RationalWiki's 2019 Fundraiser

There is no RationalWiki without you. We are a small non-profit with no staff – we are hundreds of volunteers who document pseudoscience and crankery around the world every day. We will never allow ads because we must remain independent. We cannot rely on big donors with corresponding big agendas. We are not the largest website around, but we believe we play an important role in defending truth and objectivity.

If everyone who saw this today donated $5, we would meet our goal for 2020.

Fighting pseudoscience isn't free.
We are 100% user-supported! Help and donate $5, $20 or whatever you can today with PayPal Logo.png!

Donations so far: $1800Goal: $3000


From RationalWiki
(Redirected from Hominidae)
Jump to: navigation, search
We're all homos here
Icon evolution.svg
Relevant Hominidae
A Gradual Science
Plain Monkey Business

Hominid is the informal name for any member of the taxonomic family Hominidae. It is widely used in two contexts.

  1. It has been traditionally used in paleoanthropology to refer to modern humans and their ancestors and relatives back to the split from the ancestry of chimpanzees, and other modern non-humans.[1], like Neanderthals.[2] More recently, the term "hominin" has been gaining in popularity for these human relatives, as the informal term for a member of the taxonomic tribe Hominini. In this version, the Hominidae are divided into the Pongini, representing the orangutans; and the Hominini, containing the gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans, and their extinct relatives. (Wikipedia prefers "hominan", the informal term for a member of the subtribe Hominina, for Wikipedia includes chimps and bonobos in the same tribe with humans.)
  2. In taxonomy, it can refer to humans, as well as the great apes, including gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, and their evolutionary ancestors back to the split from the ancestry of gibbons (the lesser apes). This technical definition is preferred by biologists, as per the Linnaean System of Classification which groups organisms together by their ancestry. In older taxonomies, the only modern representative of the Hominidae were humans, and there was a distinct subfamily Pongidae of great apes.


Hominina is a subtribe of the Hominids which contains the genera SahelanthropusWikipedia's W.svg, OrrorinWikipedia's W.svg, ArdipithecusWikipedia's W.svg, KenyanthropusWikipedia's W.svg, AustralopithecusWikipedia's W.svg, ParanthropusWikipedia's W.svg, and Homo. In other words, it contains the group of all bipedal apes. The genus first emerged some seven million years ago. The only currently living member of Hominina is Homo sapiens.