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"Hominid" is the informal name for any member of the zoological taxonomic family Hominidae.Wikipedia It is widely used in two contexts:

  1. Paleoanthropology traditionally used the term to refer to modern humans and their ancestors and relatives back to the split from the ancestry of chimpanzees, and other modern non-humans[1] like Neanderthals.[2] More recently, the term "hominin" has been gaining in popularity[3] for these human relatives, as the informal term for a member of the taxonomic tribe Hominini. In this version, the Hominidae are divided into the Pongini, representing the orangutans; and the Hominini, containing the gorillasWikipedia, chimpanzees, and humans, and their extinct relatives. (Wikipedia prefers "hominan", the informal term for a member of the subtribe Hominina, for Wikipedia includes chimpanzees and bonobos in the same tribe with humans.)
  2. In taxonomy, "hominidsWikipedia" can refer to humans, as well as to the great apesWikipedia, including chimpanzees, gorillasWikipedia, orangutans, and to their evolutionary ancestors back to the split from the ancestry of gibbonsWikipedia (the "lesser apesWikipedia"). Biologists prefer this technical definition, as per the Linnaean System of Classification - which groups organisms together by their ancestry. In older taxonomies, the only modern representatives of the Hominidae were humans, and a distinct subfamily (Pongidae) dealt with the great apes.


Evolution of the shape, size, and contours of the human (Homo) skull

Hominini is a subtribe of the Hominids which contains the genera SahelanthropusWikipedia, OrrorinWikipedia, Ardipithecus,Wikipedia Kenyanthropus,Wikipedia Australopithecus,Wikipedia Paranthropus,Wikipedia Pan, and Homo. In other words, it contains the group of all bipedal apes. The genus first emerged some seven million years ago. The only currently living members of Hominini are Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes, and Pan paniscus.