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“”There is no nonsense so errant that it cannot be made the creed of the vast majority by adequate governmental action.
Propaganda is the use of media and other information sources in order to affect or control the perceptions and behaviour of a population. Frequently information presented is wholly or partially incorrect, or misrepresented in order to convey a specific, pervasive message.
The aim of propaganda is not to inform, but to guide thought. In this regard, propaganda may be separated from simple advertising in that advertising largely attempts to extol the virtues of a product or service in order to attract commerce, propaganda is a much more pervasive attempt to mold public opinion for a variety of reasons. However, propaganda shares many techniques in common with advertising, such as repetition, reliance on famous spokespeople and messages cloaked in advertisement.
Political movements of all types have used propaganda widely, despite sometimes dramatically opposing ideologies. For example, in World War II, the Allies, Soviets and Nazis, all very different in their ideologies, all used propaganda to a great degree during the course of the conflict and after.
Although already seen in some circles as a threat to democratic ways of life as early as 1937, the word did not become pejorative in common usage until after World War II. Like many words, it has fallen victim to the euphemism treadmill – meaning, sometimes we only call that which we disagree with propaganda. The rest is considered PR (Public Relations), marketing or awareness spreading.
 Propaganda techniques
- Big Lie – The more outrageous the lie, the better.
- Experts for hire – Pay them enough, and they will say anything.
- Front group – Often going by the euphemism "think tank" these days.
- FUD – "Manufacturing doubt."
- Limited hangout – Revealing only a small portion of facts relevant to a scandal in order to defuse criticism.
- Ratfucking – Many of the "dirty tricks" pioneered by the Tricky Dick administration.
- Stovepiping – Cherry-picking unvetted information.
- Whataboutism – And you are lynching Negroes
The arts are often employed as a medium for presenting propaganda.
 See also
- Edward Bernays
- Frank Luntz
- Nationalism in history textbooks
- Public relations
- Propaganda Critic
- Psy War, an archive of wartime propaganda
- della Quercia, Jacopo. "6 Mind-Blowing Achievements in Propaganda", Cracked Magazine website, 21 April 2010.
 Further reading
- Propaganda and Persuasion by Garth S. Jowett and Victoria O'Donnell