Zhonghua minzu

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Zhonghua minzu (Chinese: 中华民族) is a term in Chinese used to collectively refer to Chinese ethnic groups.

Origin and meaning[edit]

In Chinese, "中华民族", "民族" is a term derived from Japan in the Meiji period and is synonymous with "민족" in Korean. So '民族' has the same meaning as the "Volk" in German.

Zhonghua minzu is translated as "Chinese nation", "Chinese people", "Chinese Volk", "Chinese ethnicity", and "Chinese race".[1][2]

March of the Volunteers[edit]

March of the Volunteers is the official national anthem of China. The song first appeared in an anti-imperialist Chinese nationalist film called Children of Troubled Times in 1934, when China was suffering from Japan's imperial aggression. The song was designated as the official anthem of China in 1949.

The lyrics of the song are as follows:



中华民族到了 最危险的时候,

每个人被迫着 发出最后的吼声!


我们万众一心,冒着敌人的炮火 前进,

冒着敌人的炮火 前进!



Arise! We who refuse to be slaves!

With our flesh and blood, let us build our new Great Wall!

The Zhonghua minzu face their greatest peril.

From each one the urgent call for action comes forth.

Arise! Arise! Arise!

Us millions with but one heart,

Braving the enemy's fire, march on!

Braving the enemy's fire, march on!

March on! March on, on!

See also[edit]


  1. Securing China's Northwest Frontier: Identity and Insecurity in Xinjiang David Tobin (2020). pp.235. "... Chinese race, (Zhonghua Minzu 中华民族), alongside omission of ethnic minorities in official narratives,".
  2. Securing A Virtual Chinatown: The Diasporic Mediasphere of Chinese Migrants in New Zealand Phoebe H. Li (2013). pp.20. "... Chinese race (zhong hua min zu 中华民族) solely, since this word can also be translated into '中国人(zhong- guoren)', ...".