needed] A doctor of education, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Demick, David A. ICR Medicine B.S., Chemistry, Huntington College. M.D., University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign and at Peoria.[142] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
DeWitt, David A. AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.S., Biochemistry, Michigan State University. Ph.D., Neuroscience, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. Employee of the Institute for Creation Research![143] Currently chair of the department of biology and chemistry at Liberty University. Author of Unraveling the Origins Controversy.[144] On AIG list twice. Yes
DeYoung, Don AIG, CMI, ICR Physics B.S., Physics, Michigan Technological University. M.S., Physics, Michigan Technological University. Ph.D., Physics, Iowa State University. Regional Representative and Adjunct Faculty for the Institute of Creation Research.[29][145] Member of the Creation Research Society.[146] Author of Thousands Not Billions. And of course a Masters in Divinity. No (Field)
Down, David Ex-CMI Anthropology Field Archaeologist.[citation needed] Removed from the CMI list as of the 2010-06-08 version. Yes
Downes, Geoff AIG, CMI Biology Plant Physiologist.[147] Yes
Driggers, Ted CMI Business Operations research.[citation needed] A doctor of business, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)


Eckel, Robert H. AIG, CMI Medicine B.S., Bacteriology, University of Cincinnati. M.D., University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado (Denver). Member of the Technical Advisory Board of the Institute for Creation Research.[29][148] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Specifically works in nutrition, diabetes, and obesity, not evolution. "Creation in six days is not an intellectual argument to be won by in-depth and repetitive examinations of the scientific evidence available. The same data are available to both evolutionists and creationists. The issue scientifically is a single experiment, never to be repeated, with two basic theories to be considered."[149] No (Field)
Eggen, Andre AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.Sc., Agronomy and Animal Production, Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. Ph.D., Animal and Molecular Genetics, Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.[150] "I could easily take away the evolution part of my study without losing any really important stuff from the scientific point of view. I would lose nothing, and would be left with real, observable facts, real science."[151] Yes
Eimers, Leroy CMI Mathematics Ph.D., Physics, Syracuse University. M.S., Physics, Syracuse University. B.S., Physics and Mathematics, Hobart College. Professor of Physics and Mathematics, Cedarville University.[152][153] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Eirich, Dudley AIG, Ex-CMI Biology Molecular biologist, industrial genetic research.[citation needed] Removed from the CMI list as of the 2010-06-08 version. Yes
Englin, Dennis CMI Biology EdD, University of Southern California. MSc, California State University, Northridge. BA, Westmont College.[154] Professor of biological sciences, The Master's College.[155] CMI elsewhere claims he is a professor of geophysics.[156] Yes


Fabich, Andrew J. AIG Biology Microbiology.[citation needed] Yes
Faulkner, Danny AIG, CMI, ICR Physics B.S., Math, Bob Jones University. M.S., Physics, Clemson University. M.A., Astronomy, Indiana University. Ph.D., Astronomy, Indiana University. Employee of Answers in Genesis.[157] Adjunct Faculty for the Institute of Creation Research.[158] Yes
Flentge, Dennis CMI Chemistry Ph.D., Texas A&M University. B.S., Texas Lutheran College. Professor of Chemistry, Chair of the Department of Science and Mathematics, Cedarville University.[159] No (Field)
Fliermans, B. Carl AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.S., Biology, Asbury College. M.Sc., Soil Microbiology, University of Kentucky. Ph.D., Microbiology, Indiana University. Postdoctoral Fellow, Departments of Microbiology and Soil Science, U. of Minnesota. Member of the Technical Advisory Board of Institute for Creation Research. Microbial Ecologist at DuPont.[29][160] Yes
Ford, Dwain L. AIG, CMI Chemistry B.A., Chemistry, Andrews University. Ph.D., Chemistry, Clark University. "The probability of forming, by a random assembly method, one such average-size protein molecule containing the amino acid residues in a required sequence is only 1/10451. If the earth were made of pure carbon it would contain only about 1050 carbon atoms, but more than 10451 carbon atoms would be needed in order to make enough amino acids to form the proteins to achieve the probability of producing one protein molecule with the prescribed sequence. In other words, it would require an amount of carbon about 10401 times the size of the earth in order to achieve the probability of forming one required protein molecule with the specifications above!"[161] No (Field)
Franks, Robert H. AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.A. (Magna Cum Laude), Zoology, San Diego State University. M.D., UCLA. Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees of and Associate Biology Professor (incl. Human Anatomy and Pathology) at the Institute for Creation Research[29][162] Yes
Funk, Kenneth W. AIG, CMI Chemistry Organic Chemistry; biologically active peptide synthesis.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Galbraith, Alan AIG, CMI Earth Science Watershed Science, Hydrology.[citation needed] Yes
Gallop, Roger G. CMI Earth Science Professional Geologist.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Gentry, Robert CMI Physics MS, Physics, University of Florida.[163] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. YEC No (Field)
Giem, Paul AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Medical Research. "The way I was taught science, it had no room for authority without evidence. Rather, the only acceptable authority was that which was backed up by evidence, and only precisely to the extent that it was backed up. My religious tradition was similar in some ways. Only tradition that could be backed up by Scripture was worth anything."[164] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Giertych, Maciej CMI Biology Population geneticist. See main article. 2013 (3 YA)[165] YEC Yes
Gillen, Alan ICR Education B.A., Biology, Washington & Jefferson College. M.S., Zoology, The Ohio State University. Ed.D., Science Education, University of Houston.[166] No (Field)
Gish, Duane Ex-CMI, ICR Chemistry B.S., Chemistry, UCLA. Ph.D., Biochemistry, University of California, Berkley. Employee of the Institute for Creation Research.[167] Deceased March 5, 2013. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. 1972 (44 YA)[168] YEC No (LP)
Gitt, Werner AIG, CMI Mathematics BS Engineering, Technical University of Hanover. PhD Engineering (summa cum laude, Borchers Medal) Technical University of Aachen.[169] Was head of the Department of Information Technology at the German Federal Institute of Physics and Technology -- he ran part of IT.[170] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Unknown[171] YEC No (Field)
Gollmer, Steven CMI Earth Science Ph.D, Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University. M.S., Physics, University of Illinois. B.S., Physics, Northern Illinois University. B.S., Sec. Ed. Science, Pillsbury Baptist Bible College. Professor of Physics at Cedarville University.[172] A doctor of atmospheric science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Gower, D.B. AIG, CMI Chemistry B.S., Chemistry, University of London. Ph.D., Biochemistry, University of London. Awarded a D.Sc., University of London."Far from pointing towards formation by the chance processes of evolution, the complexity in nature clearly speaks to me of an Almighty Creator."[173] Yes
Greer, Robin AIG, Ex-CMI Chemistry Biochemist.[174] On AIG list twice. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Grocott, Dianne AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Psychiatry.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Grocott, Stephen CMI Chemistry Industrial Chemistry.[citation needed] A doctor of industrial chemistry, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Guliuzza, Randy ICR Medicine B.S., Engineering, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. M.D., University of Minnesota.[175] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)


Glover, Warwick AIG Medicine General Surgery. On his fellow doctors: "[M]ost of them are very professional people dealing with technology, and they do at times make flippant remarks about the improbability of all these things coming about by chance. But there is that stumbling block in their hearts. They don’t want to entertain any ideas that might make them have to confront God."[176] No (Field)


