2019-20 COVID-19 outbreak
| One of our pieces on|
|Life as we know it|
|Divide and multiply|
The 2019-20 COVID-19 outbreak (also known, before the virus was named, as the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic) is an ongoing pandemic caused by a coronavirus named SARS-CoV-2 (formerly 2019-nCoV), causing the disease named COVID-19. The virus was first detected in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China around December 2019. Initially thought of as a mysterious case of pneumonia, it was quickly identified as a new disease in January 2020. Since then, the virus has spread from a relatively small initial infection to over 120,000 cases (and 4,500 deaths) as of February 28, 2020 (largely centered in China but also with smaller numbers of cases spread over several other nations). The mortality rate of this disease, currently at around 3.4%, is higher than ordinary influenza but quite a bit lower than other coronavirus infections such as SARS. It has been declared a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) by the World Health Organization and has caused severe disruptions in China, particularly in the center of the pandemic where many areas were placed under quarantine, disrupting normal work operations.
Unfortunately, panic, misinformation, racism, and quackery related to COVID-19 has spread through social media all over the globe far faster than the virus has spread itself. Also unfortunately, the pathological lying of President Donald Trump has led to what University of Chicago economics professor Austan Goolsbee calls the "pathological irony of crisis":
“”If you lose credibility, your statements begin to mean the opposite of what you say. In other words: Entreaties to “remain calm” instead get interpreted as reasons to panic, even when calm might be justified.
- 1 What science says
- 2 Conspiracy theories, paranoia and the blame game
- 3 Snake oil
- 4 Racism and trolling
- 5 Information suppression
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
What science says
Due to the novelty of the disease and the rapid spread of the disease in China, COVID-19 is considered a health emergency and is being evaluated by all major health organizations around the world. The source of the disease, SARS-CoV-2, is a betacoronavirus, a virus known to mainly infect bats. Although the details are unclear at this time, it is suspected that this virus underwent zoonosis — i.e., it crossed over from an animal (almost certainly a bat) to humans.
SARS-CoV-2 spreads largely via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus has proven to be more contagious than other coronaviruses such as SARS or MERS, in some ways behaving more like influenza. Unfortunately, once infected, the full clinical picture with COVID-19 is not completely understood at this time. While many people have had only mild symptoms, for some the disease has been deadly. Thus, the potential public health threat posed by COVID-19 is high, in part because of the current uncertainty. Of note though: the disease so far statistically is more lethal among the elderly, smokers, and people with existing chronic health conditions (such as heart disease, diabetes, or COPD.) 
The good news is that, so far, although the potential health threat is high, and the World Health Organization's risk assessment COVID-19 is rated "very high" at a global level (its highest level), the immediate health risk from COVID-19 is considered low (at this time) for areas outside primary pandemic areas.
Antiviral medications have been used on COVID-19 patients, though it's not clear yet whether or how much they help. Antibiotics can treat secondary infections such as pneumonia.
Preventing COVID-19 is a challenge because infected people may not realize that they are infected, so they may unwittingly spread the disease instead of staying home or contacting a doctor. The CDC has begun testing patients with flu-like symptoms for the virus in order to help contain it.
- Wash your hands regularly using soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects
- Cover coughs and sneezes
- Never spit in public
- Avoid touching your face
- Stay at least 1 meter (3 feet) away from people who are sick
- Call a doctor if you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing
- Stay home and avoid other people if you're sick
Most people who become infected will survive. The death rate has been estimated around 3%, ranging from 0.16-4.9%. The variability in death rates has been attributed to availability of care facilities, which in Wuhan at 4.9% were particularly overtaxed. This compares with the seasonal flu death rate of 0.1%.
The fatality risk is higher in senior citizens and people with certain health conditions (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory illnesses, hypertension, and cancer). While these people still have at least a 75% chance of survival if infected, they and their loved ones should take extra care to reduce the risk of infection.
While people who are young and healthy are very unlikely to die, they should still practice good hygiene to protect themselves and those around them.
Conspiracy theories, paranoia and the blame game
When a new epidemic arises, it's easy for people to collectively start searching for anyone, anything to blame. Sometimes the blame game extends into batshit insane conspiracy theory territory.
Claims that the virus was engineered
The scientific consensus "overwhelmingly conclude(s) that this coronavirus originated in wildlife." Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 shows that it shares about 96% of its DNA with a RaTG13 coronavirus strain found in a bat, and has strange and unusual mutations that are nothing like anything a human scientist could possibly create. The death rate of SARS-CoV-2 is 2%, and is estimated that an average infected human can infect 2 and a half humans, this reality runs contrary to the conspiracy as the whole point of bioweapon is to kill people. Why the hell would the Chinese government want to piss off other governments by infecting their citizens and government officials? Of course, when conspiracy theorists are confronted on these contradictions, they say that yes these government officials are being assassinated in the most attention-grabbing way possible, that would attract the imagination and alarm of the panicking public. One study explicitly refuted the plausibility of laboratory origin due to similarities to recently evolved zoological versions of coronavirus
But that hasn't stopped conspiracy theorists from claiming that it was created in a lab as a weapon or experiment gone wrong.
- Early indications during the pandemic showed that the first cluster of the viruses may have originated from a "wet market" in Wuhan.  Two Chinese scientists, Botao Xiao and Lei Xiao, in a pre-print paper (that was quickly withdrawn after appearing on ResearchGate), proposed that the virus might have actually come from one of two research laboratories near the wet market: the Wuhan Center for Disease Control & Prevention, and the Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Always keen to spread bullshit on anything health related, this was picked up by the Daily Mail with an appropriate panicky headline. Even the yin to the Daily Mail's yang, the Daily Mirror, couldn't help JAQing off on the subject as well. On the American side, Senator Tom Cotton (R-AR) repeated this bullshit on Fox News, and subsequently accused the Chinese government of lying about COVID-19.
