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Escape hatch

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An escape hatch is, as the name suggests, a quick and immediate exit for woo-pushers and bullshitters. It is a way for someone to evade the burden of proof, say "gotcha", and leave the argument with a nice smug grin on their face. The arguments are often unfalsifiable, circular or just downright weird — but the overall intention is to attempt to declare victory with a point that is unanswerable.


[edit] Forms

Escape hatch arguments can take a few different forms: claiming unfalsifiable statements as scientific truths or the setting of ridiculous conditions that cannot be fulfilled[1]. Often, the escape hatch is followed by something along the lines of "I bet you can't answer that!", which may indeed be the case, particularly if the statement is not even wrong.

Common other examples involve "science doesn't know everything" or perhaps "but you can't prove anything" (a form of pyrrhonism). This can immediately end an argument because, at least on a superficial level, these arguments are completely true. While this sort of escape can lead to a good, smug grin on the woo-meister's face, it doesn't actually back up their assertions at all. Specifically, an escape hatch is more a way of shutting off criticism, rather than proving a claim outright with sheer brilliance (as much as the user may think otherwise in their own head!).

More specific examples can add additional complexities to a woo explanation in order make it appear that skeptical views are actually straw man arguments. The practice of homeopathy, for example, doesn't just dilute the remedy, but strikes it in a practice called succussion. If a skeptic performs the succussion process in any way that might only be minutely different,[2] it opens an escape hatch for advocates who will claim that it is a misrepresentation.

Another example is if you really have faith you can achieve what you want and even move mountains; when the mountains remain unmoved the escape hatch is that you did not have enough faith.

[edit] "Pre-escape hatch"

In both alternative medicine and cold reading, it is quite common for the escape hatch to be given in advance. It usually includes a form of the expression "{sometimes|{lets} see if} it works for {you|me}. If it doesn't work, that's fine".[more detail please]

[edit] Conspiracy theories

With conspiracy theories, one particularly idiotic (but very common) response is to claim that anyone arguing against the existence of a conspiracy is just part of the conspiracy. This is a radical and desperate response but has been seen often enough. For example, Phil Plait's debunking of the Planet X conspiracy led to accusations that he was paid by NASA to write that stuff, and that he lived in a luxurious office because of it.[3] Needless to say that this is a difficult accusation to disprove, particularly to a proper tinfoil hat wearer, who will see such attempts as yet more evidence that the skeptic is "in on" the conspiracy.

[edit] Theology

A common escape hatch argument in theology is to move God, somehow, "beyond science" or "beyond time" or "outside of logic." This is used to counter the proposition by several atheist writers, particularly those who would be identified as part of the New Atheism movement, to frame the existence of God as a testable statement (e.g., the "God Hypothesis"). As a result, there are various methods that have been used to try and prove or disprove the existence of a higher power. These range from testing the power of prayer (which invariably fails when tested fairly and rigorously) to testing the validity of miracles. In principle, an interventionist god should indeed be observable in the real world through this sort of mechanism. However, using the escape hatch argument, tests that show a negative result often come under fire from theologians for being a little too "sciencey".

This is indeed effective at quashing dissent from scientific arguments, as science is powerless to detect something declared as "outside science" or "unknowable". The problem faced by theologians when using this argument is that they have admitted to a non-interventionist god, whose existence is moot.[4] The argument will usually contradict other theological doctrines—religions still happily describe and attribute characteristics to their god, despite it being rendered unknowable by this theological escape hatch. Religious leaders claim the ability to interpret the actions and wishes of their god with high accuracy whenever they want their followers to do something, but when confronted with inconvenient evidence, the being in question suddenly starts moving in mysterious ways that can't possibly be understood by mere humans. This is similar to the doctrine of Non-Overlapping Magisteria, but a very uneven way of applying this principle.

[edit] See also

[edit] Footnotes

  1. Field Guide to Critical Thinking This defines two major escape hatch techniques in its first section: the "undeclared claim" and "multiple out."
  2. If Homeopathy works, I'll drink my own piss – Various YouTube comments mention that the beaker isn't tapped enough times for it to potentise properly.
  3. Bad Astronomy – Planet X in a nutshell
  4. See The Dragon in My Garage for an analogy.
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