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Democratic Progressive Party
Taiwan is multi-party, but it has a political structure that is virtually two-party, and there are two main parties. It is the conservative and Chinese nationalist Party, the "Kuomintang",[note 1] and the liberal and Taiwanese nationalist Party, the "Democratic Progressive Party".
Kuomintang (and the Pan-Blue Coalition[note 2]) agrees with the 'One-China policy' principle, but the Democratic Progressive Party (and the Pan-Green Coalition[note 3]) disagrees with the 'one China' principle, and opposes reunification with the PRC. This is because many members of the Democratic Progressive Party are anti-communists and identify as 'Taiwanese', not 'Chinese'. So the Communist Party of China dislikes the Democratic Progressive Party very much and is relatively friendly to Kuomintang.
However, even though they are liberal, they are friendly to conservatives and ultra-rightists in the United States and are not very aligned with moderate conservatives or liberals. This is because the hard-line conservatives of the United States are more strictly anti-China (on the other hand, US Democrats and establishment Republicans waffle significantly more). In addition, the Democratic Progressive Party is also friendly to the Japanese ultra-rightists who hate China.
Despite this, it is fairly liberal with regards to Taiwanese internal issues. The party is supports strengthening social welfare, has negative positions towards nuclear power plants, and supports same-sex marriage.
- Of course, what we're talking about here is China, which is the Republic of China. However, since the 1980s, Kuomintang has turned to a pro-PRC friendly Chinese unification. But they do not want unification by absorption such as Hong Kong or Macau.
- Taiwan is a multi-party system, there are several political parties besides the Democratic Progressive Party and the Kuomintang. The Pan-Blue Coalition is an association of political parties in Taiwan that are friendly to Kuomintang, oppose Taiwanese nationalism and are oriented toward Chinese nationalism
- The Pan-Green Coalition is a coalition of liberal parties that are friendly to the Democratic Progressive Party, are anti-communist and advocate Taiwanese nationalism, not Chinese nationalism.