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The term relic in the context of religion, is a technical term describing remains (usually of a person, though in some instances, objects of worship, bits of a building, etc.) that are held specifically for veneration or worship. Relics can be found in most religions, though what the relics mean to the people, and how they are viewed as religious or magical items vary greatly.
Typically, relics are preserved and isolated from non-sacred acts by the building of temples or shrines to hold the relics, housing the relics in special boxes, or insuring only particular people can see or touch them. Buddhism, for example, has a long history of including hair or nails or bits of bone in the clay used to make pottery, which is then formed for a temple and kept isolated.
Relics appear in the Old Testament as well. It could be argued that the ark, containing the bits of the ten commandments, was a form of relic; and in Books of Kings, the bones of Elisha brought a man back to life.
“”And Elisha died, and they buried him. And the rovers from Moab came into the land the same year. And some that were burying a man, saw the rovers, and cast the body into the sepulchre of Elisha. And when it had touched the bones of Elisha, the man came to life and stood upon his feet.
|—2 Kings 13:20-21|
“”And God wrought by the hand of Paul more than common miracles. So that even there were brought from his body to the sick, handkerchiefs and aprons: and the diseases departed from them: and the wicked spirits went out of them.
The Shroud of Turin is perhaps the most well known relic of Christianity, and there are an endless litany of objects marketed as "pieces of the cross", "burial cask of James", even "the very nails He was hung with" have been sold as relics of Jesus.
This explains the prevalent and ongoing Roman Catholic practice of chopping their most revered religious figures into tiny bits after death and distributing fragments of their remains to congregations around the world. Throughout the Catholic world, relics are present in the Churches, altars, and other holy sites. Protestant religions are far less likely to maintain relics, especially human remains.
Jesus himself left a paucity of human relics. However, the Catholic Church has not allowed itself to be inconvenienced, displaying in the Middle Ages several Holy Foreskins (at widely separated locations) as well as multiple complete sets of Jesus' baby teeth.