|Christ died so we could write articles on|
Pope is the title given to the leaders of a number of christian churches. The Roman Catholic Pope is the most well-known example, but there are others in the Orthodox churches, such as the Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, and the Pope of the (unrelated) Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria. There also has developed since the Second Vatican Council a series of either sedevacantist or anti-Pope schismatic churches, which is prone to give the Roman Catholic hierarchy trouble because some of these break-offs attract really-ordained Catholic priests who got sick of the Church. This is also a phenomenon in the Old Catholic Church, which claims validity under Vatican law while performing gay marriages and female ordinations. There are also an unlimited number of Popes in the parody religion Discordianism.
 The Roman Catholic Pope
The Roman Catholic Pope (which this article will focus on), also called the Pontiff (derived from the Latin word Pontifex, meaning path-maker), is the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and a revered figure in the Roman Catholic world. Believers assume the Pope is God's vicar on earth, and has an absolute authority to interpret holy scripture and transmit its meaning to the faithful. The adulation this leads to belies the dubious origins of the position. The Pope also has the distinction of being a double primate.
Historically, the Pope is typically an old man (well, usually a man...) he is well past normal retirement age. The Cardinals could not bear it if a young vigorous man had the power of the Pontiff, so they invariably choose an old man. Or they just choose a wise man with plenty of experience. It's not a position that anybody fresh from University can fulfill but a man of fifty or sixty just might do the job better than a man over seventy or over eighty. Previous experience in the Roman Catholic hierarchy doesn't hurt. The last non-Cardinal elected Pope was Urban VI in 1378 CE.
Group Consensus The Holy Spirit guides the election of popes  but the College of Cardinals the Holy Spirit chose a conservative (Francis) because all voting cardinals were chosen by conservatives (John Paul II and Benedict XVI). It can be confidently predicted the problems and sex scandals that beset the Church will continue under the new pope. 
 Dubious origins
The origins of the papacy are dubious. "Call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven", said Jesus, Matthew 23:9 yet Pope derives from the Latin Papa (father). Roman Catholics claim Saint Peter was the first Pope, although he did not adopt the title.
It appears that the original Greek text which Roman Catholics use to bolster the pope’s authority was ambiguous. Apparently Jesus used “petrus” to describe Peter and a slightly different word, “petra” meaning ‘rock mass’ to describe the foundation of the church. Bible translations generally do not show this distinction clearly. Protestants strongly dispute the meaning of this verse and the following verse where Roman Catholics believe Jesus gave popes power to bind and loose in Heaven and on Earth.  We should remember whatever Jesus did or did not say was originally in Aramaic and passed on orally for at least a generation before being written down in Greek. Jesus may have said something which was clear and unambiguous in Aramaic while the text we have today is different. We can no more than guess whether there were or were not other texts in the bible that went against the Roman Catholic concept of the pope. Since the Roman Catholics looked after the bible during the first centuries of the Christian Era anything that went against their world view was unlikely to stay.
The disciples who heard the original statement did not accept Peter as their unquestioned leader,  they asked Jesus who would be the greatest among them and disputed the leadership. Jesus gave no clear answer, just told them all to be humble like children and not to harm children. So those popes who failed to act against paedophilia are excluded from being among the greatest. 
Mary Magdalene may have challenged Peter’s right to be pope, she and Paul of Tarsus may have been more influential - see Gospel of Mary. There may have been several contenders for leadership of the early church.
The first Pope for whom there is contemporary evidence was Eleuterus (reigned 174-189 CE).
 Historical power
In the middle ages, the Pope was often the most powerful figure in Europe. The Roman Catholic Church wielded power over, and demanded fealty from, the often weaker kings of the various countries. Punishment for transgression could be excommunication, which in those days was a very bad thing. For some time there were even two popes, one in Rome and a second in Avignon while naturally each thought he was the real pope and the other was a devilish imposter, then for some time there was even a third pope in Pisa, see Antipope. Then later there was only one pope again which made it easy for the pope to become strong and corrupt popes tended to choose their nephews (nepotism) or even sons as cardinals, the papacy became very wealthy, some popes, notably Julius II added to their wealth through bloody warfare. 