Hagerman, Vicki AIG Medicine Veterinary Medicine.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Hamann, Donald AIG, CMI Chemistry Professor of Food Technology, North Carolina State University.[29] A doctor of food science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Harker, Barry AIG, CMI Philosophy [citation needed] A doctor of philosophy, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Harrison, Charles W. AIG, CMI Physics Applied Physicist, Electromagnetics.[citation needed] No (Field)
Harnett, John CMI Physics B.Sc. (Hons), Physics, University of Western Australia. Ph.D. with distinction, Physics, University of Western Australia.[177] Specializes in the construction of very, very stable clocks, and has publications in the field of astronomy. Global warming denier.[178] Yes
Harwood, Mark CMI Engineering Ph.D., Satellite Communications.[179] A doctor of satellite communications, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Havel, Joe CMI Biology Botanist, Silviculturist, Ecophysiologist.[citation needed] Yes
Hawke, George AIG, CMI Earth Science BSc (Hons.) Physics, University of Sydney. PhD, Air Pollution Meterology, Macquarie University.[180][181] No (Field)
Hayes, Steven CMI Physics Nuclear Scientist.[citation needed] No (Field)
Helder, Margaret AIG, CMI Biology Science Editor, Botanist.[citation needed] Yes
Helmick, Larry CMI Chemistry B.S., Physical Science, Cedarville College, also studied at Central State University in Wilberforce. Ph.D., Organic Chemistry, Ohio University. Professor of Chemistry at Cedarville University.[182] Yes
Henry, Harold R. CMI Engineering Chairman of Civil and Mining Engineering Department, University of Alabama.[29] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Henry, Johnathan AIG, CMI Chemistry PhD, Chemical Engineering, University of Kentucky. Chair of the Science Department at Clearwater Christian College. Has written extensively for the Creation Research Society Quarterly journal.[183][184] A doctor of chemical engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Henson, Joseph AIG, CMI Biology Entomologist.[citation needed] Chairman of Science Division, Bob Jones University.[29] Yes
Herrmann, Robert A. AIG, CMI, ICR Mathematics B.A. (with honors), Mathematics (minor in Physics), John Hopkins University. M.A., Mathematics, American University. Ph.D., Mathematics, American University. Professor of Mathematics, US Naval Academy.[185] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Hodge, Andrew AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Surgeon. Head of the Cardiothoracic Surgical Service.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Hodge, Bodie AIG Engineering Education in engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Employee of Answers in Genesis. 1999 (17 YA)[186] YEC No (Field)
Hodges, Dewey CMI Engineering Professor of Aerospace Engineering.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Hoesch, Bill ICR Earth Science B.S. Biology, University of Colorado. M.S. Geology, Institute for Creation Research Graduate School. Employee of the Institute of Creation Research.[187] Yes
Hollowell, Kelly AIG, CMI, ICR Medicine B.S., Biology and Math, New College of Florida. Ph.D., Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, University of Miami.[188] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Holroyd, Edmond W., III AIG, CMI, ICR Earth Science B.S., Astrophysics (minor in Physics), University of Rochester. Ph.D., Atmospheric Science, University of New York at Albany.[189][190] A doctor of atmospheric science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Hosken, Bob AIG, CMI Chemistry B.S. Biochemistry, University of Western Australia. M.S., Biochemistry, Monash University. Ph.D., Biochemistry, University of Newcastle. M.B.A., University of Newcastle. "Today as we ponder the unique architecture of the molecular systems that make up life, I am sure that I will not be the last person to conclude that "there must be an architect.""[191] Believes in intelligent design from personal incredulity and that evolutionary biology "did not excite me intellectually or emotionally."[192] Yes
Howe, George F. AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.S., Botany, Wheaton College. M.Sc., Botany, Ohio State University. Ph.D., Botany, Ohio State University.[193] "Believers everywhere are constrained to reaffirm the literal truths God has revealed about origins." (Combining No True Scotsman and Biblical literalism, oh my!) "Upon realizing that DNA carries precise information regarding most aspects of plant life, I asked Swanson how the original DNA came to possess these intricate instructions. With a knowing smile on his face, C.A. Swanson wisely replied, "Howe, that is a question science cannot answer!""[194] Yes
Huber, Neil AIG, CMI Anthropology Physical Anthropologist.[citation needed] Yes
Huggins, James A. AIG, CMI Biology Professor and Chair, Department of Biology, Union University.[citation needed] Yes
Humphreys, Russell CMI, ICR Physics B.S. Physics, Duke University. Ph.D. Physics, Louisiana State University. Employee of the Institute for Creation Research.[195] Has publications relating to geophysics. Yes


Jackson, Charles CMI Education Science Education.[196] A doctor of education, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Jamieson, Evan AIG, CMI Engineering B.App.S. (postgraduate degree), Applied Chemistry, Curtin University. Ph.D., Hydrometallurgy, Murdoch University. "I once asked how sedimentary rocks were dated and was told by "indicator fossils." When I followed with "how were indicator fossils dated," I was told, "by the rock formations they are found in." Try as I might, the teacher could not see that this was circular reasoning!"[197] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Javor, George T. AIG, CMI Chemistry B.S., Chemistry, Brown University. Ph.D., Biochemistry, Columbia University, New York. "If we don’t understand how a world like ours could be created in six days, we need to ask how a world like ours could be created at all."[198] Yes
Jeanson, Nathaniel T. AIG Biology Cell/molecular biology.[199] 2014 (2 YA)[200] YEC Yes
Jerlstrom, Pierre CMI Biology Molecular Biology.[citation needed] Yes
Jones, Arthur J. AIG, CMI Biology B.Sc. (Hons), Biology, University of Birmingham. M.Ed., Education, Bristol University. Ph.D., Biology (Developmental Biology, Fish Systematics, History and Philosophy of Biology), University of Birmingham.[201] Works for the Christian Schools' Trust as their research consultant for curriculum development. "It is commonly claimed by secular scientists that creationism is a "science stopper." The contention is that to ascribe anything (e.g., the origin of living organisms) to the direct action of God is to cut off all scientific inquiry. This seems such simple common sense that it has been very persuasive. Nevertheless, it is not difficult to show that the argument is fallacious."[202] Yes
Jones, Johnathan W. AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Plastic Surgery.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Jones, Raymond AIG, CMI Chemistry Agricultural Scientist.[citation needed] A doctor of agricultural science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)


