The Turner Diaries
|The touchy subject of|
|Racism and racists|
“”A slight breeze rustled the foliage overhead, and suddenly a beam of moonlight broke through the leaves and fell directly on the silently turning shape before me. The first thing I saw in the moonlight was the placard with its legend in large, block letters: 'I defiled my race.' Above the placard leered the horribly bloated, purplish face of a young woman, her eyes wide open and bulging, her mouth agape. Finally I could make out the thin, vertical line of rope disappearing into the branches above... There are many thousands of hanging female corpses like that in this city tonight, all wearing identical placards around their necks. They are the White women who were married to or living with Blacks, with Jews, or with other non-White males.
|—The Turner Diaries, chapter 23|
The Turner Diaries is a novel by William Luther Pierce (published under the pseudonym Andrew MacDonald) and a favorite on the far-right loony bin circuit. It is a fictional account of a guerrilla war waged by a white supremacist cadre organization to overthrow the United States government and set up a neo-Nazi regime. Although on the surface "just" a novel, every plot device in the book appears carefully and coldly calculated to impart the positions of the National Alliance, the neo-Nazi group which William Pierce led, and to serve as a blueprint for a white supremacist revolution in the U.S.
The book was self-published by the National Alliance and mostly sold via mail order and word of mouth, until Lyle Stuart Books decided against all better judgment to give it a mainstream reprinting and it wound up on the shelves of every Barnes & Noble and Borders for most of the late 1990s.
The book is presented as the diary of Earl Turner, a guerrilla fighter for "The Organization", published a century after the revolution. The beginning of the guerrilla war is set in 1991. It was immediately preceded by the passage of the "Cohen Act" banning private possession of firearms, and a Supreme Court decision legalizing rape on the grounds that laws against rape are racist. The obvious racist framing of both - Jews want to take your guns and blacks want to rape your white daughters, establishes the tone from the outset. Soon there are roving gangs of non-whites raping and looting at will. The book's protaganist, Earl Turner, joins The Organization fully committed to giving his life to the revolution. The Organization is in the form of small cell groups under the control of a secretive high command.
The book includes crude racist stereotyping on almost every page; people of color are always portrayed as animalistic criminal thugs, while Jews are always conniving exploiters. Turner's cell group's first act is to rob a Jewish-owned liquor store. (Because of course Jews run all the liquor stores.) From there they go on to bigger acts of terrorism: attacking the FBI building with a delivery truck bomb, and numerous attacks on power plants. Turner's group is raided by Israeli (of course) intelligence and imprisoned, but he escapes. Trying to find allies for the revolution, he makes the mistake of contacting a left-wing hippie commune thinking they would be sympathetic on the grounds that they both have a common enemy in "the system", and the hippies instead turn them in to the police.(Apparently William Pierce intended this as a "very strong warning" against neo-Nazis trying to make allies on the far left.) For both this grave mistake and for allowing himself to be taken alive by Israeli intelligence, Turner is assigned the punishment of a suicide mission. In another "very strong warning", northern California falls to a military coup led by a conservative John Bircher type who wants to "restore the Constitution". The Organization first tries allying with him but he is portrayed as an obstructionist who denounces the white revolution as communism. The Organization assassinates him.
As the revolution proceeds, one of the most sickening scenes in the book, exceeded only by the epilogue, is "The Day of the Rope", a mass lynching where all white women who married black and Jewish men are hanged in public. Liberal Hollywood actresses and politicans are lynched. New York City, Baltimore, and Los Angeles are nuked, and Jews flee to Toronto, which is also nuked. Tel Aviv is nuked. Earl Turner carries out his suicide mission, flying an aircraft into the Pentagon with a nuclear bomb - which is where the diaries end. An epilogue describes Turner's suicide mission as the turning point, but with several more years of guerrilla war degenerating into complete genocide, in which cities are taken one by one and their leaders, white or not, "liquidated" to establish the Organization's control. Food being scarce, it is rationed in such a way that "it was no longer sufficient to be merely White; in order to eat one had to be judged the bearer of especially valuable genes." North America is ethnically cleansed, with genocide committed against anyone not white and even "lesser" whites. The revolution spreads to Europe, sweeping across it in just a few months and blood "ankle deep". This leaves what the epilogue calls the "Chinese problem", which is "solved" using chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks leaving all of Asia uninhabitable for hundreds of years. What happens to Africa is left unsaid except earlier the book says the "Negro race" suddenly disappears during the revolution.
Given the book's sickening advocacy of race war and mass genocide over the entire earth, even to the point of leaving entire parts of the planet uninhabitable in order to secure a pure white planet, it is a wonder the book has an audience at all except among the most hard-core of neo-Nazis. Nonetheless, The Turner Diaries quite likely played a role in inspiring at least two different terrorist activities in the U.S.:
- "The Order", a violent splinter group of Aryan Nations active circa 1983-1985, who robbed banks and murdered Alan Berg, a Jewish radio host in his driveway for insulting them on air
- Timothy McVeigh's bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995
Scholars who have analyzed The Turner Diaries have, interestingly, noted that the novel appears to draw heavily from two speculative political novels of the left, The Iron Heel by Jack London and less clearly, Ecotopia by Ernest Callenbach. The Iron Heel is an anti-fascist novel but one which William Pierce was known to be a fan of, and like The Turner Diaries is written in posthumously-published diary style. Ecotopia is an environmentalist novel in which Northern California and the Pacific Northwest secede from the United States; it is discussed as a possible influence in Michael Barkun's Religion and the Racist Right due both to the timing - Ecotopia was published in 1975 - and to The Turner Diaries' using secession of northern California in its plot.