- Zero Hedge went even further. Claiming that the virus was spreading because it was a "weaponized version of the coronavirus" originally from Canada, Zero Hedge sought to seek out who was responsible for this coronavirus. So they cobbled some criteria for narrowing down who "created" the virus from a job posting on the Wuhan Institution of Virology's website. Using these rather random criteria, they zeroed in on one Chinese scientist in particular who was focused on bat virus infections and immunity, and claimed that he created SARS-CoV-2. At that point, they proceeded to doxx the scientist, because of course they would.This was enough to get them permanently suspended from Twitter.
- Why did Zero Hedge think the virus came from Canada? Because of another rumor: in July 2019, virologist Dr. Xiangguo Qiu, her husband, and some of her students from China were removed from Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg, Manitoba over a "policy breach". Not only did social media rumors link COVID-19 to these individuals, but baseless claims were made that Dr. Qiu and her husband were part of a "spy team" that had sent "pathogens to the Wuhan facility", and that her husband "specialised in coronavirus research".
- Memes spread online on how the Wuhan Institute of Virology's logo is similar to the "Umbrella Corporation", a shady agency responsible for making the virus that starts the zombie apocalypse in the Resident Evil video game franchise. Unfortunately, the logo that inspired the meme belongs to a different company altogether (Shanghai Ruilan Bao Hu San Biotech Limited, located in Shanghai, 500 miles away from Wuhan.)
- The strangest conspiracy theory came, as you would expect, from the depths of QAnon. Prominent QAnon Youtuber Jordan Sather mistakenly thought a patent for a vaccine for avian IBV, created by farm animal infectious disease research institution Pirbright Institute, was a vaccine for COVID-19. Because the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have funded some of the other research of this institute, Sather connected the two, causing the rumor that Gates *created* the virus to spread like wildfire across conspiracy blogs. Naturally, this tied into pre-existing conspiracy theories linking Gates to bullshit that Gates wants to depopulate the planet. (The Bill and Melinda Gates foundation, who have been warning about the risk of a pandemic disease for years, is actually giving $100 million in funding to fight COVID-19.)
- Rush Limbaugh, on his radio program on February 24, 2020, repeated the bullshit that COVID-19 was a weaponized "ChiCom laboratory experiment". Unusually for a crank, he actually downplayed the virus risks, actually reporting the correct approximate survival rate right of 98% (the mortality rate of COVID-19 as of February 24, 2020 is around 2.3%).. However, he mistakenly said that this was "a far lower death statistic than any form of influenza" (typically the mortality rate of influenza in the United States is 0.1%).  More to his style, he declared that "the coronavirus is the common cold" for some reason, and politicized COVID-19 media coverage by complaining that the "Drive-By Media" was "weaponizing" COVID-19 "as yet another element to bring down Donald Trump".  [note 1] Limbaugh's bullshit was repeated by Fox News hosts Sean Hannity and Laura Ingraham, with both accusing the media and the Democratic party of "weaponizing fear". (This is fairly ironic coming from a cable news network notorious for exploiting fear.)  Donald Trump Jr. went as far as to accuse Democrats of rooting for the virus to kill "millions of people" solely for political purposes. 
- In October 2019, the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security hosted a high-level pandemic exercise called Event 201. Players in the exercise were presented with a scenario where a fictional coronavirus (i.e., not SARS-CoV-2) started in pig farms in Brazil, and then spread around the world, leading to a (fictional) 65 million deaths. Naturally, since Bill Gates (being a huge supporter of global health initiatives) was also involved with this simulation, this morphed into sites like Infowars putting up alarmist headlines like "BILL AND MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION & OTHERS PREDICTED UP TO 65 MILLION DEATHS VIA CORONAVIRUS — IN SIMULATION RAN 3 MONTHS AGO!"
- In February 2020, a viral video supposedly showing a chaotic scene in Wuhan, China circulated, where posters claimed that people were "shooting down all the people with the virus in China". This in fact was a mixture of several mislabeled videos, such as a video where firework explosions were being heard in the background, and a scene from a fatal motorcycle accident.
- Early in February, the World Population Project at the University of Southampton published research predicting where people from Wuhan had traveled to in the two weeks prior to Wuhan being locked down under quarantine. The researchers on this project posted a series of messages about their work on Twitter. One of these messages included a side point, with a map illustrating global air travel traffic (basically, all the flight paths in the world, nothing more) just to show the extent of the global air network. Somehow, tabloids such as the Sun took the global air traffic map to be an actual "HORRIFYING" map showing "the unstoppable spread of the deadly coronavirus across the globe".
- In late February 2020, Mark Richards (as reported by his admirer Kerry Cassidy) said that 30,000 Chinese have already died, and 40,000 have been "taken off-world by Reptilians assisting China in their drive to eliminate approx. 500 million people." He added that "other governments are using it to facilitate eliminating some of their populations as well." Richards is a convicted murderer serving life without parole in a California State prison, and has very limited access to sources.
- The misinformation is so bad about COVID-19, clear shitposting-style "jokes" about Eminem being the first celebrity with COVID-19 (parodying Eminem lyrics in the process), satirical warnings not to pop bubble wrap,  and "realistic" conspiracy-oriented horror fiction about COVID-19 cover-ups posted on Reddit got misrepresented as factual in social media.
- As if the Russians weren't satisfied with simply interfering with politics, United States officials said thousands of Russian-backed social media accounts are coordinating a misinformation campaign to spread coronavirus conspiracy theories. Of course, the Russian government responded to these reports as "fake." This behavior is unsurprising, as Russian bots were previously identified as spreading vaccine hysteria in the United States and coordinating a misinformation campaign in the 1980s that United States scientists were responsible for creating the AIDS virus.
