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See the main article for this category, Fascism.


Para-fascism is a form of fascism that shows extreme right-wing populism but lacks certain elements of fascism. In academia, para-fascism is controversial as to whether it can be interpreted as a common fascism.

By the definition of Aristotle Kallis, para-fascism can be defined as "a larger category of regimes that adapted or aped ‘fascist’ formal and organizational features, but did not share the revolutionary ideological vision of genuine fascism".[1]:220

Para-fascism represents singular elements of the constellation of the definition of fascism:

Fascism may be defined as a form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy, and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal constraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion.
—Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism[2]:218

Best-edited articles in the "Para-fascism" category


  1. ‘Fascism’, ‘Para-fascism’ and ‘Fascistization’: On the Similarities of Three Conceptual by Aristotle Kallis (2003) European History Quarterly 33(2):219-249. doi:10.1177/02656914030332004.
  2. Robert O. Paxton The Anatomy of Fascism. (2005) Knopf. ISBN 1400040949.


This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total.