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|Ideas and policies|
Omar is a refugee from Somalia, her family fleeing after the nation plunged into chaos following the toppling of dictator Siad Barre. After spending four years in a Kenyan refugee camp, the family secured refugee resettlement status in Virginia, and later moved to Minneapolis. She attended North Dakota State University, graduating with a bachelor's degree in political science and international studies. Prior to joining the House of Representatives, she served as a member of the Minnesota House of Representatives from the 60B district.
Views and policy positions
Omar wants to increase taxes on the wealthiest Americans, establish a Federal jobs guarantee, raise the national minimum wage to $15, reinstate the Glass-Steagall Act and break up banking monopolies, and repeal right-to-work laws. She also expresses interest in worker cooperatives.
Omar supports Medicare for All, supports price control for pharmaceutical drugs, and wants wider access to abortion, contraceptives, vasectomies, prenatal and postpartum care, and STD and cancer screenings.
Omar supports banning conversion therapy, extending national protections from discrimination to the LGBT+ community, and ensuring that care specific to LGBT+ people has guaranteed coverage in health insurance plans. She also opposes Donald Trump's ban on transgender people serving in the military.
Ilhan supports the legalization of marijuana and the abolition of mandatory minimum sentences, and wants to address drug addiction as a health issue rather than a legal one. She also wants to ban private prisons, restore voting rights for felons, and ban racial profiling.
Omar supports the Keep It in the Ground Act,[note 1] wants to end all subsidies to fossil fuel companies, and has the goal of ensuring 100% renewable energy by 2035. She also supports Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez' Green New Deal proposal.
Omar supports the abolition of ICE, opposes deportation and detention programs, supports sanctuary cities, opposes Donald Trump's border wall, and supports the prosecution of federal officials accused of physical and sexual assault of people in detention.
Omar stated that she did not support BDS against Israel during her House campaign, but backed the movement after she was elected.
She is also critical of Barack Obama's drone strike program.
On November 8, 2016, after nine Somali-American men were charged for conspiring to support the Islamic State, Ilhan Omar wrote a letter to the U.S. District Judge of Minnesota, asking for a "restoration approach" instead of a "long-term prison sentence", as it is done for "patients with chemicals dependencies".
On April 20, 2017, Ilhan Omar was one of the two members who voted against HF1397, a bill allowing life insurance companies to deny payouts to beneficiaries dead as a result of their furtherance of terrorism. The bill was proposed in response of December 2015 San Bernardino shooting, when Syed Farook killed 14 people and injured 22, then died in a shootout with police, and his his mother fought to remain the beneficiary of insurance policies worth $275,000. The bill passed with 127-2 votes.
On March 23, 2019, during a CAIR meeting, Ilhan Omar stated "CAIR was founded after 9/11, because they recognized that some people did something and that all of us were starting to lose access to our civil liberties." CAIR was actually founded in 1994. Next month, the New York Post released an article headlined "Rep. Ilhan Omar: 9/11 was 'some people did something' Here's your something... 2,977 dead by terrorism". In response, Donald Trump tweeted out footage of Omar's statement interlaced with footage of the attacks, typing in all caps, "WE WILL NEVER FORGET!" Ilhan Omar responded stating she had received an increase in death threats following her comments. Since then, many of Omar's colleagues have come out in support of her after the backlash.
Omar voted in favor of the For the People Act, which would require paper ballots in Federal elections, designate Election Day as a Federal holiday, restore the provisions of the Voting Rights Act, Shelby County v. Holder, mandate presidents and vice presidents to release their tax returns, mandate presidential inaugural committees to disclose expenditures and curb super-PACs that support individual candidates.
In 2018, Omar came under criticism for a 2012 tweet opining "Israel has hypnotized the world, may Allah awaken the people and help them see the evil doings of Israel.", a tweet that many have interpreted as anti-Semitic. She apologized for her comment in January of next year, explaining "In all sincerity, it was after my CNN interview that I heard from Jewish orgs. that my use of the word 'Hypnotize' and the ugly sentiment it holds was offensive."
On February 10th, 2019, Glenn Greenwald tweeted about House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy's promise to punish Omar and fellow representative Rashida Tlaib for their opposition to Israel. Omar responded with "It's all about the Benjamins baby". When asked on Twitter to clarify who she believed was paying American politicians to support Israel by Forward editor Batya-Ungar Sargon, she responded "AIPAC!" She later apologized in due to the backlash her comments received from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, as well as criticism from Senators Cory Booker and Kirsten Gillibrand. Despite the large opposition, she was defended by Senators Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Kamala Harris.
Harassment and death threats
In February 2019, Coast Guard lieutenant and white nationalist Christopher Hasson was arrested after stockpiling weapons and drawing up a hitlist of numerous politicians and media figures, Omar being included in the list. Later that month, graffiti was found in a Rogers, Minnesota gas station bathroom reading "Assassinate Ilhan Omar", resulting in an FBI investigation in March. On March 1, at a West Virginia Republican Party event, an exhibitor put up a poster falsely linking Omar to 9/11. On April 7, 2019, a Trump supporter was arrested in relation to a phone call he made to one of Omar's staffers on March 21, saying "Do you work for the Muslim Brotherhood? Why are you working for [Ilhan Omar], she’s a fucking terrorist. I’ll put a bullet in her fucking skull." He was found to have stockpiled six illegally owned guns and over 1,000 bullets.
