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Rabies is a cross-species viral disease that is exceedingly rare in many Western countries, because of
giving all the little puppies autism animal vaccination.. Rabies causes about 26,000 to 55,000 deaths per year, mostly in Asia and Africa where it is typically transmitted to humans by dog bites. In the U.S. the plurality of cases come from bats (11 of the 34 cases reported between 2003 and 2011); raccoons are also a popular vector, accounting for 7 of the cases. Almost all mammals are susceptible to rabies, and can transmit the disease to humans. Birds are almost entirely immune to rabies, as their immune systems are equipped to handle it, and even those which show symptoms almost always have it clear up in a couple days. Rabies is pretty damn nasty and almost always fatal after symptoms have developed (even today), which is why vaccination is so important. Vaccination after exposure (but before symptoms) is usually effective in preventing disease.
Rabies has been fully or partially eliminated in many countries as a result of dog vaccination, human vaccination, and wildlife vaccination (which involves dropping edible vaccines into the wilderness). A recent example is Bangladesh, which reduced the number of rabies cases by 50% through the management of dog bites, mass dog vaccination and increased availability of vaccines free of charge.
A number of countries are considered to be "rabies-free" in land animals (not bats).