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Anti-revisionism, in the communist sense, is the utter rejection of reform, modification, or any form of change to communist revolutionary thought. This -ism grew out stodgy resistance to the reforms of Nikita Khrushchev, however, it also has influence from Trotskyism. The -ism found fertile ground in the People’s Republic of China among others.
Mostly if a communist calls another communist "revisionist", it's because the first considers the second insufficiently Stalin-apologetic.
Anti-revisionism in China
Mao Zedong made a great leap into the arms of Anti-revisionism when relations with Nikita Khrushchev’s Soviet Union began to falter. Khrushchev’s condemnation of Stalinist authoritarianism possibly worried Mao who was a dictator in the style of Stalin, who of course was a champion of the people just as Mao was (Stalin Denialism). There were also ideological, personal, and geopolitical reasons why Mao was not a fan of Khrushchev. Mao considered the Soviet Union to be a den of secret bourgeoisie wearing revolutionaries’ clothing. Thus, Anti-revisionism became a central facet of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought. Continuing Class struggle was considered one antidote for revisionism which featured prominently during the Cultural Revolution. The proletariat was encouraged to overthrow their now suspect teachers, bosses, community leaders, and superiors. All except for Mao, of course, who led the charge from the comfy confines of his bed or the kiddie end of his private pool. What started as a convenient excuse to eliminate pesky political underlings gunning for his job got somewhat out of hand and led to the destruction of millennium’s worth of cultural heritage as well as property destruction and general chaos. The official unofficial end to Anti-revisionism as a mainstream idea in China came with the ascension of Deng Xiaoping. The Anti-revisionism after party moved to Albania after the 1978 Sino-Albanian split.
- Li, Zhisui (1994). The Private Life of Chairman Mao: The Memoirs of Mao's Personal Physician. London: Random House. ISBN 978-0679764434.