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Maltheism (from "mal" meaning bad, or illness, and theism, from... well, theism) is the idea that God is just out to get us and that he or she or it is malicious, like a kid who keeps removing the pool ladders in The Sims. A Maltheist, therefore, is someone who believes that a god or gods exist, and that they are evil, malicious, incompetent, or otherwise causing the suffering of humanity. In essence, Maltheism is the idea that God exists and is not worthy of worship.
 In religion and fiction
- Most religions do not accept a maltheistic view of the world; however, many nonbelievers might argue that given the apparent capriciousness and insecurity of YHWH (especially in the Old Testament but also in parts of Revelation) that the Judeo-Christian tradition is maltheistic in nature.
- This is especially prevalent in fringe offshoots of these religions, which often take divine command theory to its logical conclusion. An example of this would be the Westboro Baptist Church, which believes that God predestines people to sin, so he can punish them for sinning. It should be pointed out, however, that these beliefs are only maltheism from the perspective of outsiders; believers in this view of God honestly think that arbitrary whims are always good.
- Maltheism has also influenced Jewish Theistic thought in the form of Holocaust Theology. Holocaust Theology (named so as a result of the Holocaust) is the idea that the Jewish God is not entirely worthy of worship, and is not entirely benevolent.
- Sethian Gnostics are semi-Maltheistic, as they believe the material world was created by an imperfect, evil sub-god named Ialdabaoth. Other branches of Gnosticism refer to this as the Demiurge. The true God that created all the non-material stuff is considered good however.
- The Cainites are another older Gnostic Sect who hold that the God of the Old Testament is essentially the Devil, and that Cain (who killed his brother Abel with the jaw bone of an Ass and created murder) is the first victim of this evil god (called in Gnostic thought the Demiurge) who punished Cain. Cain is actually worthy of worship because by creating murder, he allowed humans to reject it.
- The Church of the SubGenius often has a strong maltheistic streak to its deities.
- H.P. Lovecraft depicted a sort of maltheism where Azathoth, the creator god, was too stupid and/or insane to pay any attention to the universe, and lesser gods like Cthulhu were essentially out to cause death and destruction wherever they manifested.
- Maltheism is a philosophy mostly applied to Judeo-Christian thought and Gnosticism (and this is especially true with older Gnostic Sects), it is also related in many ways to pagan faiths. There are numerous stories from Pagan Mythology and Semi-Mythical Pagan stories of heroes abandoning their gods because they are not worthy of worship.
- This isn't quite Maltheism though, as Pagan Pantheons are often full of deities who are not worthy of worship.
- The graphic novel Preacher presents a God who, while not exactly malicious, has a severe case of self-esteem issues. He psychologically needs to be loved. All of creation is an attempt to make something to love him and make him feel valid. First the angels, who were made to love him. The Angel War/fall of Satan was orchestrated entirely to see if the angels would keep loving him after they had competition. Then came Earth and mortal man, and they were all intentionally made flawed, to give people valid reasons not to love and worship him, just to make it a bigger ego boost when they do. God is very likely to do generous acts of miracles, but he does them so he can say how awesome he is. Whenever he's questioned, he goes up in flames and pulls out several arguments--mainly that he's above questioning and all of creation is his do to with as he pleases. The main characters are less than persuaded.
 In other philosophies
- Some atheist critics of religion take the position that if the god of the Old Testament exists, he is not worthy of worship, as he appears to be a moody genocidal nutjob. This position is called "Hypothetical Maltheism"
- A position which is sometimes mistaken for maltheism is Misotheism. Maltheism is the position that God is not worthy of worship because He/She/It/Them/Other is fallible being like humans. Misotheism is the active hatred of God.