|It doesn't stop at the water's edge:|
|Philosophies and terms|
The Green Party (officially known as the Global Greens) is an international political party, or perhaps more accurately a group of loosely-connected parties around the world. Although specific policies of "Green" parties vary from country to country, the central ideology common to all of them is environmentalism.
 The Green Party of the United States (GPUS)
In the United States, it is a third party, slightly larger than the Libertarian Party in total size, meaning it got 0.36% of the overall Presidential vote in the last election instead of the 0.99% of the Libertarian Party. (Apparently, Greens don't know how to vote). Of states that allow party registration and publicly report party tallies, there are slightly over 300,000 registered Greens. Anyone want to do the math on 300,000/146,000,000 or so? Oh, yeah, at best, 0.2%. Nice job.
Its basic positions, known as the Ten Key Values, are:
- Grassroots democracy
- Social justice and equal opportunity
- Ecological wisdom
- Community-based economics and economic justice
- Feminism and gender equality
- Respect for diversity
- Personal and global responsibility
- Future focus and sustainability
- Marijuana decriminalization
which is promoted by some.
On the local level, state Green parties have had success electing mayors, city council members, municipal government members, and state representative (in 2012, they elected Arkansas state representative Fred Smith). Currently there are about as many Green office holders as Libertarian ones. In 2009, fifty Greens were elected. In 2012, the number of Greens elected was in the 30s.
Ralph Nader was a notable member of the Green Party. His presidential run during the 2000 elections was hugely successful, as he garnered almost 3,000,000 votes and may have had a spoiler effect by taking liberal swing-state voters away from Al Gore. His 97,488 votes in Florida were 96,951 more than the difference between George W. Bush (2,912,790) and Gore (2,912,253). His runs in 2004 and 2008 as an independent did not attract similar support, though he still beat the official Green candidates by a large margin.
In the 2012 elections, physician Jill Stein was the nominee, getting around 397,000 votes, or one-third of 1% of the popular vote.
As of writing, Jill Stein appears set to once again be the Green Party nominee in the 2016 elections. She has also expressed a willingness to collaborate with Democratic nominee Bernie Sanders, although he has apparently not yet responded.
 Youth organizations
Campus Greens is the student organization of the party which is composed of students and teachers of universities, colleges and high schools.
The Green Party seems to be infatuated with nature woo. For example, their platform states opposition to modern medicine and education in favor of the "Great School" (nature, of course) and the "Great Hospital" (once again, nature).
 The Green Party in the UK
Despite their media portrayal, there are three different Green Parties in the UK: The Green Party of England and Wales, The Scottish Green Party, and the Green Party of Northern Ireland. All of these work closely together at a UK and EU level. The Green Party in Wales appears to be steering itself towards becoming a separate party too.
There is currently just one Green MP in UK parliament, as well as three Green MSPs in the Scottish Parliament, and their votes enabled the Scottish National Party to form a minority administration, rather than a hung parliament after the 2007 elections. In England, the Green Party has 18 county councillors and sends two representatives to the European Parliament.
Despite the Green Party's good intentions regarding the environment, they have some stances that may hinder research and development in some areas of biology. For example, the Green Party press officer Scott Redding claimed that "animal testing may be more harmful than helpful." In regards to GM crops, Redding claimed that "we draw a distinction between the application of a technology, which we believe has been proven to be socially destructive" and went on to say "we do not accept the self-serving claims of multinationals that GM crops can solve world hunger, the fuel crisis and any myriad of global problems," as it is infinitely more important to remain ideologically pure than to save lives with golden rice.[wp]
The Green Party has an unusual history for something now perceived as firmly left-of-centre if not dangerously Marxist. It is a descendant of the PEOPLE Party[wp], founded in 1972 by former Conservative Party councillor Tony Whittaker and his wife Lesley, who had read a worrying article in Playboy magazine about overpopulation. Initially most of its members were right of centre and more focused on the imminent destruction of the human race than the environment. The new PEOPLE Party attracted a few sympathetic members, most prominently Edward "Teddy" Goldsmith,[wp] editor of The Ecologist magazine, and member of the Clermont/Mayfair Set[wp] that also included his younger brother James Goldsmith, Lord Lucan,[wp] and John Aspinall.[wp] Initially, the environmental movement regarded it with suspicion, and the party squabbled internally over direction, but gradually it moved towards mainstream environmentalism, in 1975 changing its name to the Ecology Party, and in 1985 becoming the Green Party.
 Other countries
Green Parties in other countries have had more success than in North America. Kenyan GP member Wangari Maathai was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2004. In New Zealand, the Green Party, after winning seats in 3 major elections, supplied the ruling left-wing Labour Party with "supply and confidence" votes during Labour's 9-year reign and implemented many of its own policies despite having a dope-smoking, skateboarding, Rasta as a senior Member of Parliament. The Australian Greens have, as of June 2015, won 10 senate seats and 1 lower house seat.
Germany's GP has been strong and influential, especially in the late nineties and early noughties when it formed part of the government. After the conservative party (CDU) made some big mistakes, the Green Party in Germany came in as second in the regional elections in Baden-Württemberg and now has the position of "Ministerpräsident" (something like a Governor) in Baden-Württemberg.
Finland's Green Party is minor (15 parliamentary seats out of 200 as of 2016) but has been in government multiple times. Their presidential candidate, Pekka Haavisto, finished second in the 2012 presidential election, receiving 37.4% of the votes despite the the obvious hindrances of being openly homosexual and having an Ecuadorian spouse.
- ↑ http://www.globalgreens.org/globalcharter
- ↑ http://www.ballot-access.org/2008/030108.html#11
- ↑ 2012 Presidential Election
- ↑ though the number dates from 2005
- ↑ http://www.gp.org/elections/Green-Mayors/index.shtml
- ↑ http://www.gp.org/elections/candidates/index.php
- ↑ http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2000/elecpop.htm
- ↑ http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/2000presgeresults.htm
- ↑ http://www.jillstein.org/jill_stein_acceptance_speech
- ↑ "Meet Jill Stein, the Green Party Candidate for President," NBC News
- ↑ http://web.archive.org/web/20120120115101/http://www.gp.org/committees/platform/2010/Platform2010.pdf
- ↑ Ban on artificial water fluoridation products. At least the Canadian party does.
- ↑ BBC Council Election Results 2009
- ↑ BBC European Election Results 2009
- ↑ The Green Party answering questions regarding its science policy in The Guardian
- ↑ A dope smoking Rasta? Really?
- ↑ Canada Votes 2011: Green Party Leader Elizabeth May Speaks on Getting a Seat - May 2nd 2011
- ↑