Occupy Wall Street

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Occupy Wall Street was a grassroots (meaning not astroturfed)[1] protest movement that began on September 17, 2011, initiated by the Canuckistan culture-jamming group Adbusters.[2] Protesters occupied the street at Zuccotti Park (formerly Liberty Plaza) in New York City (and other locations across the United States and around the world) as a way of demonstrating against the financial powers mostly responsible for the economic crisis of 2008 and a vast, increasing wealth gap between the rich and everyone else (hence "We are the 99%").

Contents

[edit] Origins

The primary target of the movement's anger was the mishandling of the economy over the past few years, most especially the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act but also the bailout of the auto industry and the broader deregulation movement that dominated politics of the past decade and, to a lesser extent, the 1990's (ironically, while the Tea Party and the Occupy movements are generally viewed as being at opposite sides of the political spectrum, both cite bailouts as major motivating factors for protests).

Anonymous had some involvement in spreading the word about the movement prior to the start of the demonstrations;[3] given that OWS was mostly organized over the internet, this is not surprising.

As its name suggests, Occupy Wall Street began in the United States, but its tactics were used by protesters in many other major financial centres around the world by what has become the Occupy movement, with varying results. A more comprehensive list can be seen at the Occupy Directory.

[edit] Media coverage

Unlike with the equal and opposite Tea Party movement, most mainstream news organizations opted not to cover the movement initially, perhaps thinking it wouldn't last.[4] Initial media coverage of the movement was limited to the left-wing press, but when police officers were caught on camera being extremely aggressive against peaceful protesters,[5] the mainstream media sat up and took notice. After which the protestors came to feature prominently in the news.

This would tend to suggest that the mainstream media does not actually have a liberal bias, as conservatives over the years have claimed (the left-wing press, very much in contrast, was reporting on Occupy Wall Street before it started) — although it might be slapped with that label just for showing that level of concern for the protesters' civil liberties.

[edit] Criticisms

Criticism of the movement largely focused on the character of the protest, or on the protesters themselves, rather than the substance of the message. The lack of any official spokespersons for the movement, however, meant that while one can point to areas of general consensus, there was no official platform for the movement.

[edit] Dirty hippies

The standard criticisms against this sort of mass movement have been trotted out, with the Occupiers characterized as a gaggle of jobless, parasitic hippies.[6] While Occupy Wall Street did indeed drawn the usual cranks and alte kaempfer out of the woodwork,[7] particularly among the protest's dedicated movers-and-shakers, they were joined by quite a few ordinary people, who had felt the pinch of the economic recession and attributed their troubles to the large amount of wealth held by the upper class. And their evidence is massive.[8][9][10][11][12]

[edit] Nazis and rapists

Other criticisms latch on to the beliefs or behavior of individual protesters. For example, a handful of jackasses voiced their view that the big evil bankers in Occupy's sights are of the Jewish persuasion,[13] while others (okay, one guy, but hear us out) seemed to be in attendance in order to rape the female protesters rather than demonstrate. Naturally, we can extrapolate these facts and safely conclude that Occupiers were mostly Nazi rapists.

[edit] Incipient anti-American Reign of Terror!

Then there were those who viewed Occupy Wall Street's message as anti-American and generally evil.[14] Rush Limbaugh called them "stupid idiots and tools,"[15] while Glenn Beck said "They will come for you and drag you into the streets and kill you...they're Marxist radicals...these guys are worse than Robespierre from the French Revolution...they'll kill everybody."[16]

Prepare your irony meters. The U.S.'s income distribution, as measured by the Gini coefficient, is nearing the level seen in ancient regime France around that time,[17] and even worse than those seen in the Roman Empire.[18] In addition, the Stars and Stripes draped quite a few of the tents during the (US) protests [19] This suggests that, contrary to sweeping claims of anti-Americanism, many of those sympathetic to the movement and at least a fair number of those who participate generally considered protesting their patriotic duty.

[edit] The 53%

See the main article on this topic: We are the 53 percent

RedState.com started a counter-movement/meme to the "99%" called the "53%", referring to the percentage of U.S. citizens who make enough money to pay income taxes. The movement's main Tumblr site[20] shows individuals with their picture and a handwritten note about their place in America (similar to those involved in the 99% movement[21]), usually to the effect of "Suck it up, you whiners!" and "I never asked for a handout!"

