Miscegenation

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There was an Old Man of Jamaica,
Who suddenly married a Quaker;
But she cried out--'O lack!
I have married a black!'
Which distressed that Old Man of Jamaica.
—Edward Lear

Miscegenation (from the Latin miscere, meaning "mix", and gens, meaning "people") is a term that refers to romantic relationships, marriages, procreation or sexual liasons between those perceived to be of different races or ethnicities. The term was coined by the authors of a hoax pamphlet in 1863 promoting the act.[1] In pr0n speak, it's "interracial," and it's remarkably popular.

[edit] In history

Despite the exceedingly close genetic similarities between all known humans, the concept is very widespread as a result of nationalist or religious pressure, and general racism, traditionally to promote coherence between a defined group of people. Misleading interpretations of biology are also used to justify disapproval of miscegenation. For example, Adolf Hitler condemned mixed-race sexual unions in Mein Kampf, likening them to matings between different animal species, which produce weak or sterile offspring or none at all.

While no longer banned in most Westernized countries, anti-miscegenation lives on in Saudi Arabia, where women may not marry non-Arabs without royal permission[2] and figures into the citizenship laws of some countries like Egypt.[3] It is still forbidden by some fundamentalist religious beliefs, particularly some fundamentalist Protestant denominations in the United States who refer to the "Curse of Ham"[4] as a justification for separating white from black. (As a result, miscegenation is a common theme in pornography due to the perception of outsiders being more sexually alluring and/or more powerful.)

The case striking down miscegenation laws in the United States, Loving v. Virginia, was extremely influential in developing "substantive due process." Today, the fight against miscegenation legislation is often invoked as precedent in the current fight for same-sex marriage. In February 2014 this view gained some judicial sanction when Judge Arenda Wright Allen of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia struck down Virginia's ban on same-sex marriages in an opinion which cited Loving frequently and at length.

Racialism took on a unique form in Brazil during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. When Brazilian elites learned of "scientific" racism, they reversed the approach taken in other nations and promoted miscegenation as a means of "perfecting" the inferior races. They called this ideology "racial whitening." Anthropologists and historians believe that white supremacy led to an assimilative ideology in Brazil because its population was already a majority black and mixed race (i.e., a mix of white, black, and native peoples) by the late 19th century, so segregation would have been extremely difficult. The majority of the population in Brazil today is still of mixed race,[5] probably dooming any return of white supremacy there.

Recently it was discovered that all living humans have DNA from archaic humans like Neanderthals in their genomes.[6][7] This debunks the concept of "racial purity" and shows that miscegenation is natural among humans.

[edit] See also

[edit] Footnotes

  1. The Miscegenation Hoax, Museum of Hoaxes
  2. http://archive.is/s2aQ
  3. Egyptian men who marry Israeli women are automatically stripped of citizenship
  4. Referring to Noah's curse on his voyeuristic son Ham (traditionally thought of as the Biblical ancestor of the peoples of Africa) and his apparently ne'er-do-well son Canaan in Genesis.
  5. Skidmore, Thomas E. Fact and Myth: Discovering a Racial Problem in Brazil. Working Paper #173 - April 1992
  6. Fifth of Neanderthals' genetic code lives on in modern humans By Ian Simple, 29 January 2014
  7. Scientists Identify Neanderthal Genes in Modern Human DNA, 30 January 2014
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