- Hal Turner, of course, also contributed to the misinformation by maintaining a webpage with "news" on the "Coronavirus in China" . The page headline ups the ante on the pandemic numbers that cranks are pulling out of their ass, reporting for instance on February 13th, 2020, that "2.8 Million (are) Infected" and "112,000 (are) DEAD" from COVID-19 (far exceeding official statistics which at that time were 60,416 cases and 1,370 deaths.) Other bullshit statements includes claims that the dead are "being taken directly to incinerators" to be burned, that the virus is different than SARS because it "causes rapid kidney failure", and an absolute certain prediction that the pandemic will cause Chinese society to collapse and "set in-motion a global economic shockwave from which the planet will be unable to recover for decades." For believers of this nonsense, Hal is happy to direct you to vendors for surgical masks (that in reality will not be helpful against this virus) [note 2] and MREs.
- As a curious subtext of Conservapedia's germ theory denialism, it has blamed a combination of not following Kosher (Mosaic) dietary laws, and rampant atheism in China:
The Wuhan coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is an example of a deadly disease arising in animals deemed to be "unclean" by the Mosaic Law for human consumption, such as bats, snakes, cats and camels. In addition, developing countries in which basic needs — including hygiene — are poor, income is scarce, or are run by corrupt and/or atheistic cultures and governments there is often a history of poverty and famine; their societies in turn would develop a culture reflecting a wider variety of foods eaten (see: Atheism and economics). Where people consume such animals in poorly regulated food markets with poor health systems (see: Atheist hospitals in China and Atheism and medicine and Atheist hospitals) — especially if the food item is improperly prepared and cooked - a coronavirus can take hold in the human population and then spread rapidly to other people.
- The article on Conservapedia was written mainly by Conservapedia:RobSmith The section on Mosaic law and atheophobia was apparently approved by Andrew Schlafly.
- No, it's not caused by 5G.
- Scientists haven't proven that eating bats caused the bat-to-human jump of coronavirus. There're many ways for zoonotic transmission to occur–transmission is complex with lots of variables. The virus may have an intermediate host between bat and human but scientists aren't so sure.
- Ex-sheriff David Clarke thinks that attempts to stop the spread coronavirus by restricting large gatherings are "an orchestrated attempt to destroy capitalism.
When a new disease sprouts up, scammers are bound to show up and offer you bullshit that will "protect" you from COVID-19, and, in fact, every disease known to man.
- Disgraced evangelical preacher Jim Bakker has been hawking a "Optivida Silver Solution", a colloidal silver formulation, for some time as the cure for every disease known. In February 2020 he started pushing his silver solution as something that "totally eliminated, deactivated" "the coronavirus". Colloidal silver is a well-known quack "cure", whose only possible effect will be argyria, i.e., it may make you look like a Smurf. In March 2020, Bakker was sued by the state of Missouri for peddling fake Coronavirus cures on his television show. The New York Attorney General followed suit, ordering Bakker to stop peddling this bullshit, and the United States Food and Drug Administration followed up with warnings to Bakker for selling unapproved cures.
- Several prominent supporters of the QAnon movement have been promoting
chloride dioxide bleachMiracle Mineral Supplement as a bullshit cure for "the coronavirus". (It is true that if you die from bleach poisoning, there will be absolutely nothing to worry about regarding being infected from SARS-CoV-2.)
- Natural News, never one to miss the opportunity to direct the paranoid and conspiratorial towards the arms of the profitable supplements businesses that support them, actually launched a separate site called "Pandemic News" dedicated to spreading bullshit about the virus. Their home page has been changed to add a counter with the number of COVID-19 infections and deaths, with one line for the (according to them) "rigged" official infected and death counts of the COVID-19 pandemic, and another for the (according to them) "realistic" infected and death counts of the COVID-19 pandemic, featuring numbers that they pulled out of their ass. Among their bullshit suggestions are articles that COVID-19 can be treated by "intravenous vitamin C" and "all-natural oxygen therapy"
- Infowars, who also are never one to miss the opportunity to direct the paranoid and conspiratorial towards the arms of their profitable supplements businesses, have also stepped up their marketing efforts to aggressively hawk their expensive bulk freeze dried food packages, while simultaneously spreading wild conspiracy theories about COVID-19... even evoking cannibalism in their sales pitches that evoke total society collapse. 
- In China, meanwhile, fans of traditional Chinese medicine snapped up a formula called "shuanghuanglian" (invented, as traditionally as you'd expect, in the 1960s) to combat the virus. Made of honeysuckle, Chinese skullcap, and forsythia, the formula sold out rapidly across the country, despite the fact that (in keeping with how most traditional Chinese medicine doesn't really work well) there is no evidence that this formula does a thing for COVID-19. A drug called Kaletra (a.k.a., lopinavir/ritonavir, used to treat HIV/AIDS) was also highly in demand, despite the fact that there is no evidence that this will help treat COVID-19 either.
- India went even further and actually issued a government notice detailing approved ayurvedic and homeopathic methods for "prevention of corona virus infections". There is no evidence that any of this will do anything for COVID-19 beyond placebo.
- Online, other miscellaneous bullshit prevention methods spread across social media, such as one purported to be sent by "NWLLAB" telling you to "keep your throat moist", "avoid fried or spicy food", and "load up on vitamin C".
- Chiropractors pretend that if you pay them lots of money that they can manipulate your spine and give you supplements to somehow prevent and cure coronavirus.
- Some are attempting to sell "Pandemic Survival" books, using fear tactics and disinformation to do so. 
- In New Zealand, the Destiny Church, a fundamentalist religious cult built around the personality of its leader, self-styled Bishop Brian Tamaki has made a number of irresponsible statements and claims. At a Sunday service he claimed, "Satan has control of atmospheres unless you are born-again Jesus-loving, Bible-believing, Holy Ghost-filled, tithe-paying believer". He has also claimed that he can ignore the New Zealand government's ban on gatherings of more than 500 people and remain open because prayer will protect his congregation, so long as they pay their tithes, of course.
