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from Tmtoulouse (Talk), group Site wide (urgent) at 15:23, 18 April 2014

Bronze-level articleAnti-environmentalism

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A bunch of tree-huggers

Environmentalism

Wigoworld.svg
Save the rainforests!
Watch that carbon footprint!
A dirty dozen gems about

Denialism

Icon denialism.svg
Not just a river in Egypt
Doubt is our product since it is the best means of competing with the ‘body of fact’ that exists in the mind of the general public. It is also the means of establishing a controversy.
—1969 Brown & Williamson document[1]

Anti-environmentalism is a term referring to the political reaction and industry backlash against the burgeoning environmentalist movement of the mid-20th century. The rhetorical tactics used by anti-environmentalist groups are sometimes referred to as "green-baiting" in reference to the tactic of red-baiting and the style of argumentation is often referred to as "tobacco science" in reference to the tobacco industry's notorious denialist campaigns. The trend is also sometimes referred to as "brownlash," a play on "backlash."[2]

Anti-environmentalist figures and organizations rarely, if ever, use this term. They prefer to either present themselves as "skeptics" or as "concerned environmentalists" trying to refute "alarmist" elements within their ranks, more or less concern trolling actual environmental groups. Anti-environmentalism is, essentially, environmental denialism.

Contents

[edit] Notable campaigns

In the United States, there were a number of notable anti-environmental campaigns:

[edit] Denialist

[edit] Anti-wilderness

The Sagebrush Rebellion (1970s-1980s) and Wise Use (1990s-present) movements. Not denialist per se, these were movements to oppose federal wilderness designation and National Park expansion, and calling for existing public lands to be opened up to logging, mining, ranching, off road vehicles and oil drilling. Especially popular in western U.S. states, like Alaska during the height of local opposition to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act; Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, and Arizona; and more recently the Pacific Northwest during the northern spotted owl controversy. The Wise Use name came into usage and replaced the Sagebrush Rebellion name after the 1988 Multiple Use Strategy Conference organized by Ron Arnold, but was essentially a continuation of the same movement.[3] These groups remain active and popular in parts of the west, and it could be argued that something similar is happening in the east as well with such groups as West Virginia's "Friends of Coal."

[edit] Techniques and rhetoric

[edit] Astroturfing

[edit] Stereotyping

[edit] Frame-flipping

[edit] Conspiracy theories

Hard-right conspiracy theorists also view environmentalism as a front for any number of the following:[12]

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] References

[edit] Footnotes

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