The Gideons

From RationalWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Where it all began
Christ died for
our articles about

Icon christianity.svg
Devil's in the details
Rocky Raccoon
Checked into his room
Only to find Gideon's Bible
—The Beatles, "Rocky Raccoon", The Beatles (The White Album)

The Gideons or Gideons International are the people responsible for your finding a Bible in your hotel room. They're pretty decent as missionaries go — they unobtrusively provide the message, and let you read as you see fit. As well as distributing Bibles to hotel rooms, they also provide them to military personnel free of charge, but not to the general public.[1] It's not a specific denomination, but is an organisation open to members of most Protestant churches who're approved by their pastors and aged over 21. There's one other requirement: you must be a man.[1]

It was founded around 1899 by John H. Nicholson and Samuel E. Hill, two businessmen of Christian persuasion who in 1898 had been forced to share a hotel room while travelling. Rather than do anything gay, they discussed religion and set up an evangelical organisation.[2][3]

The organisation is named after Gideon,Wikipedia a military hero who (after procrastinating a while) thumped the Midianites in the Book of Judges, and is also praised in Hebrews 11:32.[3]


They started distributing bibles to hotels in 1908, beginning with the swanky-sounding Superior Hotel in Superior, Montana. Contrary to myth they don't sneak into rooms at night and slip the Bibles into desk drawers: they give a supply to the hotel manager.[2] They claim to believe that the Bible is "the inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God".[1] They also claim that around 25% of people who stay in a hotel room read the Bible.[1]

The dark side of the Gideons[edit]

While those outside of the Bible Belt believe the above, they do not know the other activities these folks engage in. The Gideons are well known for going as near college campuses as possible and very vocally proselytizing. Even worse, though, they often go into public schools to proselytize children, fifth grade and above.[note 1][4][5][6][7] When school boards and their members that have explicitly endorsed the Gideons' actions have been confronted over its unconstitutionality by parents and legal groups such as the ACLU, they have in certain cases responded that they are simply attempting to help the poor students,[6] or that interaction between church and state is inevitable, so we might as well tolerate it. There has also been controversy over Gideons distributing Bibles in schools in the UK.[8]

Among the Gideons only men hand out Bibles; women are not allowed to become Gideons and can only serve the men as auxiliaries.[9]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. An amusing story of this is recounted by Al Franken in his book Rush Limbaugh is a Big Fat Idiot.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 FAQ, Gideons International, accessed June 24, 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 Why Are There Gideon Bibles in Hotel Rooms?, Mental Floss, March 18, 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 See the Wikipedia article on Gideons International.
  4. "Bible Distribution in Public Schools." Freedom from Religion Foundation.
  5. Dave Bohon. "ACLU Targets Tennessee Schools Over Christian Activities." The New American. 2011 May 13.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Charles Lewis. "Bible distribution in classrooms divides Ontario community." National Post. 2010 November 30.
  7. Leslie Newell Peacock. "More preachin' in school." Arkansas Times. 2009 October 30.
  8. Two schools block Gideons offering Bibles, The Christian Institute, 7 Apr 2011
  9. Doug Koop. "Gideons slow down pace of change." ChristianWeek. 2010 September 22.