Calling Doctor Howard, Doctor Fine… Doctor Trump
Trump's own chosen expert on COVID, Dr. Anthony Fauci, strongly disagreed with Trump that these drugs should be used by the general public. When asked by a reporter, Fauci said:
|—Anthnoy Fauci, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases|
Importantly, taking pharmaceuticals for off-label uses, as Trump recommended, can be lethal. In the case of hydroxychloroquine, the toxic dose is as low as 20 mg/kg body weight, and the lethal dose as low as 30 mg/kg. Also hydroxychloroquine suppresses the immune system, so it could actually make COVID infection worse.
There is an association — although causation has not been established — between both hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine and azithromycin with adverse cardiac events. This is an additional reason not to self-medicate with these drugs.
Only a day after Trump's dangerously stupid recommendation, two cases of chloroquine poisonings from self-medication were reported in Nigeria; health workers in Nigeria (and elsewhere) have had to warn Nigerians against self-medication. On March 23, 2020, it was announced that a US man has died and that his wife is in critical condition after both ingested "chloroquine phosphate,[note 3] an additive commonly used at aquariums to clean fish tanks."
Chloroquine, one of the first synthetic anti-malarial drugs, is not as effective at malaria prevention and treatment as it used to be due to parasite resistance. It is however effective in the treatment of a few diseases, including amebiasis and rheumatic disease. Due to Trump's crank promotion of chloroquine, US stocks of chloroquine has been nearly exhausted in less than a week, likely causing severe medical consequences for patients who relied on chloroquine.
The researcher behind this shitshow is Didier Raoult (1952–), who besides publishing a really lousy paper on hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin (non-randomized, no true control group, bad ethical practice, dubious peer review), has also been caught falsifying data in the past. Raoult has cast doubt on randomized trials generally. Incidentally, Raoult has also broadened his 'research' by denying climate change and Darwinian evolution (and its Modern Synthesis).
Racism and trolling
“”It is a foreign virus, if the chinese held high hygiene standards we wouldn't be in this mess right now.
|—FoxxysTweets, local racist on Twitter responding to a post from the wingnut Townhall.com. Nearly 80 likes, a few retweets.|
The coronavirus outbreak also indirectly victimized Asians by bringing out the worst in racists. Particularly, it harkens back to an old racist sentiment that the Chinese are filthy and eat whatever animal they like. Many Asians (regardless of whether they are Chinese or not, this includes Taiwanese people) have reported experiencing increased profiling and social isolation over concerns that they might have COVID-19 (complete with racist terms and tropes directed against them in some cases). Rumors about Shen Yun being a vector for coronavirus have been circulating despite the dance company being located in New York, being banned from performing in China, and the members not having visited China in years. Business has slumped at many Asian-oriented establishments in the West. These verbal attacks have occasionally crossed over into assault and harassment. It's most apparent when racists don't get the nationality correct and just assume every East Asian-looking they see is a new Chinese immigrant and not someone that's been more likely living there long before the outbreak. For instance, in January 2020, a viral video showing a young Chinese woman eating a whole bat with chopsticks spread rapidly across social media. In reporting on this video, the Daily Mail (of course) called it "revolting footage" while winking and nudging that "scientists link the deadly coronavirus to the flying mammals". The problem is, the video in question (filmed in 2016, several years before the virus outbreak began) was regarding travel blogger Wang Mengyun eating a bat in Palau, a Pacific Island nation where bat-oriented cuisine is common. Naturally, Mengyun received hate mail (and even death threats). Daily Mail and their culinarily stunted audience will do well to pay no attention to their own abusive and filthy food industry that requires pumping drugs to treat animals sickened by the industry.
A few businesses across the globe are prohibiting "all people coming from China" from entering their establishment due to excessive COVID-19 fears. Stroking anti-immigrant bigotry while politicizing the COVID-19 in the United States, Donald Trump, in a campaign rally on February 28, 2020, called COVID-19 the Democrats' "new hoax", ironically accusing the Democrats of doing the very same thing he is doing — politicizing the virus. He then linked the virus to the "many other public health threats" of "the Democrat policy of open borders". (Fear of infectious disease is widely seen as being a strong motivating factor behind racism , so it is not surprising that Trump is using the virus, characterizing it as a "foreign" virus, (hint for xenophobes: political boundaries don't define a virus) to "rally his base" behind his racist, xenophobic "immigration policy".)
A laughable instance of plumb-ignorant racism involves a fake shitpost circulated in Australia, from the "Department of Diseasology Parramatta", warned fellow racists, in poor grammar, about contaminated "Asian" products including Lipton's peach ice tea (Lipton is a British company). It has gotten so bad that NSW Health responded.
For some reason, a story about a Cameroonian man living in China who contracted, and was successfully treated for COVID-19 generated bullshit racialist posts online that he actually fought off the virus "because he has black skin, (because) the antibodies of a black person are 3 times strong, powerful,and resistant as that of a white".[sic] There is no scientific evidence to support this claim.
China's government uses many authoritarian tactics — strict secrecy, media censorship, and the like — to promote "stability" and slavish adherence to central authority. When the disease first started showing up in December 2019, the Wuhan government ordered all government agencies to act like everything was "normal". This delayed public discovery about the virus for 40 days, probably causing the pandemic to be much worse than if China had a free press. One doctor, Li Wenliang, who attempted to raise the alarm about the new coronavirus, was actually punished for "spreading false rumours".[note 4] Wenliang died from the coronavirus on February 7th, 2020, causing widespread outrage on Chinese social media, actually threatening to overwhelm Chinese social media censors for a time.
Since then, China has been proud to show images in official media coverage that they are fighting the virus. (However, some of the images that they show are not what they claim to be.) Of course, they remain dedicated to censoring any *unofficial* viewpoints in social media. China is happy to flood social media with the "official viewpoint" that the outbreak is under control and we all shall be returning to work soon, citizens!  In reality, China's clumsy, slow reaction to COVID-19 (a reaction which was aggravated by the increasingly authoritarian government of Xi Jinping, and the consequential "authoritarian blindness" that tends to result in these systems due to being advised solely by "yes men") has severely weakened the Chinese government credibility among many Chinese, in spite of the heavy propaganda machine. 
