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Illusory truth effect
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“”"Why are so many people convinced that we only use 10% of our brains, or that Eskimos have no words for snow...?"
|— Chris (Anon)|
The illusory truth effect (also known as the truth effect, the illusion-of-truth effect, the reiteration effect, the validity effect, and the frequency-validity relationship) is the tendency to believe information to be correct after repeated exposure to the claim in question. This is an illusion that appears due to unconscious cognition.
This phenomenon has been studied extensively, with the term first appearing on scientific literature in a psychology paper from the late 70's. The illusion is now backed up by several scientific experiments.
The illusion is thought to be partly caused by the concept of processing fluency, by which familiar concepts are more easily processed, tricking the mind into thinking something is true without any real evidence of it being so.
- "The Truth Effect and Other Processing Fluency Miracles". Science Blogs.
- Frequency and the Conference of Referential Validity. Toronto University
- The Truth About the Truth: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Truth Effect. SAGE Journals