Bronze-level articleWe are the 53 percent

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We are the 53% was a mathematically dubious attempt by the American Right to counter the argument of the Occupy Wall Street campaign's claim to be the "99%" left worse off by the current economic climate.[1] The movement was launched by wingnut Erick Erickson as a counter to Occupy Wall Street's "We are the 99%" but the point had previously already been made repeatedly by Republican presidential candidates Michele Bachmann, Rick Perry, and Jon Huntsman.[2] "Republicans for Tax Hikes" has already been called "the new Republican orthodoxy."[3]

Much of the allure for people claiming the mantle of the 53% is the notion that they are "pulling their own weight" in society, paying their share of the bill for social services. In most places this is seen as a virtue, but particularly so in America, where it is linked to a long heritage of Puritan work ethic and a pride in individual participation.

"We are the 53%" is the seed from which 2012 presidential candidate Mitt Romney derived his assertion that (the other) 47% of Americans do not take personal responsibility or "care for their lives," a comment that is widely believed to have contributed to his defeat.

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[edit] Deceiving through statistics

The number refers to the statistic that only 53% of U.S. taxpayers wind up paying any income taxes after their deductions and credits are taken out. The number is heavily misleading.[4][5] The percent who pay no income taxes has long been in the 30 percent range, mainly due to the Earned Income Tax Credit and other deductions, but climbed to its current level following the 2008 economic crash when additional deductions and credits were enacted as part of the economic stimulus bills.[6] One of these was the $7000 first time homebuyer tax credit.

The 53% number is also unusual because it refers only to federal income tax. The same people still pay: federal FICA payroll tax, state income tax, state and local property tax, state and local sales tax, excise and "sin" taxes, and other registration fees, user fees, tolls, and personal property taxes, depending on their location. These taxes aren't progressive; lower income earners have to pay more into it than the wealthy. The final picture across the board? A system very close to flat taxation.[7][8]

In sum, it's dangerous quote mining at work.

[edit] Actually raising taxes

It is ironic that conservative activists are now campaigning for higher taxes, in the form of eliminating tax credits earlier generations of conservatives have long worked to add.[9] Apparently tax credits primarily benefiting the working poor are not what they had in mind. The Wall Street Journal ran an editorial as early as 2002 decrying those whose incomes are low enough and credits high enough to pay little or no taxes, because — horrors — "Workers who pay little or no taxes can hardly be expected to care about tax relief for everybody else."[10] In addition to their immediate concerns of countering the Occupy Wall Street movement, this also appears to be part of a broader campaign to enact the "FairTax" (an onerous 23% national sales tax) or Herman Cain's "9-9-9 plan" (9% flat income tax, 9% national sales tax, 9% corporate tax), by portraying the current tax system as unfair.

[edit] Criticism

Many people who had been sending their stories to the "We are the 53%" Tumblr account are not "the 53%." Some are unemployed, or make so little money that they don't pay federal income tax. Others admitted to having accepted government benefits or jobs.[11] Additionally, many of these stories are so grim that it underscores the underlying message. Multiple stories of unemployed young people with six-figure debt, or a cancer patient who's literally working himself to death,[12] don't seem to be a good argument against reform.

[edit] Forgery

Of course, that assumes that these personal accounts are authentic. An image was taken down after a blogger discovered that it was Photoshopped and the story was fake.[13][14] Another account fell apart under analysis by a blogger, who found the figures in the image highly implausible if not outright impossible.[15]

[edit] Conservative dissent

Not all conservatives are on board with this newfangled love for big taxes. Ron Paul's response was if 47 percent didn't pay any income tax, then good, we are "halfway to our goal of eliminating it for everyone,"[16] while the Heritage Foundation denounced John Boehner's deficit reduction plan as leading to tax hikes.[17]

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Footnotes

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