Meanwhile, in the United States, the Trump administration seems more concerned about how the virus will affect his approval rating than anything else. Seemingly taking a cue from Limbaugh above, White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, at a CPAC conference, blamed the media for exaggerating the seriousness of COVID-19 because "they think this will bring down the president, that’s what this is all about." He also bizarrely compared COVID-19 as equal to influenza just as Limbaugh did.
Trump ordered all government official statements about COVID-19 to be funneled exclusively through a new panel led by Vice President Mike Pence — a man who once proclaimed in 2001 that "smoking doesn't kill", ignoring the scientific consensus (solid since the 1960s ) that tobacco smoking is deadly. [note 5] Letting someone like, say, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease director Anthony Fauci speak freely about COVID-19 is absolutely verboten.
And taking a page from the Chinese government's playbook, a Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) whistleblower was reassigned from her position after raising concerns about HHS staff being in contact with coronavirus evacuees without proper protective equipment.
Meanwhile, coronavirus cases quadrupled in South Korea due to the actions of the secretive sect Shincheonji, which continued to host worship sessions after several of its members caught the virus and failed to inform health authorities of the outbreak by submitting falsified lists of its members. So far, over 60% of reported cases in South Korea are linked with Shincheonji, and Korean authorities are currently seeking murder and wrongful death charges against the sect.
- Coronavirus chart — Live, interactive infection and fatality chart
- COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic — Worldometer
- Bizarrely, Limbaugh also ranted about fentanyl, declaring the Russians had (in his mind) similarly "weaponized fentanyl", citing the 2002 Moscow hostage theater crisis as proof. The general consensus is that much, although not all, of the fentanyl that came into the United States during the opioid epidemic in the 2010s actually came from China. That being said, his description in the program of what it is actually like to take an opioid is noteworthy given his personal experience.
- Most experts believe that common surgical masks will not do any good for preventing this particular virus. The virus may even be too small in size for heavier duty N95 respirators to filter it out effectively.
- Chloroquine is a synonym for chloroquine phosphate.
- Although without an accurate understanding of the pathology of the newly discovered disease, and absent of a robust and independent reporting system, there is little Dr. Li could do as an individual.
- Ironic considering COVID-19's threat to smokers in particular.
- How to prepare for coronavirus in the U.S. (Spoiler: Not sick? No need to wear a mask.) by Reis Thebault & Alex Horton (Feb. 26, 2020 at 9:58 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- "Coronavirus disease named Covid-19", BBC News, 11 February 2020
- "China pneumonia outbreak: Mystery virus probed in Wuhan", BBC News, 2020 January 3
- "A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern" by Chen Wang, Peter W. Horby, Frederick G Hayden and George F Gao, Lancet, 2020 January 24
- "WHO Situation Updates", WHO, March 12, 2020
- "What is coronavirus and what should I do if I have symptoms?" by Sarah Boseley, Hannah Devlin, and Martin Belam, The Guardian, 2020 Feb 21
- "Coronavirus emergency: here’s what we know so far", UN.Org, 2020 February 3
- "China struggles to return to work after coronavirus shutdown" by Ryan McMorrow, Christian Shepherd and Tom Mitchell, Financial Times, 2020 February 10
- I call it the pathological irony of crisis (happens w/financial crises, too): if you lose your credibility, your statements begin to mean the opposite of what you say. by Austan Goolsbee (5:28 AM - 4 Feb 2020) Twitter (archived from February 5, 2020).
- With coronavirus, Trump’s lies and his reassurances backfire by Catherine Rampell (Feb. 27, 2020 at 3:40 p.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Summary", Center of Disease Control, 2020 February 20
- "Coronavirus came from bats or possibly pangolins amid ‘acceleration’ of new zoonotic infections" by Joel Achenbach, Washington Post, 2020 February 7
- "How COVID-19 Spreads", Center of Disease Control
- "Chinese CDC study finds Covid-19 virus to be more contagious than SARS or MERS" by James Griffiths and Nectar Gan, CNN, 2020 February 19
- "How does the new coronavirus spread? These new studies offer clues." by Julia Belluz, Vox.com, 21 February 2020
- "Coronavirus' Top Targets: Men, Seniors, Smokers" by Karen Weintraub, WebMd.com
- "WHO raises coronavirus threat assessment to its highest level: ‘Wake up. Get ready. This virus may be on its way’" by Berkeley Lovelace Jr., CNBC, 2020 Feb 28
- The Coronavirus Is No 1918 Pandemic - The Atlantic
- You're Likely to Get the Coronavirus - The Atlantic, which we hope is wrong about this one
- CDC Begins to Test Patients with Flu-like Symptoms for Coronavirus - Contagion Live
- How does the new coronavirus compare with the flu? - Live Science
- Yes, it is worse than the flu: busting the coronavirus myths - The Guardian
- "Coronavirus Disease 2019: Prevention and Treatment", Center of Disease Control
- Interim Guidance: Get Your Household Ready for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - CDC
- Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public - World Health Organization
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) Mortality Rate worldometer.
- How Does the Coronavirus Compare With the Flu? As new cases appear on the West Coast, some — including the president — are comparing it to the seasonal flu. Here’s a close look at the differences. by Denise Grady (Published Feb. 29, 2020; Updated March 3, 2020, 8:07 a.m. ET) The New York Times.
