Pudding is a great British Institution, and is often used as a synonym for dessert or sweet (or more informally, "pud", or "afters"). However, puddings can be sweet or savoury, and can be baked, steamed or boiled, Some are eaten during the starter or main course (for example Yorkshire Pudding and Black Pudding). Hardly any of these offerings would suit those on a calorie-counting diet or suffering from extended bouts of dyspepsia.
Puddings and Cakes in England
There are literally hundreds of variations of sweet pudding recipes in England but each pudding mainly begins with the same basic ingredients of milk, sugar, eggs, flour and butter, and resulting in the great British tradition of stodge. Puddings are normally served with custard. The traditional (i.e. pre-Jamie Oliver ) school dinner pudding consisted mainly of such fare. Nowadays many puddings are lighter, involving fresh fruit such as raspberries or strawberries, and can be served with cream.
Yorkshire Pudding- a batter made of flour, eggs, milk and salt; served with roast beef for Sunday lunch.
Black Pudding - made from blood, fat and cereal and lots of unhealthy animal fat. Served with All Day Breakfast.
Steak and Kidney Pudding- a steamed pudding made of steak and lamb's kidneys in a rich gravy.
Haggis - famously called "Chieftan o the pudden race" by Robert Burns, Scotland's national poet.
Spotted dick - a sponge pudding with sultanas and raisins, and normally served with custard.
Hasty Pudding - A simple and quick (thus the name) steamed pudding of milk, flour, butter, eggs, and cinnamon.
Yorkshire Pudding- similar to the savoury version but may be sweetened through the addition of sugar to the batter mix. Typically served with treacle.
Christmas Pudding - The ultimate calorific treat, a suet pudding packed with dried fruit, nuts and alcoholic beverages.
Bakewell pudding - also called Bakewell Tart; made from a pastry outer,but with the addition of jam, almond paste and breadcrumbs.
Bread and Butter Pudding this is an old English favourite, made of buttered bread, sultanas sugar, milk and eggs, baked in the oven.
Semolina Pudding - a smooth, creamy pud made of milk, eggs, flavouring and sugar. Semolina is cooked slowly in milk, sweetened with sugar and flavoured with vanilla and sometimes enriched with egg. Semolina pudding can be served with raisins, currants or sultanas stirred in or with a dollop of jam. Medieval historians have theorised that its forced consumption was used as a form of torture. (Not to be confused with Salmonella Pudding, which is pretty much any pudding over a week old).
Jam Roly-Poly - A pudding made of jam rolled up in pastry dough and boiled, baked or steamed until soft. Traditionally, jam roly poly was wrapped in an old cloth (a "jam rag") and boiled until the jam oozed through the pastry.
Fruit Crumble - a pudding made from a fruit base: (apple, rhubarb or blackcurrant, and topped with a dry sweet pastry mix which is "crumbled" onto the top; when baked this develops into a biscuity texture.
The term "pudding" appears many times in common parlance:
- To call someone a pudding is a derogatory term meaning they are "thick", "stodgy" or lacking in intelligence.
- For someone to be in the pudding club means that they are pregnant. The term is believed to arise from the fact that young wives were always keen to demonstrate their culinary prowess to new husbands, in order that they should not stray whilst they were in "confinement".
- To pull or to beat one's pudding is a term used where repetitive physical action is invoked. The term relates to the fact that in the preparation of many puddings, the dough used is fairly stiff, and much effort is required to stir the dough with a wooden spoon. Such vigorous activity can be quite strenuous as the pudding beating reaches its natural culmination, and can cause an individual subsequently to feel quite spent.
- To over-egg the pudding is to spoil something by trying too hard to improve it.
- The proof of the pudding is in the eating means that you cannot judge the value of something until you have tried it. This refers to putting brandy, rum and other high alcoholic 'proof' liquors into Christmas pudding. You don't know how much there is in it until you come to eat it. A more accurate etymology might be that 'prove' used to be a close synonym for 'test' as in 'The exception proves (tests) the rule'.
- He couldn't knock the skin off a rice pudding refers to someone so weak that he is incapable of defending himself against a physical attack. Rice pudding when cooked in the oven has a thin crispy skin on the top. Removing it is a fairly simple affair.
For a short account: http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/food/puddings.htm
For a full list of puddings: http://thefoody.com/pudding/index.html