Kane, William F. AIG Engineering (Civil) Geotechnical Engineering.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Karpounin, Valery AIG, CMI Mathematics Mathematical Sciences, Logics, Formal Logics.[citation needed] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Kaufmann, David A. ICR Biology B.S., Mathematics/Physical Education, Slippery Rock University. M.A., Physical Education, University of Iowa. Ph.D., Anatomy, University of Iowa.[203] Yes
Kenyon, Dean AIG, CMI Biology [citation needed] Yes
Kim, Gi-Tai AIG, CMI Biology [citation needed] Yes
Kim, Harriet AIG, CMI Chemistry Biochemistry.[citation needed] Yes
Kim, Jong-Bai AIG, CMI Chemistry Biochemistry.[citation needed] Yes
Kim, Jung-Han AIG, CMI Chemistry Biochemistry.[citation needed] Yes
Kim, Jung-Wook AIG, CMI Earth Science Environmental Science.[citation needed] A doctor of environmental science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Kim, Kyoung-Rai AIG, CMI Chemistry Analytical Chemistry.[citation needed] No (Field)
Kim, Kyoung-Tai CMI Biology Genetic Engineering.[citation needed] Yes
Kim, Young-Gil CMI Physics Materials Science.[citation needed] A doctor of materials science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Kim, Young In CMI Engineering [citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
King, David CMI Physics Astronomy.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Klotz, John W. CMI Biology [citation needed] Yes
Kondalenko, Vladimir F. AIG, CMI Medicine Cytology/Cell Pathology.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Konotey-Ahulu, Felix CMI Medicine Physician, leading expert on sickle-cell anemia.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Korochkin, Leonid CMI Biology MD, Medical Institute, Tomsk. Biological Sciences, Medical Institute, Tomsk. D.Med.Sci., Medical Institute, Tomsk. Creationists trumpet that he was a professor at Yale; he was a visiting professor for one year.[204] Member of the Moscow Creation Science Fellowship, Inc. Is not, in fact, a Young Earth Creationist; argues for "macromutation" evolution.[205] Yes
Kramer, John K.G. AIG, CMI, ICR Chemistry B.Sc.(Hons), Biochemistry, University of Manitoba. M.Sc., Biochemistry, University of Manitoba. Ph.D., Biochemistry/Minor Organic Chemistry, University of Minnesota.[206] "On the other hand, the more that is known about a certain subject, the more eagerness there is to describe it in detail, and classify such systems "irreducibly complex," as Michael Behe refers to it. [....] No (Field) one has ever demonstrated macroevolutionary changes on a molecular level, yet many people readily speculate evolutionary links between bacteria, plants, animals and man. Are the gross structures not made up of individual cells with complex molecules? If macroevolution is unlikely on a molecular level, how can the whole be changed?"[207] Yes
Kruger, John AIG, CMI Biology Zoology.[citation needed] Yes
Kuhn, Wolfgang CMI Biology Primarily questions evolution.[208] Died in 2001. Still on CMI list. Yes
Kuruvilla, Heather CMI Biology Ph.D., Biological Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo. B.S., Biology, Houghton College. Professor of Biology, Cedarville University.[209] Yes
Kwon, Jin-Hyouk AIG, CMI Physics [citation needed] No (Field)
Kwon, Myung-Sang AIG, CMI Biology Immunology.[citation needed] Yes


Lalomov, Alexander V. ICR Earth Science M.S., Geochemistry, Leningrad State University. Ph.D. Submarine Geology, USSR National Research Institute of Ocean Geology.[210] Yes
Leisola, Matti CMI Chemistry Biochemistry (esp. of enzymes), D.Sc. in biotechnology, Dean, Faculty of Chemical and Materials Sciences, Aalta University, Finland.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Leslie, John AIG, CMI Medicine PhD, Experimental Pathology, University of Utah. MD, Oral Roberts University. PhD, Archaeology and Biblical History, Trinity Southwest University.[211] On AIG list not twice, but three times. A doctor of medicine and history, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Lester, Lane P. CMI, ICR Biology B.S.E., Biology, University of Florida. M.S., Ecology, Purdue University. Ph.D., Genetics, Purdue University. Regional Representative of the Institute for Creation Research.[212] Yes
Lightner, Jean CMI Medicine Agriculture, Veterinary science. A leading baraminologist and regular contributor to the Answers Research Journal.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Line, Peter CMI Biology Neuroscience.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Lisle, Jason AIG, CMI Physics Astrophysicist. See main article. 2008 (8 YA)[213] YEC Yes
Livingston, David P. ICR Anthropology B.A., General Science, Wheaton College. M.A. with honors, Old Testament Studies, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Ph.D. in Archaeology and Ancient History, Andrews University.[214] Yes
Locklair, Gary ICR Mathematics B.A., Chemistry, California State University, Sacramento. B.S., Computer Science, California State University, Sacramento. M.S., Computer Science, University of Idaho. Ph.D., Computer Science, Nova Southeastern University.[215] On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. A doctor of computer science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Lopez, Raul E. CMI, ICR Earth Science B.S. Math and Physics, University of Puerto Rico. M.S. Atomospheric Science, Colorado State University. Ph.D. Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University.[216] A doctor of atmospheric science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Love, Alan AIG, CMI Chemistry [citation needed] No (Field)
Luciani-Torres, Gloria CMI Medicine Molecular Oncology Researcher.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Lumsden, Richard D. ICR Biology B.S. Zoology, Tulane University. M.S. Zoology, Tulane University. Ph.D. Biology, Rice University. Former Chair of the Biology Department and Professor of Biology at the Institute for Creation Research.[217][218] Deceased 1997.[218] Yes
Lycklama, Heinz CMI Physics Nuclear physics and Information Technology.[citation needed] No (Field)


