Wahhabism

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Wahhabism is a fundamentalist branch of Islam. It started out from Sunni Islam in the remote interior of the Arabian Peninsula and is practiced by those who follow the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abd al-WahhabWikipedia's W.svg (1703-1792), after whom the movement is named. The desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula, prior to modern travel, traditionally had been cut off from the HejazWikipedia's W.svg, or Mecca and Medina, by mountains. The inhabitants of the interior did not recognize the Hashemites or Turkish caliphate's hegemony over Islam. Thus grew up a sect of desert dwellers viewing the urban areas of Mecca, Medina, Damascus and elsewhere as corrupt centers of sin and vice. Abd al-Wahhab wanted to return Islamic practices to those of the first 300 years of Islam.

Wahhabism is most prominent in parts of Saudi Arabia, Qatar and United Arab Emirates. It is also practiced in Pakistan; Somalia; Algeria; Kuwait; Palestine and Mauritania.

The government of Saudi Arabia funds its proselytism worldwide. Wahhabism increased in many parts of the world with Saudi money used to finance Wahabi madrassas. [1]

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[edit] Views

In 20th century, Wahhabis adopted the term Salafi to identify themselves. The Salafism(Wahhabism) doctrine can be summed up as taking "a fundamentalist approach to Islam, emulating the Prophet Muhammad and his earliest followers – al-salaf al-salih, the 'pious forefathers'"; rather than living by the virtues in Quran. From the beginning, they supported violent means to further their cause, even against the Muslim community.

Wahhabism can be used as an excuse for violence against women, foreigners, Jews, and even other Sunni practitioners.[2] Various theocratic nations such as Saudi Arabia have set up mutaweenWikipedia's W.svg (religious police) to enforce behaviors according to the Wahhabi view of Islam.

Wahhabism is opposed to icons, shrines and generally anything of cultural significance. This displays itself in the destruction of tombs housing Mohammed's relatives, and their destruction of parts of Mecca and Medina to make way for the likes of public restrooms, shopping malls and hotels.[3][4]

[edit] Current day issues

Some confusion exists in the West and media outlets over use of the term. A great schism has developed among modern day believers who invoke the teachings of Abd al-Wahhab. They can be divided roughly into two camps: the state supported Saudi religious establishment and the modern day Salafists.

While Abd al-Wahhab advocated a very strict, puritanical form of Islam that rejected modern innovationsWikipedia's W.svg (such as tolerance), it was not very popular outside the interior of the Arabian Peninsula, or even in the regions of the HejazWikipedia's W.svg (Mecca and Medina). Not until the collapse of the Ottoman CaliphateWikipedia's W.svg and the inception of the Saudi state, and the Saudi state's absorption of Mecca and Medina, did Wahhabism spread throughout the entire Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, and beyond. This was made possible by the economic success of the Saudi state and revenues from its vast oil supplies. The success of the Saudi state and Wahhabism however, brought with it compromise and tolerance -- a direct contradiction of fundamental Wahhabi teachings.

Modern Salafists condemn the House of SaudWikipedia's W.svg, and its religious establishment, as having abandoned the basic principles of Wahhabism, and employing modernization and tolerance. For example, Shi'a Islam and jurisprudence is allowed to practice in the eastern provinces of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf, whereas the Islamic State has been on a jihad to exterminate any vestige of Shia'ism in the territories it controls.

[edit] Wahhab and Islamic extremism

The rantings writings of Ibn Taymiyyah, Abd al-Wahhab, and Sayyid Qutb are foundational to the modern Salafist movement. Al Qaeda, the Afghan Taliban, and the Islamic State all are considered Salafi-jihadists who use the restrictive and exclusionary teachings of Abd al-Wahhab. The Saudi religious establishment, whom Salafis consider paid apologists for the Saudi regime, refer to the Salafi-jihadists as "Qutbis". This is largely because of the link between the more secular Muslim Brotherhood and earlier radical groups. But the Salafi-jihadists are not secular in any sense.

Each of the two camps - the Saudi religious establishment (many who are descendants of Abd al-Wahhab), and the Salafis (with their violent Salafi-jihadi subset) - consider themselves purists of the Wahhabi tradition and the other camp as deviationist.

Another derisive term which has entered the discussion which Salafist and Wahhabis accuse each other of is KharijiteWikipedia's W.svg centering upon the doctrine of takfirismWikipedia's W.svg. Takfirism is the controversial doctrine of accusing another Muslim of being, well, not another Muslim. This is usually done to justify capital punishment, whether within a judicial process or not.

Due to Wahhabi jihadism (Takfiri Terrorists like ISIS),[5] as of 27 August 2016, Wahhabism has been ousted from Sunni community, by a Global Sunni conference in Grozny, Chechnya.[6][7][8]

Ahluls Sunna wal Jama’ah are the Ash’arites or Muturidis (adherents of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi's systematic theology). In matters of belief, they are followers of any of the four schools of thought (Hanafi, Shaf’ai, Maliki or Hanbali) and are also the followers of pure Sufism in doctrines, manners and [spiritual] purification.

[edit] References

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