| Gather 'round the campfire|
A fairy ring, also known as fairy circle, elf circle, elf ring or pixie ring, is a naturally occurring ring or arc of mushrooms, believed by some to be a place where dimensions meet, or, evidence that pixies and/or fairies were dancing in the area.
The rings can grow to over 10 metres in diameter, and they become stable over time depending on how often fairies return to dance. They are found mainly in forested areas, but also appear in grasslands and deserts.
Fairy ring formation
Grassland fairy rings are most often formed by the mushroom Marasmius oreades; they are formed by nutrient depletion by the mushroom starting at the center and growing outward over time in a circle. Desert fairy rings are believed to form either from competition stalemates between plants, between termites, or a combination of both competitions.
Getting rid of fairy rings
According to the Royal Horticultural Society, the only proper remedy is to dig out the fungus-infused soil to a depth of at least 30 cm, then replace this with fresh soil. Since this is rather hard work, as a partial solution to dead circles in your lawn you can try watering and aerating the soil to encourage growth.
- Fairy Rings Fun Facts About Fungi.
- In debate over origin of fairy circles, both sides might be right: Weirdly regular bald spots in dry grasslands may arise from both plant and termite competitions by Susan Milius (7:00am, January 19, 2017) Science News.
- Fairy rings, Royal Horticultural Society website