The Flying Spaghetti Monster is a parody that began as a critique of the Kansas Board of Education's decision to allow the teaching of Intelligent Design in public schools. Arguing that Intelligent Design was a thinly-veiled attempt to bring religion into the classroom, Bobby Henderson constructed "Pastafarianism" as a new theological system and argued that it too should be taught alongside Evolution and Intelligent Design. on the notion of "teaching the controversy."
Richard Dawkins uses the flying spaghetti monster in his book The God Delusion attacking belief in God. The Flying Spagetti Monster is a thinly veiled attempt to mock Christianity by reducing it the level of some fictional religion like Pastafarianism.
(Note - above was copied 13th March 08)