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|Turning towards Mecca|
Practitioners are called Sufis, dervishes, or murīdīn. They group themselves into orders based around a murshid, or a guide. These orders are called Tariqa. The etymological origin of Sufism is not clear, but scholars generally agree that ṣūf or "wool" is probably the root word of "Sufi." Sufism has many parallel beliefs alongside different religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, as well as Greek concepts.
- Carl W. Ernst, The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad, Muḥammad as the Pole of Existence, Cambridge University Press, p. 130