The Sacred and the Profane
| Preach to the choir|
|Crux of the matter|
|Speak of the devil|
|An act of faith|
The Sacred and the Profane is a text by Mircea Eliade exploring the dualistic notions of religion following Emile Durkheim's theories. In general, it describes the philosophical concept of dualism, conceived originally by Émile Durkheim. Durkheim described the world in terms of individual "things" and their relative sacredness (holiness) in relation to religion. While Durkheim requires that "Sacred" be transcendent, powerful and awe inspiring, Eliade focusing largely on world religions and world myths, expands the notion to include a variety of "types" of sacred — while always maintaining the sharp distinction between that which is religious (sacred) in nature, and that which is mundane (profane). Both authors assert that all human cultures break their world into these two groups.
Critics have argued that while the terms are useful in understanding human classification of worldly things and ideas, as well as understanding human religion, not every culture draws such clear distinctions. Christianity is a strongly dualistic religion, largely a legacy of its Greek philosophical heritage, so the distinction is more prevalent and obvious.
The Navajo believe their homeland is sacred and thus every action taken while living in their homeland is sacred.