Denial of Soviet occupation

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Denial of Soviet occupation is the refusal to admit military occupations of many Eastern European countries from the prelude to the aftermath of World War II.[1][2]


Saying that USSR had occupied the Baltic states is absurd and nonsense. One can not occupy something that already belongs to him.
—Russian Federation's foreign minister Sergei Ivanov, May 7 2005, in an address to Red Army veterans[3]
It is just another inadequate action of the President. What occupation? This is absurd. [...] Communists will use all influence on the parliamentary majority to prevent opening of such museum.
—Oleksandr Golub, of the Communist Party of Ukraine, March 2 2007, commenting on president Yushchenko's initiative on opening an occupation museumWikipedia's W.svg in Ukraine.[4][note 1]
There was no occupation. There were agreements at the time with the legitimately elected authorities in the Baltic countries.
—Kremlin's European affairs chief Sergei Yastrzhembsky[5]
Gerald Ford in a Oct 6 1976 debate with Jimmy Carter[6]


  1. However, Yuschenko's version of history wasn't unassailable either as the Ukrainian situation was a bit more complex than in the Baltic states. Ukraine had been claimed by the Soviet Union since 1917 (and had been part of the Tsars' Russian Empire since 1775) and was thus not (first) occupied by the USSR in WWII, but had been a Soviet RepublicWikipedia's W.svg since 1919. Furthermore, Ukraine had had (at least) 3 separate governments in 1917, one of which (the Ukrainian People's Republic of SovietsWikipedia's W.svg) had sided with and wanted to join the Soviet Union. Essentially, Yuschenko's argument rested on the premise that the interim Ukrainian Communist government was illegitimate, though how it was more so than its competitors such as the Ukrainian StateWikipedia's W.svg or the larger Ukrainian People's RepublicWikipedia's W.svg is anyone's guess. Further complicating matters of occupation and sovereignty, the UPR had initially constituted itself within the framework of the 1917 Republic of Russia (i.e. after the establishment of the Kerensky-government, but before the Bolsheviks took over) and only declared independence in 1918.


  1. Warfare and Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present By Michael S. Neiberg; p 160
  2. AP European History; p. 461
  3. RIA Novosti: Иванов назвал "абсурдом" заявления об оккупации СССР Прибалтики То, что говорят, что СССР оккупировал прибалтийские государства — это абсурд и чушь. Нельзя оккупировать то, что тебе принадлежит.
  4. Communists against creation of Occupation Museum in Ukraine, March 2 2007, (archived by the Wayback Machine).
  5. AFP May 2005: Kremlin denies Soviet 'occupation' of Baltics
  6. "1976 Presidential Debates". CNN. Retrieved July 7, 2015.