On March 9, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro said of her, "Omar wears a hijab, which, according to the Qur'an 33:59, tells women to cover so they won’t get molested. Is her adherence to this Islamic doctrine indicative of her adherence to Sharia law, which in itself is antithetical to the United States Constitution?" This resulted in her block being bumped from the air for three weeks.
- Justice Democrats, who endorsed her in the her House election.
- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, her colleague.
- Keith Ellison, her MN-5 predecessor.
- Prohibits new extraction of fossil fuels from below Federal land and water.
- Ilhan Omar: First female Somali American lawmaker Al Jazeera. 15 Nov 2016.
- NDSU Magazine excerpt of Ilhan Omar North Dakota State University Magazine.
- Ilhan Omar: Former refugee is elected as America's first Somali-American Muslim woman legislator The Independent. 9 November 2016.
- Establish Economic Justice for Working Families Ilhan for Congress.
- Provide Healthcare Coverage for All Ilhan for Congress.
- Fight for LGBTQIA+ Rights Ilhan for Congress.
- Twitter post 22 Jan 2019.
- Re-imagine Our Criminal Justice System Ilhan for Congress.
- Ensure Environmental Justice & Energy Independence Ilhan for Congress.
- Ilhan Omar: Green New Deal would help Minnesota, could pass House MPR News. Jan 20, 2019.
- Create a Just Immigration System Ilhan for Congress.
- Ilhan Omar rebukes Barack Obama for 'caging of kids' and 'droning of countries around the world' Newsweek. 3/8/19.
- Who’s afraid of Ilhan Omar? Saudi Arabia, for one MinnPost. 12/18/2018.
- FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 83 House.gov. 13-Feb-2019.
- Twitter post 27 Jan 2019.
- Twitter post 28 Jan 2019.
- Muslim Trailblazer Ilhan Omar Admits She Backs BDS — Now That Election Is Over Haaretz. Nov 14, 2018.
- "Minnesota man sentenced to 15 years in prison for conspiring to support ISIS". BusinessInsider. November 15, 2016.
- "Letter to Judge M. J. Davis".
- "Votes on bill HF1397".
- "Life insurance ‘the way it should be’ – not for terrorists".
- "'New York Post' Denounced For Publishing Sept. 11 Photo With Rep. Ilhan Omar's Words". New York Post. April 12, 2019.
- Twitter post 12 Apr 2019.
- Omar says she has faced increase in death threats since Trump tweet The Hill. 04/14/19.
- Elizabeth Warren's response. 12 Apr 2019.
- Bernie Sanders' response. 12 Apr 2-19.
- Rashida Tlaib's response
- Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez' response 12 Apr 2019.
- HR 1 - For the People Act of 2019 - Voting Record VoteSmart. March 8, 2019.
- House Democrats Introduce Anti-Corruption Bill As Symbolic 1st Act NPR. January 5, 2019.
- Woman running for Congress in Minnesota rejects anti-Semitism accusations The Times of Israel". 8 July 2018.
- Twitter post 21 Jan 2019.
- Rep. Omar apologizes for tweet about Israel The Hill 01/22/19.
- Minnesota Congresswoman Ignites Debate On Israel And Anti-Semitism NPR. March 7, 2019.
- Batya Ungar-Sargon and Peter Feld discuss Rep. Ilhan Omar’s AIPAC tweet MSNBC. Feb. 17, 2019.
- Rep. Omar apologizes after House Democratic leadership condemns her comments as ‘anti-Semitic tropes’ The Washinton Post. February 11th, 2019.
- Kirsten Gillibrand Delivers Lukewarm Statement On Ilhan Omar The Huffington Post. 03/07/19.
- Sanders, Harris and Warren defend Ilhan Omar amid controversy over Israel comments CNN. March 6, 2019.
- Coast Guard officer accused of drafting hit list of prominent Democrats to remain jailed CBS News. February 21, 2019.
- FBI investigating graffiti targeting Rep. Ilhan Omar MPR News. Mar 2, 2019.
- GOP's anti-Muslim display likening Rep. Omar to a terrorist rocks W. Virginia capitol NBC News. March 1, 2019.
- Trump under fire over Islamophobia after man threatens to kill Ilhan Omar The Guardian. 7 Apr 2019.
- Man making death threat to Rep. Ilhan Omar had over 1,000 bullets and illegal guns Roll Call. Apr 23, 2019.
- Fox News suspended host Jeanine Pirro over Omar comments: report The Hill. 3/17/19.
- Fox News host Jeanine Pirro to be bumped for second-straight week following Omar comments The Hill. 3/21/19.