- Coronavirus: What are the chances of dying? - BBC News
- Age, Sex, Existing Conditions of COVID-19 Cases and Deaths
- "Scientists 'strongly condemn' rumors and conspiracy theories about origin of coronavirus outbreak" by Jon Cohen, Science, 2020 February 19
- Andersen, K., Rambaut, A., Lipkin, W., Holmes, E., & Garry, R. (2020). The Proximal Origin of SARS-CoV-2. Retrieved 12 March 2020, from http://virological.org/t/the-proximal-origin-of-sars-cov-2/398
- How Does the New Coronavirus Compare with the Flu? by Rachael Rettner, Scientific American
- "Japan government says another two officials infected with coronavirus, confirms two deaths" Reuters
- "Iran's vice president and two ministers stricken by coronavirus" Aljazeera
- "Staffer in U.S. senator's office tests positive for coronavirus" Reuters
- The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Kristian G. Andersen et al. Nature Medicine.
- "Why They're Called 'Wet Markets' — And What Health Risks They Might Pose" by Jason Beaubien, NPR, 2020 January 31
- "The possible origins of 2019-nCoV coronavirus" by Botao Xiao and Lei Xiao, February 2020, archived at archive.org on 14 February 2020
- "Did coronavirus originate in Chinese government laboratory? Scientists believe killer disease may have begun in research facility 300 yards from Wuhan wet fish market" by Ross Ibbetson, Daily Mail, 2020 February 16
- "Coronavirus may have actually started in secret Wuhan lab just 280m from wet market" by Tiffany Lo, Daily Mirror, 2020 February 16
- "GOP Senator Tom Cotton Suggests Coronavirus Could've Come From Wuhan 'Super Lab', Not Seafood Market: China's 'Still Lying Today'" by Christina Zhao, Newsweek, 2020 February 16
- "Is This The Man Behind The Global Coronavirus Pandemic?" by "Tyler Durden", Zero Hedge, 2020 January 29
- "Zero Hedge Permanently Suspended From Twitter for ‘Harassment’" by Siraj Datoo, Bloomberg, 2020 January 31
- "China coronavirus: Misinformation spreads online about origin and scale" by BBC Monitoring, BBC News, 2020 January 30
- "A Pro-Trump Blog Doxed A Chinese Scientist It Falsely Accused Of Creating The Coronavirus As A Bioweapon" by Ryan Broderick, Buzzfeed News, 2020 January 31
- "US Patent for Coronavirus Patent (Patent # 10,130,701)", Patents.Justia.com, 2015 Jul 23
- "QAnon Supporters And Anti-Vaxxers Are Spreading A Hoax That Bill Gates Created The Coronavirus" by Ryan Broderick, Buzzfeed News, 2020 January 23
- Bill Gates funded the PIRBRIGHT institute, which owns the patent on coronavirus by Ethan Huff (27 January 2020) NaturalNews (archived from 28 Jan 2020 19:23:32 UTC).
- "The Gates Foundation is spending $100 million to fight the coronavirus outbreak. Bill Gates has warned about a pandemic for years." by Holly Secon, Business Insider, 2020 February 5
- "Study of 72,000 COVID-19 patients finds 2.3% death rate" by Stephanie Soucheray, CIDRAP News, 2020 February 24
- "How does the new coronavirus compare with the flu?" by Rachael Rettner, Livescience.com, 2020 February 19
- "Overhyped Coronavirus Weaponized Against Trump", RushLimbaugh.com, 24 February 2020, archived on 25 February 25
- "China Cracks Down on Fentanyl. But Is It Enough to End the U.S. Epidemic?" by Steven Lee Meyers, New York Times, 2019 December 1
- "How Trump and his Fox News allies are infecting the public trust amid coronavirus concerns" by Oliver Darcy, CNN Business, 2020 February 28
- "How Roger Ailes Built the Fox News Fear Factory" by Tim Dickinson, Rolling Stone, 2011 May 25
- "Donald Trump Jr. just said something unreal about Democrats and the coronavirus" by Chris Cillizza, CNN, 2020 February 28
- Event 201 homepage, John Hopkins Center for Health Security
- "New Coronavirus Wasn’t ‘Predicted’ In Simulation" by Angelo Fichera, FactCheck.org, 2020 January 29
- "Does Video Show Guns, Violence in Aftermath of Coronavirus Outbreak in China?" by Dan Evon, Snopes.com, 2020 February 14
- "Coronavirus: How a misleading map went global" by Reality Check team, BBC News, 2020 February 19
- "Latest news re Coronavirus" Project Camelot, 20 February 2020, archived on 22 February 2020
- "Was Eminem Diagnosed with Coronavirus?" by Dan Evon, Snopes.com, February 7 2020
- "Can Popping Bubble Wrap from China Expose You to Coronavirus?" by David Mikkelson, Snopes.com, 2020 February 12
- "Did a Chinese Intelligence Officer Reveal the ‘Truth About the Coronavirus Outbreak’?" by Dan Evon, Snopes.Com, 2020 February 20
- Coronavirus: Russia denies spreading US conspiracy on social media. BBC, 23 February 2020.
- Jessica Glenza, Coronavirus: US says Russia behind disinformation campaign, The Guardian, 22 February 2020.
- Malaka Gharib, Fake Facts Are Flying About Coronavirus. Now There's A Plan To Debunk Them. NPR, 21 February 2020.
- "Coronavirus in China: 23 Million QUARANTINED, 2.8 Million Infected; 112,000 DEAD", Hal Turner News Desk, archived on 2020 February 13
- Worldometer, COVID-19 Coronavirus Outbreak, archived on 2020 February 13
- "People are racing to buy face masks amid the coronavirus outbreak, but they probably won't protect you from illness" by Holly Secon, Business Insider, 2020 February 10
- Coronavirus Conservapedia (archived from March 10, 2020).
- Revision history of "Coronavirus" Conservapedia (archived from March 10, 2020).
- Coronavirus "This is an old revision of this page, as edited by Aschlafly (Talk | contribs) at 21:34, 27 February 2020. It may differ significantly from current revision." Conservapedia (archived from March 10, 2020).