Macreadie, Ian AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.Sc. (Hons), Molecular Biology (Genetics/Biochemistry), Monash University. Ph.D., Molecular Biology, Monash University.[219][220] Yes
Marcus, John AIG, CMI Biology B.A., Chemistry, Dordt College. M.S., Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan. Ph.D., Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan. "Far from being educated guesses, the many deceptive evolutionary scenarios seem to be nothing short of biased myths arising from the desperate desire to exclude God from lives and consciences."[221] Yes
Marks, Ronald C. AIG Chemistry [citation needed] No (Field)
Marshall, George AIG, CMI Medicine B.Sc. (Hons.), Biology, University of Strathclyde. M.Med.Sci., Sheffield. Ph.D., Ophthalmic Science at Glasgow. "The more I study the human eye, the harder it is to believe that it evolved. Most people see the miracle of sight. I see a miracle of complexity on viewing things at 100,000 times magnification. It is the perfection of this complexity that causes me to baulk [sic] at evolutionary theory."[222] Eye disease researcher, and may be qualified to speak on the structure of the eye. Yes
Mason, James CMI Physics Nuclear physics.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Mastropaolo, Joseph A. ICR Medicine B.S., Kinesiology, Brooklyn College. M.S., Kinesiology, University of Illinois. Ph.D. Kinesiology, University of Iowa. Adjunct Faculty for the Institute for Creation Research.[223] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Matthews, Ralph AIG, CMI Chemistry Radiation Chemistry.[citation needed] No (Field)
McClain, Mark CMI Chemistry Ph.D., University of Michigan. M.S., University of Michigan. B.A., Cedarville University. Professor of Chemistry at Cedarville University.[224] No (Field)
McEwan, John AIG, CMI Chemistry Organic Chemistry Yes
McIntosh, Andy CMI, ICR Mathematics BSc 1st Class Hons. Applied Mathematics, University of Wales. Ph.D. Combustion Theory, Cranfield Institute of Technology. DSc Mathematics, University of Wales.[225][226] A doctor of mathematics and aeronautics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
McMullen, Tom ICR Philosophy B.S. Electrical Engineering, Washington State University. M.S. Engineering Administration, Southern Methodist University. M.A. History and Philosophy of Science, Indiana University. Ph.D. History and Philosophy of Science, Indiana University.[227] A doctor of philosophy, not related to evolution or a young earth. On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. No (Field)
McQueen, David R. ICR Earth Science B.A., Geology, University of Tennessee. M.S., Geology, University of Michigan. Ed.S., Curriculum and Instruction (Science Education) and a EPA Graduate Fellow in Toxicology, Northeast Louisiana University.[228] Yes
Menton, David AIG, CMI, ICR Biology BS, Biology and Chemistry, Mankato State University. Ph.D., Cell Biology, Brown University. Employee of Answers in Genesis.[229] Associate Professor of Anatomy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis. Member of the Technical Advisory Board of the Institute for Creation Research.[29][230] Yes
Meyer, Angela (née Snowball) CMI Biology B.S., Botany, University of Auckland. M.S. (Hons.) Botany, University of Auckland. Ph.D., Horticultural Science, University of Sydney. "Firstly, I believe the Bible to be the Word of God, accurate and truthful in all that it says. It has been tested and found to be true in history, archaeology and fulfilled prophecy. [....] I have never seen any evidence for evolution. All that I see around me in nature points to a divine designer. [....] In addition, the extravagance of shape variation, color and patterns of flowers is a clear expression of a divine artist. Evolutionary processes would most likely produce a much more restricted, conservative and utilitarian display (if evolutionary processes were, in fact, possible)."[231] Yes
Meyer, John R. AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.A., Kearney State College, Kearney. Ph.D., University of Iowa. Was director of the Creation Research Society Van Andel Creation Research Center.[232] Member of the Technical Advisory Board of the Institute for Creation Research. Professor of Biology, Baptist Bible College, Clark's Summit.[29] Yes
Meyer, Victor CMI Biology Entomology, environmental science.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Miller, Douglas J. CMI Chemistry BS, University of Rochester. Ph.D., Inorganic Chemistry, University of Colorado. Professor of Chemistry at Cedarville University.[233] No (Field)
Mills, Albert AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Reproductive Physiologist, Embryologist.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Deceased June 18, 2011. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Mitchell, Elizabeth AIG Medicine MD, Vanderbilt University.[234] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Mitchell, Robert Tommy AIG, CMI Medicine B.A. (highest honors) from University of Tennessee-Knoxville, major in cell biology. Medical degree from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine; residency at Vanderbilt University Affiliated Hospitals. Certified in Internal Medicine. However, despite his medical training, "in late 2006, he withdrew from medical practice to pursue creation ministry full time." Employee of Answers in Genesis.[235] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Mitchell, Colin W. CMI Earth Science M.A. (Honors), Geography, Oxford University. M.C.D. (master of civic design), University of Liverpool. Ph.D., desert terrain geography, Cambridge University. "If the choice had been solely intellectual, it would have been harder because the arguments for and against a young earth both appeared strong, but I was impressed both by conscience and through the lessons of history that the answer must start with ethical principles. Our whole Western culture and civilization were based on the Bible above any other source of wisdom. This appeared to be the reason for its moral worth and the basis for its global influence."[236] As a geographer, may be qualified to speak on the creation of geological formations. Yes
Moehlenpah, Arlo ICR Chemistry B.S., Chemical Engineering, Washington University. M.S., Chemical Engineering, University of Minnesota. D.Sc., Chemical Engineering, Washington University.[237] No (Field)
Mohammed, Gina CMI Biology Plant physiology. Has actual publications showing the adaptation of plants to specific environments.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Moore, John N. AIG, CMI Education Science Education.[citation needed] A doctor of education, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Moreland, John W. AIG, Ex-CMI Engineering Mechanical Engineer and Dentist.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Morris, Henry M. Ex-CMI, ICR Engineering B.S.C.E., Civil Engineering, Rice University. M.S. Hydraulics, University of Minnesota. Ph.D. Hydraulic Engineering (Minor in Geology and Mathematics), University of Minnesota. Founder, President Emeritus, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, and Professor of Hydrology at the Institute for Creation Research.[29][238] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Special as the inventor of young Earth creationism as we know it. Deceased February 25, 2006. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Morris, John D. AIG, CMI, ICR Engineering B.S., Civil Engineering, Virginia Tech. M.S., Geological Engineering, University of Oklahoma. Ph.D. Geological Engineering, University of Oklahoma. President of the Institute for Creation Research.[239] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Morris, Len AIG, CMI Medicine Physiologist.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Mortenson, Terry AIG History BA, Math, University of Minnesota. MDiv, Systematic theology, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Ph.D., History of geology, Coventry University. Employee of Answers in Genesis.[240] A doctor of history, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Mortimer, Graeme AIG, CMI Earth Science Geologistics.[citation needed] Yes
Mumma, Stanley A. AIG, CMI Engineering B.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Cincinnati. M.S., Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois. Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois. Professor of architectural engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. "My academic areas of research are related to building energy utilization and indoor air quality control. The research, which is not devoted to the study of origins, is founded on the fundamental, observable, and reliable principles of the thermal sciences. Therefore, what follows will not link my research activities to my conclusions concerning origins. I bring a research engineer’s mind to bear on the things I read and observe around me. Engineers quite often need confidence in the literal accuracy of the Genesis account, while people educated in many other disciplines are quite satisfied to take it as allegory."[241] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Murray, Arlton C. AIG Biology Paleontology.[citation needed] Yes


No, Hee-Choon AIG, CMI Engineering Nuclear Engineering.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Norman, Eric AIG, CMI Medicine Biomedical researcher. "Evolution is just unscientific. It violates the laws of chemistry including the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the laws of probability, and information theory."[242] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)


Oard, Michael J. ICR Earth Science See main article. Education in atmospheric science, not related to evolution or a young earth. 1993 (23 YA)[243][244] YEC No (Multiple: Field, LP)
O'Daniel, Donna ICR Biology B.A., Education, Faith Baptist Bible College. M.A., Biological Sciences/Minor in Botany (Hons), University of Texas at Austin.[245] Yes
Oderberg, David AIG, CMI Philosophy [citation needed] A doctor of philosophy, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Oliver, Douglas CMI Biology Professor of Biology.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Oliver, Richard ICR Biology B.S., Biology, University of California, Fullerton. M.S., Biology, University of California, Irvine. Ph.D., Biology, University of California, Irvine.[246] Yes
Oller, John AIG, CMI, ICR Linguistics B.A. Spanish and French (Minor in Education), Fresno State University. G.S.C. General Secondary Teaching Credential, Fresno State University. M.A., General Linguistics, University of Rochester. Ph.D., General Linguistics, University of Rochester. Member of the Board of Trustees and the Technical Advisory Board of the Institute for Creation Research. Professor of Geophysics and Head of Science Division, Bryan College, Dayton.[29][247] A doctor of linguistics, not related to evolution or a young earth. On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. No (Field)
Osborne, Chris B. AIG, CMI Biology BA, California State University, Fullerton. MS, Institute for Creation Research. PhD, Loma Linda University.[248] Assistant Professor of Biology, California Baptist University. Yes
Osgood, John AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Medical Practitioner.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)


Pallaghy, Charles AIG, CMI Biology Botanist.[citation needed] Yes
Parker, Gary E. AIG, CMI, ICR Biology B.A., Biology/Chemistry, Wabash College. M.S., Biology/Physiology, Ball State University. Ed.D. in Biology with a cognate in Paleontology from Ball State University. Adjunct Faculty for the Institute for Creation Research.[249][250] Yes
Pennington, David AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Plastic Surgeon.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Phillips, David ICR Biology B.A., Physical Anthropology with minors in Biology and Geology, California State University of Northridge (CSUN). M.A., Paleoanthropology, California State University of Northridge.[251] Yes
Phipps, Terry L. CMI Biology Ph.D., Environmental Biology, The Ohio State University. M.S., Biological Science, Wright State University. B.S., Biology, Cedarville College.[252] Yes
Piercy, Mathew Ex-CMI Medicine Anaesthetist.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Poirier, Jules H. CMI Engineering Aeronautics, Electronics.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Porter, Richard AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine World authority on the human spine.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of 2010-06-08. No (Field)
Purdom, Georgia AIG, CMI Biology Ph.D., Molecular genetics, The Ohio State University. Employee of Answers in Genesis.[253] Yes


