| Not just a river in Egypt|
|♫ We're not listening ♫|
Thabo Mbeki served as the second President of post-apartheid South Africa, after Nelson Mandela. During his time in office he became one of the world's most powerful critics of the scientific consensus that HIV causes AIDS. His administration appointed denialists to serve in government positions, as consultants, and on academic advisory panels. His health ministry adopted policies denying AIDS patients access to anti-retroviral drugs, which he described as "poisons;" instead, his appointed health minister promoted the use of herbal medicine to treat AIDS.
Predictably, in a country where one out of every six adults is HIV-positive, Mbeki's policies had catastrophic effects, leading to the preventable deaths of possibly hundreds of thousands of people from AIDS.
- McGreal, Chris (11 June 2001). "How Mbeki stoked South Africa's Aids catastrophe". The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/jun/12/aids.chrismcgreal. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "South Africa - CIA - The World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov. 4 April 2007. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html.
- Nattrass, N. (16 February 2008). "AIDS and the Scientific Governance of Medicine in Post-Apartheid South Africa". African Affairs 107 (427): 157–176.
- Chigwedere P, Seage GR, Gruskin S, Lee TH, Essex M (October 2008). "Estimating the Lost Benefits of Antiretroviral Drug Use in South Africa". Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 49 (4): 410–415. Lay summary.