“”Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far.
|—Teddy, quoting an ancient African proverb|
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) ("The good Roosevelt. The one who shot bears--not the cripple." - P.J. O'Rourke) was the 26th President of the United States (September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909), and before that a New York State Assemblyman, Governor of New York, deputy sheriff in the Dakota Territory, Police Commissioner of New York City, U.S. Civil Service Commissioner, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Army, and Vice President of the United States. Whew!
One of TR's major accomplishments was the passage of the Antiquities Act and the creation of the United States Forest Service, which allowed the National Park System to work. It should be noted that Roosevelt's view of conservation was that it meant saving the land for efficient use, rather than simply for the purpose of saving it. This, along with the Hetch Hetchy dispute, led to a major gulf between Roosevelt and the Sierra Club. Which is a pity, because he was one of the best allies that they have ever had in the Oval Office.
In 1912, Roosevelt was angry about the direction that his successor, William Howard Taft, had taken the Republican Party and the nation in. The main point of argument between them was that Roosevelt was of the liberal progressive wing of the Republicans, while Taft was of the conservative wing. Consequently, he ran as an third-party candidate for President under the Progressive Party ticket (commonly known as the "Bull Moose" party) to oppose Taft. His 1912 run remains the only third-party Presidential run of the 20th century to beat one of the established "first parties" (in this case, the Republicans), mostly due to the fact it was simply his wing of the Republican Party under a new name, which also meant that Taft became the first (and only) incumbent President to place third in an election, winning 23.2% of the vote and only two states, (Vermont and Utah). Proving why viable third parties never last long in American politics, TR's Bull Moose run split the GOP and allowed Democrat Woodrow Wilson to get elected President with 41.8% of the vote.
 Modern views
In modern times, especially in online circles, TR has been transformed into a memetic badass and archetype of manliness on the scale of Chuck Norris, only minus the radical right politics. One of his most famous moments was when, on his way to giving a speech, he was shot in the chest by a would-be assassin (the bullet was slowed to well-short-of-deadly velocity by his eyeglass case and the folded-up speech in his shirt pocket). Instead of looking for a doctor immediately (that he wasn't spitting blood told him he could afford to delay, and he didn't want to risk suffering the same fate James Garfield had and his predecessor William McKinley had, dying from infection caused by attempts to remove a bullet), he delivered the ninety-minute speech first, with the opening line of: "Ladies and gentlemen, I don't know whether you fully understand that I have just been shot; but it takes more than that to kill a Bull Moose." As it would have been more dangerous to remove, the bullet stayed lodged in his over the rest of his life. TR was a firm believer in practicing what he called the "Strenuous Life" to stay healthy, taking up boxing, tennis, hiking, rowing, polo and horseback riding. After his presidency, he went on a long safari trip in Africa, and in 1913 he charted the Amazon tributary known as the River of Doubt (now known as the Roosevelt River).