Quick, Graeme CMI Engineering Formerly Principle Research Scientist with CSIRO.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)


Rankin, John AIG, Ex-CMI Physics B.S. (Hons), Applied mathematics, Monash University. Ph.D., Mathematical Physics, University of Adelaide.[254] "When we ask about the origins of everything, what are the choices? We basically really only have two choices: evolution or creation."[255] Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Raske, Arthur AIG Biology Entomology.[citation needed] Yes
Reese, A.S. AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine M.D.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Rendle-Short, John AIG, Ex-CMI Medicine Pediatrician (AM, MA, MB, BChir, MD (Cantab.), FRCP, FRACP.)[256][257] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Reynolds, Daniel W. ICR Chemistry B.S. Chemistry, University of Texas. M.A. Synthetic Organic Chemistry, University of Texas. Ph.D. Physical Organic Chemistry, University of Texas.[258] Yes
Rodda, David CMI Biology Ph.D., Population Genetics.[citation needed] Yes
Roe, Jung-Goo AIG, CMI Biology [citation needed] Yes
Rosevear, David AIG, CMI Chemistry [citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Ross, Marcus CMI Biology Paleontology.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Roth, Ariel A. AIG, CMI Biology B.A., Biology, Pacific Union College. M.S., Biology, University of Michigan. Ph.D., Biology, University of Michigan. Editor for 23 years of Origins journal of the Geoscience Research Institute. "When I consider the great questions of origins from a broad perspective, the biblical model makes the most sense to me; it leaves fewer unanswered questions. [....] The presence of complexity—interdependent parts that do not function unless other parts are also present—poses another major problem for evolution."[259] Yes
Russell, Craig CMI Biology Soil science, plant nutrition, ecology.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes


Samec, Ron AIG, CMI, ICR Physics B.A. Astronomy, University of South Florida. M.S. Science Education, Physics Concentration, The University of South Florida. Ph.D. Physics, Clemson University.[260] Yes
Sanford, Jon CMI Biology Plant science, genetics.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Sarfati, Jonathan D. CMI Chemistry Physical chemist. See main article. YEC No (Field)
Schaffner, Alicia CMI Biology Ph.D., Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, The Ohio State University. B.S., Biology, Purdue University. Associate Professor of Biology at Cedarville University.[261] Yes
Scheven, Joachim AIG, CMI Biology Palaeontologist.[citation needed] Yes
Scott, Ian AIG, CMI Education [citation needed] A doctor of education, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Scripture, Jonathan B. ICR Chemistry B.A., Zoology, University of California, Berkley. Ph.D., Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame.[262] Yes
Shaibani, Saami AIG, CMI Physics Forensic Physicist.[citation needed] No (Field)
Sherwin, Frank ICR Biology B.A., Biology, Western State College, Colorado. M.A., Zoology, University of Northern Colorado. Employee of the Institute for Creation Research.[263] Yes
Shim, Young-Gi AIG, CMI Chemistry [citation needed] No (Field)
Hyun-Kil Shin AIG, CMI Chemistry Food Science.[citation needed] A doctor of food science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Shulgin, Mikhail AIG, CMI Physics [citation needed] No (Field)
Silvestru, Emil AIG, CMI Earth Science See main article. Ph.D, Geology, ‘Babes-Bolyai’ University. Decided Genesis was true, then realigned his scientific views. Has argued for the Roraima pollen paradox and against radiometric dating. Is a global warming denier, to boot. Yes
Simmons, Jerry M. ICR Education B.S., Chemistry and Technology, New Mexico Institute of Mining. M.S. in Teaching and Technology, New Mexico Institute of Mining. Ph.D., Multicultural Teacher & Childhood Education (Science Teaching Emphasis), University of New Mexico.[264] On ICR's "physical scientists" list; isn't a physical scientist. No (Field)
Simpson, Roger AIG, CMI Engineering [citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Skipper, Horace D. CMI Chemistry Soil Microbiology.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Slusher, Harold AIG, Ex-CMI Earth Science Geophysicist. Entirely honorary D.Sc. from Indiana Christian University. His "Ph.D." in geophysics is from diploma mill Columbia Pacific University.[265] Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. YEC[265] No (Edu)
Smith, George S. AIG Chemistry MS, Chemistry.[citation needed] No (Field)
Smith, Norbert E. AIG, CMI Biology Zoologist.[266] Yes
Snelling, Andrew AIG, CMI, ICR Earth Science BSc (First Class Honours), Applied Geology, The University of New South Wales. Ph.D., Geology, University of Sydney. Employee of Answers in Genesis, chief editor of Answers Research Journal.[267] Employee of the Institute for Creation Research.[268] Yes
Song, Man-Suk AIG, CMI Mathematics Computer Science.[citation needed] A doctor of mathematics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Standish, Timothy G. AIG, CMI Biology BS, Zoology, MS, Biology, Andrews University. Ph.D., Environmental Biology and Public Policy, George Mason University.[269] Board member at the Geoscience Research Institute and co-editor of their pseudojournal, Origins.[270] Contributor to various propaganda at Answers in Genesis. "[E]volution survives as a paradigm only as long as the evidence is picked and chosen and the great pool of data that is accumulating on life is ignored."[271] Yes
Stark, James AIG, CMI Education Assistant Professor of Science Education, Christian Heritage College.[citation needed] A doctor of education, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Stone, Brian AIG, CMI Engineering PhD, Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol. BSc, Engineering, University of Bristol.[272] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Strasser, Wayne AIG Engineering Mechanical and Chemical Engineering.[citation needed] Education on engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Su, Esther AIG, CMI Chemistry Biochemistry.[273] Yesest
Sullivan, Dennis CMI Medicine B.S., Chemistry, Youngstown State University. M.D., Case Western Reserve University. M.A. Bioethics, Trinity Graduate School. Professor of Biology, Cedarville University.[274] A doctor of medicine, unrelated to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Swenson, Keith ICR Medicine B.S., Zoology and Pre-medical Studies, University of Idaho. M.D., Washington University School of Medicine.[275] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)


