| Guide to:|
|Ideas and policies|
The gist of it
The period was marked by widespread attempts (with varying success) at "improving" society and reforming government — often through "scientific" means. Many of these changes have become permanent fixtures in modern American society and government.
This is also the era that via the 1912 presidential election (where Roosevelt ran third party and split the vote, throwing the election to ol' racist Woodrow Wilson) started the long slow road towards a "right wing" Republican and a "left wing" Democratic Party.
- Attempts to eliminate corruption in government and expansion of direct democracy
- Efforts to Improve the economy via regulation of monopolies, anti-trust laws, and transforming the banking system
- The promotion of women's rights, especially legal agency
- The "scientific" improvement of just about everything, with mixed results
- The prohibition of alcohol for both moral and political ends
- The rapid growth of labor unions, which worked to improve labor conditions, but also to severely restrict immigration.
- The growth of American imperialism
- The expansion of Fundamentalist Christianity leading to the Scopes trial
- Some unpleasantness overseas
- The Spanish American War and the Philippine American War caused by it and immediately following it
- William Jennings Bryan
- Margaret Sanger
- Theodore Roosevelt
- Woman's Christian Temperance Union
- Woodrow Wilson