The sovereign citizen movement, sometimes known as the "redemption movement", is based around pseudo-legal claim that every man, by performing some esoteric pseudo-legalistic incantations, can become their own sovereign nation. This has the obvious twin advantages of not having to pay taxes and no-longer being bound by state and federal law. There are two minor disadvantages to this scheme, to wit it, it's lack of basis in legal reality, and the jail-time that often results from from the passing of illegal financial instruments.
A dramatization of the process
The sovereign citizen movement, and its consequences, are best illustrated by a brief dramatization of a hypothetical discussion between such a person and an IRS Special Agent. The scene opens with Mr. John Smith being invited to discuss his non-payment of taxes with an IRS Special Agent. Smith, armed with a well-thumbed copy of Black's Law Dictionary, exchanges pleasantries with the agent before gracefully accepting a seat.
IRS Special Agent: Mr Smith. You haven't filed a tax return in the past two years, and have ignored our repeated reminders.
The Republic of John: As an sovereign citizen I am not obligated to pay tax to your corporation.
IRS Special Agent: Perhaps you are mistaken.
The Republic of John: Nu uh.
IRS Special Agent: I really think you are.
The Republic of John: Okay, accept this note detailing how you can withdraw the funds from my super secret federal trust fund set-up to represent myself and every other American citizen.
IRS Special Agent:Passing such a note would in itself constitute a felony. I'm afraid I have no option but to place you under arrest.
The Republic of John: Nu uh.
is an island (more accurately a one-man sovereign nation), thus being not subject to legal obligations and restrictions imposed on citizens of the United States of America.
common law (or at least their bizarre sham definition thereof) to declare him/herself as essentially a nation unto themselves, and therefore may not be subject to the law of the land where they live. It is closely associated, among other things, with such extreme right wing causes as the tax protester movement and the militia movement in the United States.
Though a few stateless people exist in the world (most in permanent diplomatic limbo due to lack of any citizenship), and in the United States a few have somewhat arcane legal status allowing them to be citizens of their place of residence (currently recognized only in American Samoa and Swains Island) but not the U.S. at large, the idea that one can renounce one's citizenship in order to evade the laws of the land is not a right recognized in most countries. (U.S. courts generally consider this argument frivolous.)
This claim is also associated with a few bizarre "debt elimination" scams which hold that if somebody files all the right paperwork with the government declaring themselves a sovereign citizen, they then have access to unlimited funds from the U.S. Treasury to pay off all their mortgages and other debts. The hows and whys behind this theory are difficult to make sense of; the basic gist of the argument is that the Social Security Act established accounts at the U.S. Treasury for every American citizen and that declaring oneself a "sovereign citizen" gives one the legal right to issue "sight drafts" or "bills of exchange" which draw on your personal U.S. Treasury Account to pay off debts. This is not true, and those who have fallen for this scam have found the only person who gained access to any funds as a result was the scammer who charged you money to learn about this bizarre debt elimination method at his seminar.
An indication of the intellectual limitations for many members of the movement is indicated by the repsonse of a Texas motorist to a December 4, 2008 traffic stop. ""I am Texas Republican sovereignty. "I do not recognize this as a legal traffic stop." he is reported to have stated.
Although populist antistatism is associated with rural and small town whites in the American West, it has also appeared among urban African American squatters in the American South. The Atlanta Journal Constitution has recently described them as "paper terrorists" for having the effrontery to squat in empty luxury homes in south Dekalb County. DeKalb Deputy Chief Assistant District Attorney John Melvin expressed class outrage when he commented that, "It's amazing that these groups of citizens who like to proclaim they're Robin Hood only choose million-dollar homes. Shocking." Presumably they should do their squatting in mobile homes or hovels.
Given the willingness to act on, rather than merely propound, their ideas, together with the selection of valuable properties for squatting, makes the movement resemble the "social banditry" that erupted in the past in predominantly peasant societies presenting extreme income inequality. This is egalitarian redistribution of wealth tricked up in the familiar, traditional language that politically legitimizes action. That it is occurring in an advanced industrial society, in the alienating suburbs of Atlanta, is novel.
- 'Sovereign' Citizen Kane, an expose on the "sovereign citizen" movement and the murder of two police officers by "sovereign citizens" Jerry and Joe Kane