Para-fascism is a form of fascism that shows extreme right-wing populism but lacks certain elements of fascism. Para-fascism is controversial as to whether it can be interpreted as a common fascism in academia.
By the definition of Aristotle Kallis, para-fascism can be defined as "a larger category of regimes that adapted or aped ‘fascist’ formal and organizational features, but did not share the revolutionary ideological vision of genuine fascism".:220
Para-fascism represents singular elements of the constellation of the definition of fascism:
“”Fascism may be defined as a form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy, and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal constraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion.
|—Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism:218|
- ‘Fascism’, ‘Para-fascism’ and ‘Fascistization’: On the Similarities of Three Conceptual by Aristotle Kallis (2003) European History Quarterly 33(2):219-249. doi:10.1177/02656914030332004.
- Paxton, Robert O. The Anatomy of Fascism. (2005) Knopf. ISBN 1400040949.
This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.
Pages in category "Para-fascism"
The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total.