Tantcheva, Lyubka P. ICR Medicine M.Sc., Pharmacy, Medical Academy, Sofia. Ph.D., Biochemical Toxicology, Medical Academy, Sofia.[276] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Tate, Greg CMI Biology Plant Pathology.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Taylor, Charles CMI Linguistics M.A., Ph.D., PGCE, LRAM, FIL., Cert. Theol.[citation needed] A doctor of linguistics, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Taylor, Stephen Ex-CMI Engineering B.S., Electrical Engineering and Electronics, Imperial College of Science and Technology, University of London. M.Eng., University of Liverpool. Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, University of Liverpool. "On the table in front of me is a reproduction of a beautiful landscape painting of a country scene, dating from about 1770, by Paul Sandby. [....] You ask me how the painting came to be. If I were to insist to you that suddenly and for no apparent reason, oil paints began to arrive upon a canvas, in such a way and in just such proportions that the result was a work of art, you would think me to be mad. It is an impossible scenario. My difficulties in convincing you would be made worse if I were unable to give an explanation for the existence of the canvas and the paints in the first place!"[277] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. No (Field)
Thaete, Larry CMI Biology Molecular and Cellular Biology and Pathobiology.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Thompson, Bert ICR Biology B.S., Biology, Abilene Christian University. M.S., Microbiology, Texas A&M. Ph.D., Microbiology, Texas A&M. Former professor in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Texas A&M.[278] Yes
Thomson, Ker C. AIG, CMI Earth Science B.A., Physics and Geology, University of British Columbia. D.Sc., Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines. Professor of Geophysics, Head of Science Division, Bryan College, Dayton. Member of the Technical Advisory Board of the Institute for Creation Research. Doesn't understand evolution: "Is there available a scientifically observable process in nature which on a long-term basis is tending to carry its products upward to higher and higher levels of complexity?"[279] Yes
Thorat, Jayant D. AIG Medicine Neurosurgery.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Todhunter, Michael AIG, CMI Biology Forest Genetics.[citation needed] Yes
Tonkonog, Lyudmila AIG, CMI Chemistry Chemistry/Biochemistry.[citation needed] Yes
Tow, Siang Hwa CMI Medicine Retired chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Singapore.[citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Truman, Royal AIG, CMI Chemistry Organic Chemist.[citation needed] On AIG list twice. Yes


Vardiman, Larry AIG, CMI, ICR Earth Science B.S. Physics, University of Missouri at Rolla. B.S. Meteorology, St. Louis University. M.S. Atmospheric Science, Colorado University. Ph.D. Atomospheric Science, Colorado University. Chairman of the Astro/Geophsics Department and Professor of Physics at the Institute for Creation Research.[29][280] "Evolution implies chaos and meaninglessness. Creation implies order and value."[281] A doctor of atmospheric science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Veith, Walter AIG, CMI, ICR Biology Zoologist. Patently doesn't understand evolution. See main page. YEC Yes
Vetter, Joachim AIG, CMI Biology [citation needed] Yes
Vinay, Stephen J. (III) AIG Chemistry Chemical Engineering.[citation needed] No (Field)
Vorpagel, Erich CMI Chemistry Biochemistry, Molecular Biology; computational protein function.[citation needed] Added to the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes


Walker, Tas CMI Engineering Mechanical Engineer and Geologist.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Walter, Jeremy AIG, CMI Engineering Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University. M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University. M.S., Mechanical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University. B.S., Mechanical Engineering (highest distinction), Pennsylvania State University. [282] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Wanser, Keith AIG, CMI, ICR Physics B.A. Physics, California State University, Fullerton. M.A. Condensed Matter Physics, University of California, Irvine. Ph.D. Condensed Matter Physics, University of California, Irvine. Professor of Physics at California State University, Fullerton.[283] No (Field)
Weeks, Noel AIG, CMI History Ancient Historian (also has B.Sc. in Zoology). A Bachelor's degree in a somewhat relevant field. A doctor of history, not related to evolution or a young earth.[citation needed] On AIG list twice. No (Field)
White, A.J. Monty AIG, CMI Chemistry Ph.D., Gas Kinetics, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. B.S. (honors), Gas Kinetics, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. He is the CEO of AIG in Europe.[284] No (Field)
Whitmore, John CMI Earth Science Geologist/Paleontologist.[citation needed] Yes
Carl Wieland Ex-CMI Medicine [citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Not on 2010-06-08 version of CMI list, though alive and well. No (Field)
Wieland, Lara Ex-CMI Medicine [citation needed] A doctor of medicine, not related to evolution or a young earth. Not on 2010-06-08 version of CMI list. No (Field)
Wilder-Smith, Arthur E. Ex-CMI Chemistry Three science doctorates; a creation science pioneer.[285] Deceased 1995. Not on 2010-06-08 version of CMI list. No (Field)
Wile, Jay L. ICR Chemistry B.S. Chemistry (Minor Philosophy), University of Rochester. Ph.D. Nuclear Chemistry, University of Rochester.[286] No (Field)
Williams, Alexander Ex-CMI Biology Botanist.[citation needed] Not on 2010-06-08 version of list. Yes
Williams, Emmett L. ICR Engineering B.S., Metallurigical Engineering, Virginia Tech. M.S., Metallurigical Engineering, Virginia Tech. Ph.D., Materials Engineering from Clemson University.[287] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Wilson, Clifford Ex-CMI Anthropology Psycholinguist and Archaeologist.[citation needed] Died 4th April 2012.[288] Removed from the CMI list as of the 29 October 2014 version. Yes
Wilson, Gordon AIG Earth Science Environmental Science and Public Policy.[citation needed] A doctor of environmental science, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Wise, Kurt P. CMI, ICR Biology See main article. One of the founders of modern baraminology. As a paleontologist, may be qualified to speak on fossils. Yes
Wolfrom, Glen W. AIG, ICR Biology B.S. Animal Science (Zoology Minor), Western Illinois University. M.S. Animal Industries, Southern Illinois University. Ph.D. Animal Husbandry/Ruminant Nutrition (Statistics Minor), University of Missouri.[289] "I was saved at an early age, when I was in about the third grade. [....] It was at this point in my life that I believed I trusted Christ. Later, at the same church, I was baptized by immersion, together with my mom and dad in the same service."[290] Yes
Wood, Bryant CMI Anthropology Archaeologist.[citation needed] Yes
Wood, Todd C. ICR Biology B.S., Biology, Liberty University. Ph.D., Biochemistry, University of Virginia. Post-Doc, Genomics, University of Clemson.[291] Yes


Yang, Seoung-Hoon AIG, CMI Physics [citation needed] No (Field)
Yi, Thomas (Tong Y.) AIG, CMI Engineering Ph.D., Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering.[citation needed] A doctor of engineering, not related to evolution or a young earth. No (Field)
Yoo, Ick-Dong CMI Biology Genetics.[citation needed] Yes
Yoon, Sung-Hee AIG, CMI Biology [citation needed] Yes
Young, Patrick AIG, CMI, ICR Chemistry B.S., Chemistry, University of Rio Grande. Ph.D., Analytical Chemistry (Minors in Organic and Physical Chemistry), Ohio University.[292] No (Field)
Yu, Keun Bae AIG, CMI Earth Science B.A., Geography, Seoul National University, 1977. M.A., Geography, Seoul National University, 1981. Ph.D., Geography, University of Georgia, 1986.[293] Yes
Yuan, Daiqing CMI Physics Theoretical Physics. After obtaining his Ph.D. in 1996, Dr. Yuan has since been a missionary, switched to studying theology, and is currently a pastor. His Ph.D. cannot be disputed but he's hardly what one would describe as a working scientist.[294] 1996 (20 YA)[295] No (Field)


Zuill, Henry AIG, CMI Biology Professor emeritus at Union College (Nebraska), a Seventh Day Adventist college whose science and mathematical division states, among other things, that this division "…concentrates on helping students to know God as the Creator while providing plenty of practical experience.[296] A decidedly unscientific goal. "If biodiversity is as necessary for normal ecosystem operation as appears to be the case, it suggests that these services, and organisms providing them, had to have been simultaneously present right from the beginning. If these ecological interrelationships are really indispensable, then there is no easy evolutionary explanation. This suggests that ecology was designed."[297] Yes

[edit] Related

The Discovery Institute-related organization Physicians and Surgeons for Scientific Integrity manages "Physicians and Surgeons who Dissent from Darwinism", a similar list for medical professionals. The institute has also compiled and distributed other misleading lists of local scientists during controversies over evolution education in Georgia, New Mexico, Ohio, and Texas.[298]

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Notes

  1. "If my plastic surgeon said it, I believe it, his word cannot lie."
  2. This includes people critical of the modern synthesis of evolution who nonetheless do not invoke a higher power to fill the gaps.
  3. 3.0 3.1 No online writings on creationism or intelligent design; has not responded when contact attempted.
  4. From private correspondence: "I firmly believe that the existence of the human body and the earth as its necessary environment without intelligent design and creation is a mathematical impossibility."