Some of the 53%-ers' assertions are actually evidence that those individuals are in denial about their own place in America and the role of the government in their lives.[citation needed] Counter-counter-movement sites were created[22][23] to call out those who say they are the 53%, pointing out that the content they provided suggests otherwise (for example, someone who attended a public university, benefited from safety regulations, or served in the military clearly depended on the government for something, regardless of what they might think).

Of course, the inventor of the term was a guy name Erick Erickson, who makes his living by telling other people they should "get a job," so his claims to be contributing to society are questionable.

[edit] The 1%—kinda

The 99% movement also spawned a sister movement online, similar to the "We are the 99%" site, which features self-attributed members of the 1% who believe that the economic inequalities in the U.S. should be assessed.[24] Many of the entries finish with "Tax me more, I can afford it!", which suggested altruism is not the outmoded concept that some would like to think it is.

Perhaps the most notable example of an adherent to this is billionaire Warren Buffett, who has so strongly advocated for a fairer tax system that Barack Obama named his tax proposal, the Buffett Rule, after him.

[edit] The real 4% 1%

Another criticism is to put the protest in global perspective, characterizing its goal as "making privileged Americans more equal in status to other privileged Americans, which downplays the plight of Third-Worlders". To this Occupy Wall Street supporters responded that it is a red herring calculated to divide one group of oppressed people from another group of oppressed people, and downplays the plight of working class Americans. Considering that the only thing keeping the fate of the US's poor from that situation is slowly getting diminished, they may have had a point.

[edit] The risks of populism and the 1%

The now-famous "We are the 99%" slogan, some can argue, is both a significant strength for Occupy and a major weakness, which goes into the limitations and risks inherent in populism. The 99% vs 1% dynamic, for all its inclusiveness has within it the temptation of reducing politics with all its compromises and finer dynamics into simplistic moralism,[25] if not devolve into endless blame games on both sides. In such a framework, the 1% and any symbol or institution associated with them (eg. Wall Street) can make for convenient scapegoats on the part of Occupiers, something that can be easily be taken and abused by cranks and conspiracy theorists. For both critics and supporters however, this can be countered by actually getting to work on finding practical solutions while acknowledging that pinning down the villainous powers-that-be is pointless when just about everyone is (somewhat) at fault.[26]

[edit] Is this what Democracy looks like?

This point goes back to the aforementioned "lack of any official spokesperson" setback. Occupiers made much ado of its general style of direct democracy and lack of hierarchy. While these did provide a very inclusive platform (at least on paper) in that anyone's voice can be heard, in practice it made voting on common issues long and prone to interminable discussion that could dilute the message if not derail it at the last minute. At the same time, critics including those involved in Occupy itself pointed to other drawbacks such as tendency of said leaderless nature to mask an unaccountable hierarchy or elite that denies itself as such.[27] Consequently, this also made it harder to rein in outlying elements (the aforementioned cranks and conspiracy nutters) and actually sustain the movement in the longer-term. While this by itself did not compromise Occupy at its beginning or automatically devolve into mob rule, this increasingly became evident later on as factionalism grew within the movement.

[edit] Occupy...now what?

Another common criticism of Occupy is tied to the very nature of the movement itself and its plans, or rather a lack thereof when compared ironically enough to the Tea Party. For Gene Sharp, the man whose How to Start a Revolution has inspired directly or otherwise various protests around the world (that even Occupy supporters credit him), it didn't have much of a conceivable plan or strategy to really make it work beyond the rhetoric.[28] While supporters at large took pride at its "We are the 99%" inclusiveness, slogans and lack of an official platform as a strength, they could only go far before more pragmatic problems enter the picture. This sense of vagueness wasn't helped by the tendency of cranks and more radical groups to project their various revolutionary and utopian visions on the movement, further adding an impression of "preaching to the choir" introversion rather than inclusiveness. It's no surprise then why some people found it harder to take Occupy seriously the longer it went.[29] To counter these criticisms, one occupy group formed a plan to buy up, and the cancel, the personal debts of everyday Americans. As of November 2013, fifteen million dollars of debt has been written off in this way.[30]

[edit] Woo and Crankery

For every legitimate, justified protester and sympathizer, the Occupy movement was such that there's bound to be people just there to make a mess and generally paint a bad impression on the protests as a whole. The radical fringe and cranks however take it one step further and used Occupy as a platform to promote their groups and/or woo of their choice.