- "The Wuhan coronavirus has nothing to do with 5G" Full Fact
- "'This is not the bat’s fault': A disease expert explains where the coronavirus likely comes from" Vox '
- It is now evident that this is an orchestrated attempt to destroy CAPITALISM. First sports, then schools and finally commercial businesses. Time to RISE UP and push back. Bars and restaurants should defy the order. Let people decide if they want to go out. by SheriffClarke (3:31 PM - 15 Mar 2020) Twitter (16 Mar 2020 02:22:10 UTC).
- Silver Liquid - 10ppm Optivida Health (archived from February 22, 2020).
- "Bakker Still Sells Gel That He Says Cures Venereal Diseases (“All of Them!”)" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, 2019 August 17
- "Disgraced Televangelist Jim Bakker Now Hawking Product That Claims to ‘Kill’ or ‘Deactivate’ Coronavirus, SARS, and HIV" by Reed Richardson, Mediate.com, 2020 February 15
- "Colloidal Silver: Risk Without Benefit" by Stephen Barrett, M.D., Quackwatch
- "Colloidal silver has not been shown effective against new virus from China" by Beatrice Dupuy, AP News, 2020 February 14
- Matthew S. Schwartz, Missouri Sues Televangelist Jim Bakker For Selling Fake Coronavirus Cure. NPR, 11 March 2020.
- NY AG hits Jim Bakker with cease-and-desist order over alleged coronavirus cure. MSN, 9 March 2020.
- Noah Higgins-Dunn, FDA warns televangelist Jim Bakker and six others to stop selling fraudulent coronavirus products. Archived from the original at cnbc.com, 9 March 2020.
- QAnon-ers’ Magic Cure for Coronavirus: Just Drink Bleach! by Will Sommer (Updated Jan. 28, 2020 12:32PM ET; Published Jan. 28, 2020 4:57AM ET) Daily Beast.
- "Pandemic News", archived on 2020 February 11
- Naturalnews.com, archived on 2020 February 18
- "Clinical trials of intravenous vitamin C treatments for coronavirus commence in China" by Ethan Huff, Naturalnews.com, 2020 February 21, archived on 2020 February 21
- "South Korea says it’s successfully treating coronavirus patient with natural oxygen therapy" by Ethan Huff, Naturalnews.com, 2020 February 18, archived from the original on 2020 February 18
- "Alex Jones’ Infowars is attempting to profit from the coronavirus outbreak" by Timothy Johnson, Media Matters, 2020 February 29
- "Chinese Media Is Selling Snake Oil to Fight the Wuhan Virus" by James Palmer, ForeignPolicy, 2020 February 3
- "Desperate for coronavirus solutions, Chinese turn to HIV drugs, gray market and traditional cures" by Roxanne Liu and Gabriel Crossley, Reuters World News, 2020 February 6
- "Advisory for Corona virus: Homoeopathy for Prevention of Corona virus Infections Unani Medicines useful in symptomatic management of Corona Virus infection", PIB Delhi, 2020 January 29
- "Indian Authorities Propose Use of Homeopathy to Prevent Coronavirus" by Alakananda Dasgupta, TheScientist, 2020 February 7
- "Was This ‘Health Bulletin’ an Accurate Coronavirus Warning?" by Dan Macguill, Snopes.com, 2020 January 31
- Chiropractors falsely claim they can protect patients from coronavirus by Jann Bellamy, Science Based Medicine, 2020 March 12
- Military Source Exposes Shocking TRUTH About This Deadly Pandemic And The "1 Thing" You Must Do Before It's TOO LATE No real source other than "BuyGoods" retailer. Website published Jun 28, 2017
- Coronavirus: Brian Tamaki blames Satanic airborne demons, drinking of bat's blood by John Weekes (16:20, Mar 01 2020) Stuff New Zealand.
- See the Wikipedia article on Men in Black (1934 film).
- HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE & AZITHROMYCIN, taken together, have a real chance to be one of the biggest game changers in the history of medicine. The FDA has moved mountains - Thank You! Hopefully they will BOTH (H works better with A, International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents) … be put in use IMMEDIATELY. PEOPLE ARE DYING, MOVE FAST, and GOD BLESS EVERYONE! @US_FDA @SteveFDA @CDCgov @DHSgov by Donald Trump (7:13 AM - 21 Mar 2020) Twitter (archived from 21 Mar 2020 16:28:44 UTC).
- Trump Vs Fauci: President's Gut Sense Collides With Science: In a clash of gut instinct versus science, President Donald Trump and the government's top infectious disease expert, Dr. Anthony Fauci, publicly sparred over whether a malaria drug would work to treat people with coronavirus disease. (March 21, 2020, at 10:35 a.m.) Associated Press via U.S. News & World Report.
- Trump's eruption at an NBC reporter says it all about his alternate reality on coronavirus by Aaron Blake (March 21, 2020 at 10:32 a.m. PDT) The Washington Post.
- Fauci throws cold water on Trump's declaration that malaria drug chloroquine is a 'game changer': Fauci says chloroquine hasn't been studied on coronavirus. by Anne Flaherty & Jordyn Phelps (March 20, 2020, 2:22 PM) ABC News.
- Case Studies in Toxicology: Somehow… It's Always Lupus by Shannon Rickner & Lewis S. Nelson (2016) Emergency Medicine 48(11):493-495.
- Treating Lupus with Anti-Malarial Drugs Johns Hopkins Lupus Center.
- Cardiac Complications Attributed to Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine: A Systematic Review of the Literature by Clotilde Chatre et al. (2018) Drug Safety 41(10):919-931. doi:10.1007/s40264-018-0689-4.
- Azithromycin and Risk of Cardiovascular Death: A Meta-Analytic Review of Observational Studies by Aref A. Bin Abdulhak et al. (2005) Am. J. Ther. 22(5):e122-129. doi:10.1097/MJT.0000000000000138.
- Cardiac Risks Associated With Antibiotics: Azithromycin and Levofloxacin by Zhiqiang Kevin Lu (2015) Expert. Opin. Drug Saf. 14(2):295-303. 10.1517/14740338.2015.989210.