The Anti-Defamation League cites additional terrorist groups during the 1990s also being inspired by The Turner Diaries including the Aryan Republican Army, which committed bank robberies and bombings, and The New Order, whose members were indicted before being able to carry out their planned attacks on the ADL and other civil rights groups.
The methodology and targets of the terrorist attacks in The Turner Diaries - using trucks to bomb federal buildings, and flying aircraft into the Pentagon - also bear an unsettling resemblance to the Oklahoma City bombing and 9/11, although any actual influence as opposed to such attacks being in the nature of terrorism in general are purely speculation. Likewise, there has been speculation on the extent, if any, The Turner Diaries may have influenced Anders Behring Breivik's 2011 attacks in Norway, although Breivik's manifesto also heavily plagiarized from the Unabomber's manifesto.
 Kinder, Gentler Turner Diaries?
Camille Jackson, writing in the Fall 2004 SPLC Intelligence Report, notes another possible influence: "In the past 15 years, dozens of racist and extremist novels have been published by writers hoping to use the tool of fiction as persuasively — if, perhaps, to a less explicitly violent end — as Pierce. The novels span every category of extremism — neo-Nazi, neo-Confederate, radical environmentalist, anti-immigration, antigovernment — but most stick to Pierce's formula." She cites such futuristic race war novels as Dark Millennium by Gerald James McManus and Hold Back This Day by Ward Kendall, as well as Bedford, a World Vision by Ellen Williams, a fundamentalist Christian and neo-Confederate novel depicting a nightmarish world controlled by secular humanists. A sidebar shows more books of this sort, mostly obscure, with several more racist books, and some on other themes ranging from radical animal rights to anti-technology to gun rights to tax revolt.
In reality, this genre of dystopian right-wing fiction predates The Turner Diaries. The films of Russell Doughten depicted an underground of Christian believers fighting the Antichrist's one-world government after the rapture. The Camp of the Saints, a mainstream and in its time best-selling 1973 novel from France, depicts Europe degenerating into anarchy while being overrun by boat people from an overpopulated India. The 1971 film If Footmen Tire You, What Will Horses Do? was a Christian film depicting, in violently graphic detail, a Communist takeover of America. Then, of course, there is Atlas Shrugged. As mentioned, the radical left also has its own books in this genre, from Jack London's The Iron Heel, to Communist tales of class warfare in the streets like Klaus Neukrantz' Barricades in Berlin, to several hard green novels, of which The Monkey Wrench Gang by Edward Abbey is probably the most infamous. All of these predate The Turner Diaries yet depict underground resistance, sometimes violent or illegal, and promote radical ideologies of one sort or another. Mainstream novels of underground resistance like George Orwell's 1984 and Sinclair Lewis' It Can't Happen Here should also be mentioned. More recently, evangelical Christianity has produced a number of bestsellers of dystopian fiction, with an end times or sometimes anti-abortion or spiritual warfare theme, such as Tim LaHaye's Left Behind series, Pat Robertson's End of the Age, Charles Colson's Gideon's Torch, and Frank Peretti's This Present Darkness.
Clearly then, The Turner Diaries didn't begin the genre of radical dystopian underground resistance fiction. What The Turner Diaries effected was to up the ante, opening a space for novels advocating race war, white supremacy, and explicit advocacy of mass genocide, while at the same time making any novels since look less bad by comparison. Take, for example, the novels of Matthew Bracken, which his fans will at the same time admit are in this genre but vehemently denounce any comparison to The Turner Diaries as unwarranted and unfair.
William Pierce followed it up with another novel, Hunter, about a sniper who targets interracial couples in the Washington, D.C. area. The sniper is a lone nut whom both the FBI and a white supremacist group try to co-opt for their own ends. The novel's ending hints that it is a prequel to The Turner Diaries, as the sniper is the founder of an Organization. It was dedicated to Joseph Paul Franklin, a serial killer who murdered at least 20 people between 1977 and 1980, targeting African-Americans and Jews in an attempt to start a race war, robbing banks and attempting to assassinate Larry Flynt. Initially, the 2002 "Beltway Sniper" was thought to have been motivated by this book until the two behind the sniper spree - both African-American - were caught.
 See also
- Thanks to the Internet Archive, you can experience the insanity for yourself at no charge.
- Commentary on the book at the ADL and SPLC.
- ↑ http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/Turner_Diaries.asp?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=5&item=22
- ↑ http://www.counterpunch.org/mccarthypierce.html
- ↑ http://amongthetruthers.com/2011/07/on-anders-breivik-and-the-turner-diaries-how-a-2011-norwegian-massacre-echoes-a-1978-american-novel/
- ↑ http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2004/fall/fightin-words
- ↑ http://www.ncc-1776.org/tle2003/tle238-20030914-04.html
- ↑ http://thementalmilitia.com/forums/index.php?PHPSESSID=1b7ae440e04090fd923a1eedf3215d27&action=printpage;topic=20919.0