|Some dare call it|
|What THEY don't want|
you to know!
“”On a mountain halfway between Reno and Rome,
We have a machine in a Plexiglas dome,Which listens and looks into everyone's home.
|—Dr Seuss's Sleep Book|
The National Security Agency (NSA) is one of the most secretive parts of the United States' intelligence community; anything more secretive probably does not officially exist. It was also referred to as "No Such Agency" for this reason. They mostly deal in signals intelligence (SIGINT[note 1]) and other technical forms of intelligence gathering. A secondary mission is information security (INFOSEC) — that is, protecting the USA's sensitive communications; or more cynically, keeping other countries from doing to the USA what it does to them.
The majority of the NSA is privatized, with contractors like the firm Booz Allen Hamilton doing quite a bit of the dirty work and being unaccountable to the democratic process. This whole private-public apparatus we call the NSA is headquartered in Maryland. Interestingly, the NSA probably works more closely with American allies than any other part of the American intelligence community. It is well-known that the US shares SIGINT information with the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand as part of the "Five Eyes" spy network (also known as ECHELON). Moreover, the NSA works closely with Taiwan's NSB to spy on China, though as a result of the Sino-Soviet split it also had two bases in western China to monitor the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Conspiracy theorists and other people have long speculated that the NSA has been spying on Americans (and others) over a long period of time. Unfortunately for all of us, they were proven right in 2013 when news about the PRISM project (which collects information from most social media sources and also wiretaps millions of phones, especially from Verizon) was leaked by The Guardian, through information provided by Edward Snowden, a whistleblower and former NSA contractor employee. The PATRIOT Act has no bounds, it seems.[note 2]
- Prism Break is a decent site pointing to resources for protecting your online privacy from the NSA.
- What were you expecting?
- The NSA - where all your Star Trek fantasies come to life!
- Not to be confused with the Unix signal SIGINT.
- However, PRISM seems to be a little more inefficient than most conspiracy theorists seem to think, likely the vast majority of data collected is junk data, porn, and YouTube comments. (How this specifically stops terrorism is another debate in itself.) So they're half right. Nonetheless, some also believe that they somehow have a full backup of everyone's hard drive, an absurdity on its own- or a sign that people don't know how computer technology works.