[edit] Footnotes

  1. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20151108051115/https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/
  3. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/modern/
  4. http://web.archive.org/web/20151125141744/https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/modern/
  5. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/scientist-inclusion-procedure/
  6. 6.0 6.1 http://web.archive.org/web/20150906072236/https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/scientist-inclusion-procedure/
  7. http://creation.com/scientists-alive-today-who-accept-the-biblical-account-of-creation
  8. 8.0 8.1 http://web.archive.org/web/20141020170523/http://creation.com/scientists-alive-today-who-accept-the-biblical-account-of-creation
  9. 9.0 9.1 http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/filesDB-download.php?command=download&id=660
  10. http://web.archive.org/web/20120623224116/http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/filesDB-download.php?command=download&id=660
  11. 11.0 11.1 http://web.archive.org/web/20020602112210/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists.html
  12. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/biologicalscientists.html
  13. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html
  14. Pennock, Robert T. (2001). Intelligent design creationism and its critics: philosophical, theological, and scientific perspectives. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, pp. 322
  15. Bruce Chapman, Letter to the Editor, New York Times, December 12, 2005
  16. The Discovery Institute’s Center for Science and Culture, Key Resources for Parents and School Board Members
  17. Bruce Chapman, Center for Science and Culture article, originally posted in 2003
  18. Eldredge, Niles & Scott, Eugenie C. (2005). Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 215
  19. TalkOrigins Archive on the Kansas evolution hearings, part 8
  20. Few Biologists but Many Evangelicals Sign Anti-Evolution Petition New York Times article, February 21, 2006
  21. John Lynch did some work on the 2008 version of the list, finding that only about 2% of the signatories had any training in evolutionary biology, Post from January 8, 2008.
  22. Alexander, Denis; Numbers, Ronald L. (2010). Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-60841-7.
  23. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Scientific_Support_for_Darwinism#Results
  24. http://www.sciencemeetsreligion.org/evolution/scientists-evolution.php
  25. Sandwalk, post from January 2007
  26. Skip Evans, post at the NCSE website, April 8, 2002.
  27. http://www.ctsnet.org/home/baaron
  28. http://web.archive.org/web/20021224092330/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/aaron.html
  29. 29.00 29.01 29.02 29.03 29.04 29.05 29.06 29.07 29.08 29.09 29.10 29.11 29.12 29.13 29.14 29.15 http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/icr-catalog.html
  30. http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2011/mar/26/lakeside-surgeon-recalls-his-role-saving-president/
  31. http://www.healthgrades.com/physician/dr-benjamin-aaron-wgbrw
  32. http://europepmc.org/search?query=AUTH:%22Aaron+BL%22&page=1&sortby=Date
  33. http://www.campbell.edu/cphs/faculty/faculty-members/dr.-thomas-abraham
  34. http://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/66784
  35. http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/staff/12
  36. Tekton Ministry’s list of "Scientists of the Christian faith
  37. 37.0 37.1 Achtemeier’s criticism of Stephen Jay Gould.
  38. http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/ja/ja_achtemeier002.pdf
  39. http://web.archive.org/web/20021231112149/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/ackerman.html
  40. http://silkworm.wordpress.com/2007/03/26/corr-returns-to-wichita-state/
  41. http://webs.wichita.edu/depttools/depttoolsmemberfiles/psychology/Resumes/AckermanFullVita2012.pdf
  42. http://www.creationism.org/ackerman/
  43. https://www.icr.org/article/96/
  44. http://www.amazon.com/Gods-Image-After-All-Creationism/dp/0801002230
  45. http://www.calvin.edu/~adams/
  46. http://www.calvin.edu/~adams/professional/publications/
  47. http://www.esd.ornl.gov/earth_aquatic/people/s_adams.shtml
  48. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16291182
  49. http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/Area/isd/agard.asp
  50. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/e-theo-agard-medical-physics/
  51. http://genesis.uag.mx/posgrado/revistaelect/
  52. At least he posted this essay, by one Rashmi Wright, online.
  53. Can be accessed here if you for any reason would want the standard PRATTs once more.
  54. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&q=Alcocer%2C+Mauricio
  55. http://www.discovery.org/multimedia/audio/2009/02/another-scientist-dissents-from-darwinism-dr-mauricio-alcocer-ruthling/#more-13441
  56. http://uncw.edu/phy/about/alexanian.html
  57. 57.0 57.1 http://origins.swau.edu/who/moorad/cmoorad98.html
  58. http://www.uncommondescent.com/intelligent-design/physics-today-publishes-letters-from-a-creationist-geneticist-and-a-pro-id-physicist/
  59. https://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200101/upload/jan01.pdf
  60. http://www2.asa3.org/archive/ASA/199911/0233.html
  61. http://www2.asa3.org/archive/asa/200709/0592.html
  62. http://www.providencejournal.com/article/20150728/opinion/150729365
  63. Canadianchristianity.com, article from September 18, 2006.
  64. www.ccqc.uga.edu/wdallen/
  65. http://web.archive.org/web/20040229223131/http://www.discovery.org/viewDB/index.php3?program=CRSC&command=view&id=16
  66. https://books.google.com/books?id=SU7VZD6ts20C&pg=PA276#v=onepage&q&f=false
  67. 67.0 67.1 https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/james-s-allan-genetics/
  68. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_q=&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_occt=any&as_sauthors=Allan+S.+James&as_publication=&as_ylo=&as_yhi=&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C21
  69. http://barney.gonzaga.edu/~ece/gallwine1.html
  70. http://barney.gonzaga.edu/~ece/gallwine.html
  71. 71.0 71.1 https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_q=&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_occt=any&as_sauthors=gail+allwine&as_publication=&as_ylo=&as_yhi=&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C21
  72. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021174703/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/armitage.html
  73. http://creation.com/mark-h-armitage
  74. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065128113000020
  75. http://www.nature.com/news/university-sued-after-firing-creationist-fossil-hunter-1.16281
  76. This one, for instance.
  77. Blogpost from July 7, 2008
  78. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#saustin
  79. https://www.sgh.com.sg/Others/Pages/DoctorDetails.aspx?_id=3E6A23CD-DEDF-45C2-8EAB-605E99CC1E21&name=Aw+Swee+Eng&institute=SingaporeGeneralHospital
  80. Douglas Axe in the Encyclopedia of American Loons.
  81. Panda’s Thumb, article from January, 2007
  82. Sandwalk, post from January, 2012
  83. Blogpost from March, 31, 2012
  84. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/biologicalscientists.html#ibardella
  85. http://creation.com/dr-geoff-barnard
  86. http://www.biblicalcreationministries.org.uk/b/index.php/statement-of-faith
  87. Wikipedia article on the Lab
  88. PZ Myers makes a good point regarding the situation.
  89. Bass's own summary of outreach efforts on behalf of cold fusion.
  90. http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.1967.24.3c.1055
  91. http://www.cedarville.edu/personal/personalpages/dpb_www.htm
  92. http://web.archive.org/web/20020418171035/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/baumgardner.html
  93. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/john-baumgardner/
  94. The Wikipedia page notes that this model was developed in order to model the Global Flood.
  95. http://www.rae.org/pdf/believe.pdf
  96. Rightwingwatch, [article from August 4, 2010].
  97. Bartholomew’s Notes on Religion, Post from June 23, 2010.
  98. This discussion thread, for instance.
  99. He has, for instance, contributed to the anthology Life and Mind, which defends homeopathy, water memory, biofields, and the idea that “human intent […] may affect cellular equilibrium”.