- Nigeria Has Chloroquine Poisonings After Trump Praised Drug by Alonso Soto (March 21, 2020, 7:51 AM PDT) Bloomberg.
- Banner Health experts warn against self-medicating to prevent or treat COVID-19 (March 23, 2020) Banner Health.
- See the Wikipedia article on Chloroquine.
- As Trump touts an unproven coronavirus treatment, supplies evaporate for patients who need those drugs by Christopher Rowland (March 23, 2020 at 11:02 a.m. PDT) The Washington Post.
- Surgeon General Immediately Warns Viewers Against Trying Malaria Drug Treatment For Coronavirus After Dr. Oz Tells Fox Viewers He's Testing It by Benjamin Fearnow (3/23/20 at 10:34 AM EDT) Newsweek.
- Chloroquine genius Didier Raoult to save the world from COVID-19 by Leonid Schneider (March 26, 2020) For Better Science.
- Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin as a treatment of COVID-19: results of an open-label non-randomized clinical trial by Philippe Gautret et al. (2020) medRχiv preprint. doi:10.1101/2020.03.16.20037135.
- Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin as a treatment of COVID-19: results of an open-label non-randomized clinical trial by Philippe Gautret et al. (2020) International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105949.
- Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin as a treatment of COVID-19: results of an open-label non-randomized clinical trial by Philippe Gautret et al. (2020) PubPeer. Note public comments.
- Les prédictions climatiques sont absurdes! Le professeur Didier Raoult déteste les prévisions sur le climat ! Un site a même recensé 72 prédictions erronées émises depuis 121 ans. by Didier Raoult (2013) Le Point.
- Dépasser Darwin by Didier Raoult (2010) Plon. ISBN 2259211143.
- FoxxysTweets (March 11, 2020). . Twitter. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "The coronavirus reawakens old racist tropes against Chinese people" by John Pomfret, Washington Post, 2020 Februrary 5
- The latest target of racist rumors about coronavirus: The ubiquitous dance troupe Shen Yun by Kim Bellware & Herman Wong (Feb. 25, 2020 at 8:09 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- "The coronavirus panic is turning the UK into a hostile environment for east Asians" by Sam Phan, The Guardian, 2020 January 27
- "What's spreading faster than coronavirus in the US? Racist assaults and ignorant attacks against Asians" by Holly Yan, Natasha Chen and Dushyant Naresh, CNN
- "Revolting footage shows Chinese woman eating a whole bat at a fancy restaurant as scientists link the deadly coronavirus to the flying mammals" by Billie Thomson, Daily Mail 2020 January 23
- "Don’t Blame Bat Soup for the Wuhan Virus" by James Palmer, Foreign Policy, 2020 January 27
- "Bat soup in Palau is pretty intense" by Master Blaster, SoraNews24
- "Chinese influencer Wang Mengyun, aka ‘Bat soup girl’ breaks silence" by Marnie O'Neill, News.com.au, 2020 February 7
- "‘No Chinese allowed’: Racism and fear are now spreading along with the coronavirus" by Quentin Fottrell, Marketwatch, 2020 February 3
- "Trump calls coronavirus criticism Democrats' 'new hoax' and links it to immigration" by Daniel Strauss and Oliver Laughland, The Guardian, 2020 February 28
- "What fuels prejudice?" by Peter Reuell, Harvard Gazette, 2019 August 5
- LeBlanc, P. (March 11, 2020). "Trump calls coronavirus a 'foreign virus' in Oval Office address". CNN. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Op-Ed: Trump’s race-baiting hasn’t produced many policy wins, but that was never the point" by Rich Benjamin, LA Times, 2019 July 19
- "Watch out for this extremely fake, weirdly racist viral post about coronavirus" by Caitlin Welsh, Mashable.com, 2020 January 28
- "Coronavirus: A Cameroon student on how he recovered" by Danny Vincent, BBC News, 2020 February 17
- "Black people aren’t more resistant to novel coronavirus" by Anne-Sophie Faivre Le Cadre, AFP Fact Check, 2020 February 12
- "China tried to keep a lid on the coronavirus. It put everyone at risk." by the Editorial Board, Washington Post, 2020 January 29
- 'Hero who told the truth': Chinese rage over coronavirus death of whistleblower doctor" by Verna Yu, Guardian, 2020 February 7
- "Obituary: Li Wenliang" by The Economist, 2020 February 13 edition
- "China’s Official Newspaper Mislabels Video Footage in Coronavirus Coverage" by Dan MacGuill, Snopes,com, 2020 February 2020
- "China Ramps Up Censorship On Coronavirus As Critics Risk Criminal Charges" by Kenneth Rapoza, Forbes, 2020 February 12
- "How the Coronavirus Revealed Authoritarianism’s Fatal Flaw" by Zeynep Tufecki, The Atlantic, 2020 February 22
- "Coronavirus Weakens China’s Powerful Propaganda Machine" by Li Yuan, New York Times, 2020 February 27
- "Media Covering Coronavirus to ‘Bring Down the President,’ Mulvaney Claims" by Annie Karni, New York Times, 2020 February 28
- "The 1964 Report on Smoking and Health", U.S. National Library of Medicine, Reports of the Surgeon General
- "Trump’s Contempt for Expertise Is Guiding His Coronavirus Response" by Fred Kaplan, Salon, 2020 February 28
- "Pence's decades-old 'smoking doesn't kill' statement resurfaces after coronavirus appointment" by Vic Ryckaert, IndyStar, 2020 February 27
- "Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., NIAID Director", National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease
- "Pence Will Control All Coronavirus Messaging From Health Officials" by Michael D. Shear and Maggie Haberman, New York Times, 2020 February 27
- "HHS whistleblower claims US workers received coronavirus evacuees without proper precautions" by Kristen Holmes, Amanda Watts and Caroline Kelly, CNN. February 28, 2020
- Seoul city seeks murder charges against sect founder over virus AFP March 2, 2020