User:Bad Faith/blaenau Ffestiniog

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Warning: Conservapedia spoof article
This is a copy of a spoof article on Conservapedia. It is presented here for the purpose of education lulz, and reading it may will enrich your life cause stigmata, myopia, and Morgellons disease.
The landscape surrounding Blaenau has been blighted with millions of tons of spoil. These slag heaps arose mainly as a result of 19th century mining techniques, and unfettered capitalism.

Blaenau Ffestiniog (pronounced bly-now fest-inny-oc) is the capital of the Welsh slate quarrying industry. The slate-bearing strata of Ffestiniog belong to the Ordovician or Lower Silurian systems, and are of an uniform soft blue-gray color, although the North Vein or topmost bed shows a tendency to be slightly darker. The chemical analysis of a standard Ffestiniog slate shows silica 55%, alumina 25%, iron oxide 11%, the remainder being composed of various elements of which the chief is magnesia. The lime contents - an excess of which often characterizes an inferior slate - are negligible. [1].

Blaenau slate has been an important part of quality snooker and billiards tables for many years owing to the smooth flat surface that is revealed when slates are split or riven. During Victorian times a snooker table would comprise four large blocks of slate, each 3 inches thick, so that they could be disassembled and carried by pack horses for the pleasure of officers in the British Colonial Army on patrol in the north-west frontier in India. It was said, that along with his rifle, every serving officer took his snooker cue up the Khyber Pass. Due to the lower quality of the remaining slate from the mine however, modern tables have to be assembled from five slabs.

The slate produced from the Blaenau area is one of the highest quality roofing slates in the world, and gives the houses in Wales their characteristic blue roofs. Slate was mined via a variety of methods in the 19th century and all of these have left their mark on Blaenau, with the entire town and much of the surrounding countryside being blighted with slag heaps of slate spoil. Despite being in the centre of the Snowdonia National Park, the gray slag that surrounds the town prevents it from being officially included in the designated Park area. Current plans to deal with this slag are being challenged by an environmental pressure group [2]

Miners' Tramway (slytiau) showing one of the miners in action

The slate industry that Blaenau epitomizes is today only a fraction of its former size. In the 1880's the industry employed over 400 men. In the 19th century such men were renowned for their “..hard drinking, their singing and their sexual prowess” [3] . To say that these men were responsible for the today’s slag spoil is to misunderstand thew history of Blaenau. Today the town has reinvented itself as a tourist destination with former quarries [4] offering trips on the miner's tramway into the side of the mountain and into the massive underground caverns built by the slate workers. At Llechwedd, for example it is possible to recreate the experience of the miners. Riding down the underground cliff railway into the dramatic Deep Mine, provides a stimulating audio-visual presentation as a miner from long ago takes you through the various chambers. On their way to the mine, visitors can experience the slag at first hand, going down the slaty cleavage into dark, damp musky recesses. These cavernous spaces drip with a slimy substance, where miners would often would feel their helmets starting to become damp. Reaching the very depths, with a horn, the miners would all stand up and slip into the vast cavernous spaces. The activity that ensued would be prolonged and exhausting, with several miners often being squeezed into the same recess for extended periods, returning to the cleavage repeatedly during this time, going in and out of passages, before coming together. Finally, when the tramway shudders to a halt, the miners all get off, and travel homewards for an evening’s drinking and singing[4].

In preparations for the United Kingdom's millenium celebrations, the Welsh Development Agency (WDA) in conjunction with the Beautiful Blaenau campaign sponsored research into how the slag may put to use in an environmentally-friendly way. In 2001 the Welsh Aggregates Company launched a range of composite building materials that have been used extensively in the regeneration of Cardiff's historic waterfront. Indeed, traditional Welsh slags can now be found throughout the city centre.

The mined slate was taken on the narrow gauge Ffestiniog Railway which links Blaenau Ffestiniog with Porthmadog on the coast. The Festiniog Railway Company is the world's oldest independent railway company, established in 1832 by Act of Parliament. [5]. The ride is spectacular as the line twists and turns its way through the Welsh countryside.

Blaenau also has another claim to fame, In 1940 when London was faced with intensive bombing by the Luftwaffe every night, Prime Minister Winston Churchill was very concerned for the safekeeping of Britain's art treasures and he issued an order for them to be moved from the museums and art galleries in London. In order to keep them safe, they were sent to Manod Quarry in Blaenau Ffestiniog.[6]


  • Map showing the Location of Blaenau Ffestiniog,-3.927612&spn=0.264126,0.727844&om=1


  1. For a more detailed account, see:
  2. The Slate Waste Action Group (SWAG) opposes plans to transport the slag to the North Wales coast.
  3. see the description in:
  4. 4.0 4.1 See the website for the The Llechwedd Slate Caverns Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Lech" defined multiple times with different content