Following the rise of Martin Luther and Protestantism as well as stronger nation-states in Europe, the Pope, and the Vatican in general became less powerful but were still important political figures. Some Protestants decided that the pope was the Antichrist because of the corruption and mercenary activities like selling so-called indulgences. John Wesley, for example thought the whole succession of popes after Gregory VII were, "undoubtedly antichrist". The idea that the pope is antichrist continues among some Protestants, for example Jack Chick up to the present day.
From the 8th century, through to the unification of Italy in the 1860s and 1870s, the Pope ruled as temporal sovereign over a large area of central Italy, the Papal States, collecting taxes, controlling the courts, legislating and enforcing the law, maintaining armed forces, conducting diplomacy, and waging war, as any other state would. The status of Vatican City as an independent state is a historical remnant of this temporal power.
By the 21st Century the pope was reduced to the all-powerful head of a Church with about a billion adherents.  Of course we can no more than guess what political influence the pope has behind the scenes.
 Limits of papal power
Surprisingly, every pope beginning with Peter has died at the end of his life though there are two exceptions to this rule.
- Benedict XVI began his tenure in 2005, it is not known when God would have chosen to fire him but he fired himself (resigned).
- Francis I was elected pope in 2013 Scary.
Typically Popes are so good that He keeps them on Staff for a long, long time.
As Pope one is entitled to choose a fabulous new name (here's looking forward to Pope Fluffy Bunnykins I) and in addition one receives, for their own personal use, the Pope hat (very pretty!), custom Pope yarmulke (even prettier!!), the Pope limo (with pretty bulletproof shield!!!), and a force of 200 ex-soldiers dressed in frilly, 15th-century clothes as bodyguards. Not to mention being the personal avatar of God. Damn, it must be nice to have that mainline to ultimate truth!
 As potential anti-Christs
Christians of the Jack Chick persuasion tend to view the Roman Catholic church as a Satanic institution given over to the worship of saints, Mother Mary and other such blasphemous non-Christ idols. Among these paranoid Anti-Catholics, the Pope is always a prime candidate for being the prophesied Antichrist, sent by Satan to spread terror and death amongst us mere mortals. You'll know the world is about to end when the new Pope chooses the name
Peter the Roman Petrus Romanus "Blessed Innocent", a dead giveaway that something nefarious is afoot.
 Special abilities
- See Papal infallibility.
Although against (to say the least) protection against unwanted pregnancy (otherwise known as "sex as recreation"), the Pope has now been protected by the Vatican against copyright infringement:
"[The Vatican] seeks to establish and safeguard the name, image and any symbols of the Pope as being expressly for official use of the Holy See unless otherwise authorized."
This page and any others like it are therefore in danger of being stomped on from a great height by the Holy Roman Copyright Inquisition.
 See also
- Antipope — you too can be a pope
- Benedict XVI
- Iron law of institutions
- Papal visit to the UK 2010
- ↑ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/328709.stm The guy who ordained her was a 'wandering bishop'.
- ↑ http://www.holyparaclete.org And looking just SUPER doing it!
- ↑ Whatever that means - two monkeys?.
- ↑ Papal Election: Politics Or Holy Spirit?
- ↑ A New Pope Won't Save the Sinking Ship
- ↑ http://www.thercg.org/questions/p184.a.html
- ↑ http://www.greeklatinaudio.com/peterock.htm
- ↑ RationalWiki:Annotated Bible/Matthew#Matthew 18:1
- ↑ Most Evil people of the 16th Century CE, Pope Julius II
- ↑ If you don't believe this, go to adherents.com and look it up. A billion strong! (according to their parents)
- ↑ Benedict XVI resignation: The two-pope problem
- ↑ Designed by a confirmed bachelor, no less[more detail please]
- ↑ Cat News Agency