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Wahhabism is a fundamentalist branch of Sunni Islam practiced by those who follow the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-1792), after whom the movement is named. Abd al-Wahhab's premise was to return Islamic practices to those of the first 300 years of Islam.
Wahhabism (and Salafism in general) is used as an excuse for violence against women, foreigners, Jews, and even other Sunni practitioners. Various theocratic nations such as Saudi Arabia have set up mutaween (religious police) to enforce behaviors according to the Wahhabi view of Islam.
It is the main form of the religion found in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar, as well being present in Somalia, Algeria, Palestine and Mauritania. Many claim that the Taliban practice a form of Wahhabism. Some claim al-Qaeda do as well, but indeed al-Qaeda are worse than infidels to Wahhabis, as they follow a guy called Sayyid Qutb - aptly named "Qutubis" - and are Islamic socialists. The only thing worse than a kufr is a socialist.
When you think "murderous Islamist nutter,"
Wahhabism Qutbism is the likely suspect. Saudi Arabia funds its proselytism worldwide.