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|Key cosmic concepts|
“”The essence of the Yoga revelation is that an adept, by the double device of thinking profoundly and breathing deeply, can throw off the trammels of the body and become a sort of gaseous angel, purged of sin and as happy as the boy who killed his father.
Yoga is several different forms of exercise, meditation and physical discipline that originated in India. What most westerners think of as "yoga" is actually only one variety, "hatha yoga". Hatha yoga consists of long, slow stretches, and is known to help dramatically with flexibility and stress. It revolves around several "positions," held for varying lengths of time, along with deep breathing. There are a variety of health claims presented about yoga, such as alleviation of stress-related and cardiovascular problems, including asthma and heart disease. Some of these claims are substantiated; there is research to support the effects of yoga on alleviating chronic back pain.
However, yoga is also said to "restore bodily fluids" to the upper parts of the body, since gravity forces them to drain to the bottom of the body (why standing upright doesn't provide this benefit is an exercise left to the reader). Also, it is supposed to help balance the "energy" in the body. As such, it is often added to alternative medicine regimens for such serious ailments as cancer and AIDS.
Beyond this, yoga is also an ancient spiritual practice, one that most of the practitioners in the United States and Europe know very little about. Traditionally, it is passed on from a master (known as a yogi or yogini) to a student directly, not in large classes. It is also considered part of the path to absolute enlightenment in Jainism.
Although it draws on ancient traditional ideas, what westerners think of as yoga was not a mainstream practice in India or anywhere else until the 20th century, and traditional yoga would be unrecognisable to the people down your local class. Yoga as a physical practice dates back to the 1930s and people such as Tirumalai Krishnamacharya, with the rise of Indian nationalism and the need to promote a physically vigorous Indian culture capable of challenging British physical strength; hence it draws on the physical fitness culture of the British army as well as traditional Indian sports and European gymnastics, with many newly-invented poses. B. K. S. Iyengar is credited with a leading role in developing and promoting modern yoga, specifically his own brand of Iyengar yoga, which he began teaching in the 1930s and popularised in the 50s and 60s via his friendship with Yehudi Menuhin and books such as "Light on Yoga" (1966).
 Bikram yoga
Bikram yoga is a comparatively new flavor of hatha yoga, created by Bikram Choudhury in the 1970's. It's also known as "hot yoga", and is is a series of 26 yogic postures conducted in a room heated to about 40°C (105 °F). Sessions are extremely stressful, beginning and ending with purposeful hyperventilation and involving the deliberate straining of joints and limbs. Because of these elements, there is a serious risk of heatstroke or tissue damage during a Bikram yoga session.
Bikram is unusually rigid in its specifications, and extremely litigious about unsanctioned practitioners or rogue franchises, going to great lengths to defend its patented series of postures. As of October, 2015, the United States 9th Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled Bikram yoga's 26 postures are not eligible for copyright protection. Writing for the three-judge panel, Judge Kim Wardlaw stated that copyrighting such postures would allow for the eventual copyright of "many routinized physical movements, from brushing one's teeth to pushing a lawnmower to shaking a Polaroid picture."
“”Yoga is a Satanic Spiritual Practice BEWARE !!!
|—The Vigilant Christian advises on the situation|
- Inverted and semi-inverted yoga postures increase intraocular pressure, so these poses are contraindicated for those with glaucoma.
- Hyponatraemia (severe blood sodium deficiency) from Bikram yoga.
- Like most sports: torn tendons.
 See also
- Yoga, Inc., a documentary about the rise of commercial yoga in America. The film focuses particularly on Bikram Yoga.
- ↑ Mencken's review on the book "Hindu Mysticism" by S.N Gupta
- ↑ Healing Effects of Yoga
- ↑ "Yoga and Stretching Both Ease Chronic Back Pain", Reuters.
- ↑ Iyengar and the Invention of Yoga, Michelle Goldberg, The New Yorker, 2014
- ↑ Bikram Yoga Poses
- ↑ "How Yoga Can Wreck Your Body", New York Times
- ↑ It would seem that young women taking Choudhury's personal classes may be at the additional risk of rape. In February 2015 six civil lawsuits were filed by young women accusing the master of rape.
- ↑ "that could be (and, in two of the preceding examples, have been) characterized as forms of dance."
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKwEkXcmEUQ
- ↑ Intraocular pressure changes and ocular biometry during Sirsasana (headstand posture) in yoga practitioners, Baskaran M, Raman K, Ramani KK, Roy J, Vijaya L, Badrinath SS, Ophthalmology. 2006 Aug;113(8):1327-32. Epub 2006 Jun 27.
- ↑ Can Yoga Positions Cause An Eye Pressure Problem?, Carolina Valdivia.
- ↑ Exercise associated hyponatraemia leading to tonic-clonic seizure
- ↑ Musculoskeletal injuries related to yoga