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Allah (الله) is the Arabic word for God. The word Allah derives from two root words: Al meaning "the" and ilah meaning "God" (the same God as El in Canaanite religions).
Allah and God
A common idea is that "Allah" is the name of a deity worshiped exclusively by Muslims. This does not reflect the beliefs of Islam. In fact, Muslims hold that Allah is the God of Abraham, the same God worshipped by Jews, Baha'i, and Christians, whom they claim created the universe and will be the judge of man on the Day of Judgement. Indeed, Arabic-speaking Jews and Christians refer to God as "Allah" and use the word "Allah" in their holy texts. As further evidence, there's an Islamic tradition that the longer version of "Allah" is "Allahummah," which is an obvious cognate with the Hebrew "Elohim" used in the Hebrew Bible.[note 1]
Notwithstanding the above, while some Muslims may maintain that "Allah" and the Christian "God" are the same individual many - especially fundamentalist - Christians would differ. Furthermore trinitarian Christians and Muslims might well find irreconcilable differences between their gods.
In point of fact, a vast number of gods have been invented by humanity over time; sometimes the differences between the gods are great and sometimes less so. Consequently arguing — for instance — about whether or not the Ares the Greek god of war is the "same" as Mars the Roman god of war is really a debate for their respective believers.
Gender of Allah
Allah is neither male nor female. In fact, it is a specific blasphemy to call Allah "male" or "female." Allah is at one time both and neither. Because of the nature of Arabic, when a pronoun for Allah is used, it must be the male pronoun, huwa, but this is based on the gender of the word, and not the fact that it is a "male" thing.[note 2]
However, Allah's masculinity is almost always highlighted, and referring to him as "she" is considered especially sinful due to two primary reasons. Firstly, masculine is the default grammatical gender in Arabic, with feminine words being formed from masculine ones. Secondly, the longstanding tradition of Abrahamic faiths views masculine traits as "dominant," essential to God's character, and authoritative, with femininity being seen as secondary. See the Bible and Patriarchy for more information.
Allah is also likely the name of an earlier deity (probably the creator god) from the polytheistic pre-Islamic religions in or around Mecca. Many scholars hold to a theory that both YHWH of the Israelite (proto-Judaism) religion and Allah of the Meccan religion changed over time, eventually becoming the monotheistic god.
Some people, like Jack Chick, think that Allah was a moon god named Hubal because the symbol for Islam has a moon. However, this is discarded because the Quran says that Allah created the moon:
“”Among His Signs are the Night and the Day, and the Sun and the Moon. Adore not the sun and the moon, but adore Allah, Who created them, if it is Him ye wish to serve. (Qur'an 41:37)
Despite the word "Allah" meaning "God" in both the Arabic and Malay languages, it was banned for use by non-Muslims. The ban was initially thought to only apply to peninsular Malaysia, but has been extended to all of Malaysia. The sizable Christian population in Malaysia had long-used "Allah" in their Bibles and other communications to mean "God" (though occasionally the word Tuan is used, which would be closer in meaning to "Lord"). In 2014, a Malaysian radio station, BFM, was fined for broadcasting an interview in 2013 with Iranian-American Muslim scholar Reza Aslan, in which he said that Malaysia was a worldwide laughingstock because of the ban.
- ↑ The Shahada, an oath in Islam, contains a statement (لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّٰهُ) that is often translated as "There is no God but Allah". This is, in a sense, a mistranslation because Allah simply means "God". This translation may portray Muslims as idolatrous and not of the same Abrahamic lineage as Christians. A more accurate translation would be "There is no god but God."
- ↑ In Arabic, like French, Russian, or German, all nouns have a gender, based on the grammatical rules of the language and not any perceived masculinity or femininity of the object in question.
- ↑ Justus Heurnius, Albert Ruyl, Caspar Wiltens. Vocabularium ofte Woordenboeck nae ordre van den alphabeth, in 't Duytsch en Maleys". 1650, page 65.
- ↑ Malaysia Allah dispute: Top court rejects challenge
- ↑ Allah Issue: Only one law no exception for Sabah, Sarawak
- ↑ BFM Radio fined RM10,000 over Reza Aslan ‘Allah’ interview