  100. Here, for instance.
  101. http://web.archive.org/web/20021231113509/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/berg.html
  102. http://nitcentral.philfarrand.com/cgi-bin/discus/board-auth.cgi?lm=1096596450&file=/2310/26221.html
  103. 103.0 103.1 http://www.rae.org/pdf/darwinskeptics.pdf
  104. http://frederickcreationsociety.org/Previous%20Discussions_files/2008.htm and http://frederickcreationsociety.org/Previous%20Discussions_files/2005.htm
  105. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&q=otto+e+berg&btnG=&as_sdt=1%2C21&as_sdtp=
  106. www.csharp.com/creationism.ppt
  107. https://www.google.com/search?q=%22kimberly+berrine%22&pws=0
  108. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=Berrine%5BAuthor%5D
  109. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_q=&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_occt=any&as_sauthors=Berrine&as_publication=&as_ylo=&as_yhi=&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C21
  110. Probe Ministries, Dr. Ray Bolin. probe.org. Retrieved on 12 January 2016.
  111. Discovery Institute, Raymond Bohlin. discovery.org. Retrieved on 12 January 2016.
  112. #509: Ray Bohlin. americanloons.blogspot.com. 15 April 2003. Retrieved on 12 January 2015.
  113. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#eBoudreaux
  114. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/brewer.html
  115. http://web.archive.org/web/20021231114234/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/lbruce.html
  116. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021180313/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/bullock.html
  117. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/stuart-burgess/
  118. http://www.bcseweb.org.uk/index.php/Main/StuartBurgess
  119. http://creation.com/brandstater-interview
  120. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/linn-carothers/
  121. bio
  122. http://creation.com/from-lampooning-loonies-to-shouting-creation
  123. http://www.kangwon.ac.kr/english/menu3/sub_03_01_02_15.php
  124. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_q=&as_epq=&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_occt=any&as_sauthors=Sung-Do+Cha&as_publication=&as_ylo=&as_yhi=&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C21
  125. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#echaffin
  126. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/eugene-chaffin/
  127. http://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/faculty_scholars/20/
  128. www.bju.edu/academics/faculty/facultymember.php?id=mchetta
  129. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/marc-chetta/
  130. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#dchittick
  131. http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/feedback/2006/0804.asp
  132. http://creation.com/a-big-purple-frog-behind-the-moon
  133. http://web.chonnam.ac.kr/en/main/main_sub.php?tMenu=academics&college=education&dept=biology_edu
  134. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/john-m-cimbala-mechanical-engineering/
  135. http://web.archive.org/web/20020622072345/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/cumming.html
  136. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&q=d%27Abrera%2C+Bernard
  137. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021180636/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/damadian.html
  138. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/profiles/super-scientist-slams-societys-spiritual-sickness/
  139. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/nancy-m-darrall-botany/
  140. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/bryan-dawson/
  141. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/james-stark/
  142. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/biologicalscientists.html#ddemick
  143. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021181148/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/dewitt.html
  144. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/david-dewitt/
  145. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#ddeyoung
  146. https://answersingenesis.org/blogs/ken-ham/2005/11/13/dr-deyoung-at-aig/
  147. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/geoff-downes/
  148. http://web.archive.org/web/20020713162235/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/eckel.html
  149. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/robert-h-eckel-medical-research/
  150. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021181840/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/eggen.html
  151. http://creation.com/french-creation
  152. http://www.cedarville.edu/personal/personalpages/lee_www.htm
  153. http://articles.latimes.com/1990-01-17/local/me-53_1_science-teachers
  154. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/dennis-englin/
  155. http://www2.masters.edu/DeptPageNew.asp?PageId=2820
  156. http://creation.com/dennis-l-englin
  157. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/danny-faulkner/
  158. http://web.archive.org/web/20020622073138/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/faulkner.html
  159. http://www.cedarville.edu/Academics/Science-and-Mathematics/Faculty-Staff/Flentge-Dennis.aspx
  160. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021181825/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/fliermans.html
  161. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/dwain-l-ford-organic-chemistry/
  162. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/biologicalscientists.html#rfranks
  163. https://books.google.ca/books?id=GQ3TI5njXfIC&pg=PA280&dq=%22robert+v.+gentry%22,+%22age+of+the+earth%22&hl=en&ei=DRYeTv2ZCvKGsALN3vWdCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result#v=onepage&q=%22robert%20v.%20gentry%22%2C%20%22age%20of%20the%20earth%22&f=false
  164. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/paul-giem-medical-research/
  165. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=MlXgBAAAQBAJ
  166. http://web.archive.org/web/20021021182714/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/gillen.html
  167. http://web.archive.org/web/20020526212540/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/gish.html
  168. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/000629527290319X
  169. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/werner-gitt-information-science/
  170. In the Beginning was Information, Werner Gitt.
  171. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&q=werner+gitt
  172. http://people.cedarville.edu/employee/gollmers/
  173. https://answersingenesis.org/answers/books/in-six-days/db-gower-biochemistry/
  174. http://creation.com/robin-greer
  175. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/biologicalscientists.html#rGuliuzza
  176. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/a-surgeon-looks-at-creation/
  177. http://creation.com/dr-john-hartnett-cv
  178. http://johnhartnett.org/2015/12/22/the-pause-continues/
  179. http://creation.com/dr-mark-harwood
  180. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/george-hawke/
  181. http://creation.com/dr-george-hawke
  182. http://www.cedarville.edu/personal/personalpages/lsh_www.htm
  183. http://creation.com/jonathan-henry
  184. http://creationwiki.org/Jonathan_Henry
  185. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#rHermann
  186. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=bodie+hodge&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C21
  187. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#bhoesch
  188. http://web.archive.org/web/20020601213333/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/biologicalscientists.html#khollowell
  189. http://web.archive.org/web/20020810185627/http://www.icr.org/creationscientists/physicalscientists.html#eholroyd
  190. https://answersingenesis.org/bios/edmond-holroyd/
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  192. http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/Area/isd/hosken.asp "In this subject we also had several lectures on evolutionary biology, and while the concepts were interesting, they did not excite me intellectually or emotionally. To me, unlocking the secrets of metabolism was like opening the book of life. There had to be a designer for this system to work, and to me this was not chance, but the hand of God."
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