RationalWiki's 2018 Fundraiser

There is no RationalWiki without you. We are a small non-profit with no staff — we are hundreds of volunteers who document pseudoscience and crankery around the world every day. We will never allow ads because we must remain independent. We cannot rely on big donors with corresponding big agendas. We are not the largest website around, but we believe we play an important role in defending truth and objectivity.

If everyone seeing this today donates $5, we will meet our goal for 2018.

Fighting pseudoscience isn't free.
We are 100% user-supported! Help and donate $5, $20 or whatever you can today with PayPal Logo.png!

Donations so far: $2835Goal: $5000


From RationalWiki
(Redirected from Directed panspermia)
Jump to: navigation, search
Merge-arrows.svg An editor believes this article contains duplicate material.
This article may have a content or subject overlap with Exogenesis. The pages could be merged. You can discuss this at RationalWiki:Duplicate articles.
One of our pieces on
Icon bioDNA.svg
The science of life
Biology articles

Panspermia (Greek: pan "all" and spermia "seed") is the theory that life, or the "seeds" of life, is all around the universe and was transported to Earth, either as life or seeding life. Often the theory is that either rich organic material or extremely basic microbes, from dust clouds or other planets, made their way to Earth via meteors, survived the entry and thrived on Earth. Sometimes the theory refers to the idea that extraterrestrials did this deliberately, this is similar to exogenesis.

As a hypothesis that life may have started outside of Earth, panspermia contradicts Earth-based abiogenesis (although the seeding organic matter did need to come from somewhere, i.e. from extraterrestrial abiogenesis), but is not in conflict with the theory of evolution which says nothing about the origin of life. Notwithstanding this, some members of the intelligent design community have attempted to use the hypothesis to claim that some scientists, such as Francis Crick, support ID. Given that ID is (apparently) an attempt to provide an alternative to the theory of evolution, these claims may be disingenuous.

Directed panspermia[edit]

Directed panspermia is the hypothesis that life on Earth may have been deliberately started by some other alien life and that alien life may have interfered with (i.e., directed) its course throughout history. Francis Crick, one of the discovers of the structure of DNA, is often linked to this idea.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. Internet Encyclopedia of Science - Directed Panspermia
  2. Crick, F. H. C., and Orgel, L. E. "Directed Panspermia," Icarus, 19, 341 (1973).