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A dodo
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The dodo was a flightless bird related to doves and pigeons (sharing an order with them, Columbidae) that was native to the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. The dodo became extinct almost certainly due to over-hunting by the humans who arrived on the island.[1]

The dodo is famous for its reputation of being stupid. However, because it was at the top of the food chain in its own little ecosystem, it had no natural predators and thus, had no reason to fear other creatures (such as the humans who discovered the island). It wasn't stupidity that caused the downfall of the dodos, it was ignorance.

Surprisingly, for such a famous bird, little is known of its appearance or behaviours; by the time scientists became interested, it was already extinct, a testament to the destructive power of our species.

The dodo has become a byword for any creature that is doomed because it can't adapt to its environment, which is in contrast to its distant and (to the dismay of many urban dwellers worldwide) still-living relative, the Rock Pigeon, which is a little too good at adapting — it went from being a European cliff-dwelling bird to a bird with very, very large populations on every continent except Antarctica.[2]