[edit] The real 0.001%

Certain conspiracy theorists including Mark Dice and Luke Rudkowski who subscribe to the whole idea of the Illuminati ruling the world have argued that the real enemy of the movement should be the Illuminati 'Superclass', equating to 0.001% of the world's population. These two individuals, along with others of similar interest, attended Occupy movements expressing these sentiments.

[edit] Freeman on the land

The Guardian's Comment is Free section became host to a handful of Freeman on the land articles in late 2011,[31] which essentially amounted to pseudolaw with an anarchist veneer. Needless to say, these did more to help discredit freeman ideas in the UK than anything else, with lawyers and professionals subsequently grilling those articles.[32]

[edit] Occupy Evolver

David DeGraw was one of the people responsible for coining the term "the 99%" even before Occupy and subsequently was involved in the protests. On the other hand, he considers the protests as being at the forefront of a spiritual evolution of consciousness.[33] Unfortunately, his vision infuses enough techno-utopianism, New Age woo and a shaky understanding of economics into the mix that it almost seems like something detractors would make to discredit the Occupiers, if it wasn't taken seriously.

[edit] Accomplishments

[edit] Policy

Policy accomplishments are not all that clear, especially in comparison to social movements of the past, like the Civil Rights Movement. It is possible that the movement pushed the Democrats, and specifically Obama and Biden, to the left on economic issues during the 2012 election cycle. This can't be proven, and it's not technically policy.

[edit] The Public Mind

OWS certainly gave Americans something of a class conscience, which was seriously lacking and still is. As well, OWS really highlighted for the American people the issue of big business's influence on the government and policy.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Footnotes

  1. Everyone knows the Soros Bucks are just rolling in: Soros: Not a Funder of Wall Street Protests, Reuters
  2. Adbusters' OWS page
  3. Occupy Wall Street at Know Your Meme
  4. http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/07/police-clashes-spur-coverage-of-wall-street-protests/
  5. If you haven't heard of Casually Pepper Spray Everything Cop...
  6. Some asshole on Twitter
  7. In Oakland, for example, there was a touch of unpleasantness involving "black bloc" anarchists who had associated with the Occupy movement there. [1] [2]
  8. http://www.alternet.org/occupywallst/152811/the_shocking,_graphic_data_that_shows_exactly_what_motivates_the_occupy_movement_/?page=entire
  9. http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2011/nov/18/joe-biden/biden-says-middle-income-earners-lost-ground-reces/
  10. http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2011/oct/07/checking-claims-occupy-wall-street/
  11. http://www.oecd.org/document/40/0,3746,en_21571361_44315115_49166760_1_1_1_1,00.html
  12. http://www.politifact.com/personalities/occupy-wall-street/
  13. http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2011/10/occupy_wall_street_has_an_anti-semitism_problem.html
  14. http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/10/09/cain-calls-occupy-wall-street-protesters-anti-american/
  15. http://www.politicususa.com/en/rush-limbaugh-occupy-wall-st
  16. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/10/glenn-beck-occupy-wall-street-kill-everybody_n_1004016.html
  17. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vMdbS1VU5do&feature=related
  18. [3]
  19. http://www.opendemocracy.net/anthony-barnett/long-and-quick-of-revolution
  20. We are the 53% on Tumblr
  21. We are the 99% on Tumblr
  22. We are not the 53% on Tumblr
  23. Actually you're the 47% on Tumblr
  24. We stand with the 99% on Tumblr
  25. Especially since this can mask divisive issues within the 99%.
  26. Something that Freakonomics author James Altucher brought up as a response to the interminable scapegoating.
  27. A point echoing Jo Freeman's The Tyranny of Structurelessness
  28. http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/12/201112113179492201.html "The [Occupy] protesters don’t have a clear objective, something they can actually achieve. If they think they will change the economic system by simply staying in a particular location, then they are likely to be very disappointed. Protest alone accomplishes very little.”
  29. The Occupy Love indie-documentary in 2012 for instance frames the movement, the Arab Spring and European protests among others into a rather rosy and vague narrative of global love revolution and consciousness-woo.
  30. Check Out How Occupy Eliminated 15 Million Dollars Of Personal Debt For Americans
  31. Such as this one.
  32. "Nonsense or loophole?" (Benchmark #57, February 2012, p 18)
  33. These articles pretty much explain themselves.
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