Robert A. Taft
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Robert Taft (1889-1953) was an extremely powerful United States Senator from the end of the Great Depression up until the beginning of the Eisenhower years. Basically, the leading member of the conservative faction of the Republican Party, his views would best be described as libertarian, and many paleoconservatives, paleolibertarians, and other libertarians cite him as an influence. Despite the fact that his nickname was "Mr. Republican", many of his views are much more radically different from those of the modern GOP, mainly due to the fact he was actually a small government conservative and wasn't that religious.
Just to make things perfectly clear, because the Taft dynasty abounds in U.S. political history: The Robert Taft in question was the son of President William H. Taft. His son, Robert Taft Jr., was later a Congressman and also Senator, and his grandson Robert ("Bob") Taft III was Governor of Ohio.
Taft was elected in 1938, and led the "Conservative Coalition," which was a coalition of conservative Republicans and conservative Democrats who opposed FDR's New Deal. However, he had a history of getting in spats with the Dixiecrats prior to being elected Senator, such as when he denounced the Ku Klux Klan and opposed their bills to outlaw dancing on Sundays and force Bible verses down the throats of school children while he served in the Ohio State of Representatives. Regardless, they seemed to agree on the obvious fact that the New Deal was "socialist". However Taft was also hilariously moderate on some domestic policies (by current libertarian standards), supporting Social Security and public housing programs.
Taft is probably best known for being a non-interventionist, opposing most American policies that were aimed at aiding Allied Forces to fight Nazis prior to the bombing of Pearl Harbor. After the bombing, however, he supported American intervention in World War II. However, despite taking a more aggressive stance towards the Axis after Pearl Harbor, Taft remained one of the few politicians sane enough to denounce Japanese American internment.
Taft also, in a controversial move, condemned the Nuremberg Trials as basically being a kangaroo court, which was more politicized than he believed it should have been. Some tried (and try) to pass Taft off as a Nazi sympathizer due to his non-interventionist policies and critiques of the Nuremberg trials, which isn't correct since Taft despised both Hitler and the Nazis, supporting a strong Navy to keep them out in case they overran Europe. Even his controversial foreign policy was more toned down than the modern isolationism "championed" by Ron Paul, with Taft strongly supporting the League of Nations in his early years and some sort of international court of law.
Taft also pushed through the 1947 Taft–Hartley Labor Act, which was an anti-union bill that is most well known for outlawing closed shops. Policymakers point to the bill as the main reason that union power has slowly dwindled since the fifties. Guess he was willing to use government when it came to unions, eh?
“”As a matter of general principle, I believe there can be no doubt that criticism in time of war is essential to the maintenance of any kind of democratic government ... too many people desire to suppress criticism simply because they think that it will give some comfort to the enemy to know that there is such criticism. If that comfort makes the enemy feel better for a few moments, they are welcome to it as far as I am concerned, because the maintenance of the right of criticism, in the long run, will do the country maintaining it a great deal more good than it will do the enemy, and will prevent mistakes which might otherwise occur.
|—Taft reveals himself to be an American-hating RINO.|
- Herbert Hoover: Taft's idol, for a time at least.
- Check the link for more information. Though they are much more publicly visible, the Kennedy and Bush clans are small beer by comparison.
- James T. Patterson, Mr. Republican: A Biography of Robert A. Taft, pp. 100-101
-  JFK actually admired this position, putting Taft in his book Profiles of Courage in response.
- Taft on Wikiquote